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December 17, 1959 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1959-12-17

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..

Pill Rolling

She trichgautBiy
Seventieth Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241

When Opinions Are Free
Truth Wil Prevail"

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 16, 1959 NIGHT EDITOR: KENNETH McELDOWNEY

MORAL
issue
first appe
that ther
at all. J
could not
drugs was
they said
to take c
Next w
were mak
profit, th
their obl
had to pa
cost a gr
that this
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E FI
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ing. The
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runs acco
facturers
mittee h
much hig
ET S1
still
heeded t
This me
old Sigm
The ca
controvei
and does
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for the r
no one r
tices of
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H
SO WH
ressu
possibilit
publicity
is trying
he will d
spect the
He WI
body of a
"in viol
SGC. Bu
the soro
to func
campus.
Little
would be
a service
ASO'

Drug Industry Should Be Put
Under Government Control
ITY SEEMS to be becoming the key In any case, there are companies such as
in the drug price investigations. It Upjohn, which in ten years has earned more
ared when drug companies complained than three times the total worth of the com-
e was no reason for an investigation pany. This is considered to be a reasonable
ust because there were people who Profit.
afford the fantastic prices of some , This in essence is the crux of the matter. Up-
s no reason to make an issue out of it, john maintains that the drug industry is a
. There are always welfare agencies growth industry. Interpreted, this means that
are of such problems. ,.they assert they can charge as much as they
hen it was revealed that some drugs can get; and their main concern seems to be
sing literally thousands of per cent in doing just this.
ie drug industry replied that it was H
igation to charge such prices. They
iy for research on new products which enterprise principles of the system in which
eat deal of money and the only way we live. To attack this basic principle could be
was possible was to charge high prices interpreted as being un-American.
bugs once they were developed. But is this so? Is the drug industry the same
as any other industry in relation to that it
IGURES involved, however, appear to produces for the consumer? This is disregard-
mple enough to question this reason- ing the other factors being investigated; the
drug companies spend six per cent of reasons why drugs in foreign countries sell at
on research which is agreed to be a much lower price than in the United States
han most other industries. The' profit even though they are produced by the same
irding to the big pharmaceutical manu- company; the fact that drugs are sold to the
at about 13%. The investigating com- government at a much lower price than to the
as figures that place this profit at a general public; the fact that small companies
gher amount. sell the same drugs at prices much lower than
gher______unt,_ the big companies charge for the same drug;
the fact that the large companies charge almost
* Amexactly the same inflated price for certain
drugs which could not be accidental; disre-
garding all the issues of monopolistic practices
LEEPING dogs lie" is a time-worn but carried on by these companies is the question.
valuable suggestion. It could well be After all this, is this industry the same as any
oday by at least one member of SOC. Other?
mber proposes to dredge up the tired The drug industry is not. It deals with the
a Kappa issue. lives of people in a more intimate way than al-
ampus is tired of having this ancient most any other. All the progress made in con-
rsy dragged through SGC meetings quering diseases, in extending the lifespan of
not care to have to listen to the same humanity finds its expression in the products
ments that have filled the newspaper of this same drug industry.
past two years. To be perfectly frank,
really cares about the pledging prac- IT WOULD BE no exaggeration to state that
Sigma Kappa - except the members it has become the industry second only to
,es the food producers in its necessity to the lives
of man.
ATEVER this member's purpose is in This can be emphasized just by looking at
recting the issue, it seems to have little those same arthritis sufferers that began the
y of succeeding. If he is looking for whole controversy, men and women in their
, ll he will find is notoriety; if he last years are depending on the benefits of
to gain respect for the Council, all drugs just to be able to move their limbs. Such
to is even further reduce the little re- dependency-in them and others-cannot be
e campus has for it now, placed on the open market as it has been up
LL succeed in reminding the student to now.
a fiasco in which the sorority was found The government should take steps to con-
ation of University regulations," by trol an industry as vital as this. Public utilities
it this didn't really mean a thing, a have been government - regulated for many
rity has continued and will continue years, yet still manage to make substantial
tion as a recognized house on the profits. Such action would be the logical con-
crete result of the present investigation in
men puffed up with self-importance drugs. A government control is necessary so
e doing themselves and everyone else that people do not have to spend what little
if they "Let sleeping dogs lie." they have to promote "growth" industries.
-MIKE GILLMAN -ARNOLD SAMEROFF
THERS SEE IT:

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4.

STANLEY QUARTET:
Mozart, Williams Good;
Beethoven Too Intense
IN A WELL-RECEIVED concert last night, the Stanley Quartet played
three profoundly individual and contrasting works. Magic, sleight-
of-hand, these are the essence of Mozart's "Quartet in D major, K. 575"
which opened the program.
The first movement in particular seems to bloom from the most in-
substantial melodic material, one idea springing from another. The last
movement is an enigmatic Rondo built on the same theme as the first
movement, but treated in a more muscular, linear fashion.
TheStanley Quartet sounded, tohme, rather tense and uneasy
throughout the work, but certainly the octave doublings -- which
seemed to be Mozart's obsession
in this piece - would have made
Satan himself tense.
"THE QUARTET in A minoi
by the late Ralph Vaughan-Wil-
liams struck me on first hearing
as being very good music - un-
ashamedly sensual, clear-eyed,
non-neurotic. The second move-
ment, perhaps the most memor-
able part of the work, begins with
a static, archaic-sounding choral,
played very softly and without vi-
brato.:
Moments such as this, particu-
larly in the second and fourth
movements, emanated a kind of

I
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IHerblock is away due to illness

MAUIMt
ttSL L Ui Pouiec

MAX LERNER:
Ache s and Echoes in India

NEW DELHI - Dwight David
Eisenhower has finally made it.
In the opening ceremonies at the
World Agricultural Fair the Indian
Prime Minister bracketed him with
the ascetic Indian hero and god
incarnate-Mahatma Gandhi. The
point Nehru made specifically was
that both of them "found an echo
in the hearts of our millions." Yet
the linking of the two names was
the final accolade that Nehru
could bestow on his American visi-
tor. If Ike was liked by the Indian
masses yesterday, he will be re-
vered tomorrow.
* * *
THE FAIR'S opening had none
of the verbal fireworks that.marked
the opening of another fair re-
cently, at Moscow. It was a com-
bination of an Easter Fifth Avenue
parade and a planned bedlam,
both of them held on a big circus
ground. You crowded in through
a lifted, improvised tent flap, and
then pushed and were pushed to a
huge dusty lot where Indians and
Westerners were seated in separ-
ate groupings as if to refute the
general theme of togetherness in
all the speeches.
The Westerners wore tweeds
and suits, the Indians wore their
own colorful costumes which, alas,
are also beginning to admit West-
ern influences, such as black and
white Enna Jettick sport-shoes
under a lovely sari, or the dubious
admission of nylons into the sari
family.
There were women with caste
marks and nose jewels, looking
more rather than less beautiful in
middle age. There were old men
in beautifully-pleated turbans and
there were children everywhere,
children carried, walking, being
dragged.
Then the waiting, an Indian
tradition on every occasion, and
the mounting tension as added
thousands try to squeeze into a

space that has long since ceased
to exist while the ushers stand
helpless, mumbling gentle words
about the confusion. And then of
course the speeches, as ,always.
IN THIS SETTING President
Eisenhower spoke his modest words
about having been a farm boy
and hoping to become a farmer
again, and then launching on a
kind of 4-H speech except that
this one developed the cute homily
of the 4-F's-food, family, friend-
ship, freedom. If indeed the Presi-
dent is engaged in a selling job
here in India, then it is a soft sell
he is pursuing.
One might argue, as the London
Economist does, that this soft sell
is the exactly right approach in
India, and that it conceals a
major American policy change.
The idea is that President Eisen-
hower has decided on a shift of
emphasis from military to eco-
nomic aid and from the support
of the developed European econ-
omies to the support of the un-
developed Asian and African econ-
omies. The idea further is that
his ambitious trip is meant to
focus popular attention on the
new area of support, and also to
intensify the popular demand for
peace without which the big sum-
mit conference may fail.
MAYBE SO. Yet the hard fact
is that American aid to India
could even today be far more
abundant and effective if it were
not not for policies and positions
that President Eisenhower himself
has taken. Foremost among these
are the budgetary cuts which the
President has been pushing and
which scarcely create the right cli-
mate for increased foreign aid pro-
grams. The other is the new "buy
American" policy adopted by the
Development Loan Fund. It has
been coming in for sharp criticism
here.

"Link," the magazine associated
with Krishna Menon and his
group has some bitter things to
say even in its current issue about
American aid.
A change in the American cli-
mate is not the only change that
President Eisenhower will have to
achieve. There will also have to be
a change in the Indian climate,
toward a greater generosity of at-
titude toward American modes and
motives of behavior.
THERE ARE ancient woes in
India that can be healed only by
a massive effort on the part of
its friends along with its own
strength. These woes-poverty, ar-
chaic methods of using land and
manpower, superstition, overpopu-
lation-will not yield easily. The
expansion of heavy industry must
be a major part of the attack, as
must also a revolution in agricul-
ture.
But it is hard to achieve these
changes without training a new
group of leaders. Amidst the grace-
ful amenities exchanged yesterday
when President Eisenhower got an
honorary degree at Delhi Univer-
sity, no one could be expected to
say that the Indian educational
system is narrow, topheavy, and
inflexible. ~n industry one of the
greatest lacks is the lack of a class1
of skilled managers, whether in
the private or public sectors. And
at the village level where decen-
tralized administration is recog-
nized as being crucial, there is an!
appalling scarcity of young men
and women willing to devote
themselves to the tasks of village
lekrship-
India's young peopl have talent,
intelligence and a hunger for
knowledge. India has the human
resources for a great democratic
elite. But it has not found a way
of training them or of infusing
them with fire.

The Stanley Quartet
Gustave Rosseels, violin
Gilbert Ross, violin
Robert Courte, viola
Oliver Edel, cello
intuitive warmth, rather than the
rigorous, logic and hyper-expres-
sivity which the twentieth cen-
tury has come to expect of the
string quartet medium.
Listening to the "Quartet in F
mino, Opus 95" of Beethoven is
a violent and not altogether plea-
sant experience. Beethoven's ab-
sorption in eccentric rhythmic
and harmonic figures, reaches a
radical depth in the Opus 95. So
much energy is generated by,
these figures that every moment
is painfully intense.
The Stanley Quartet projected
the violence and intensity of the
work whether all the notes were
there or not. There were some
snatches of bad intonation and
bad ensemble throughout the
evening, but the music itself was
evident without exception.
It is unfortunate that such a
generally good concert was per-
formed for a relatively sparse au-
dience. Those planning musical
perforomance calendars might do
well to space such offerings as the
Tuesday choral concert and last
night's Stanley Quartet farther
apart. There can be surfeit of mu-
sic.
--David Sutherland
LABOR:
Strike
'Historic'
IT IS ALWAYS hazardous to
write chapter headings for fu-
ture historians. Nevertheless, we
venture the statement that the
current steel strike will be char-
acterized by future labor histor-
ians as the event which marked a
decisive reversal of the generally
favorable environment which la-
,bor has enjoyed since the early
thirties. From Roosevelt's first in-
augural onward, American labor
--despite many setbacks and some
of the harshest struggles in its
history - steadily gained strength
relative to management. In the
post-World War II years, some-
thing approaching equality of bar-
gaining strength may actually
have been achieved - for a brief
period. But the counter-trend
which has set in with the steel
strike will, in our view, continue
for some years to come. It is,
therefore, logical that sections of
industry should seize on this mo-
ment in labor's history to clamor
for direct, coercive governmental
intervention in industrial rela-
tions.
-The Nation

GUSTAVE ROSSEELS
... newest Quartet member
DAILY
OFFICIAL
BULIETI
The Daily Official Bulletin is al
official publication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no edi-
torial responsiblity. Notices should
be sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Build-
ing, before 2 'p.m. the day preceding.
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
THURSDAY, DECEMBER 17, 1959
VOL. LXX, NO 71
General Notices
Second Semester Registration Notice:
All students who are interested in as-
sisting with second semester registra-
tion Feb. 3-6, 1960, must fill out a st-
dent registration help application.
These applications must be obtained
from the receptionist in Rm. 1020 Ad-
min Bldg., during the hour' of 8:00
a.m., to 5:00 p.m. Wed., and Thurs.,
Dec. 16 and 17. All applications must
be returned to Rm. 1020 by 5:00 p.m.
Thurs., Dec. 17. Late applications will
not be accepted under any circum-
stances.
Prospective Teachers wishing to take
the National Teacher Examination may
secure an information bulletin and .an
application blank from the Examina-
tions and Testing Division, Rm. 122,
Rackham Bldg., or directly from the
National Teacher Examinations, Educa-
tional Testing Service, 20 Nassau St.,
Princeton, N.J. Applications must be
mailed to reach the Princeton office
no later than Jan. 15.
Applications for The University of
Michigan Sponsored Research Fellow-
ships to be awarded for the spring
semester, 1959-60, are now being ac-
cepted in the office of the Graduate
School. The stipend is $1,125 plus regis-
tration fee per semester. Application
forms are available froni the Graduate
School. Only applicants who have been
employed on sponsored research for at
least one year on at least a half time
basis are eligible and preference will
be given to applicants who have corn.
pleted the equivalent of at least one
full semester of graduate work at the
time of application. Applications and
supporting material are due in the
office of the Graduate School not later
than 4:00 p.m., Fri., Jan. 8.
Library Hours During Christmas Va-
cation: The General Library, the Un-
degraduate Library, and all division-
al libraries, except the Music Library,
will be open on regularly scheduled
hours until noon on Sat., Dec. 19. The
Music Library will be closed Sat.
The University Libraries will be open
on short schedules beginning Mon.,
Dec. 21, and will resume regular hours
on Mon., Jan. 4. Libraries will be closed
Sat., Dec. 26 and Jan. 2; Sun., Dec. 27
and Jan. 3; also Thurs., Dec. 24, Fri.,
Dec. 25 and Fri., Jan. 1.
The General Library and the Under-
graduate Library will be open from 9
a.m. to 5 p.m. on the following days:
Mon.,Dec. 21 through Wed., Dec. 23,
and Mon., Dec. 28 through Thurs.,
Dec. 31. Vacation hours for divisional,
libraries will be posted on the doors of
(Continued on Page 5)

4

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'Payola' and Cultural Values

IN ANOTHER six months, the specific revela-
tions of fraud and corruption within the
broadcasting industry will be pretty well for-
gotten. Americans may have long memories for
personal indignities, but they have no lasting
taste for distant embarrassment. Who today
remembers the girl who got the mink coat in
Mr. Truman's day? Who got the home freez-;
ers? Who were the five percenters?
Just so, the particular details of this sick-
ening mess will be lost in the stink of some-
thing else. The fired disc jockeys will sit be-
fore new microphones; the lipstick company's
stock will recover its six-point loss; the pro-
ducers of rigged quiz shows will go on to other
enterprises. And doubtless Mr. Van Doren, the
Shoeless Joe Jackson of Morningside Heights,
will find gainful employment somewhere.
There will be, we suppose, some new laws.
One of the ironies of this business is that the
political quacks, missing the real illness, will
prescribe a poultice of bills and acts and regu-
lations having the force and effect of law, and
the broadcasting industry, which can be cured
only from within, will be further weakened by
ministrations from without.
IN BRIEF, an opportunity for national self-
examination predictably will be lost. As a
people, we have little stomach for introspec-
tion. It is so much easier to shout, "them dir-
ty crooks!" or to cry, "There oughta be a law,"
than to look squarely at the dirty pejorative,
payola, in all of its wretched implications, and
to ask ourselves how we got this way.
The fault lies wholly in ourselves, and in
the sort of shallow, materialist society we have
built for our country. Here we sit in our inner-
spring cocoons, fashioned of infinite soft self-
It o 4V At WM M73Mfi

deceptions, and stare at the disc jockeys out-
side.
Who will cast the first stone?
Will it be the farmer, paid for not farming
his land?
Or will it be the executive, padding his ex-
pense account?
Will it be the railroad fireman who tends
no fires, the brakeman who touches no brakes?
Will it be the student who cheats?
Will it be the veteran who fakes a disability?
The bureaucrat who makes useless work? The
politicians who buy votes? The special interests
who buy politicians? The merchant whose fan-
cy package conceals a shoddy product? Who is
the condemner, who the condemned?
ALL THIS is not to condone for an instant
the greedy, cynical and irresponsible con-
duct of those persons in the broadcasting in-
dustry whose contempt for the American boob
is now so shockingly revealed. They are reap-
ing their own whirlwind. It is merely to sug-
gest that we get this scandal in perspective,
painful as the process may be.
If a handful of disc jockeys and teen-agers'
idols have been able to prostitute themselves
by promoting popular recordings for personal
profit, where does the blame lie? Where, basic-
ally, does it lie? If the quiz shows have been
able to play millions of vewers for suckers.
where did the suckers come from? If so whole-
some a program as the Firestone Hour can be
forced out of existence by a Trendex rating,
who created an atmosphere in which money
is everything and quality nothing?
ONE DOES not have to search far for the
answers. When our schools are crowded
with "crip courses," and our ministers are ab-
sorbed in the intricacies of administration, and
our familes have left t to somebody else to in-
culcate cultural values in their children, and

I

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR:
Soap, Standards, Sigma Kappa Subjects

'A

(Editor's Note: The following let-
ter was sent to Vice-President Mar-
vin L. Niehuss with a copy to The
Daily, President Harlan Hatcher,
Vice-President Wilbur Pierpont and
Mr. Leonard Schaadt.)
Mr. Marvin L. Niehuss
1220 Fair Oaks Pkwy.
Ann Arbor, Michigan
Dear Sir:
I read with great interest the
article in last Saturday's Daily
concerning your recent election as
president of the Michigan Health
Council. At this time I would like
to extend my personal congratu-
lations to you.
It is, however, in my opinion,
quite ironical that you - a vice-
president of our University -
should be elected to this post. Why

students do not wash their hands
at all those opportune moments
that health authorities harp on.
This, I feel, is a definite health
hazard,
* * *
THt University does not only
refuse to provide soap, but it also
prohibits the individual houses
from providing soap with money
from their respective treasuries.
To make matters worse, Univer-
sity officials have refused to dis-
cuss this situation with students
and offer no concrete reasons for
the lack of soap. MI
Yes, your recent election does
constitute somewhat of an ironic
situation. Here you are, the lead-
er of an organization designed to
promote the health of the people

Language Exam .
To the Editor:
SEVERAL comments and ques-
tions have been directed to
members of the Graduate Student
Council indicating that a consid-
erable amount of misunderstand-
ing and misinformation exists,
among the graduate student body
concerning recent changes in the
Foreign ° Language Examinations
for the Doctorate.
The main change in the former
examination procedure has been
the addition of a Graduate Screen-
ing Examination in French and
German. The adoption of these
screening examinations appears
to be the main point of concern
among graduate students.

its name implies, a means of indi-
cating such lack of knowledge to
the students concerned. For these
students, then, time would much
better be spent reviewing basic
grammar in.the language.
Since the screening examination
requires only one hour of the stu-
dent's time, and will provide no
difficulty for the adequately pre-
pared student, it is a convenient
and quick means of providing in-
formation to those students who
would not be able to pass the
written examination. For the less
inadequately prepared student it
will serve to indicate areas where
some additional review should be
made before undertaking the
written examinations.

Sigma Kappa .. .
To the Editor:
UPON READING The Michigan
Daily of December 15 I was
quite taken aback at the proposed
action to be taken by Phil Zook,
'60, regarding the aged issue of
Sigma Kappa sorority on this
campus.
I am of the opinion, as I am
sure very many persons on this
campus are, that over the past
couple of years the issue of bias
in Sigma' Kappa has been thor-
oughly and completelyaconsidered
and reconsidered by various or-
ganizations at Michigan. Now the
matter has about reached a point
of mockery, and any further ac-
tion by Mr. Zook or anyone else
is i,," u, k-r,inar" the name

41

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