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January 12, 1960 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1960-01-12

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JOINT JUDIC
ANALYZED
See Page 4

Y

Seventieth Year of Editorial Freedom

ti1

CLOUDY, RAIN
High.- 4
Low-27
Cloudy with rain beginning in late
morning. Mild easterly winds.

CX, No. '79

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, JANUARY 12, 1960

FIVE CENTS

SIX PAGES

'1

i i w w rr rr

,A Policy
Require
>ard Tests

r'C..'' y: r.' '?i? ;: .'.s ,. .. , . ,> ' ;' '?i '...'.A*' .l"? .. A> lflmSW .fl, Ci { t ': 4

Democrats Seek Unicameral Legislature

Scores Not To Afect
M; Vichigan Applicants
By FAITH WEINSTEIN
An experimental admissions pol-
icy requiring both aptitude and
achievement college board exami-
nations of all freshman applicants
to the literary college will defi-
nitely go into effect in June, 1961.
' A memorandum, sent. to Vice-
Presidemit and Dean of Faculties
Marvin L. Niehuss by the literary
college Committee on Admissions,
defInes the rationale and the plans
for operation of the new policy.
Associate Dean of the literary
college James H. Robertson
stressed that the examinations,
although required, will not deter-
mine the acceptability of any in-
state candidate during the two-
year period that the policy is in
its experimental stage.
Three Stage.
Thee new policy requires three
examination sections:
1) The College Entrance Ex-
amination Board's Scholastic Ap-
titude Test, an objective exam,
which tests the verbal and mathe-
metical ability of the student.
2) The English Composition and
English Writing Sample Test: one
objective and one achievement
test, also prepared by the CEEB,
designed to test the student's abil-
ity to compose adequate themes on
specific topics. The tests may be
replaced by the Advanced Place-
ment Examination in English
Composition.
3) One other of the CEEB
achievement tests, of the student's
own choosing, covering a wide
range of fields.
Not Really Radical
"This experiment is not really as
radical as it seems," Robertson
affirmed. "Actually it has been
going on for quite a while with
some of the students."
All out-of-state applicants have
to take the aptitude test, he ex-
plained, and a good many both
in and out of state take the
achievements as well. The new
policy is simply an extension of
the old.
The Committee on Admissions
hopes to achieve several objectives
tihrough this experiment. They
hope to create and cement a cer-
tain level of achievement in the
high schools, by giving them a
measuring rod by which the
schools can judge their own
achievement.
Measuring Rod
Employing the examination re-
sults as a measuring rod for it-
self, the college hopes to use the
results to eliminate material from
freshman introductory courses
that the student will already have
learned from his high school work.
Presumably, the achievement
┬░tests will also help place, the
freshman in courses most appro-
priate to his level of achievement,
Robertson continued.
Among the primary concerns of
the committee in trying this ex-
periment .is to gain additional
evaluative information on the ap-
plicant, his mastery over subject
matter, and his probability for
success at the college level.
"it is obvious from the ihcreas-
- ing number of applicants to the
college," Dean Robertson de-
clared, "that we are going to need
to be more discriminating in our
choice of students. We must try to
select those who will most profit
from the education we have to
offer."
Tap All Sources
He suggested that all sources of
information must be tapped in the
effort to achieve the best possible
admission criteria.
While the Committee feels this
experiment may prove valuable to
future selection processes, they
do not recommend that this data

ever be used as the sole criterion
for admissions.
"We would never make the mis-
take of relying on objective data
alone," Robertson asserted. "It
will not be used to determine the
individual acceptance of the indi-
vidual student."
Police Clas
With Rioters
In Venezuela

-David Giitrow

PROFILE

Ralph Sawyer

Want Action
To Get Plan
Put on Ballot
By JEAN HARTWIG
A surprise proposal to institute
a unicameral partisan state legis-
lature was sprung on the Demo-
cratic State Central Committee
Sunday.
The plan, submitted by a Legis-
lative Reform Subcommittee, will
be considered by the Central Com-
mittee at its Feb. 28 meeting.
Backers of the measure urge im-
mediate action to put it before
voters on the Nov. 8 ballot.
Neil Staebler, state chairman,
reported "all kinds of reactions"
yesterday among Central Com-
mittee members and citizens. He
explained that differences of
opinion to the radical proposal
are a natural result, although a
majority of state Democrats favor
some kind of legislative reform.
Nearly Unanimous
The 60- member subcommittee
was in almost unanimous agree-
ment over the unicameral mea-
sure, with only one dissenting
vote. Staebler explained the rec-
ommendation was a result of a
six-months' study of various re-
apportioning systems originally
undertaken because of Senate
"roadblock" action in vetoing
several proposals by the House.
Now that the initial outline has
been presented, the subcommittee
has been charged with working
out specific details of representa-
tion and structure.
The House is presently con-
sidered more representative than
the Senate which "permits a small
portion of the state to dominate
legislation," Staebler commented.
Discussion of this and alterna-.
tive proposals in county Demo-
cratic committees is the next ac-
tion to be taken on the measure.
'Good in Theory'
Prof. Daniel McHargue of the
political science department said
the unicameral legislature is good
in theory, but its chances of adop-
tion are slim. Most Republicans
and some Democrats are expected
to oppose it.
"I wish some industrial state
would experiment with it, but the
Republicans aren't about to throw
away their advantage in the Sen-
ate," he said.
He explained that in Nebraska,
the only state with a unicameral
legislature, the nonpartisan system
has worked "quite well." How-
ever, Nebraska has more partisan
homogeneity than Michigan and
less of an urban-rural split. The
strong political leadership of for-
mer Sen. George Norris (D-Neb.)
also aided its adoption.
Danger Seen
The unicameral legislature
would not be subject to the im-
passes which sometimes charater-
ize bicameral legislatures, but
there is the possible danger of too
rapid action, he note.
Prof. Arthur W. Bromage of the
political science department
praised Democrats for raising the
issue in an attempt to increase
legislative representativeness.
Noting the trend toward one-
house city councils, he said the
proposed unicameral system could
probably be worked out, although
states "have more 'of a tradition
of following the pattern of the fed-
eral government."

*

*

*

*

*

Liberal Arts

Division

*

To Open at Dearborn

t

Eect
(EDITOR'S NOTE: The following
is an interpretive article discussing.
the issues facing the recently re-
convened Congress. University fac-
ulty sources and recent periodicals
were used as sources.)
B3y PETER DAWSON
Daily Contributing Editor
The Congress that reconvened
last Wednesday has about 25
weeks until it adjourns for the
national conventions. What will
it do?
Its agenda is fairly routine. The
budget, in which President Eisen-
hower says he hopes for a $4.2
billion surplus, is one issue. It
brings with it the questions of
foreign aid and military spending.
Other issues are2 federal aid for
building schools, civil rights, and
the farm problem.
There will be maneuvering for
the 'Presidency, differently done
by each candidate. The Democrat-
ic Party as a whole has a choice
to make: how much to compro-
mise with the Administration.
Some of its members tend to sup-
port accommodation. nost not-
able of them is Sen. Lyndon B.
Johnson, Senate majority leader,
who has done a considerable
amount of it so as to get bills
through Congress that wouldn't
be vetoed.
Other Democrats want to try
harder for more progressive mea-
sures. They also want to make'a
sharper public image for the par-
ty - to give it a distinctive ap-
peal to play against the Republi-
can slogan of "peace and pros-
perity." This slogan will be pow-
erful in a year of relaxed cold-war
tension, good food, and prosperity,
To avoid what happened to the
Labor Party in England last fall,
some Democrats want to be more
aggressive.

on-Year Congress

HOW MUCH accommodating
the Democrats will do is not yet
clear. They may do less than they
have been doing, partly because
Sen. Johnson, whom H ouse
Speaker Sam Rayburn supports,
needs to increase his following
among urban-industrial Demo-
crats by making fewer compro-
mises and being more liberal.
And will the Democrats manage
to make much hay out of this
Congress? Not a great deal, ac-
cording to Prof. George A. Peek
of the political science depart-
ment. The agenda is just not ex-
citing enough, he says, and the
Democrats may not be sufficiently
aggressive.
PERHAPS the biggest immedi-
ate issue facing Congress will be
the budget, to be presented in a
week. In his State-of-the-Union
speech, the President said he
would ask for $79.8 billion, about
a billion more than this year, and

hoped for revenues of $84 billion,
making a surplus of $4.2 billion.
He added that he hoped for a
surplus of $200 million in the cur-
rent budget, which runs until
June. The surplus planned for the
new budget may make it easier
for Democrats to put through
spending measures, the New York
Times says, without being criti-
cized for unbalancing the budget.
Included in the .new budget'
would be a military expenditure of
about $41 billion. - about the
same as it's been for several years.
The Administration is expected to
be attacked for its decision not to
try to match Russia's missile pro-
gram, and some Democrats will
argue that the Administration is
subordinating national defense to
balancing the budget
Prof. Peek's expectation is that
Democrats will push harder on
education and housing, not mili-
See CONGRESS, Page 4

By THOMAS HAYDEN
On an early summer morn-
ing in 1946, Dr. Ralph' A. Saw-
yer sat down to mess aboard
the USS Kenneth Whiting,
lolling in a Pacific lagoon near
Bikini Atoll.
It was the day of rehearsal
for the "B" Blast-the under-
water atomic explosion-- and'
Saywer, technical director of
the Bikini project, was under-
standably nervous.
He went through his morn-
ing stack of radio messages as
usual. One he found marked
"For Sawyer Only." It read:
"Regents, Provost unanimously
invite you accept appointment
dean graduate school. You are
first choice and consultations
assure your appointment will
be received by all faculties."
Accept Position
"No one ever had less incli-
nation to think about the job
than I did that morning,"
Sawyer recalled recently, sit-
ting in his dean's chair at the
University's graduate school.
inclination or no, Sawyer
wired back his acceptance
three days later, his appoint-
ment to be effective in the fall
of 1946.
Meanwhile, he turned his
energies to the Bikini Project.
Sawyer's scientific organization
included over 550 scientists and
engineers, working long hours
each day, ironing out al diffi-
culties in preparation for the
blasts.
"The weather was very
warm a11 summer. When you
came in at night it looked like
you'd been sluiced. down with a
bucket of water," Sawyer says.
"But the heat wasn't as bad
as it sometimes gets in Ann

*

*

*

Arbor during the summer," he
insists.
Nor was the pace, Sawyer
might add, if he were the brag-
ging type.
His pace has been accelerat-
ing so rapidly since the war,
that he now is forced to dis-
continue important jobs for
which he has no time.
After returning to the Uni-
versity in the capacity of dean
in 1946, Sawyer remained ac-
tive in the area of atomic
energy as first director of the
Phoenix Memorial Project. He
was appointed to a great many
University and civic commit-
tees. His reputation in the field
of spectroscopy remained high,
although he found less and less
time for his own work.
Newest Vice-President
Finally in the past year Saw-
year became vice-president in
charge of University research.
He still retained his duties as
dean of the graduate school,
but decided to relinquish the
Phoenix Project post.
Enough for one man?
"Life has become just a little
rich," he acknowledges.
Sawyer is going to withdraw
from a number of committee
assignments-no one, includ-
ing himself, can be immediate-
ly sure how many he's on.
Major Responsibility
Research, now his- official
focus of interest, iss amajor
responsibility of any great uni-
versity, Sawyer feels.
"Most anybody would realize
this is a great university and
as such hosts students from all
over the world. One of the rea-
sons we're the best in the Mid-
dle West is that we have a
See PROFILE, Page 2

187 PER MINUTE:
P rof. Bate Unaarme
By P
By NAN MARKEL
The "population explosion" means at present rates 187 children
are born every minute, enough to populate a new Detroit every three
weeks.┬░
But, "I don't get especially alarmed at the threat," Prof. Marston
Bates of the zoology department told public health authorities yes-
terday.
While people fear the "yellow peril," and speak of <"dark-skinned
rcaes overrunning the world," Prof. Bates said it is actually the propor-
tion of white-skinned people in the total world population which has
increased most in the past three. in.::::,:, ..::1 :t

Ann Arbor Police are currently
investigating the placing of a
three-foot swastika on the main
door of Ann Arbor's Hillel Foun-
dation Building Sunday.
This was the second swastika
incident reported in Ann Arbor
in the last four days. A swastika
was found painted last week on
a downtown business building.
Rabbi Julius Weinberg of the
,local Beth Israel Community Cen-
ter said he was "not happy" about
the situation, but added, "Ann
Arbor is not an anti-semitic com-
munity. There's no great prob-
lem here.
"I hope that this is only an in-
cident and the latent feeling is
not widespread," the rabbi added.
Sources at Hillel report similar
incidents took place in 1957.

hundred years.
And he charged, "I've never
been able to see the frequent
coupling of population and war.
In Men's Minds
"I think war is made in the
minds of men and not by eco-
nomic considerations and popula-
tion problems."
Lecturing to visiting public
health officials from all over the
world, he said he does not feel the
density of a country's population
has much to do with its strength
as a, nation.
He cited Japan's current birth
bontrol campaign. "Japan is fac-
ing up to its problems," he said,
"and I can't believe Japan will
be weaker because of it."
Only when he looks at popula-
tion acceleration in terms of
biology "do I get worried," Prof.
Bates explained. Total world popu-
lation was about 548 million in
1650, about 1.1? billion in 1850,
and about 2.4 billion in 1950.
Hazards Change
He charted the "biological"
problem this way:
"In biological evolution the re-
productive rate adjusts to the
hazards of existence. But when
man started to evolve culturally,
and as public health develops, the
hazards of existence drastically
change.
Consequently the reproductive
rate, or birth rate, changes drasti-
cally too. Prof. Bates pointed to
Ceylon, where the introduction of
DDT wiped out much disease, low-
ering the death rate. Since moth-
ers were freed of malaria, the
birth rate went up.
He told the public health offi-
cials, "you people can take a lot
of the credit, or the blame, for'
this picture."
Cant Control Rate
Prof, Bates intimated they can
effect a birth drop to correspond
to the death rate drop which
modern controls have brought
about.
For he does not think popula-
tion trend is only dependentuan
natural forces, as stated in the
"Malthusian proposition"-popu-
fan 4.-n n nr. mn-. ,an,.nnrac. on.-

Stirton Sees
Enrollment ,
Near 200
Diverse Program
Not To Incorporate
'Work-Study' Plan
By CAROL LEVENTEN
Special to The Daily
DEARBORN-The University's
Dearborn Center will begin oper-
ating a liberal arts program in
October with an estimated enroll-
ment of 200 students, Vice-Presi-
dent William Stirton said here
yesterday.
Six interdepartmental and five
departmental programs will be of-
fered, mainly on the junior level.
The new division will not fea-
ture the work-study plan -- alter-
nating a semester of class at-
tendance with one of specific work
assignments - under which the
Center's engineering and business
administration programs now op-
crate.
But Stirton indicated a possibil-
ity that such an arrangement
might be added to certain portions
of the liberal arts curriculum at a
future date,.and that the program
might be expanded to include
work on the graduate level.
Interdepartmental Programs
Interdepartmental programs to
be offered are humanities, social
sciences, biological and physical
sciences, sociology and psychology
and English and history.
Humanities includes English,
French and German literatures,
philosophy, fine arts, music liter-
ature and a selection of offerings
in history.
The social sciences curriculum
features sociology, psychology, p-
litical science, economics and his-
tory. Biological sciences include
botany, zoology and bacteriology;
physical sciences, c h e i Is t r y,
mathematics and physics.
Departmental concentrations
will be in English, history, chem-
istry, mathematics and econom-
ics.
Formation of the Center was
originally motivated by a demand
from industry to fill shortages in
engineering and business admin-
istration, he said, but stressed
that the University from the be-
ginning rejected the concept of a
program devoted exclusively to
technology and business.
Since the Legislature's appro-
priation to the University did not
come until July 9 this year, no
definite decision on opening the
Dearborn Center could be made
until that date.
At that time, costs of operat--
ing the Center were investigated
and curriculum decisions were
made.
To Increase Faculty
The planned expansion into
liberal arts will increase the um-
ber of faculty members on a full-
time basis to 14, and the average
class size will be 16, Stirton said.
Prof. Karl Litzenberg of the
English department, chairman of
the planning committee for the
liberal arts program, explained
that additions to the faculty will
come from the Ann Arbor cam-
pus and outside recruits.
Liberal arts has figured import-
antly in Dearborn planning from
the beginning, Stirton said, but
was necessarily and temporarily
postponed due to lack of funds.
Cost Greater
The program was discovered to
cost as much as the other two di-
visions combined and, since the
Center was forced to begin oper-
ating on a minimum budget, "we
reluctantly agreed to concentrate
on engineering and business ad-

mnimstration at flrst,'* Stirton ex-
plained. ,
Greeti To End

.l '?^'' " -"":":;""n;".irri:7d~s ,,,;:.."?:+ ":P; "f :?.;'....4" . l::L:.7-'- 'Ye?4 ;};:",r1"y~i 7;.}:*;!~;?i }'

IN CLOSE GAME:
IneCe 7
By FRED KATZ
Associate Sports Editor
Torrid Indiana nullified the effects of a revamped, slow-motion
Michigan offense to pocket a well earned 77-72 Big Ten basketball
victory last night in Yost Fieldhouse.
The Wolverines, hardly resembling the ragged outfit that was
crushed Saturday, 89-58, by Michigan State, were within upset range
until a minute remained, largely through the sniping of Lovell Farris
and Terry Miller.
But a layup by Bob Wilkinson with 1:04 left stretched the Hoosier
bulge to 75-70 and squelched further Wolverine heroics.
The win was Indiana's first in four Conference attempts. Michigan::e
is still shutout in the victory column after two tries,
Michigan junked its traditional fast-break offensive in an effort'
to work for the best possible shots as well as to slow down the Hoosiers
who entered the game with an 80-point average,
Thie Wolverines accomplished their primary goal. They put on
their best shooting nerformance of the season, connecting on 29 of 65 -:s

PROF. MARSTON BATES
... on population boom.
TRAFFIC.:
New Post
The City Council unanimously
approved the formation of a new
Department of Parking and Traf-
fic Engineering at its regular
meeting last night.
The new department will be
headed by a man qualified in traf-
fic engineering and off - street
parking who will be responsible to
the city administrator. The Park-
ing System will be removed from
the jurisdiction of Public Works
and assigned to this department.
Also approved were plans for a
Citizens Advisory Board which
will be created after the Depart-
ment of Parking and Traffic En-
gineering is established.
Since the net income of the de-
partment atppresent is not suf-
ficient to provide coverage for
additional bond issues of any sig-
nificant size, the City Council de-
tir.e that the cost of the four

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