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January 09, 1960 - Image 4

Resource type:
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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1960-01-09

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"Er . . . Maybe We Could Patch 'hings Up"

Seventieth Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG, * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241

When Opinions Are Free
Truth Wll Prevail"

'I

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

AT THE MICHIGAN
Muni Scores
OUT OF GERALD GEENE'S successful novel of a season or so back,
"The Last Angry Man," Columbia Pictures have fashioned a striking
social commIenta:'y which owes a great deal of its effectiveness to the
altogether superb playing of distinguished veteran actor Paul Muni.
Let it be said at first that this film fortunately does not preoccupy
itself with the contrived romance, a device very prevalent in the current
socially critical breed of offerings. (This propensity is the main weakness
of the otherwise provocative production of Stanley Framer's "On The
Beach".)
INSTEAD THE "Last Angry Man" attempts to graphically examine
two philosophical but wholly antithetical approaches to life. First there

)AY, JANUARY 9,'1960

NIGHT EDITOR : NAN MARKEL

A

Homosexual Crackdown

Of Dubious Value

THE ANN ARBOR homosexual crackdown,
which has resulted in some 34 arrests- so
far, is seriously questionable with regard to
methods, motives, legality and moral implica-
tions.'. .
The methods, although police have been reti-
cent to explain them in detail, boil generally
down to this: three special officers were selected
about two months ago to linger day after day
in restrooms around the city, waiting to make
contact with homosexuals, then arrest them.
More critically stated, they have been paid
with public funds to aggravate the psychologi-
cal problem of the homosexual, first by entice-
ment, then by arrest, arraignment, trial, and.
perhaps a prison sentence. This is neither a
logical way to spendpublic funds nor a sensi-
tive way to handle a /public problem.
THE UNIVERSITY'S part in this seems negli-
gible, although police insist it is cooperating
very well. True, the University has been inane
enough to remove the doors from stalls in one
Angell Hall restroom, and has not yet replaced
them. But other than that, it hasn't helped
the police significantly, ,
The University cannot refuse the police ad-
mittance to its restrooms, of course, and what
the officers do there is their own business. But
G
Generosty.?
HE $19 MILLION ray of hope which the
Williams administration sends to ,brighten
the lives of money-worried Michigan citizens
could have higher wattage.
Comptroller James Miller, and Governor
Williams,' may be congratulated for acknowl-
edging state revenue benefit with settlement of
the steel strike. But revisions of expected in=
come come a little late in the fiscal year.
It didn't take much insight way back in
early December for the Republicans to see tlat
a $19 million increase in revenues for the first
five fiscal months would mean income higher
than last year's, steel strike or no. But the
administration would not admit then the state
might be receiving a little more revenue.
might be receiving a little more revenue than
the $308 million forecasted in July. It took a
steel strike settlement to force the admission.
And that admission is hardly generous. Wil-
liams sees $10 million more in sales tax col-
lections and $9 million more not needed for the
school aid fund. This is for the entire year.
As in the past, Michigan's administration is
toning down revenue expectations. It has ad-
mitted some of the truth, but not the whole

for the University to cooperate any further
would be unfortunate. When an individual is
arrested, tried and found guilty, then it is the
University's place to talk with him and make
the final decision, on his future here.
ANATURAL question arising from the above
is what motives the police might have for
the suddenh crackdown. No major incident---
such as an attack on a child-triggered it. The
police themselves admit no organized ring
exists. Since the state law against indecent
conduct between males has been on the books
for many years, the suddenly renewed enforce-
ment for no specific reason seems curious. It
leaves one to guess that an irrational force in
Ann Arbor is overly interested in keeping the
city "a decent place to live" and that the police
are hypersensitive with regard to the public
image.
City prosecutors claim that each arrest was
properly made and ewil hold in court, which
remains to -be seen. Since the officers involved
have apparently undergone special training in
the apprehension of homosexuals, they are
aware of the conditions of "entrapment;" which
invalidates an arrest if the officer lures an
individual into a crime. Whether the police
were successful in apprehending the individuals
without "entrapping" them, which seems un-
likely, is a question to be answered in the
courts. Certainly some of the individuals ar-
rested will argue that the police violated the
rules of arrest.
THE MORAL implications involved are most
far-reaching.
The situationonce more illustrates the cul-
tural lag which puts the homosexual under the
heading of "criminal" when he is most often
an individual with serious psychological diffi-
culties. In one sense, the police are right: they
are bound to uphold the laws of the state. And
in doing so, they have rendered at least one
service, that being the break-up of certain well-
known "contact centers." But this result hardly-
overrides the most disastrous effects.'
" What must be questioned most basicaIly is
the state statute itself. It simply is not consis-
tent with advances in modern psychology. =It is
based on an absurd conception of homosexu-
ality as the immoral behavior of stable rational
individuals. It makes little attempt to under-.
stand such individuals as ;anything other than
criminals, and most frightening of all, it sen-
tences them to state prisons where their en-
vironment is hardly conducive for a cure.
In relation to this problem, the police meth-
ods and motives are dwarfed. They are only
the obnoxious repercussions of a problem which
rust ultimately be faced by the states and the
citizenry.'
--THOMAS HAYDEN

Copyright, 1460, Te Putitzer Publishing Co.
$#. !Louis Poet-DiSpa#Ch

is that represented by the "ga-
loots" or something-for.-nothing-
boys whose only interests are in
the financial compensations for
their time investment. Contrasted
to this is the advocate of the "old
school" who puts the purer inter-
ests of his job before all else.
But although the film attempts
'to make a legitimate social criti-
cism, this statement is never effec-
tively offered because the conflict
afforded here is too elementary
and obvious in nature. Further-
more it is totally lacking in a re-
freshing treatment. The demarca-
tion between good and evil is pain-
fully apparent. The production
purports to be significantly more.
provocative than it actually emer-
ges.
But despite the gross definicty in
the scenario, "The Last Angry
Man" boasts of an extraordinarily
eloquent and perceptive perform-
ance by -Paul Muni. Indeed it is
because of Mr. Muni's carefully'
delineated shadings of characteri-
zation and his spontaneous ges-
tures and nuances that we are, at
first, deluded into believing that
the film actually has really origi-
nal elements at work. But this
guise is ,dispelled in the final reel
when the viewer is subjected to
an unfortunately overlong death
sequence which is handled with
such pretentiousness so as not. to
be effective at all.
In "The Last Angry Man" Paul
Muni gives the outstanding male
performance and is ably abetted
by a polished group of profes-
sionals. But the material never
approaches the stature of the per-
formers. As a result this Daniel
Mann production must be con-
sidered somewhat of a disappoint-
ment to all those who had legiti-
mately expected a film both dis-
tinguished and powerful.
.-Marc Alan Zagoren
New Books at Library
Hobart, Alice Tisdale - Gusty's
Child; New York, Longmans,'
Green, 1959.. .
McCarthy, Mary-The Stones of
Florence; N.Y., Harcourt, Brace,.
1959.,
Mann, Arthur-La Guardia: A
fighter against his times; Philadel-
"phis, J. B. Lippincott, 1959.

SEVEN ARTS:
Jazz from the Outside II

--NAN MARKEL

IN REVIEW:
Discrimi1n1atory Practices

'ROWING STUDENT concern wtih discrimi-
natory membership practices was reflected
two items on Student Government Council's
ednesday agenda.
The first report of the Restrictive Practices
mmittee was heard, and membership of the
cently established Sigma Kappa Study Coin-
ittee was approved. The broad purpose of
th groups is to examine the area of restric-
'e membership practices in student organiza-
>ns in the light of possible future develop-
nts.
The Restrictive Practices Committee will
commend to the Council either actipn which
ey consider necessary, or that the Council
ke no action. The Sigma Kappa Study Com-
ttee,'on the other hand, will gather infor-
ation with the intention of giving a report
the Council which may be used as a basis
r future action on Sigma Kappa.
The need for study in the area of discrimina-
'n in student organizations is pressing. This
de area of University policy was formerly
vered only by the Regents' 1949 -ruling that
ganizations seeking University recognition
y not prohibit membership because of race,
igion or color. With each passing year this
icy statement appears less adequate to regu-
e policy within long-established organiza-
ns.
At their Nov. 20 meeting, the Regents passed
by-law committing the University to work
the elimination of discrimination, seemingly
recognition of this inadequate coverage.
The Restrictive Practices Committee, com-
Editorial Staff
THOMAS TURNER, Editor
ILIP POWER ROBERT JUNKER
ltorial Directorj City Editor
ARLES KOZOLL ....;.......... Personnel Director
LN KAATZ .........,....... Magazine Editor
RTON HUTH wAITE ............ Features Editor
R R . ~ IA ('E1c,,+ +a+

posed of five appointees of the Council, includ-
ing the presidents ofi Panhellenic and IFC was
established in October and replaces all former
SGC committees set up to deal with restrictive
practices. It has devoted the meetings since its
fkrmation in defining its purpose,, committee
embers reported to the Council."
Thefact that four meetings were necessary
to discuss this indicates a hesitance on the part
of the committee to embark on what it plans
to accomplish.r
CERTAINLY the range of possible actions for
their consideration is limited. The most ob-
vious of these is the time limit. In one form
or another, the possibility of setting a time
limit for elimination of discriminatory practices
must be discussed; procrastination of the com-
mittee in coming to grips with the field they
must eventually examine will gain nothing. This
tentative spirit may or may not be a condi-
tioned response characteristic of SGC instru-
ments to the shadow of possible intervention by
the administration..
If it is, the committee's effectiveness may be
diluted by overcontemplation of this indefinite
prospect. Since the new by-law will theoretically
be implemented by the administration, con-
structive work in the area by SGC can only
be met with appreciation and cooperation.
Procrastination, introspection and deliberation,
even in the name of thorough consideration,
should be looked at critically by the committee
since it will produce another attitude alto-
gether.,
The Sigma Kappa committee's function is
justifiably more loosely defined than that of
the Restrictive Practices Committee; it will
work with a specific and tough case. Besides
gathering information relating directly to Sig-
ma Kappa's current membership practices, the
committee will attempt to resolve differing
interpretations of SGC's position in the Sigma
Kappa case. In any case, its report should not
carry recommendations with it, since the Sig-
ma Kappa action is the concern of the

(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the
second in a series of articles on the
socio-psychological aspects of jazz
by Al Young, Generation Co-Edi-
tor.)
By AL YOUNG
Generation Co-Editor
I'VE GOT an uncle at the other
end of the continuum. He knows
nothing .beyond the work of the
late blues singer, Blind Lemon
Jefferson and the contemporary
blues artist, Muddy Waters.
"I used to try and play on the
gitfiddle myself," he likes to rem-
inisce. "Wasn't no needa me try-
in' to sing like Lemon cause I
couldn't sing a lick. Me and a
fellow down the road used to play
parties and dances on the week-
end. He was the best blues singer
around and he'd shout and play
guitar and I'd just kinda back
him up. We mostly got drinks and
food, .not much .money.
"We used to make up songs
while we was plowin' in the field
and work 'em out on the weekend.
He even got to make a record.
Didnt sell no place he made it just
the same.
"When Blind Lemon died, ev-
erybody started goin for Muddy
Waters. I'd quit tryin to play
guitar by then so I just listened to
him. Him and Lemon the best
musicians it ever was. Nowadays
aint nobody recordin nothing but
foolishness. It started when the
companies started makin foolish-
ness for the kids cause they the
onesf buyin the records and - to
and behold - they found out the
ofd people liked it too."
- * *
MY UNCLE NOW owns neither
a record player nor a guitar but
the mention of either is his cue
for telling countless stories about
his Southern upbringing and how
much better music was then than
it is now. He insists that the old
styles are coming back and that
people simply don't know it be-
cause they aren't sure what the
old styles sounded like.
I play oldtime artists such as
Jazz Gillum, Jimmy Yancey or
Big Bill Broonzy or Leadbelly for
my "well-informed" urban friends
and they aren't interested, so
strongly are they convinced that
"Funky East Coast Hard Bop" or
"Free-Flowing West Coast" is The
Word.
I play the same old records for
many of my elders and they want
to know why I listen to that kind
of music when "after all, that's
the kind of stuff we colored peo-
ple want to leave behind. We're
trying to learn more respectable,
more modern music." I might
note that my immediate elders
grew up listening to Duke Elling-
ton, Jimmy Lunceford and all the
great swing bands. Most of them
think a vocalist should sound like
Sarah Vaughan or Nat Cole.
Strangely enough, they all dig the
Count Basie band and Joe Wil-
liams. But "bebop" - as such --
is beyond them.

MAX LERNER:
India's Angry' Young Men

Such is the desire of an ethnic
minority to live down its past and
be absorbed into what is consid-
ered to be the mainstream of tlge
national culture.
* * *
WHEN I was younger and lis-.
tened to a lot of modern jazz re-
cordings with the volume turned
up on the phonograph as loud as
the family would "allow, my
younger brother, who had no ap-
parent musical tastes as yet,
would say to- me, "I ,can't under-
stand what you see in that stupid
jazz !"
Now -.my not-so-little-anymore
brother is a staunch rock and roll-
er. He spins his precious 45s at
maximum volume and defies all
adverse criticism. When I'm at
home, I'll occasionally put on

some country or folk blues, and
he'll say, "You get more end more
old-timey the older you let. That
mess you're playing sure is
square."
Not too long ago, leafin through
his record collection, I came across
the theme music from the TV pro-
grams - "M Squad" and "Peter
Gun." When I questioned him
about it, he said, "Ohf that's dif-
ferent. That's up to date. All the
kids go for that kind of jazz these
days."
smiled and recalled the days
when Jack Webb would be drag-
ging his net across the TV screen,
comnpeting with Stan Getz on the
phonograph in the next room. But
with no complaints unless one got
in the way of the other.

.. - '" f.

phia J. . Lipinctt, 959

tin-

CAMUS:
Passing
By STEPHANIE ROUMELL
Daily Staff Writer
AL B E R T C A M U S, author of
'L'Etranger, $. book .which .h'a
'reached textbook status, the writ-
er of a bulk of significant and
widely known novels, plays, and
essays, and the recipient of the
1957 Nobel Prize, died this week
in an automobile accident at the
age of 47.
"Camus' death is a real trage-
dy," Prof. Arthur Eastman of the
English department said. "He was
still going strong. Like the Span-
ish playwright Lorcaa who was
shbt by the Falangists in 19386 at
the age of 38, Camus' tragedy
marks the passing of a rare and
able artist dying n untimely
death."
"Most of the Romantic poets
who died at relatively early ages,
were past their .artistic.,prime.
Keats (who died at 3) is the ex-
ception. And the fate of Camus
and Lorca. is comparable ttattit
of Keats:They are giants right
now, and there is no sign that
they were stopping being giants."
"CAMUS, better than any oth-
er author, tried to express com-
pletely the problems of tQday,"
Prof. Jean Carduner, of the
French department said, 'reflect-
ing on the passing of the signifi-
cant French author'. 'He cannot
be separated from the context of
the last few years."
Since Camus received the No-
bel Prize, Prof. Carduner related
he felt it was time to retreat, to
think and produc the great work
that the people expected. He knrew
exactly what he was going to do
for the next 10-1.5 years. He had
a schedule, and he planned to de-
vote more time to writing.
"Camus was working toward a
certain perfection that he didn't
have at the beginning. He was a
great artisan, and he gives the
impression that he would have
continued to improve if he had
lived to be eighty."
"Always preoccupied with what
he had to say, Camus insisted on
the absurdi ty of the world
throughout his work," Prof. Car-
duner revealed. "And his untime-
ly death in an automobile that he
wasn't even driving is most ab-
surd."
-DAILY
OFFICIAL
BULLETIN
(Continued from Page 2) .
Affairs, following the usual procedures.
Requests .for approval must be ,fliled on'
or before Fri., Jan. 15. Chaperone are
subject to the approval of the Dean of
Men. Two married couples, at least 26
years old, or the chaperone-in-resl-
dence are required as chaperne8, .. E
ception: for dnner preceding and>
breakfast following thp dance, only
one qualified married couple or the
chaperone-in-residence is required. It
is suggested .that chaperones be se-
lected from parents of students, facul-
ty members, or alumni. Although chap-
crones are present the oficers and
members of thee sponsoring organis-
tion will be held wholly responsible for
seeing that University regulations are
observed.
No' house parties will be approved
for the night of the Hlop. Pre-Hop din-
ners must end not later than 9:30 p.m.
Fraternities are closed to callers dur-
ing 'the. hours a group attends the
Hop and may re-open at 2:OU am if
desired.
Breakfasts must close in time to al-
low women students to return to their

occupied by women guests must be
closed to men at 4:00 a.m.
Parties are restricted to the Ann Ar-
bor' area. ,
-All parties Jinvolving women guests
shall be confined to the first floor.
Women's Housing and Hours: Ar-
range rents for housing women over-
Snight during J-Hop. period, in 'Men's
Residences must be separately ap-
proved at the Office of Dean of Wo-
!men. For fraternities occupied by wo-
men gufests, a chaperone-in-residence
must be approved by the Dean of wo-
.men. The chaperone selected is to be
in residence for the entire period and
may not .attend the Hop.
Fraternities having over-night women
guests must vacate their houses by 1:00
p.m. Fri., Feb. 5, after which the wo-
men guests and chaperones shallmove
into the houses and regular men's call-
ing hours will be in effect.
Occupancy of houses by J-Hop guests
shall not exceed that which is approved
by the University Health Service.

JAIPUR, India - When you are
invited to lecture at an Amer-
ican university, you never know
whether more than a liandful of
students will be there to hear you
but you are certain that the uni-
versity will be open. When you
are invited to an Indian univer-'
sity, you are sure the faculty and
students will turn out - provided
the university itself is open.
I had this experience a few
weeks ago, when I was invited to
Lucknow as the first of a series of
universities scattered - over the
face of India where ;I shall be lec-
turing, in addition to my regular
seminar at the Indian School of
International Studies at New Del-
hi. I was about to get my train
ticket 'for Lucknow when I read
that the university there had been
closed down because of "student
indiscipline."
This is not the only case. The
university at Allahabad is also
closed because of student indisci-
pline. The university at Benares
was closed for three months. And,
for good measure, in response to a
question in Parliament the Min-
istry of Railways ,announced that
there have been 892 incidents of
"train detention" by students on
Indian railways in the last six
months. They range from a pull-
ing of the alarm chain which
stops the train, all the way to a
mass swarmig over the locomo-
tive and the tracks.
*' *' *
WHAT IS it biting these angry.
young men of India? I don't in-
tend this piece as a full report,
which I can do only after the uni-
versities have re-opened when I
can ask some questions. Mean-
while I have put them to my own
students, who happily do not suf-
fer from this "indiscipline," being
young men and women with con-
siderable maturity.

rI

First a few facts about what led
,to the closings. At Benares it
happened when a cinema which
had made some concessions to the
students withdrew them, and the
students rioted and tore every-
thing apart.
At Allahabad a student was
"rusticated" (expelled). To get
him reinstated a crowd of students
surrounded the Vice-Chancellor's
(university president's) house,.
where a meeting of the Executive
Council was going on. It was a
little like a prison riot, with the
rioters holding the warden and
guards as hostages until their de-
mands are met. In this case the
t e r r i f i e d Vice-Chancellor and
Council members gave way, rein-
stated the student - and then, in
humiliation, resigned as a body.
The university closed.
* * *
'HOW ACCOUNT for this kind
of studsent violence? The first clue
is political. The Indian student
movement was for a generation
part of the Indian nationalist
movement, and the students were
a weapon in the political struggle
for freedom. They had a political
cause at that time. They have it
no longer. But the habit of mass
action, mass non-participation,
mass sabotage, still persists, even'
though its target may have dwin-j
dled to some factional campus
struggle or some private grudge.
Moreover, there are still politi-
cal parties outside the campus
which are eager to exploit intra-
mural academic politics for their
own purposes. At Allahabad, for
example, there was a teacher.
grievance about pay raises. At
Lucknow there was a struggle rag-
ing around the Vice-Chancellor-
ship, along with faculty bitterness
about the nature of faculty rep-
resentation in the E x e c u -t i v e
Council. The student episodes lit

the match, but the political
der was there.
* * *

EVEN MORE important has
been student frustration, both
economic and emotional. Indian
society is top-heavy with college
graduates for whom there are no
good jobs after they get their de-
grees. They scorn to do manual
work and dirty their hands, nor
are they on fire to go into the vil-
lages to build a new base for a
new society. They feel that their
elders owe them something unde-
livered, and their anger smolders.
Nor should the emotional factor
be ignored. All around theni the
old traditional society is breaking
up, with its traditional values. In
their place are coming new ideas,
especially from the West, through
movies, novels, magazines - ideas
about new freedoms of sex and
courtship. Yet the hold of the old
is still tenacious, apd there is al-,
most no freedom on any of the
campuses to express the emotion-
al urges and act some of the new
freedoms.
* * *
IN SOME degree, of course, this
is true of students everywhere.
One of the functions of the teach-
er is to understand what is hap-
pening and serve as a bridge be-
tween the past and the future.
But in the Indian universities I
fear that few teachers serve this
function well. There is a wall of
non - communication b e t w e e'n
teachers and students. The lec-
tures are lifeless, geared only to
the exam papers, discussion is al-
most non-existent, and there is
no direct contact outside the
classroom.
This means that at a time when
the student most needs a model
on which to shape his life-pur-
poses, he lacks it, and the smol-
dering violence breaks out.

V

:

i
1

gort

... Michael Kelly

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