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December 11, 1959 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1959-12-11

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b

Seventieth Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241

"WhenOpinions Are Free
Truth Will Prevail"

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This, must be noted in all reprints.

"Somehow We've Got To Give Him The Will To Live"
-~ - ~'-
/ ti 4
E Y A.
*,.'4

AT HILL AUDITORIUM:
UniversiySmhy
'Fine, Full-Blooded'
tFHE UNIVERSITY Symphony Orchestra, under the direction of Prof.
Josef Blatt, gave a fine, full-blooded performance last night in Hill
Auditorium. The orchestra played with consistent clarity and mature
sound, both of which qualities are elusive.
The Janacek "Sinfonietta," written in 1926, is an exhilarating ex-
periment in large-scale orchestral sonorities, employing off-stage brass
choirs.
Janacek is an entirely unknown composer, yet his work, even on
first acquaintance, is very attractive. The "Sinfonietta" is a symmetri-

I

Y, DECEMBER 11, 1959

NIGHT EDITOR: KATHLEEN MOORE

I

The Summit Conference
Two Opposing Views

f

Pro.0.

AMERICAN foreign policy is, as it should' be,
a policy 'of morality and ethical rightness.
"In every country," President Eisenhower said
as he left for Rome, "I hope to make widely
known America's deepest desire: a world in
which all nations may prosper in freedom, jus-
tice and peace, unmolested and unafraid."
Much may be made of the materialism of
America today; and lack of national purpose;
this image, true to an unfortunate extent, no
doubt detracts from the statements of Ameri-
can leaders, so a doubly great effort must now
be made by them to show the true aspect of
American intent.
America has been moral leader of the world
too often to abdicate its position now be-
cause of a moral laxity of a portion of the
population. And the easiest way for America
to abdicate is to cease to bend every effort and
express every hope for peace.
GOING to a summit meeting,'or even an am-
bassadorial conference predicting only fu-
tility are at best facets of a very effective abdi-
cation procedure. This is not to advocate a pie-
in-the-sky optimism, but to advocate a calm
hope that, with the give-and-take that is ne-
cessary in all political dealings; some solution
may be reached.
Face-to-facenegotiations are likely to ac-
complish more because they can be conducted
without the fanfare of diplomacy - by - letter
which was used at the time of the Berlin crisis.
The leaders need not go through complex prop-
aganda gyrations, but can get down to working
out a feasible compromise . .. if indeed one is
mutually desired.
And that the men who in large part control
the missiles and divisions .are sitting down to
talk, face-to-face is heartening. Hitler's uni-
lateral' harrangues certainly did not halt peace.
However, there was some personal diplomacy,
too, and this of course had unfortunate results
for the West; this could happen again if a
Chamberlain were to negotiate for the Big
Four; but it is more likely that a Churchill will
be at the helm. There is a big difference, too,
between political give-and-take and moral lax-
ity, and if this difference is remembered, as it
will undoubtedly be, the West will not lose by
going to the Summit.
WHENTHE LEADERS get together in pri-
vate talk, not intended for the great prop-
aganda machines nations have created, accom-,
plishments will be made; and the West,
negotiating from a position of moral firmness,
will not come out on the short end.;
The West should not be afraid to negotiate
with the East, for if it is, then the basic mor-
ality of the West will be cast in doubt. Only
by telling Russia and the world what its prin-
ciples are will the West succeed; for liberty
and rights are more potent persuaders in the
long run than tanks and washing machines.
The West should not be afraid to go to Gene-
va and again tell this to-Mr. Khrushchev.
-PHILIP SHERMAN

Con...
PROSPECTS for next spring's proposed East-
West Summit Conference look dim for the
free world.
Wednesday'West Germany's ambassador Wil-
helm G. Grewe pointed out that spring talks
will probably degenerate into a pointless dis-
cussion on broad, general areas of East-West
relations instead of getting down to concrete
action.
Although he predicted possible action on
Russia's newest disarmament proposal, he also
warned the West that similar world confer-
ences in the past have resulted in disaster.
With pressures of time, public opinion and a
general lack of perspective on many problems,
hasty decisions are sometimes made which re-
sult in heightening international tensions in-
stead of reducing them.
Instead of a calm and objective discussion of
international problems, the talks have the po-
tential of developing into an uncompromising
situation forcing nations to irrevocably choose
up sides-a situation favorable for the outbreak
of war.
HE CONFERENCE holds an even greater
potential danger for the West, m light of
the foreign ministers' meeting at Geneva,
where a firm stand against Soviet proposals to
neutralize Germany into two separate states or
establish Berlin as a free city was formulated.
It would be impossible for the free nations to
back down on that stand at this late date with-
out severe loss of prestige and policy unity
among themselves. At the coming talks, they
will be forced to stick by their position and
hope that Russia will alter hers.
Clearly, the allies can's back out on their
decision now. The only tactic would seem to be
a complete refusal to discuss the Germany-
Berlin question at all.
WHETHER the benefits to be gained from a
" summit conference outweigh its possible
harmful results would be a good discussion for
the Dec. 19 Western Summit meeting. The dire
results of the Munich Conference of 1938 -
World War II - offer an instructive example
today.
Little on the positive side seems likely to
result from the talks. Participants might not be
scared enough to make some sort of firm deci-
sion on disarmament, but even that will prob-
ably be tempersed by fear of the consequences
of letting down defenses.
Probably the principle reason for any such
type of Summit Conference is the vague hope
of its mobilizing world opinion to achieve com-
promise..
Advocates of such talks forget there are
bound to be sharp differences of opinion, that
threaten to mushroom into out-and-out con-
flict when leaders grapple in personal face-to-
face talks over the conference table.
The problem of personality conflicts may
well add to the already formidable problems
facing any conference.
-JEAN HARTWIG

UmMU'TER,.
flerblock is away due to illness

cal five movement work, the last
movement being an expanded ver-
sion of the first.
IN THESE movements, the off-
stage brass is deployed against
the orchestra to produce unequal
and contrasting sonorities. In the
second movement, the off-stage
brass caps a single long climactic
drive.
That Janacek has created an
effect of Venetian Baroque splen-
dor, rather than of theatre organ
blatancy, is a tributeto his taste.
THE "Sinfonietta" is a frankly
nationalistic work. In the scherzo-
like fourth movement Particular-
ly, extensive use is made of fol1k-
like rhythm. Janacek, like Haydn
and Bartok, is successful in trans-
forming folk rhythms and tunes
into material which can bear the
weight of full symphonic treat-
ment.
Janacek's orchestration seemed
occasionally to be needlessly ec-
centric, but on the whole, the
work was a great deal of fun to
hear.
Schubert's "Symphony No. 9 in
C Major" is a difficult work to
bring off because of its tendency
to sprawl. Blatt chose his tempi
very well and was supported by a
very good sound from the orches-
tra.
* * *
THE BRASS seemed rather too
heavy and sharp-edged to me, as
if they could not quite adjust
from the Czech to the Viennese;
but the strings and winds were
above reproach. The woodwinds'
lines in the second movement
were beautifully fashioned.
Blatt and the orchestra are able,
to take for granted the essentials,
such as intonation and ensemble,
with energy left over to produce
some really sophisticated mo-
ments.
-David Sutherland
New Books at Library
Blanshard, Brand, editor-Edu-
cation in the Age of Science; N.Y.,
Basic Books, 1959.
Elliot, Osborn-Men at the Top;
N.Y., Harper & Bros., 1959.
Ellis, A. E.-The Rack; Boston,
Atlantic-Little, Brown, 1959.

DAILY
OFFICIAL
BULLETIN
(Continued from Page 2)
the closing date for acceptance for ap-
plications for this position.
State of Mich. announces the follow-
ing examinations, with closing date for
applications as Dec. 10: Engrg. Aide.
Teacher of the Adult Blind, Process
Cameraman, Airplane Pilot. Blind Typ-
ist ,and Police Radio Operator.
For further information concernint
any of the above positions, contact the
Bureau of Appointments, 401 Admin.
Bldg., Ext. 3371 or 509.
Summer Placement Service:
Summer Placement will be open Sat.
from 8:30 to 12:00 noon. Camp Ne-Rana
from Manistique, Mich. will interview
men counselors - general, waterfront,
camporaft, canoe and pack tripping,
riding instructor and song leader, Rm.
D528 of the SAB.
Personnel Interviews:
The following companies will inter-
view at the Bureau of Appointments,
4001 Admin. Bldg. Call Ext. 3371 or 509
for an interview appointment.
Mon., Dec. 14:
Central Intelligence Agency, (CIA),
Washington, D.C. Location of work:
Washington, D.C. and other areas
throughout the U.S. Graduates: dun.e
or Aug. Military Status: Veteran sta-
tus preferred. Non-veterans and ROTC
(Not NROTC or ARFOTC) men will be
considered for trainee positions. 1) Men
and women with a dgeree in a lan-
guage other than those spoken in
Western Europe. 2) Men and women
with a degree in Geography for Econ-
omit Geographists, Physical Geogra-
phists or Cartography. 3) Men and wo-
men with degrees in Far Eastern Stu-
dies. 4) Men and women with degrees
in Physics but willing to forego pure
or fundamental research. 5) Women
with secretarial background for secre-
taral positions in headquarters in
Washington and ultimately abroad.,
Trainees and research positions, For
professional appointments: Men who
are graduate students or undergradu-
ates in the upper quarter of the class.
Women who are graduate students for
professional appointments or under-
graduates for the secretarial positions.
Tues., Dec. 15:
Travelers Insurance Co., Hartford,
Conn. Location of work: Detroit, Hart-
ford (home office) or offices throughout
the U.S. Graduates: Feb. The companr
writes all kinds of insurance and bonus
commonly obtainable. The policies co's.
er individuals and groups and corpor-
ate property and other assets against
(Continued on Page 5)

'1
I

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SL. L ws Post-Owsgt

DRUG INVESTIGATION:
High Cost of Staying Alive

By ARNOLD SAMEROFF
Daily Staff Writer
RUSTBUSTING is again mak-
ing headlines and at a level
that affects every citizen of this
country. Instead of an abstract
attack on DuPont for owning stock
in GM, this particular issue
reaches into everyone's pocket and
very deeply into some.
Last Monday, the Senate Anti-
Trust Subcommittee began hear-
ings on drug prices and the pos-
sibility of a controlled market. The
reasons for beginning the investi-
gation are many and diverse.
Scores of letters have been writ-
ten to the committee by elderly
retired people, suffering from dis-
eases such as arthritis and rheu-
matism. Sen. Estes Kefauver,
chairman of the committee stated,
"There 10,000,000 people in the
United States suffering from ar-
thritis today and 1 million of them
are permanently disabled. Many of
the older people say that their in-
come consists of their social se-
curity benefits and that after pay-
ing for the drugs, they do not have
enough to live on."
* * *
THE MODERN steroid drugs
which are used in these diseases
can cost up to one-third of a re-
tired individual's income. Of
course, this cannot be blamed on
the drug companies. In a business
world of competition, companies
must fight to make their profits.
This was pointed out in a recent
statement by the Dean of the Uni-
versity pharmacy school, Tom D.
Roe. He stated that "there are few
industries which are more highly
competitive than the drug in-
dustry." Because of the large num-

ber of pharmaceutical manufac-
turers the market is in a constant
struggle.
"A company can be doing well
with a fine drug today," Roe con-
tinued, "but tomorrow it can be re-
placed by a better one introduced
by another, and often smaller,
company. This is hardly the at-
mosphere for the existence of a
monopoly," he concludes.
However this competitive picture
does not appear to be the complete
one. Senator George A. Smathers
in a statement prepared for the
committee, asks "whether there is
an exploitation of this market at
the expense of the aged, the in-
firm, the sick and the public gen-
erally."
* * *
THE CONDITIONS he questions
are why a company that charges
$3.85 to $4.65 for a bottle of Mil-
towns in the United States only
charges 46 cents in Argentina.
Another example he says is that
"A certain migraine headache
tablet is $14.00 per hundred in the
United States. The same tablet is
$5.00 per hundred in England."
The list is long with many simi-
lar examples. The end result is
that the American consumer pays
much in excess of what the same
drugs cost in other countries. This
fact alone cannot serve as an in-
dictment of the drug companies
because there might be some ra-
tional reasons for this condition
even though at first it seems quite
hard to explain away.
In the United States, there are
other aspects to drug producing
than just their manufacture. Due
to the competition in the industry,
a drug company must continually

stay on the good side of the doctors
that prescribe their medicines.
Free samples are just a minor
point in this. There are beautiful
full - color advertising brochures,
special exhibits, etc. so that new
products can be presented.
*I * *
NEW PRODUCTS have to be de-
veloped because of the competitive
market. In the arthritis line, a new
form of cortisone comes out every
few months. When first introduced
the price is usually very high and
then tends to taper off as the pro-
duction techniques are worked out.
However, by this time a new drug
is on the market and the cycle
must begin again with the prices
still remaining high.
The advertising pressure on the
doctor is very strong, He must'
keep up with the times and use
the new medicines that are being
pushed, even though as often is
the case, they have not been
proved to be any better than the
older ones.
ALTHOUGH an investigation
such as His being carried out by the
investigating committee should re-
veal some interesting results, it is
hard to see the practical gains to
be made. The usual end is that the
companies are taken to court and
a fine of a few thousand dollars is
imposed, which is appealed in any
case, and conditions remain the
same.
However, other solutions would
be too revolutionary, for the gov-
ernment or the medical profession
to contemplate. It is possible that
such a furor will be aroused that
it will compare with the TV fixes
and something will have to be
done.

WALTER LIPPMANN:
Nasser Concentrates
On Internal Problems

4

,,!A

SGC IN REVIEW:
Opportunity for Analysis

EFFICIENCY and organization in handling
business were maintained with commend-
able consistency throughout the SGC meeting
Wednesday night.
The Council considered topics ranging from
a committee to promote understanding between
Ann Arbor merchants and the student body as
a consumer group to reimbursement of dele-
gates to an NSA conference - however, this
is like saying that the agenda ran the gamut
from A to B.
It seems justified to question whether the
present SGC plans to make any profound or
lasting contributions, and if so, when action
toward this end will be initiated. Agendas in
recent weeks -- since the election, for instance
-are notable for the clutter of insignificant
items.
rvHEORETICALLY, it is an advantage for a
reporter to inherit a news beat like SGC in
a non-crucial period. That SGC is currently
enjoying such a time out of mind is evident.
That this lull in major campus issues is not
being used for self-evaluation by SGC is inex-
cusable.
In an incidental but interesting bit of action
Editorial Staff
THOMAS TURNER. Editor
PHILIP POWER ROBERT JUNKER
Editorial Director City Editor
JIM BENAGH ... .................... Sports Editor
JAMES BOW ..........,... Associate City Editor
PETER DAWSON . , .....,... Contributing Editor
BARTON HUTHWAITE.............Features Editor

preceding the reconstitution of the SGC-
Chamber of Commerce student-business rela-
tions committee, it was moved to substitute
the SGC executive vice-president for the cor-
responding officer of the Union on the grounds
that it would be an SGC and not a Union com
mittee.
Phillip Zook asserted that the point at issue
was the distinction between SGC delegating
projects and representing student opinion; oth-
er Council members were "shocked" at the im-
plication that SGC should concern itself with
representation in this area.
Zook asserted that since the previously ap-
pointed committee had never met, and since
the weeks during which this project was "dele-
gated" had produced nothing but talk, the
committee's function depended on the mem-
bers' actually doing the work more than on
its structure. He remarked that SGC's mem-
bership has an active involvement with the
student body, whose action as a unified con-
sumer group would be most effective in deal-
ing with retailers.
IT WAS POINTED o'ut that the committee
structure under consideration included rep-
resentatives fro msix organizations also repre-
sented on SGC, and one from SGC itself. IFC
President Jim Martens then commented that
he thought SGC should pass the motion "just
to get it started."
The question which this skirmish raises has
to do with the Council members' individual
concepts of SGC. Zook expressed by inference
some of- his ideas on what SGC is and what
it can or should do. Further discussion of this
question might have been helpful in shedding
light on this particular question, if not over-

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR:
Continue Messiah Discussion

To the Editor:
FEEL compelled once more to
answer Mr. Robert Jobe con-
cerning Handel's "Messiah." His
second literary effort was one de-
fending his qualifications as a re-
viewer. I am sure the public is duly
impressed by Mr. Jobe's degree
and his decade of "choral experi-
ence." It might be well to note that
the earning of a degree (factual
knowledge) does not endow one
with wisdom. Mr. Jobe's quoting
of his vast musical qualifications
appears to be a defense for his re-
view. I am not impressed.
Mr. Jobe writes that he is aware
of the fact that Mr. McCoy does
"exchange a few movements" of
the "Messiah" from year to year,
but not enough to make any great
defference. Here Mr. Jobe is do-
ing nothing but giving the wrong
impression to the public concern-
ing previous performances of
"Messiah," as I will prove in the
ensuing paragraph.
I must explain my method of
organization for the following. The
name of the portion of "Messiah"
will be followed by a series of
numbers designating the years

doesn't vary its material in "Mes-
siah." I haven't considered all the
changes made, since space does
not allow me to do so; but I have
considered the major year-to-year
changes, which are major "inno-
vations" for a work like "Messiah."
Perhaps Mr. Jobe would be content
if the "Hallelujah Chorus" were
to be omitted next year. Again this
might prove "interesting."
Mr. Jobe is mistaken once more
in his dissertation on Handel's
forces for the performing of the
"Messiah." On May 15, 1754,
"Messiah" was performed with
almost twice the number of instru-
ments as voices, and the voices
were all male. The exact comple-
ment was 61, 38 of those being in-
struments and 23 voices (male).
This shows nearly twice as many
instruments as voices and is the
complete antithesis of Mr. Jobe's
ideas.
It is interesting to note that
Handel conducted this concert
seated at the keyboard. Since Jobe
is so interested in purity of per-
formance, perhaps he would throw
out all the female voices in the
Choral Union, use an orchestra
twc s are aas te ,,,or an

Where Mr. Jobe got his informa-
tion from about "Messiah," I'll
never know, but I hope this knowl-
edge is not indicative of the rest
of Mr. Jobe's musical understand-
ing.
Mr. Jobe states that since I
was "among the performing per-
sonnel," my opinion is "preju-
diced." But this is not the case
since I am not dwelling on the
performance, in my writings, but
on the way in which Mr. Jobe
went about his "reviewing." I am
doing this objectively, and not in
a prejudiced manner as Jobe
states. Anyone who must list their
qualifications before writing, to
bolster his opinion, must feel a
weakness somewhere.
I nope that henceforth Mr. Jobe
will not feel too far above doing a
little research on a subject before
he expounds upon it.. . degree or
not.
-Felix A. Pappalardi, Jr. SM
From the World Fair...
To the Editor:
AND SOME must go away
With a drumbeat in their ears
And a feeling while it lasts

Editor's Note: This is the first in
a series of five special articles by
Walter Lippmann on India and the
Middle East, from where he has just
returned.
BY CHANCE, and not because I
had any foreknowledge of the
President's plans, I have just spent
a month in the general area which
the President is now visiting.
In Egypt the question to which
I tried to find the answer was
where in the Nasser regime is the
center of its interest. Is it the con-
flict with Israel? Is it the leader-
ship of the Arab movement, and
the realization of the idea of Pan-
Arab unity extending from Moroc-
co to the Persian Gulf ? Or is it the
internal development of Egypt?
* * *
WE WERE in Egypt for about
ten days and we talked at some
length with President Nasser, with
the leading members of his gov-
ernment who deal with foreign
policy and with the internal eco-
nomy. At the end I felt reason-
ably certain that the center of
political gravity is ,the internal
condition of Egypt. Everything
else iS subordinate to what Presi-
dent Nasser can do and what he
cannot do to achieve his goal
which, as stated officially, is to
double the standard of life of the
Egyptian people in the course of
ten years.
AS BETWEEN Egypt and Israel
the true situation is, as at so many
other points of conflict in the
world, one where there can be
neither peace nor war. There can-
not be peace because no Arab
statesman, beginning with Presi-
dent Nasser himself, can afford to
make a settlement which recog-
nizes the existence of Israel. Al-
most certainly, if he tried to do
that, he would be assassinated.
Why? Not because the Egyptian
nation as such has any mortal
conflict of interest with Israel,
but because the convulsion caused
in Palestine by the creation of Is-
rael has filled the Arab world with
desperate and fanatical men,
They have great influence with
public opinion. In fact they dom-

the Israeli army is greatly super-
ior to that of all the surrounding
Arab states combined. In short,
Israel is able to commit aggression
and expand its territory. The
Egyptians do not feel that there
exists in fact a balance of power
in their region of the world. Re-
m e m b e r i n g the British and
French action at Suez in 1956, and
being deeply suspicious of the in-
tentions of the United States, the
Egyptians do not rule out the pos-
sibility that the West might un-
leash Israel and egg it on.
COMBINED with this, they
watch the immigration into Is-
rael, and they tell themselves
that as the population continues
to grow, the state of Israel is
bound to expand its territory.
They cannot imagine how the
present territory of Israel +can.
support all the Israelis Mr. Ben-
Gurion is calling in.
I asked why Israel could not
support its growing population by,
intensive cultivation and by in-
dustrialization. The answer was
that Israel is not a viable state,
that it has no great natural
sources of wealth, that in fact it
is a subsidized state, and that in
the long run the support from
outside will taper off, and the ex-
periment will fail.
Relying on this analysis, they
contend, as I have said, that Is-
rael must contemplate aggression.
But they conclude also, when they
are in the mood to believe, that
the great powers would prevent
such aggression, that Israel will
lose its preponderance in that
part of the world, and will become
compelled to appease its neighbors
by the surrender of some of its
territory.
THIS STALEMATE cannot, so
far as I can see, be resolved by
the Israelis, by the Egyptians, or
by the great powers singly or col-
lectively. All that can be done is
to make the hostility more or less
virulent.
It is often said that here the

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