OF URBAN RENEWAL
See Page 4
Seventieth Year of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXX, No. 62 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, DECEMBER 6, 1959 FIVE CENTS
GOP Changes Sa les
LANSING (AP) - Although little
has been said about it lately, a
statewide vote in November, 1960,
on a four per cent sales tax still
is the keystone of Republican
legislative tax policy.
What has changed from a month
ago is the GOP strategy for reach-,
ing its goal.
It was little noticed when dis-
closed by Sen. Franck Beadle of
St. Clair, Republican Majority
Leader, as GOP Senators united
behind a sharply curtailed emer-
gency nuisance tax package.
"We think it is going to have to
be done by petition," said Beadle
after a caucus preceeding Senate
passage of the $34 million in
nuisance tax bills Wednesday
The $34 million nuisance tax
bundle calls for a new $4 million
tax on cigar and pipe smokers and
an $8 million tax on telephone,
telegraph and leased wire users.
It sets boosts of $9 million in the
cigerette tax, $6 million from
doubling the beer tax and $6 mil-
lion from doubling the four per
cent excise tax on liquor.
The tobacco levy, which also
would include snuff and similar
products, would be figured at 20
per cent of the wholesale price.
Without assurance of a state-
wide sales tax vote, some Republi-
can Senators had vowed they
never would vote for a tax package
nobody liked and which one said
would "ruin the Republican
All but one went down the line
when the roll was called.
So much importance was at-
tached to the sales tax proposition
in mid-November that the GOP
Senate Caucus for two weeks put
adoption of a legislative resolution
on the question ahead of every-
Realizing its strategic impor-
tance to Republicans, Democrats
withheld the needed votes for
State Heads Concur
On Defense Issue,
List Major Points
ROME (AP) -President Dwight
D. Eisenhower and Italy's leader
called on their allies last night to
keep their defensive up until Rus-
sia agrees to disarm with "con-
trols, inspection and safeguards."
With the final two hour review
of world problems, Eisenhower
wound up two days of talks with
President Giovanni Groghi and
Premier Antonio Segni. Italy was
the first stop on the American
leader's eleven nation good will
Eisenhower declared that there
would be no letup in the Western
defense position until Moscow'
agrees to a trustworthy peace.
To Leave Italy
The President leaves Italy to-
day shortly before noon after an
audience with Pope John XXIIL
He fies to' Turkey, second stop1
on his tour.
The final communique reported
Eisenhower had agreed with the
Italian officials on these key
1) The 15-nation Atlantic Pact
must remain "the cornerstone of
their foreign policies." An Ameri-
can spokesman said this means
steps should be taken to avoid
anything that might weaken the
10-year-old defense treaty.
2) More free countries should
Join in a coordinated plan for
stepping up economic assistance
to underdeveloped lands strug-
gling to lift their living standards.
3) Further measures should be
taken quickly to wipe out dis-
criminatory trade restrictions
which block commerce among free
Eisenhower's three separate talks
with Italian officials were con-
ducted in a warm, friendly atos
ato-phere, unaffected by the deluge of
rain that fell throughout the visit.
The heavy stress on the need for
trustworthy disarmament controls
stood out as a main point in the
"The participants expressed their
determination to pursue policies
aimed at reducing the burden of
armaments throughout the world,"
the communique said.
Both sides promised to strive for
success in the work of the 10-na-
tion United Nations disarmament
commission which is to tackle that
problem next month.
BONE, Algeria (R) - French
Premier Michel Debre said last
night "It is not possible politically
t separate Algeria from France."
Speaking to city officials here,
he added: "It is not possible for
those who live on the south bank
of the Mediterranean and those
who live on the North Bank to en-
visage anything but an identical
of a substantial part of the Amer-
ican military force now stationed
in Iceland is under consideration
at the highest United States and
Atlantic alliance levels, informed
officials revealed yesterday.
The defense department de-
clined to discuss this development
in view of President Dwight D.
Eisenhower's absence on his good-
will tour in Europe, Africa and
Asia. But a reduction in the 6,0-
man force in the North Atlantic
island is understood to be one of
the matters that will come before
the NATO defense ministers meet-
ing in Paris starting on Dec. 14.
United States troops first went
to Iceland in the months before
the United States officially entered
World War II 18 years ago tomor-
row. The United States forces now
in Iceland are there under terms
of the North Atlantic Treaty alli-
ance of which Icelandris a mem-
Iceland furnishes no combat
forces to the alliance but her geo-
graphical position has served as, a
vital link in East-West hemis-
Most of the Americans in Ice-
land belong to the Army and the
Air Force. There is an Army group
and engineers whose main func-
tion is to look after the air base
and supporting facilities centered
In addition to providing ground
support at the air base, Army and
Air Force personnel man radar
and communications installations
The Navy has a much smaller
group ashore, but is concerned
with communications and the con-
stant anti-submarine surveillance
of the North Atlantic passages.
adoption until GOP Senators got
down to business on. emergency
taxes which Democrats knew had
to come first.
Ultimately, they were prepared
to give in-but only after Republi-
cans yielded on a "reasonable and
adequate" emergency tax program.
At the time Democrats had in,
mind a tax program three times,
as big as the one GOP Senators
Reports circulated late,,,in the
week that Republicans had found
a way out of their dilemma by a
firm pledge from some quarter to
underwrite the cost of a petition
drive on the sales tax ballot issue.
These could not be confirmed.
But newsmen recalled that
Beadle and Sen. Clyde H. Geer-
lings (R-Holland), Senate Taxa-
tion Chairman, showed no con-
cern in recent days about reaching
their party's No. 1 policy goal.
A spokesman at Republican state
headquarters said whatever help
was needed from that source in a
petition drive would be forthcom-
ing. However, he did not anticipate
an effort confined exclusively to
the party organization.
The Michigan Farm Bureau and
the Michigan Retailers Assn. have
been reported ready to lend as-
sistance to a petition campaign,
possibly with other organizations
grouped into a special statewide
committee for that purpose.
Some newspaper publishers have
considered undertaking the task
"as a public service."
If volunteers fai to step for-
ward, the job of rounding up the
necessary 300,000 petition signa-
tures could be turned over to pro-
fessionals-but at considerable ex-
Beadle told a reporter Friday
that nothing hajd been firmed up
on the matter.
He didn't seem worried.
If a procedure hasn't already
been nailed down, one surely will
be by the time a tax settlement is
finally reached and lawmakers
knock off for the Christmas holi-
RIO DE JANEIRO (T)-A Lil-
liputian rebellion against President
Juscelino Kubitshek peteredout
yesterday with the main leaders
fleeing to asylum abroad.
Kubitschek ordered stiff punish-
ment for any captured insurgents.
The air force announced two
C47's seized by the rebels landed
in Asuncion, Paraguay, with army
Col. Luis Mendes da Silva,identi-
fled as the -highest ranking rebel
officer; Capt. Prosperio Barata; Lt.
Col. Heroldo Velloso, Capt. Gerseh
Nerval Bardosa, all air force pr-
sonnel, and Roberto Rocha, a
Velloso and da Silva told Para-
guayan authorities th'ey fled Brazil
because the rebellion lacked arms
Friday, two rebels fled to Buenos
Aires in a Panair Do Brasil Con-
stellation airliner they comman-
deered- during a regularly sched-
uled flight from Rio to Belem
The University will develop Wil-
low Run Airport as a center for
personal, corporate, business, and
other types of aircraft if commer-
cial airlines transfer to Detroit
Metropolitan Airport, it was re-
University Vice - President for
Business and Finance Wilbur K.
Pierpont said the airport, which
is owned by the University, will!
also serve as a base for companies
which sell, lease, and maintain
planes, including specifically Air-
O-Fleet and Great Lakes Air-
The seven airlines presently op-y
erating at Willow Run were de-
scribed last week as "closer than
ever before" to reaching agree-
ment on a transfer to the Detroit
Meet with Officials
Early in the week representa-
tives of the Willow Run carriers
met with Wayne Road Commission
officials to negotiate the proposed
changeover. Robert J. Wilson, a
Capital Airlines vice - president,
said the seven airlines will decide
"once and for all" on whether to
make the switch when the county's
proposed lease is available.
From all indications, the air-
lines will be ready to transfer from
Willow Run by mid-1963.
Such a move means the Univer-
sity must find both new uses for
the airport, and new sources of
revenue from the facility.
Pierpont noted, "When the Uni-
versity acquired ownership of Wil-
low Run from the War Assets
Administration in 1947, it did so
on condition 1) that the facility
be operated and maintained as a
public airport and 2) that the gov-
ernment would have the right to
use all or any part of the facili-
ties in a national emergency."
"Operation of Willow Run as a
general aviation center would meet
both these requirements," he said.
Pierpont stresses that the pro-
posed transfer would not affect
operation of the University's Wil-
low Run Laboratories. The labora-
tories, in operation for 14 years on
the east side of Willow Run, pres-
ently employ about 600 persons in
contract research programs sup-
ported by the federal government
and private industry.
Pierpont added, "At present, the
University is studying maintenance
and otner costs of operating Wil-
low Run as a general aviation air-
port. We are also examining the
revenue which may be anticipated
from this kind of operation and
possible changes in use of certain
portions of the airport buildings."
"Results of this study will be
made known when it is com-
pleted," he said. "Details of any
changes can be worked out be-
tween now and the time com-
mercial airlines leave the airport."
The University will have to de-
cide what to do with the large
passenger terminal, also the long
runways-these are not necessary
if a greater number of smaller
planes use the airport.
Discussed in Group
Committee Agrees Attletics
Should Supplement 'U' Academics
By CHARLES KOZOLL
Daily Personnel Director
A gap which may exist between Angell Hall and the Athletic
Administratilon Building was bridged yesterday at the Student-
Discussing the role of varsity athletics at the University, the
mixed group agreed that the emphasis should be on the indivdual
while recognizing that the Ferry Field plant forms an integral part
of the institution's structure.
"We must control the program and keep it in its proper place-
to supplement a boy's education here," Athletic Director H. O. "Fritz"
Crisler emphasized. This philoso-
phy is in concert with that of T
the rest of the University, he
TRIP-President Dwight D. Eisenhower and President Giovanni
Gronchi ride past Rome's ancient Colosseum en route to Quirinal
Palace, Gronchi's official residence.
XX C 0
WASHINGTON (0" - Union and management negotiators whoj
held constructive talks yesterday will meet again tomorrow in anoth-
er effort to settle the steel strike.
Joseph Finnegan, director of the federal mediation and concilia-
tion service, declined to give any details on yesterday's discussions,
other than to say he thought them constructive.
Finnegan has said before yesterday's session that he would offer
some settlement proposals. He did not say what they might be but
added that his mediators had T
Must Change Attitude
"People in academic areas should
change their holier-than-thou at-
titude when discussing athletics,"
Assistant Dean of the Literary
College James H. Robertson said.
The "anti" individuals should real-
ize that varsity competition has a
place and it is important to live
with the program in a healthy
manner, he noted.
There should be a joint effort,
Crisler added in here, to work
correct some of the mistaken ideas
which arise concerning the Uni-
versity's relationship to athletics.
"Mass spectacles," according to
Prof. Robert Angell of the soci-
ology department, give the public
an erroneous impression of higher
education. Strong pressures to re-
cruit top young men for sports
and lack of that drive to get the
best students also presents a
wrong picture, he injected.
Work with NCAA
Along with correcting these dis-
tortions, Crisler asserted that "we
must work with our sister institu-
tions in the Big Ten and NCAA for
better controls and standardiza-
tion of practices.
Intercollegiate athletics have
experienced a new trend in recent
years, which it does not appear
will be reversed. Standards are not
on the way down, Crisler main-
tained, they are rather loosening
"Efforts for control and stand-
ardization must also extend to the
secondary schools," Vice-President
and Director in charge of the
Dearborn Center William Stirton
pointed out. High schools provide
antecedents for many of the prac-
tices carried on by colleges today,
Students asked for more rights
but admitted that present Uni-
versity regulations are generally
adequate at yesterday's "student
affairs" session of the Student
Faculty Administrative Confer-
Specifically questioned were
apartment permissions, women's
hours, inter-racial dating, the role
of University lecture committee
and functions of Joint Judiciary
Discussion members also ex-
plored the role of the Office of
"We're committed to letting you
make mistakes," Vice - President
for Student Affairs James A. Lewis
told students. ,
He described the University as a
"last holdout in society, a de-
fender of the right to differ and
Dean of Men Walter B. Rea
called University regulations "con-
structive, not restraining."
But Prof. Marston Bates of the
zoology department suggested that
the University, like any other or-
ganization, is sometimes too sensi-
tive about its reputation.
Thomas Hayden, '61, argued that
University sensitivity to public
response hasgoccasionally led to
unnecessary regulations and un-
founded fears of repercussions.
Keep Units Filled
Regarding women's hours, sev-
eral students including Student
Government Council President
John Feldkamp, '61, urged close
Barbara Greenberg, '61, claimed
"students at this University gain
responsibility relatively quickly,'
and can perehaps go without late
Granting of apartment permis-
sions is overly restricted, Ann
... Olympic swim coach
By HAL APPLEBAUM
Michigan's Gus Stager was
named 1960 United States Olympic
Men's Swim Coach yesterday.
The United States Olympic
Committee. the selecting body,
meeting in Miami Beach, also ap-
pointed Phil Moriarity of Yale as
diving coach and Ray Daughters
of the Washington Athletic Cl0
of Seattle to be the men's team
Detroit was selected by the Com-
mittee as the site of the Olympic
trials, Aug. 2-5.
Stager, Michigan coach since.
1954, said "I am gratified to be
named Olympic coach. It is an
honor that everyone who goes into
coaching dreams of."
"I feel now as I did when I was
offered the chance to become
coach at Michigan, namely, a little
scared and wondering whether or'
not I can actually do the Job," the
36-year-old coach added.
Speaking to his squad yesterday
afternoon, Stager said that the
pressure is on both himself and
"EveryoodyL will expect us to
keep winning. (Stager's teams
ha e won three consecutive Na-
tiohal Collegiate championships,
two successive Big Ten titles and
are undefeated in dual meet com-
petition in over three years.)
Everyone will be watching us this
year," Stager Aontinued.
"There's a lot of hard work to
be done in the upcoming season
and the months before August.
I don't like losing teams and I
hope many of you will be able to
go to Rome "
Stagers predecessor, Matt Mann,
a, as Olympic coach in 1948 and his
squad was one of the most success-
ful American teams.
EAST LANSING () - Longer
school terms and shorter vaca-
tions have been recommended to
the Michigan school administra-
tors at their' annual conference
Long summer vacations are de-
signed for an agricultural society,
said E. 'Leslie Bowsher, veteran
Toledo educator and former Ohio
B o w s h e r pointed out that
schools are overcrowded nine
months of the year and then are
empty in the summer.
At Lansing, Michigan's school
been suggesting peace plans to
both sides right along.
R. Conrad Cooper, top industry
negotiator, and David J. MacDon-
ald, steel workers' president, said
after yesterday's two and one-half
hour meeting he had no comment.
Both said before they went into
the conference that they knew of
no new grounds for hope of a
Renewal of the 116-day strike
is threatened when a Taft Hartley
injunc'tion expires Jan. 26.
Boyd Leedom, chairman of the
national labor board, estimated in
a New York speech yesterday that
the strike has cost workers $1.75
billion, has cost industry more
than $500 million and the gov-
ernment $600 million, a total of
Leedom said collective bargain-
ing is threatened with a break-
down and that an adequate sub-
stitute must be worked out for
strikes and walkouts,
Government in Red
Sen. Mike Mansfield (D-Mont.),
assistant Senate Democratic
leader, said in an interview that
mushrooming losses from the
strike make it certain that the
HOCKEY TEAM LOSES:
SLate Final-Period Rally Falls Short, 6'=4
By IPAVE ANDREWS
Michigan's spirited hockey team rallied for three quick goals
within six minutes and 28 seconds last night only to see the apparent
4-4 tie they had gained turn into a 6-4 loss as Colorado College coun-
tered with two goals in the final minutes of play.
The Wolverines, although they dominated the entire game, trailed
4-1 going into the final ten minutes of play, largely because of the
spectacular work by Colorado goalie Earl Young.'
Then sophomore Bill Kelly triggered the Michigan uprising when
he caged a 15-foot slap shot from a face off to the left of the Col-
This seemed to charge up the Wolverines and for the next two
minutes and 43 seconds they swarmed around Young. in an attempt
to get back in the contest.
Pressure Pays Off
The continued pressure paid off at 12:47 as Steve Bochen tipped
in Bob White's rebound. White fired from 25-feet in front of the net
and hit the goal post with his bullet drive.
Then as the crowd of about 2,000 fans roared Bochen streaked in
from left wing and tipped the puck past Young before he could realize
what had happened.
The pressure continued and finally at 16:28 Kelly counted his hat
trick goal to tie the game. The goal came on another rebound. Ed Ma-
teka blasted' a slap shot from just inside the Colorado blue line and
as the puck carromed out in front Kelly slapped the disk between