Page 8-Sunday, December 10, 1978-The Michigan Daily
(Continued from Page 3)
"greater openness and maximum
He said "no agency" can survive
without public support." So today we're
being more open. We're making more
speeches, participating- in more
symposiums and publishing more and
hoping to tell Americans what we do."
Also that month, Turner gave a
speech at the University of Kentucky.
There he said it was important for the
intelligence community to maintain
"warm and traditional ties that have
existed with the academic community
for many years." He said "public
criticism" has strained these ties in
recent years, but added that he was
"dedicated to trying to rebuild them in
every way possible."
Events which occurred between the
time that speech was given and now,
however, indicate Turner has been less,
than successful in his attempt to
"rebuild" ties with the academic
(Continued from Page 6)
Why? Because unlike Harlan Ellison
in the past, Pohl rarely laces his fiction
with revealing non-fiction
introductions. To many of his readers,
his personality has been a mystery, the
clues to which have been few and far
between. The autobiography goes a
long way towards solving this puzzle by
providing interesting anecdotes about
the author's early life.
One such anecdote concerns Pohl's
involvement in the Communist party as
a young man. The author details his
involvement with the party which "In
1936 . . . sounded adventurous, active,
and, above all, 'progressive."
The Way the Future Was, as does
Strange Wine, provides invaluable
background on its author's life which
can't help but enhance one's
understanding of the fiction.
Considering the rarity of such
backgrounds, both books merit the
attention of science fiction fans and
community. The major point of
contention is guidelines which would
restrict CIA activities on campus.
One month after his speech at the
University of Kentucky, Turner wrote
in a letter to Harvard President Derek
Bok: "I simply cannot lend my
affirmative support to, or consider this
Agency bound by any confidential
association that an academic has with
us is so inherently suspect as to require
it to be publicly acknowledged and
made 'subject to scrutiny,' as your,
letter puts it, and deprives academics
of all freedom of choice in relation to
involvement in intelligence activities."
In July, Turner again focused his
attention on the University of Michigan.
In another letter to Fleming, Turner
took the opportunity to state his
opposition to the Harvard and, more
specifically, the proposed Michigan
In well couched terms, however,
Turner admits that the CIA uses
campus contacts to "spot" likely
candidates for Agency employment.
"Beyond steps designed to identify
individuals of possible interest to us"
the CIA does not generally "pursue
personnel inquiries" without informing
(Continued from Page 6)
They examine the roots of our country.
They re-think, and demand that we all
re-think, the American revolution until
we understand its glory and limitations,
and its profound meaning to the people
we are today. The authors state the
American revolution was an attempt by
a great many people to create a place in
the world based on human aspirations
and ideals. The idea embodied in the
Constitution, that individuals have both
the right and responsibility to govern
themselves and control their own
destinies, is one example. The authors
use their understanding of the
American Revolution "to make clear to
Americans our unique and elemental
strength as people, and why our nation
matters to the human race."
In Conversations in Maine the
authors explore many topics we would
the individual involved, wrote Turner.
He wrote that although he
"sympathizes with the University's
concern over how foreign students may
be compromised," Turner could not see
why foreign students could not be
afforded the same freedom to decide
their future that American students
Another point-which keeps cropping
up in all of Turner's rejoinders to the
guidelines is that universities and
colleges are being unfair to the CIA by
not granting it the same rights any
corporation has to recruit on campus.
Turner has stated repeatedly that he
sees no difference between the way
many corporations recruit and the
manner in which the CIA recruits on
On September 8, 1978 another
response to CIA activities on campus
came from University of Michigan
political science professor Michael
Oksenberg. In an affidavit submitted
in response to the Gardels lawsuit,
Oksenberg, currently on indefinite
leave from the University to hold a post
on the National Security Council, where
he is consulted as a China expert,
confessed to having "the same kind of
not easily define as political. But as we
read them we come to understand that
our art, families, communities, schools,
health, our vision, our ethics, and the
way in which we make decisions, are all
"political." Conversations confronts
us. Eistein's statement, "When we split
the atom we changed everything but-
man's mind" is repeated many times.
As readers we begin to think: what did
Einstein mean, what do the authors
mean? How has life changed in the last
500 years, 100 years, 20 years?
The purpose of Conversations in
Maine is clear: it is to understand and
develop history and xideas, for the
authors and the readers, in terms of re-
creating America and Americans. Fred-
dy and Lyman Paine, and James and
Grace Lee Boggs have set for them-
selves the task of redefining the idea of
revolution for this specific place and
time. They've come to understand that
in 1978 "The only reason one would ever
want a revolution in this country is
because one wanted to be again with
one's fellow human beings." To put it
another way, they write, "The awesome
challenge of the American revolution is
to project to Americans the grandeur of
Conversations in Maine is both a
record of the development of
revolutionary ideas and a directing,
compelling force of ideas and
challenges to we who are, or should be,
committed to social change in this
country. They are magnificent in their
scope, and profound in their depth and
implication. Conversations in Maine
will take its place among works that
have deeply affected the evolution of
humankind. It is a book for and by
Americans, for all of us and each of us.
professional association with CIA
personnel as well as State and Defense
department officials that I had with my
Oksenberg stated he decided to go on
the record and "publicly acknowledge"
his relationship with the Agency
because he said he felt the disclosure of
names of others could ruin relations
between the CIA and academia-a
relation he said is beneficial to
Turner made clear, once and for all
on October 22, his stand on university
guidelines which inhibit CIA activities
on campus. Turner appeared on CBS'
Face the Nation. The question and
answers went as follows:
Q: "Don't you think you should abide
by Harvard's rules?"
Turner: "If I were required to abide
by the rule of every corporation, every
academic institution in this country, I
it would be impossible to do the
required job for our country."
Q: "So the answer is no?"
Turner: "The answer is no,
Q: "You're insisting on the right
to subvert their rules?"
Turner: "No, I'm not subverting their
rules. I am carrying out the legal
responsibilities of the Central
Intelligence Agency, and Harvard does
not have a legal authority over us."
The reason Turner is so adamantly
opposed to the Harvard guidelines or
those of any other university, according
to Gardels, is that guidelines could lead
to legislation-rules that Turner could
Gardels said that once the
universities have guidelines there is a
base from which to move toward
legislation. By confronting the situation
at the university level the CIA is trying
to "head off" any legislation which
could effectively end CIA covert activi-
ty on campus.
(Continued from Page 5)
endowed colleges at Cornell depend, to
a large degree, on alumni support and
as Freeman said, "Alumni is a big
Some students, however, think there
is too much emphasis on tradition at
Cornell. "They're resting on their
prestigious laurels," said Cornell
senior James Kirby of the university
administration and faculty.
One Sun reporter charged that some
students are "just here to buy their
degrees" or simply pay hefty tuition
fees in return for a prestigious Cornell
degree and possible graduate school
positions or job offers.
Rhodes, however, maintains that
a Cornell degree is just as strong as it
ever was and that degrees are never
based on tradition.
"Reputations are earned," says
Rhodes. "It is up to each individual to
perform to the best of his or her
abilities. No one can rely on a.
(Continued from Page7)
The first step in making the soup is to
separate and clean the flowerettes of
cauliflower. Rene then cooked the
cauliflower in a saucepan full of
chicken stock. While this mixture was
cooling, he whipped up a quick roux -
butter and flour - on another burner,
and then added cream. He removed the
flowerettes from the stock, and
gradually added the stock to the roux.
Then he combined the flowerettes with"
the stock-roux mixture, added an egg
yolk for richness, and pureed it all in a
food processor. He returned the mix to
the burner, added a few more
flowerettes, and seasoned it. Sorry, but
the seasoning is a secret.
Meanwhile, I was grinding filberts in
the food processor. Then I separated 10
eggs and mixed the yolks and nuts with
cognac. Next, I beat the egg whites with
confectioners sugar in another bowl.
When the whites were stiff, I added
baking powder and flour.
After folding the yolk-nut mixture
into the whites, I put the whole lot into a
Ioaf pan and tossed it into the oven.
While Rene went to check on the bread,
I prepared the frosting, which
contained chocolate, cognac, more
eggs, butter, sugar, vanilla, and
it was now nearly 5:00, and much
work remained, so I began the salad.
pnp mpmnwjhilp w hiev With the
next step was to gently pat it into an
oval shape, fold it and then place the
dough back into the bowl to rise again.
The lamb, the Pommes Anna, and the
broccoli were allthat remained. I
started on the potatoes. With a slicer, I
cut the potatoes as thin as chips. Then I
buttered an enamel frying pan, and
covered the bottom of it with potato
slices. Next, I added bits of butter, plus
salt and pepper, then another layer of
The preparation of the lamb was
fairly simple. Rene lined the inside of
the saddle with ground sea.salt and
fresh cracked pepper, and thyme. We
would have preferred rosemary - a
spice which compliments fowl and
lamb - but we were out of it.
Next, he readied the bread for the
oven. He removed it from the bowl, and
again shaped it into a flat oval, which
he cut into three equal portions.
Working quickly, he rolled each into the
shape of the traditional French
When I returned, Rene was in the
shower, and everything was ,et: After
our guests arrived, we would have to
finish some last minute preparations
such as sautee the scallops, decant the
Petit Syrah, which would require at.
least two hours breathing, and baste the
roast with butter from time to time.
At 8:25 the Flemings knocked at the
Cover photo courtesty of the Cornell Sun
Robben & S
w.- . A&%. ." . fl n nv D rvder 1i . 197$
^ I- -- r_.. *L 1 .. L"° . %11..1.
..,. -..1sI. :" .%##RI %w.4tim.ll 1yiyRilf#l
" Supplementto me ivcigan Daily Ann Arbor, .,., c ur-1~'"' ~ ~ .,.