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Red China Prepares
To Greet Khrushchev
"When Opinions Are Free
Truth Will Prevail"
Editorials printedin The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
)NESDAY, SEPTEMBER 30, 1959
NIGHT EDITOR: JUDITH DONER
Built Into New Plan
TODAY Student Government Council meets
to discuss the new Council Plan.
The present effort emerged from the long-
and often wrangling - meeting of the Clari-
fication Committee last year. The new Plan has
already been transmitted to the Regents, who
called for the revision of the original Plan, for
their consideration at the October meeting. The
Council can, however, recommend changes and
transmit its suggestions to the Regents. Final
approval rests with them.
The whole Clarification Committee episode
was unfortunate. A serious split developed be-
tween the student members. This, coupled with
perhaps an overly intransigent attitude on the
part of the students, resulted in quite a lot of
ill will and even disgust on the part of the
faculty and administration representatives.
One faculty member has since declined to
advise In student affairs, though he had pre-
viously been of great help in setting up the
present Council. Another said he would never
again "get involved in something as totally im-
possible as those meetings were.-
SUCH REACTIONS SGC can ill afford, es-
pecially since they were not compensated
for by any significant advantages in the new
Its major innovation involves the substitu-
tion of a Committee on Referral for the old
Board in Review which caused so much trouble
in the Sigma Kappa dispute last year.
The new Committee would consist of nine
members: two students, one the president of
SGC; three faculty members primarily engaged
in teaching; two members of the administra-
tion, one either the Dean of Men or the Dean
of Women; and one University alumnus to
serve without vote. The Vice-President for Stu-
dent Affairs would be ex-officio, an observer
THME NEW PLAN states that the Committee
"is limited to an advisory function." It
would be convened when the Vice-President
for Student Affairs "contemplates veto of a
Student Government Council action," or when
four or more members believe that a Council
action might involve "jurisdictional questions,
procedural irregularities, unreasonable action."
Upon considering the Council action, the
Committee shall, with reasons stated, advise
the Vice-President that the action should be
sustained, or advise him to "direct the Council
to reconsider the action." In any case, the
Vice-President may still veto any action taken
by the Council.
Except for elimination of the phrase "ad-
ministrative policy," provision. for prior con-
sultation between students, faculty and ad-
ministration on issues effecting them all and
provisions for the new Student Regulation
Book, other changes in the new Plan are large-
E PLAN thus stands or falls mainly on the
basis of the new Committee on Referral.
And, if the composition of the Committee is
left unchanged, the Plan may well fall flat.
It is clear that the Committee on Referral is
to be called whenever conflict arises. Its func-
tion, according to Council President Ron Gregg
is "to act as an arbitration agency for disputes
which may arise."
But the SGC president, Dean of Men or Wo-
men and the Vice-President for Student Af-
fairs as an observer - the three persons most
likely to be involved in any conflicts - are all
to be directly associated with the Committee
which is supposed to be arbitrating them.
IS APPEARS to be a direct violation of
the elementary principle that parties di-
rectly concerned. in a dispute shall not judge
or arbitrate that same dispute.
If the arbitratioal philosophy of the new
Plan were carried out, one could expect to see
Martin Luther King and Governor Faubus both
sitting on the Supreme Court trying cases in-
volving desegregation in the South.
One of the reasons the old Board in Review
was dropped was because it led to direct con-
flict between the president of SGC and mem-
bers of the administration. If the purpose of
the new Committee is to resolve disputes, it
seems curious to retain the same feature that
led to disputes on the old Board.
It can be argued that, in Gregg's words, "We
want the president of SGC and the Deans on
the Committee because they are involved in the
issues of dispute and can thus give informa-
tion and continuity to the discussions."
BUT AT THE SAME SGC meeting, Gregg ex-
pressed the inherent contradictions of this
segment of the new Plan when he said, "We
don't want representatives of the various seg-
ments of the University on the Committee. We
want people who can look at the situation
To be sure, the SGC president, the Deans
and the Vice-President for Student Affairs are
likely to have information valuable to the Com-
mittee. But provision can be made to invite
them to testify before the group. This would
present all salient information and reduce pos-
sibilities of unnecessary conflict.
With such an information-gathering proce-
dure, membership of the Committee might be:
two students not associated with SGC; three
faculty members, engaged primarily in teach-
ing, and two college administrators (as differ-
entiated from University administrators), such
as Dean Robertson.
IN ALL THIS, the alumni representative seems
rather superfluous. His knowledge of disputes
is likely to be lacking; he is not directly asso-
ciated with the University community as a
whole, and thus has little stake in the general
consequences of the Committee's decisions.
The alumnus was apparently included on the
Committee as a sop thrown to the fraternities
and sororities who were afraid that their "fi-
nancial interests" would be unduly threatened
However, it seems fairly clear that SGC is
not setting out deliberately to deprive the af-
filiate organizations of their money.
THERE ARE a few more generalized points
regarding the idea of Committee on Refer-
ral that need to be made.
1) In practice, the Committee should func-
tion as a prestige organization. It should have
sufficient impartiality that it could legitimately
tell SGC where it had made mistakes. Its
decisions should further represent the ap-
proval of the entire University community if
a conflict emerges and SGC is felt to be in the
This sanction should be sufficiently strong
that any veto by the Vice-President for Stu-
dent Affairs could only be taken with the sure
knowledge of the necessity of his action. Sepa-
rating the referral and vetoing functions would
also make it perfectly clear who is disagreeing
with what-and why.
2) The present review of the Council Plan
arose from last year's Sigma Kappa dispute,
and has continually been couched in these
terms. The review has been focused on the
review aspect of the Plan, which was the area
of conflict at that time. It is unfortunate that
those responsible have not seen the oppor-
tunities for other reforms in areas which were
not involved in the Sigma Kappa matter.
3) Constitutions and plans are not neces-
sarily designed for optimum efficiency of
operation. If in organizations good people are
functioning with good will, issues will be
worked out well regardless of the specifica-
tions of any constitution. Constitutions are de-
signed to minimize the damage ineffective
people can do.
Any further possibly fruitless debate on the
merits of any SGC Plan should be considered
in this light.
r)KYO (M) - Red China ex-
pressed delight at the results
of Nikita S. Khrushchev's Amer-
ican tour and readied a welcome
for him in Peiping yesterday.
"The Chinese people rejoice in
Comrade Khrushchev's success,"
said the official Peiping People's
Daily. Immense delight was re-
ported by Ta Kung Pao, another
daily reflecting official views, Ra-
dio Peiping said.
The Soviet Premier is flying
from Moscow for the tenth an-
niversary of his most powerful
Asian ally, to be celebrated today.
* * *
THE VISIT to China gives
Khrushchev a chance to fill in
Mao Tse-Tung, chairman of the
Chinese Communist Party, on de-
tails of his 13-day visit to the
United States and perhaps to cau-
tion the Peiping hierarchy against
rocking the boat with fresh mili-
Relaxation of tension was the
avowed aim of Khrushchev's trip,
to the United 'States, which the
Premiercalled very successful.
Before taking off for Peiping he
endorsed as correct President
Eisenhower's news-conference ac-
count of their agreement on Ber-
* * *
"WE HAVE indeed agreed that
the negotiations on the Berlin
question must be resumed and
that no time limit should be set
for them, but that they must not
be protracted indefinitely," the
Premier told a TASS news agency
"The Soviet Government would
like again to express the confi-
dence that all the parties con-
cerned would strive for the ques-
tion of West Berlin to be settled
without delay and in accordance
with the interests of strengthen-
There has been wide speculation
that Khrushchev will try in Pei-
ping to persuade the Chinese to
take a less agressive line in cur-
rent Asian disputes - especially
their frontier argument with In-
dia and renewed threats to For-
mosa - at a time when East-West
relations seem to be warming.
* * *
THE SOVIET UNION appealed
to Red China and India three
weeks ago to settle their border
row. There has been talk in India
that Khrushchev might take a
hand personally in negotiations
for a compromise.
Calls for the "liberation"' of
Formosa, President Chiang Kai-
Shek's Nationalist Chinese strong-
hold, have been a fixture of the
Peiping anniversary celebrations
and they, are being made again
now by Red China's President, Liu
Last year about 600,000 Chinese
marched through the Gate of
Heavenly Peace into Peiping's
great plaza alternately shouting
their claims to Formosa and "long
live world peace."
* * *, .
A SERIES of rallies at Peiping's
new assembly hall has set the
stage for the 1959 celebration.
Khrushchev sent a message to the
opening rally Monday hailing the
Chinese Communist revolution at
one of history's greatest events.
He pledged eternal friendship be-
tween Moscow and Peiping.
Radio Peiping, in broadcast#
monitored in Tokyo, said 60 dis-
tinguished visitors took the ros-
trum yesterday to laud Red
One was Jose Gonzales of the
Chilean Communist Party. He was
quoted as saying: "In Chile, as in
other countries in Latin America,.
the struggle to wipe out the evils
of United States imperialism Is
The main celebration will be
held in the plaza, known as Tien-
anman Square, built in 1406 for
grand ceremonies of the ChinW
Herbiock ia away due to silles s ""d S uisp o "'cA.
THE WONDERFUL WORLD OF ACADEMIA:
Red Tape, Red Faces Common University Sights
By FAITH WEINSTEIN
Daily Staff Writer
LIKE THE LAND of Oz, the
world of university administra-
tion is a weird and wonderful
It is impossible to expand a
single summer's experience as the
student replacement for the
Schedule Committee secretary at a
middle-sized eastern university in-
to a generalization to fit all col-
lege administrations. However, if
the consensus of faculty and ad-
ministration at this particular
university is to be believed, the
phenomenon seen there seems to
be remarkably widespread.
"This place is like a rather ab-
sent-minded professor who tripped
over some red tape and keeps get-
ting more and more tangled up in
it," said one member of the uni-
* * *
HIS PROVOCATION was a sit-
uation typical of the kind of prob-
lems which come up continually in
this educational organization.
As head of a department, he was
supposed to receive 150 copies of
the time schedule for distribution
to teachers and graduate students
within his department.
Someone misread a label, and
the bulletins were delivered to the
wrong office, which promptly
picked them up and sent them on
to a totally different office. When
(Continued from Page 3)
or liberal arts. Must have some college
mathematics and be a U.S. citizen.
Argo Paint & Chemical Co., Detroit,
Mich., has need of a chemist - involves
development of formulations of coat-
ings, tests, quality controi, etc. Man
with B.A. in Chem.
Campbell Soup Co., Napolean, Ohio,
has several openings for Engrs. at the
Food Processing Plant. Need two elec-
trical Engrs. -- one experienced and
one just out of school. Need a Mech.
Engr. and an Industrial Engr..Men with
BS in these fields.
Roche Laboratories, Orchard Lake,
Mich., has need for Salesman for this
Ethical Drugs firm for Detroit or To-
ledo area. Man with B.A., science
Ken Brown Inc., Detroit, Mich., has
need of a Retail Salesman for this
Dealer wh sells Plymouths, Valients,
and Dodge trucks. Man with B.A., no
For further information concerning
any of the above positions, contact the
Bureau of Appointments, 4001 Admin.
Bldg., Ext. 3371.
Attention Seniors and Graduates: For
placement after graduation in business
and industry, schools and colleges, gov-
ernment: interviews during the school
year. Registration meeting of the Bu-
reau of Appointments in Aud. A, Angeli
Hail, Tues., Oct. 6. Come at 4 p.m.
Student Part-T ime
The following part-time jobs are
available to students. Applications for
these jobs can be made in Rm. 1020,
Admin. Bldg., during the following
hours: Mon, through Fri., 1:30 p.m. to
Employers desirous of hiring students
for part-time work should contact Jim
Stempson at Ext. 2006.
they arrived there the secretary
was on vacation and they were
stuck in a closet and forgotten.
By the time the information that
they were missing finally got back
to the Schedule Committee it was
too late to replace them and no
one knew where they were.
It took two weeks and four sec-
retaries to find them.
The professor's judgement of the
situation was not far wrong. The
reason behind the whole mess was
that no one knew how to get the
exact information needed to send
the bulletins to the right place.
No one seemed to know exactly
who was in charge. Seemingly, no
one ever does. One of the primary
problems in university organiza-
tion is that every group (and there
are dozens) is convinced that it
alone is running the institution.
4 * *
THE FACULTY, led by an in-
domitable department head or two,
is convinced that they are the real
leaders, and true pretenders to the
throne of the university. Nothing,
not the weakness of faculty sen-
ates, not the ovious administra-
tive control over most phases of
their work, not even the devastat-
ing apathy that the majority of
the faculty itself shows towards
doing any real administrative
work, can convince them other-
The individual schools and col-
leges, replete with deans, assistant
deans, and assistants to the deans,
carry on a constant running bat-
tle, with each other, the higher ad-
ministration and the faculty for
ultimate jurisdiction over any
number of things, from waste-
baskets in the offices to whole
The student body is naively cer-
tam that the university, if not run
by them, is at least run for them,
a somewhat dubious assumption in
view of the actual functioning or-
ganization. In fact, it often seems
that it is rather run in spite of
THROUGH ALL of this fracas,
the harried administration, whose
individual members would prob-
ably be a lot happier either run-
ning a business or teaching a class,
depending on their intellectual
slant, try to keep the whole thing
running with a minimum of break-
downs, and still look after the in-
terests of the alumni, the business
world and all the rest of the
Which may explain why univer-
sity clocks are always slow.
Because of the tooth-and-nail
fighting between departments, the
minor wrangling of schools and
the desperate need for order with-
in the system, one of the strangest
of all possible types of organiza-
tional structure has been devised
by the administrations.
There is a kind of rigid hier-
archical set-up, which governs all
minor details in a rigorous, bu-
reaucratic manner. Every pencil
has to be ordered according to
specific rank, registered in tripli-
cate, and delivered in six months.
The only things not governed
by this system are the really im-
portant decisions, ones which re-
quire real authority.
The rigidity in minor details
Angry memos are sent back and
forth, as well as up and down, de-
claring that the one department
took all of another's furniture with
them when they moved, and that
the new people have nothing to sit
on; detailed inventories, down to.
the last coatrack and wastebasket
are passed back and forth, assist-
ant chancellors have to make com-
plex decisions as to who will be en-
titled to the "three side chairs" left
by the previous office resident.
All this leads to a great deal of
secrecy around the university.
Everyone tries to hide all kinds of
plans and facts from everyone else,
on the theory that whoever gets
there first will reign supreme.
THIS CAN MAKE a simple sec-
retarial job occasionally resemble
a spy intrigue. "By the way," the
instructions will go, "don't tell
anyone that we are moving History
into the new building. Once they
are moved we'll be all right, but if
English finds out before they are
gone, they'll want the new rooms
instead." And heaven help you if
This strange hierarchy divides
the power somewhat, but it wreaks
a good deal of havoc as well. There
are many times when everyone
wishes that they could have "a
little more organization around
here." Or perhaps what everyone
wants is a little less.
Organization can be very much.
in the way. For instance, when a
department has to cancel a course,
there are so many different people
who must be contacted and in-
formed that often the one person
forgotten will be the instructor
concerned. Like the husband, the
professor is always last to know.
One of the most persistent clogs
in the machinery of educational
management is the ubiquitous stu-
dent. If all students could be re-
placed by IBM machines, the uni-
versity set-up could run far more
smoothly and many of the major
problems would resolve themselves.
* W *
IN FACT, the first thing a per-
son learns on the "other side" of
the university organization is how
to treat the student, individually
and in swarms.
A student is generally considered
to be an amusing, if slightly feeble-
minded soul, with the mindless
tenacity of a stubborn rhinoceros.
and problems worse than any ever
inflicted on man or beast.
They are constantly engaged in
successful attempts to befuddle an
already confused university with
insane requests and impossible
questions. Students are incapable
of understanding, among other
things, that in a university of any
reasonable size and bureaucratic
complication it is impossible to
get anything settled in five min-
utes,,or in one place.
Especially in an organization
where everyone is boss, it takes at
least three different offices, and
four different signatures to com-
plete any document.
It is the secretary's job to send
the student around to all of the
various offices which have to sign
his card, and to listen to the com-
plaints from students who inevit-
ably find that the card which must
be completed by tomorrow has to
be signed by two men who have
classes all day and another who is
on vacation for the next three
* * *
THE STUDENT, who has been
given the run-around by every of-
fice in the building is understand-
ably angry with the whole institu-
tion. Because of this, secretaries
are equally understandably reluc-
tant to talk to students.-
The invariable result of this is
that the student finds himself
waiting, or rather out-waiting the
secretary, until she is forced by.
sheer will to come and listen to
him. Which tends to unbalance
student - administration relations.
Which tends to make all secre-
taries, who are, after all, the door-
ways to their bosses, think that all
students are bad-tempered.
Along with their other annoying
habits, students have a nasty tend-
ency to sneak up on people when
they aren't looking. One minute
you are saying to the other secre-
tary across the room, "That idiot
in Peller's 115 was here and he's
coming back. How can I get rid of
him." The next minute you turn
to smile charmingly at the person
who just walked in as you were
speaking, and there heis, in full
glory, the idiot in Peller's 115.
This can be a rather unsettling
experience. But then,. there are a
great many things in university
administration which tend to be
unsettling. We can only hope that
instability in organization will
serve as a stimulant to the educa-
tional process which is the reason
for it all.
W ASHINGTON (A) - A United
States newsman well versed on
the ways of Russian journalism
says Soviet reporting has been
changing rapidly this year under
the impact of American example.
Thomas P. Whitney has written
in the Washington Post that some
of the results show up in Soviet
coverage of Premier Nikita S.
Khrushchev's American visit:.
Whitney, who has been writing
stories for the Post on Khrush-
chev's tour, spent several years in
Moscow as a newsman for the As-
"It used to be," Whitney said,-
"that Soviet newsmen used to ridi-
cule their American colleagues'
concern with reporting the news
fast and they used to declare from
a lofty pinnacle that for them it
was more important to be 'accu-
rate' than to be 'quick.'
"Now they scramble Just like
everyone else and hurry to report
the news as fast as they can get
it. Even now and then they express
admiration for the industry of
their American colleagues."
WHITNEY SAID there is a cen-
tral direction and orientation on
Soviet coverage of the tour. This
comes, he said, from a specific or-
ganization Inside the delegation of
journalists known as the Soviet
The head of this group is Leonid
Ilyichev, chief of the propaganda
and agitation department of the
Soviet Communist party, Whitney
wrote. He added there are about
seven other members, including
Alexei Adzhubei, Editor in Chief of
Izvestia, and Pavel Satyukov, Edi-
tor in Chief of Pravda. Adzhubei is
This press group meets daily,
Whitney said, and settles the main
lines of editorial policy. For ex-
ample, he said, while most United
States newspapers were reporting
Khrushchev's Washington arrival
as restrained or quiet, the line set-
tied on by the Soviet Press Group
was that the reception was enthu-
Once such a line is set, Whitney
said, all copy filed by Russian
newsmen must reflect It.
New Books at Library
Parton, Margaret - The Leaf
and the Flame; NY, Alfred A.
Rama Rau, Santha - Mly Rae-
siai Journey; NY, Harper &.Bros..
Pirandello, Luigi-Short Storie.
AH Beer and Skittles
AMONG THE attractions of the University of
Wisconsin, those most often mentioned are
sailing, and beer at the Union.
It should be explained that the legal drinking
age in Wisconsin is 18, and that the University
is located in Madison, home of three lakes, be-
fore local students begin agitating for these
sports in Ann Arbor.
Boating is a popular activity in Madison, as
one might expect. Campus lakes are filled with
THOMAS TURNER, Editor
PHILIP POWER ROBERT JUNKER
Editorial Director City Editor
CHARLES KOZOLL .............. Personnel Director
all sizes of power and sailboats, some privately
owned, some for rent, some available for fra-
ternity parties, some reserved for student lead-
But most curious of all is their, student Union.
Unlike the chromium and ptomaine parlor here,
the Wisconsin Union is a monstrous grotto,
carved out of granite, with droll German slo-
gans decorating its clammy walls. And, most
wonderful of all, right near the eating area, one
can find co-educational bowling, billiards, ping-
pong and dart throwing.
THE NOTORIOUS beer seems to make barely
a dent on the student facade. Above the
snack bar, a sign notes the simultaneous avail-
ability of milk shakes, sodas, ice cream, sand-'
wiches and beer.
Strangely enough, the effect of this mixture
is evidently beneficial. No drunken students
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