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December 05, 1959 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1959-12-05

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tr igan
Seventieth Year of Editorial Freedom

Iait j

VOL. LXX, No.861 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 5, 1959 FIVE CENTS SIX PAGES

Eisenhower's

Tour

Opens
Rome

w~et
Jl
With
Holds Brief
Discussion
On Cold War
3,600 Welcome Ike
After Long Journey
To Italian Capital City
ROME (P)-President Dwight D.
Eisenhower brought his good will
mission to rainy Rome yesterday,
talked cold war issues with Italian
officials and capped his day by
attending a gala reception for
3,000 persons.
The reception, drawing members
of Rome's political and diplomatic
set, highlighted the first day of
Eisenhower's 11-nation trip.
Eisenhower stayed at the recep-'
tion about 45 minutes, heading
up the stairs to his apartment in
rambling Quirinal Palace at 10:30
S p.m. The guests had been invited
for 9:15 p.m. - almost an hour
earlier than state receptions usu-
ally held here-so the President
could get to bed early at the end
of his tiring first day.
Eisenhower had his first talk-
of less than an hour-earlier in
the evening with Italian Presi-
dent Giovanni Gronchi in the Im-
perial Suite of Quirinal Palace,
where the American visitor is stay-
ing.
Talks with Leaders
- Eisenhower, ruddy - faced and
hearty, arrived at 10 p.m. after a
°r dinner with President Giovanni
Gronchi, Premier Antonio Segni
and other Italian officials.
He moved slowly through 20
lavishly furnished chambers filled
A with guests. /The President smiled
at all and stopped many times to
shake hands with persons he rec-
ognized.
Gronchi was accompanied by
Foreign Minister Giuseppe Pella,
Manlio Borsio, the Italian ambas-
sador to the United States and
several foreign ministry officials.
With Eisenhower were his son,
Ma. John Eisenhower, Undersec-
.* _ retary of State Robert D. Murphy
and United States Ambassador
James D. Zellerbach.
There were indications that his
conversations with the Italian
leaders had borne fruit in dealing
with cold war topics and Italian-
American relations. No details
were disclosed but there was much
serious talk with indications the
discussion had gone to the core
of important matters.
Schedules Session
Eisenhower will hold longer talks
with Premier Antonio Segni today.
It was reported that Eisenhower
will assure Italy's leaders the
United States intends to press
ahead with its policy of building
up Europe's defenses against
communism.
A four-point agenda was said to
have been drafted for the talks
here covering future American
defense strategy, East-West Sum-
' mit talks, disarmament and aid to
underdeveloped areas.
Italians have exhibited' some
sensitiveness about the extent to
which they are consulted on the
strategy of the West. The Eisen-
hower visit is expected to do much
to reassure them.
Eisenhower oflecially ends his
visit tomorrow when he says good-
bye to Gronchi before visiting
Pope John XXIII at the Vatican,
a sovereign state inside Italy. He
then takes off for Turkey.

Guest Soloists
To Perform
At Messiah
Handel's "Messiah" will be pre-
sented by the 300-voice Choral
Union to a capacity audience to-
day and tomorrow in Hill Aud.
This is the 81st annual presen-
tation of the sacred Christmas
music. This season's guest solo-
ists are Gladys Kriese, contralto,
and soprano Saramae Endich.

Reception

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--Associated Press Wirephoto
PATH TO UNDERSTANDING-The route which President Eisenhower is following on his 11-nation journey which will cover more than
22,000 miles is shown above. The President is now in Rome with his next stop being Ankara, Turkey.

U.S. Limits
Pilot Age
WASHINGTON OP-The Fed-
eral Aviation Agency yesterday
placed an age limit of 60 on air-
line pilots effective next March 15
and set new and stricter training
requirements for co-pilots.
Administrator E. R. Quesada
said both steps were necessary to
assure the highest possible degree
of public safety in an era whenI
huge jet planes carry up to 165
passengers at 550 m.p.h.
While the age limit goes into
effect next March 15, the airlines
were given until Jan. 1, 1961 - 13
months - to set up co-pilot train-
ing programs that meet FAA spe-
cifications.
Will Fight Limit ,
The airline pilots Association'
said it would fight the FAA age
limit order in the courts. If it
loses there, ALPA President C. N.
Sayen said, the union will demand
higher pay for its members to
make up for their reduced earning
period.
The airline industry, through
the Air Transport Association,
called the age limit "reasonable
and judicious."
At present a pilot takes a physi-
cal examination at least every six
months and is tested for proficien-
cy at least twice a year. There is
no age limit. Commenting on this,
Sayen observed in a statement:
"Existing regulations already
provide compulsory retirement for
a pilot who cannot meet current
standards, whether this occurs at
20, 30, 45, 60 or 65."
50 Pilots Grounded
Quesada said only about 40 of
the 14,000 airline pilots now active
would be grounded because of the
age limit. But Sayen said the
number would be 50 or 60.
In announcing the order, Que-
sada said -there never has been
any proof that pilot age was a
factor in airline accidents. But
because of normal deterioration
in functions of the mind and body
due to advancing age, he said, the
FAA believes it would be hazard-
ous to safe operation to leave air-
liners in command of pilots over
60.
"The regulation is based on
medical facts that clearly estab-
lish that sudden incapacitation
due primarily to heart attack and
strokes resulting from such de-
fects become significantly more
frequent in any group reaching
age 60, and such attacks cannot
be predicted on an individual
basis by prior medical examina-
tions," Quesada said.
Hazards Increased
"The hazards are further in-
creased in the case of scheduled

SPEAKS TO INDUSTRY:
Mueller Questions
Laor Neg1otiations
NEW YORK (P-Secretary of Commerce Frederick H. Mueller
said last night it might be wise to prohibit industrywide labor negotia-
tions and make unions subject to antitrust laws.
, While not flatly endorsing these controversial proposals, Mueller
said these are things to consider in light of the steel labor dispute and
other recent work stoppages.0
In a speech for the , annual Industrial Congress of the National
Association of'Manufacturers, Mueller said recent strikes "impel the
nation to find workable solutions to basic management-labor problems
- affecting our business stability and

Glves Report
On Students
The Fund for the Advancement
of Education spent more than
$12,000,000 in the last two and a
half years trying to take the
"lock-step" out of education.
Since its establishment in 1951
by the Ford Foundation, the fund
has sought to develop students as
individuals and not merely as
cogs in a vast manpower machine.
This objective was emphasized
yesterday in a report for 1957-59
issued by Clarence H. Faust, pres-
ident.
Lack Flexibility
"One of the weaknesses of the
American educationalksystem,"
Faust declared, "is a lack of suf-
ficient flexibility to accommodate
the wide differences in ability, in-
terests and maturity that prevail
among young people. At the risk
of over-simplification, it can be
said that our schools and colleges
are operated on the principle of
the chronological lock-step.
'Time Served'
When they get to college, Faust
observed, "the emphasis is on time
served rather than on educational
accomplishments."
The fund, Faust said, has di-
rected its activities toward the
support of experiments and new
developments on three fronts:
1) Improving the personnel re-
sources available to education,
which involves more effective
ways of recruiting, preparing and
utilizing the talents of teachers
and administrators at the school
and college level.
2) Improving the educational
programs of schools and colleges,
which involves improvements in
the effects of the curriculum upon
individual students.
Improve Relations
3) Improving the relationships
of schools and colleges to society.

our national health and safety."
Decentralized Bargaining
The commerce chief went on to
say:
"Possibly, we might explore fur-
ther whether or not it would be
more in the public interest to de-
centralize the process of collective
bargaining in basic industries . ..
He said that way an employer
could deal directly with repre-
sentatives of his own employes and
would have a better chance of
maintaining his competitive posi-
tion in the specific industry.
"Such decentralization also
might prevent the heads of. a na-
tional or international union from
calling out the almost total labor
force of an entire basic industry
and thus paralyzing the whole na-
tion's economy," he said.
Questions Restrictions
The secretary, a former furni-
ture manufacturer, continued:
"The question could then be.
raised .whether agreement by na-
tionwide union leaders to tie up an
entire industry is not just as much
a violation of antimonopoly prin-
ciples as would be collusion on the
part of business, say, to fix prices.
Both acts restrict competitive
forces. Both acts are contrary to
the national interest." t
Mueller, speaking as "a former
member of this great association,"
also called on businessmen to get
into politics and battle for "mid-
dle-of-the-road conservatism."

Crisis Fells
Parliament
COLOMBO, Ceylon ( ) - The
crisis-ridden Ceylon regime that
took over after the assassinationf
of Premier Solomon Bandaranaikel
collapsed yesterday.
In a surprise proclamation Par-
liament was dissolved and new
elections were set for next March
19.
The proclamation by Governor-
General Sir Oliver Goonetilleke
ended the convulsive regime of
Premier Wijayananda Dahana-
yake. He became Premier Sept. 26,
the day Bandaranaike died from
bullet wounds inflicted by a fanati-
cal Buddhist medical monk.
Goonetilleke, the elder states-
man who serves as chief of state
of this British Commonwealth is--
land nation, announced the new
Parliament would meet March 30
-eleven days after the elections-
and set up a new government.
In his brief time' as Premier--
the shortest ever in Ceylon-Da-
hanayake had to face a major
crisis almost daily.
Even the slender parliamentary
majority he inherited from the
slain Bandaranaike soon vanished,
and his regime survived only with
the support of six non-elected
members.
On the no-confidence motion
against him Dahanayake survived
by a single vdte after calling some
members out of sickbeds to give
their support.
A part of Dahanayake's own
party was seeking to bring back
former Premier Sir John Kotela-
wela as a rival of Dahanayake.
The regime of Kotelawela, now an
Independent, was defeated by
Bandaranaike in the 1956 elec-
tions.
In his short tenure, Dahanayake
had been able to establish no
clear-cut policy in the cold war,
Under Bandaranaike, who leaned
leftward but not far, Ceylon stood
generally with the non-alignment
policies of India's Prime Minister
Nehru.

President
Reopens
Mediation
WASHINGTON (R) - The gov-
ernment arranged yesterday to
bring industry and union nego-
tiators in the steel dispute togeth-
er today for their first face-to-
face bargain discussion since
Tuesday.
President Dwight D. Eisenhow-
er's call for round-the-clock nego-
tiations was rejected but the
scheduled joint meeting repre-
sents a fresh effort at least for
trying for a settlement of the
marathon labor dispute. Prospects
for an agreement appeared slim,
and officials cautioned against
placing too much optimism on the
joint meeting.
R. Conrad Cooper, U n i t e d
StatesSteel Corp vice-president
and chief industry negotiator,
was asked by newsmen to measure
the gulf between industry and
union. He replied the steelwork-
ers are seeking nearly double the
wage benefit gains which steel
management had offered.
No Sight of Settlement
It looked as if Eisenhower
would fail to have fulfilled his ex-
pressed wish that the steel-labor
fight would-be settled while he is
away on "a three-week good-will
mission abroad.
The wish was expressed in
Eisenhower' pre-departure broad-
cast to the nation Thursday in
which he sharply rapped the steel
disputants for letting the threat
of a renewed strike depress Amer-
ica's economy.
The nation's half-million steel-
workers can walk out again after
the current Taft-Hartley Law in-
junction expires on Jan. 26.
Cooper Comments
Cooper, commenting on Eisen-
hower's call for round-the-clock
talks said, "Continuous hours of
meetings do not necessarily mean
effective collective bargaining."
He said experience shows work-
weary negotiators often come up
with unfortunate solutions to key
issues.
Although he said management
negotiators are willing to meet at
any hour or place that talks would
seem fruitful, Cooper said the im-
portant thing in the current situ-
ation is that it not result in
touching off a new round of in-
flation.
Finnegan Presides
Joseph F. Finnegan, director of
the Federal MediationService
who is presiding over the cturrent
negotiations, said labor peace is
not always fostered by formal
meetings and said he planned to
schedule sessions as they seemed
most productive.
David J. MacDonald, the union
president, was absent from yes-
terday's union meeting with Fin-
negan.
Senior Board
Names Date
Of Graduation
Mid-Year Commencement exer-
cises are set for Jan. 16 this year,
earlier than in previous years.
The pre-finals date was set to
enable more students to partici-
pate, Bruce Wilson, '6OSM, of the
Senior Board, announced.
As in past years, a graduating
student will be selected to give a

short address. Auditions will be
held next weekend for those in-
terested in competing for this
honor, Wilson said.
In addition to the student
speaker there will be a guest
speaker, Sydney Chapman, former
head of the International Geo-
physical Year and recently-ap-
pointed senior research scientist
at the University.

Pueksters'

Colorado College
By MIKE GILLMAN
A fired-up Michigan hockey team opened its home season by
pulling the teeth of the Colorado College Tigers, 8-2, before a near-
capacity crowd of 3,000 cheering fans.
The goal-hungry pack of Wolverines erupted for five big goals
in the second period to wrap up its initial game in the new Western
Intercollegiate Hockey Association. The- return match of these two
teams will be at 8 tonight on the Coliseum ice.
Matecka, Bochen Score Twice
The Wolverines continued to show a balanced attack as six play-
ers dented the Colorado nets, paced by hard-hitting defenseman Ed

Mateka and wing Steve BochenC
who drove home a pair apiece.
Michigan was holding a narrow
2-1 lead going into the second
stanza when they started the rout,
tallying three times within the
first eight minutes of the period.
Only 39 seconds showed on the
clock when big Bob White lifted
a shot over the shoulder of CC
goalie Earl Young. Thinking the
puck was clearing the top of the
net, Young merely waved at it as
it dropped behind him into the
nets for the first of these quick
markers.
Four minutes later, Bobbie Watt
fired a shot from the blue line off
the stick of Tiger defenseman
Stan Moscal past Young to run
the score to 4-1.
Best Play of Night
Within minutes, Pat Cushing
added insult to injury as he regis-
tered the most spectacular goal of
the evening.
Cushing and White broke free
down the boards, with White
carrying the puck, when the lone
defenseman came out to break up
the rush. White passed too far out
in front of Cushing who had to
dive for the puck and snapped it
past the shoulder of the surprised
Tiger goalie while flat on his
stomach.
Cushing, as surprised as the
goalie, was sprawled on the ice be-
hind the nets as the red light
flashed and the crowd roared its
approval.
Spirit Broke
The rapid fire goals broke the
spirit of the visitors and the Wol-
verines kept pouring the pressure
on.
"This was the turning point of
the game," coach Al Renfrew said
afterward.
He added, "They aren't as bad
as the score indicates. We just got
the breaks tonight."
The Wolverines started making
their own breaks early in the first
period as Mateka slapped in a 20-
foot screen shot for the game's ice
breaker.
But the 1-0 lead was the shortest'
of the evening as Colorado took
See WOLVERINES, Page 6

TV Stations
Adopt Code
WASHINGTON (') - The Na-
tional Association of Broadcasters
yesterday adopted new provisions
in its TV code designed to prevent
rigged quiz shows, deceptive ad-
vertising and payola practices.
The television industry said the
action is intended "to clean its
own house."~
The' Association said any TV
station which fails to comply with
the TV code loses the right to dis-
play the Association Seal of Good
Practice.
One of the amendments adopted
yesterday says that quiz shows and
similar programs presented as con-
tests of knowledge, information,
skill or luck "must in fact be
genuine= contests, and the results
must not be controlled by collu-
sion with or between contestants
or any other action which will
favor one contestant against an-
other."
Another, referring to Payola,
says that the TV broadcaster shall
be constantly alert against ac-
ceptance by the producer, talent
or any other personnel of cash
payments or other considerations
for including any particular mat-
ter on a show.
Still another amendment to the
code calls upon TV broadcasters
to use great care "to prevent false,
misleading or deceptive advertis-
ing."
Conference
To Consider
U' Problems
Some 90 students, faculty mem-
bers and administrators will sound
out each other on current Univer-
sity problems today at the annual
Student - Faculty - Administration
Conference in the Union.,
The meeting, scheduled from
9 a.m. to 2 p.m., is co-sponsored
by the Union and Student Gov-
ernment Council.
Principal speaker at the luncheon
this noon will be University Vice-
President Marvin L. Niehuss, who
will outline the challenges posed
by a growing enrollment and the,
demand for a top quality faculty.
The delegates will attempt to
reach an understanding during
the morning session on the issues
of student rights, the role of var-
sity athletics at the University and
student activities versus rising

-Day-David Gitrow
WAITING-Michigan's Bill Kelly. (11) and Colorado College's
Bill Goodacre wait to take the puck off the boards in the first
period of last night's game. The Wolverines crushed the invading
Tigers, 8-2, in the first league game for both teams.

Trim

MISSiSSIPPI TROGLODYTE:
Gort To Emerge, Come North Weekly

g wr t It would be
infinitely more
Take down this euphonious to
recipe..."To phrase it 'In
begin with..." the beginning."
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Oops... go on..."First I e
a blotch cremated a
already! teaver.,,5-
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Container, I
made an
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oP space... probably
What do you lose a lot
think &P it in the
60 Parf translation!
---

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