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December 04, 1959 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1959-12-04

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Test Site

Start Revolt in Brazil

Ei ht Seize
Airline Plane
To Fly North
Take Military Planes
To Amazon Valley,
Make Jungle Base,
RIO DE JANEIRO, Brazil ()-
B r a z il i a n air force officers
launched a pocket-sized revolt
against President Juscelino Kub.
itschek yesterday by seizing sev-
eral air force planes.
One group forced a four-engine
passenger liner to fly them to a
remote spot in northern Brazil.
The civilian plane, carrying 38
passengers and a crew of six from
Rio to Belem, was seized in flight
and forced to land at a jungle air
strip near the town of Aragarcas,
1,200 miles southwest of Belem, a
government spokesman said.
The plane, a constellation be-
longing to Panair Do Brasil, was
then allowed to resume its course.
Earlied sketchy reports from Ara-
garcas said the airliner had been
forced down by two small planes
and passengers and crew ordered
Say Eight Got On
The latest version, filtered.
through hazy communications,
said eight officers got on the con-
stellation when it left Rio at mid-
night and took the plane over in
order to reach the jungle town of
Aragarcas. Passengers and crew
were reported unmolested.
Officials said one of the eight
officers was Maj. Haroldo Velloso,
' who led a small-scale revolt in
1958: A group of air force officers
then held out in the Amazon
jungles for 18 days before capitu-
lating, Velloso was captured but
won amnesty.
Three and perhaps four air
force planes were seized yesterday,
and flown northward, where the
dissidents apparently intend to
establish headquarters, again in
Amazon river territory.
Come Before Dawn
The government gave this, ac-
x count:
From seven to. 17 officers ap-
peared before dawn at the Rio air
force base with Capt. Prospero
Punaro Barata, 30-year-old chief
flying instructor at Brazil's air
force school.
Barata told officials he wanted
three planes for instruction pur-
poses. His fellow officers then filed
in the planes and they took off.
Other sources said three planes
also attempted to take off from
Belo Horizonte, 210 miles north
northwest of Rio, but failed.
The pilots then stole a seven-
passenger private plane and flew
northward with three planes In
pursuit. Nothing has been heard
on the chase since.
The war ministry and the army
went on a state of alert.

Ike Starts Trip with Request
For Free World Disarmament


WASHINGTON (') - President
Dwight D. Eisenhower set the
theme for his unprecedented good
will mission last night with a dec-
laration that a start on mutual
disarmament by the Western
powers and Russia is the first re-
quirement for reducing world ten-
But Eisenhower asserted that
"until the conference table can
replace the battlefield as the ar-
biter of world affairs," the United
States must maintain its military
strength unimpaired.
"Without this military
strength," he said, "our efforts to
provide a shield for freedom and
to preserve and strengthen peace
would be futile."
He took his stand in an address
to the people, prepared for radio-
TV delivery nationwide less than
an hour before his scheduled take
off for Rome on the first leg of
a 22,370-mile, 11-nation journey.
Emphasizes Peaceful Intentions
Eisenhower put his main em-
phasis not on military strength
but on -the search for peace and
on the need he sees to portray
America's peaceful intentions to
other nations.
"I shall try to convey to every-
one," he said, "our earnestness in
striving to reduce the tensions di-
viding mankind - an effort first
requiring, as indeed Khrushchev
agrees, the beginning of mutual
disarmament. Of course, I will
stress the first requirement for
mutual isarmament is mutual
Khrushchev Plugs Disarmament
Soviet Premier Nikita S.
Khrushchev has been plugging
the disarmament theme heavily in
recent speeches.
The effect of the President's
words seemed to be that in a
western summit conference at
Paris at the climax of his foreign
mission, Dec._ 19-21, Eisenhower
will be in favor of giving high pri-
ority to disarmament as a subject
for East-West summit conference
negotiation next year.
Names Delegation Chairman.
Earlier yesterday Eisenhower
named Fredrick M. Eaton, New
York lawyer, to be chairman of
the U. S. delegation in a ten-na-
tion disarmament c o m m i t t e e
scheduled to begin negotiations
early in 1960 at Geneva. The Pres-
ident then pledged every effort in
these negotiations to work for in-
ternational agreements "which
will effectively control and limit
He said economic strength is
essential to the maintenance of
the nation's military power as well
as its prosperity. The steel dis-
pute must be settled, he declared,
"or else, in due course" the Amer-

asks for disarmament
ican people will see to it that la-
bor and management in this case
"act responsibly." This sounded
like a clear threat of government
intervention, if and when Eisen-
hower decides it is necessary.
Talk Inadequate Expression:
He said there has been a lot of
talk about "peace and friendship"
in the world - evidently referring
to Soviet propaganda - but that
this phrase is not adequaste to ex-
press the aspiration of America.
This nation's "real message to
the world," he declared, is "peace
and friendship, in freedom."
And he remarked that for many
years the U.S. has been unjustly
described in, foreign nations as a
materialistic nation "p r i z i n g
wealth above ideals, machines

above spiirt, leisure above learn--1
ing and war above peace."
Calls for Dedication
Eisenhower called for Ameri-
cans to join with him "in a re-
newed dedication to our mdral
and spiritual convictions."
This nation, he also said, has
much to learn from others and
from an examination of its own
"In this rededication," he said,
"we will replenish the true source
of America's strength-her faith;
and, flowing from it, her love of
liberty, her devotion to justice."
Eisenhower also made an ap-
peal for strong support of the for-
eign aid program which, he said,
provides "a peaceful barrier,
erected by freedom, to the con-
tinuous probings of predatory
"Our mutual undertakings sup-
port those who strive to forestall
aggression, subversion and pene-
tration," he said. "It helps steady
the struggling economies of free
nations new and old. It helps
build strength and hope, prevent-
ing collapse and despair.
"In a world sorely troubled by
an atheistic imperialism, it (the
mutual security program) is a
strong instrument of hope and of
encouragement to others who are
eager, with us, to do their parts in
sustaining the human spirit and
human progress.
"So we see that - whether by
loans, or grants, or military equip-
ment, or technical help - our na-
tion's security, economic health
and hope for peace demand of all
of us a continuing support of
these cooperative efforts, initiat-
ed a dozen years ago.

An electric razor, in theory,
could inadvertently trigger the fir-
ing mechanism of a guided missile.1
Whether it would or not in prac-
tice and just how the new elec-
tronic weapons would react to each
other on a modern battlefield is
currently one of the chief con-
cern. of Maj. Gen. Frank Moor-
man, commanding general of the
Army's electronic proving ground
at Ft. Huchuca, Ariz.
At the University early this
week, the general paused in his
tour of the Willow Run Labora-
tories to talk about the Army's
plans for an "electronic environ-
mental test facility."
"Probably the only one of its
kind, the future testing ground
will take the form of a 'miniature'
battlefield in a section of Arizona
where they hope to create all
kinds of electronic situations that,
may occur in war," Moorman
The general feels the test site
is essential because 'no one knows
what the electronic picture would
be if we went to war tomorrow."
The trouble lies with the electro-
magnetic waves that are emitted
by almost everything electrical,
from portable radios to ballistic
missiles and radar.
Each wave puts out "harmonics,"
something like musical notes
Moorman explained, but there is
no way of knowing how the notes
of modern weapons would blend
in a full-scale war.
Just as a portable radio played
in an airplane could jam up the
plane's navigation instruments, so
the waves from dozens of planes,I
missiles and artillery might createI
a discord rather than a harmony,
he added, with some of the weap-
ons going out of control.
The testing ground now being
planned is aimed at preventing
this possible state of affairs, he
pointed out, by providing a situa-x
tion where each new weapon de-
veloped can be scientifically tested
for its reaction to the mass of
electromagnetic wavesfrom the
otherweapons it would meet on
the battlefield.
The Army electronics experts
would then work to eliminate
those wave signals that cause
trouble, he said.
The modern battlefield could
eventually be used not only by the
armed services but by private in-
dustry and the nation's universi-
ties, Moorman indicated, for test-
ng peacetime electronic equipment.
Ft. Huchuca's present proving
ground is utilized by a number of
outside interests, he stressed, in-
cluding the University.

/ ' ' y

Give her:

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lingerie, are that precious
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" 4

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Shop. .. tonight, Dec. 4 to 6 P.M.
Mon., Dec. 7th and Fri., Dec. 11th to 8:30

state and liberty


Second Front Page
December 4, 1959 Page 3



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NO 8-9013
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