SPENDING BOOSTS POSSIBLE:
Surplus Prediction May Hurt Ike
WASHINGTON (') - President
Dwight D. Eisenhower may have
surrendered his most powerful
weapon against Congressional
spending by predicting a four bil-
lion dollar budget surplus.
There are signs that the Demo-
cratic-controlled Congress may
ASWAN, Egypt (A') -President
Nasser yanked a switch yesterday
and launched his cherished Aswan
High Dam project-long a pawn in
the East-West cold war in the
Before cheering thousands, Nas-
ser thanked the Soviet Union for
financing the first stage of the
billion dollar hydroelectric-irriga-
tion project after the United
States and Britain withdrew their
offer of help in 1956.
Yet possibly mindful that he
still may need help from the West
to finish the ambitious project to
control the Nile and expand its
work for Egypt, Nasser declared he
bore no rancor, "
"We remember the country (the
Soviet Union) which agreed to
help us iri this project," Nasser
told the crowds in this town in
upper Egypt. "We celebrate the
building of the dam without ha-
tred of those who fought us."
Nasser laid the first stone, bear-
ing the date of the ground-break-
ing ceremony. Then he pulled the
switch that set off 10 tons of dyna-
mite and shattered a rocky bluff's
face on the east bank.
A big Soviet delegation was
present headed by I. T. Novikov,
minister of power station con-
struction sent from Moscow es-
pecially for the occasion. Visiting
King Mohammed V of Morocco
was another spectator.
Nasser said his United Arab
Republic had been able to begin
construction of the 645-foot dam
-which will be the world's highest
despite "threats and economic
pressure" from other countries.
The UAR antagonists "afforded
us an opportunity to win and to
be sure that our victory depended
on the people and on our determi-
nation to build the dam ourselves
in our liberated country and to
follow the path which we want
ourselves," Nasser said.
It will takefour years to com-
plete the first stage, construction
of a coffer dam and a diversion
canal. The second stage-the con-
struction of the dam and its hy-
droelectrical tunnels will take,
nearly six years.
East and West Germany, Italy,
Britain and Japan have expressed
a desire to bid on the second stage
of the project.
The dam, which will use 17 times
more granite than the Great Pyra-
mid of Cheops at Giza, ultimately
will produce an expected 10 billion
kilowatt hours of electricity annu-
push through Eisenhower's new
$79.8 billion spending ceiling in an
election year when four possible
major contenders for the Demo-
cratic Presidential nomination are
in the Senate.
The feeling among some of the
Democrats is that by forecasting
a substantial surplus, Eisenhower
has given them room to lift de-
fense, school construction, hous-
ing, depressed area and other out-
lays above the President's recom-
mendations without being accused
Senate Republican leader Ever-
ett M. Dirksen of Illinois said yes-
terday he is alarmed at the pros-
pect of an election year surge in
spending. He told Sen. Kenneth B.
Keating (R-N.Y.) on a television
program taped for New York sta-
"I see some pressures working at
the present time in the depressed
area field, the housing field and
elsewhere and it would appear to
me that efforts are going to be
made to spend some real money
out of the treasury over and above
the budget if it can be contrived
and if they can get votes enough
in order to approve it."
However, Sen. Mike Mansfield
of Montana, the assistant majority
leader, said that because many
Democrats don't think there will
be anything like the surplus Eisen-
hower has estimated, they will use
discrimination in increased spend-
"Where we think some of the
President's estimates need upping,
we will up them as we have in the
past," Mansfield said. "Where we
can make reductions without dam-
aging the national security, we
will make them."
Sen. George D. Aiken (R-Vt.)
said in a separate interview he ex-j
pects Eisenhower to veto any
spending measures that go much
above the totals he will recom-
mend in his budget message.
"I think we might expect a
bumper crop of vetoes this year,"
Republicans argued last year
that any small increase in expen-
ditures would break through the
precariously balanced budget.
In Test Talks
(A') - United
IKE A1ND THE BUDGET-President Eisenhower's projected four
billion dollar budget surplus, predicted in his State of the Union
Address (above), leaves the door open for Congressional spending
ARTS AND LETTERS:
Sculptor Philosophizes on Sunrise, Art
must budge one way or another to
prevent a blowup of the nuclear
test talks resuming in Geneva
The conference of the atomic
powers-the United States, Russia
and Great Britain--recessed over.
the yearend with the discussions
in the crucial stage.
How the negotiations for an
agreement to ban atomic test ex-
plosions develop now will have a
major bearing on the general
East-West disarmament parley
starting March 15.
In 14 months of talks so far, the
Geneva conferees have agreed on
17 articles of the 30 or so which
would be expected in a treaty out-
lawing nuclear tests.-,
They recessed last month in a
deadlock over Soviet rejection of
United States scientists' findings
that sneak tnderground atomic
blasts can be far more difficult to
detect than previously thought.
The West insists the treaty must
provide adequate controls against
When the' talks resume next
week, United States negotiators
plan to try again to get Soviet
acceptance of the West's propouals
for policing against underground
If the Reds do not agree-and
there is little optimism here that
they will-then the Americans are
preparing to re-offer a version of
President Dwight D. Eisenhower's
April 1959 plan for a limited
agreement against atomic tests in
the atmosphere and under water.
This would be easier to police.
But here again there will have
to be some change in the Soviet
I" t mfexseatures NEW LEAAtD?-- .
NNA L.BIRTN NationswithGovernment SponsoredSirtibControl Programs ,," Nations WheraGovernment is
CONTROL.POLICIES Nations with Quolified Government Suprt a irt trofficially Opposed to irth Contrl
and-or Ativ. rivate Agendies Olhts
* .Yrivatae gences active tespite official government policy f ies no offiiat policy, isures money grants to parents o trE families
Naos Enorce irth Conro
By The Associated Press
With its 92 million persons I
crowded into an area no greater
than California, Japan has taken
extreme steps to stop runaway
Among the nations of the world,
it has the most ambitious birth
France, like Italy and Spain,
ranks among nations where offi-
cial policy bans any form of birth
While some countries are tak-
ing steps to control population
growth, others virtually encourage
it by providing special benefits
and grants to large families.
These are the extremes in a
world problem that has become
a hot political issue in the United
States. The fact of population
growth is not being debated: the
evidence is clear that this will
continue so that by the year 2000
the world population will more
What is at issue is whether any-
thing should be done about it.
The map pinpoints nations
which have definite official policies
promoting or opposing birth con-
trol programs. Of course, there
are many nations where govern-
ments have no official stand - for
or against - but in which private
groups are active.
Birth control-whether through
sterilization, abortion, mechanical
By STEPHANIE ROUMELL
Sculptor Joseph Goto came just
this fall to the University; where
he is anassociate professor of de-
Prof. Goto has sculpture in sev-
eral places, including New York's
Museum of Modern Art and Chi-
cago's Art Institute.
His career as an artist began
in 1947. Prof. Goto said, "If you
ask me about my work I would
say, 'When I got up this morning
it was cold, the sun was shining-
it was a beautiful day. I hope
other people think it is too.' I can
speak of this knowingly.
"But about my art, I dn't
know. I never know what's going
to happen with something I'm
working on until it's through,"
Second Front Page
January 10, 1960 Page 3
Prof. Goto continued. "It's bad
to talk about art; people make
too much over it."
Prof. Goto came to Chicago
from his native Hilo, Hawaii, in
Comes For Visit
"I came just for a visit and got
stuck here. I didn't have anything
to do so I. went to the Chicago
Art Institute where my brother
was studying (Prof. Goto's broth-
er is at present a painter in New
Thus his formal career as an
"When I was small, I wanted to
be an artist. But you get lost -
chasing after girls, football .
My father said, 'You want to be
an artist? You don't have to go
to school-work in the cane field!"
At the Art Institute Prof. Goto
studied all types of art. He didn't
start out specifically to be a
"But one tends to specialize,"
he remarked. At exhibitions his
sculptures regularly fared better
than his paintings.
He first began exhibiting in
1950 at a show called the "Exhi-
bition Momentum" in Chicago. It
was organized by a group of stu-
In 1952 Alfred Barr of New
York's Modern Art Museum liked
a piece that Prof. Goto was exhib-
iting. Barr bought the piece for
the museum, and Prof. Goto said
that this was "one of the most
important points in my career."
"I like primitive art, Michelan-
gelo, cave drawings, Picasso ..
you can't be an artist unless you
understand these things.
"When I work I don't con-
sciously think of all these things,
but I can't help being influenced.
'Would Be Writer'
"But if I verbalize everything I
do, then I'd be a writer," he re-
marked suddenly with a smile.
"I'm trying to build a studio in
Ann Arbor. It's a big garage and
"I still have a studio in Chicago,
but it'stoo small - crowded. It's
cold, dirty, black with Chicago
"It's beautiful. In the summer
you can smell garbage, dogs run
by, kids shout, rats run all over
the place. It's in an alley," he ex-
"I like it. I can work any place.
But in Ann Arbor there's one dis-
advantage -- getting materials. I
have to go to Chicago."
Prof. Goto taught art at Wil-
liam and Mary College extension
in Richmond, Va., before he came
to the University this fall..
"I want to spend all my time
working on my sculpture, but I
also have to make a living by
teaching. So there's a conflict,"
"Yet teaching is creating in a
way - it's a cycle between my
work and the students.
"In a sense, teaching gives me
freedom. When I work on my own
and don't sell, then I have my
family to worrk about. This lim-
its my freedom."'
Prof. Goto met his wife at the
Chicago Art Institute where she
was studying painting. They have
a son four years old.
"Still, I haven't found a real
solution. I keep wishing for more
time to work on my own. The art-
ists of the Renaissance had the
best solution," he said thought-
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