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November 25, 1959 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1959-11-25

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Attacks Ac
-eign Policy


:Says Talk~s
On o ,
At Summit
Discusses Mid-East,
Atom at Conference
WASHINGTON (P) - Secretary
of State Christian A. Herter yes-
terday accused former secretary
Dean Acheson of building up straw
men to knock down in his recent
attack on administration policy as
to Berlin.
Herter told a news conference
that Acheson had made two wrong.
assumptions about the I(erlin sit-
He noted that Acheson had de-
clared in a speech last week that
it was a mistake for the West to
negotiate with Russia over the
status of Berlin.
Acheson assumed, Herter said,
that Russia's position had not
changed on this issue in the last'
year. In fact, Herter argued, the
Soviets have backed away from
their threat to try to force West-
ern'allies out of West Berlin.:
Assumption Groundless
Furthermore, Herter said, there
is no ground whatever for Ache-
son's assumption that the United
States and its allies will make con-
cessions to the Russians in Berlin
On other points, Herter told the
news conference:
- ) Despite speculation in Lon-
don that an East - West Summit
conference would have to be put
off until 1961, Herter knows of no
change at all in plans for a meet-
ing with1 Soviet Premier Khrush-
chev some time next year.
a 2) It is very difficult to envison
a complete ban on nuclear weap-
ons testing unless scientific talks
with the Russians, about to begin
at Geneva, demonstrate that it is
possible to have an adequate detec-
_ tion system through which even
underground test explosions might
be detected.
Makes Difficult
3) Acquisition of atomic weap-
ons by nations other than the
United States, Britain and Russia
would make the problem of con-
trol far more difficult than it now
is. But Herter declined to discuss
the atomic weapons aspirations of
any particular country.
4) Herter would like to see Rus-
sia and the Western powers adopt
"ground rules" for their rivalry in
world affairs concerned with such
problems as preventi on of surprise
attack and disarmament controls.
That was his answer when he was
asked what. he meant by a refer-
ence to working out "ground rules"
in a speech he made in New York
- a week ago.
5) United States relations with
Egypt and Iraq are now better
than they were some months ago.
On this point, as on many others
at his newsconference, Herter did
not go into detail. He said the
United States is doing everything
it can to normalize relations.
Denounces Charge
6) Herter denounced as absurd
a charge by the Cuban labor fed-
eration that the Inter-American
Confederation of Workers is an in-
strument of American imperialism.
The organization has too many
"_ member unions in too many coun-
tries for there to be any truth
whatever in such an accusation, he
* said.
Herter disclosed that Undersec-
retary of State Douglas Dillon will
make a trip to Europe beginning

Dec. 7-visiting London, Brussels
and Paris--to confer with leaders
of the six-nation Common Market
and a new seven-nation grouping
built around Britain and the Scan-
dinavian countries.



REFUTES CHARGES-Secretary of State Christian A. Herter
(right) yesterday answered arguments against United States
foreign policy made by Dean Acheson, secretary under the Tru-
man administration. He called them "straw men" Acheson built
up to knock down.
U.S. lIndu st ryMust
Cteu me
on . nule Giu adirent

Union Boar d
'With Powers
WASHINGTON (C') - A Feder-
al judge yesterday armed his
monitors with strong legal wea-
pons that may help them win a
two-year fight to clean up the
Teamsters Union and possibly to
force out union president James
R. Hoffa.
District Judge F. Dickinson
Letts - acting over the opposi-
tion of Teamsters lawyers and the
union's representative on the
monitor board-granted the three
man panel sweeping powers to
dig into charges that Hoffa had
mishandled money belonging to
Detroit Local 299, his home local.
The judge took this step eight
days after the Supreme Court re-
fused to interfere with lower court
decisions giving the monitors
broad reform authority. The
Teamsters Union had raised the
challenge before the high court.
Letts announced he will back
up the monitors by issuing any
subpoenas they may ask for dur-
ing their probe of the Detroit lo-
cal's fund situation. The judge
also authorized the monitors to
take testimony under oath.
In granting investigative pow-
ers, Letts said they would enable
the monitors to "enlighten the
court as to the truth or falsity"
of allegations that union, funds
were misused.-
Last Sept. 14, the monitors filed
a report with Letts asking him to
hear charges that Hoffa used'
soine $400,000 of Local 229's funds
as security for loans in connec-
tion with a Florida real estate de-
velopment. Hoffa is president of
that local, as well as heading the
over-all union,

T o Study
Ice Shelf
Antarctica should be kept open
as "a huge laboratory" free of
conflictin terr "ita claims, ac-
cordin to University specialists
who leave Friday to conduct gla-
ciolgical research in the contin-
Under an $18,150 grant from
the National Science Foundation,
Prof. James H. Zumberge of the
geology department and Charles
Swithinbank, a University re-
search associate from Cambridge,
England, will study the Ross Ice
Shelf, the world's largest un-
broken mass of floating ice. They
plan two months of field work.
Prof. Zumberge is directing the
four-to-six year study of the shelf,
collecting data there each summer
season and bringing it back to the
University for interpretation. -
The party plans to place major
survey points established a year
ago to measure the outward flow
of ice since then.
Estimate Movement
Ice movement along 85 per cent
of the entire ice front can then
be estimated. The party will also
establish several stake networks
for purposes of later determining
the mechanism of flow of the ice
Swithinbank explained that
they hope to learn the relation-
ship between snow accumulation,
contributions of land glaciers, and
the loss of ice into the sea as they
affect the general climatic trend
i n A n tar c ti ca and sea level
Has Doubts
Prof. Zumberge endorsed the
current attempt by the United
States, Russia and ten other na-
tions to establish an Antarctic
treaty but adds, "I have personal
doubts that an international
treaty would hold if something of
considerable value were to be dis-
covered eventually."
He continued, "The future of
the 'Antarctic right now is an uin-
known quantity. We don't know
enough about its history and de-
velopment to speculate. As a con-
tinent, it should contain the nor-
mal supply of minerals, but they
are inaccessible now."

-Associated Press wirephotO
THIS ONE MADE IT-A commercial airliner comes in for a landing on the same path a taking-off
Trans-World Airlines cargo plane was on when it crashed yesterday. Chicago firemen battled the
fire which gutted the residential area, still smouldering from the tragedy. Nine persons were reported
killed including the plane's crew of three.
Plane Plows int oe

merce department said yesterday
that, despite a rapid pickup in
steel production, many industries
must continue holding down out-
put "until the renewed flow of
steel reaches volume proportions."
The department did not indicate
when it believes this will happen.
This comment on developments
GM To Resume
Car Assembly
In December
DETROIT () - General Mo-
tors will.resume passenger car as-
sembly Dec. 7 after nearly a
month-long shutdown because of
a steel shortage.
John F. Gordon, president, said
yesterday lines will be started up
again at the Cadillac plant in
Detroit, the Corvair plant at Wil-
low Run and the Chevrolet plants
at Flint, Janesville, Wis., and Nor-
wood, Ohio.

since the steel walkout was halted
by court order on Nov. 7 was con-
tained in a department summary
of economic developments in Oct.
Meanwhile, the Federal Media-
tion Service prepared for efforts to
resume negotiations in the steel
dispute soon, after Thanksgiving. -
Mediation service chief Joseph
F. Finnegan planned to have his
staff confer today with President
Dwight D. Eisenhower's steel fact
finding board. Another meeting
was arranged with Secretary of
Labor James P. Mitchell for later
The court order, which sent
500,000 steelworkers back to the
mills after a 116-day walkout, ex-
pires on Jan. 26. In the absence
of an agreement, the union will be
free to strike again then.
The commerce department re-
port said over-all economic activ-
ity last month changed little from
Sept. It said losses caused by the
steel strike were offset by advances
The report said a feature of the
business situation in Oct. was a
rise in retail sales inspired by de-
mand for 1960 autos.

CHICAGO P -- A four-engine
Trans World Airlines cargo plane
plowed through four .homes and
an apartment house and then ex-
ploded while attempting an emer-
gency landing early yesterday,-
bringing fiery death and terror to
a sleeping neighborhood.
At least nine persons were
killed, including the plane's crew
of three, 11 were injuredsand sev-
eral persons were reported miss-
The plane, out of control and
its engines sputtering, was trying
to return to Midway Airport after
a takeoff for Los Angeles only
minutes before.
It wheeled down from low over-
cast in light pre-dawn rain, three
blocks short of its goal on Chica-
go's populous southwest side.
The $2,500,000 plane struck the
roof of a two-story home, ripping
off the chimney and shearing the
tail off the craft. Then it spun
across Knox Ave., shattered the
northeast corner of a two-story

brick home and tore the roof away
from a neighboring home.
Careening nearly a block far-
ther, the plane tore out the back
wall of a building housing six
apartments, exploded and landed
in a belching sea of flame atop a
one-story. dwelling across the
street. The dwelling collapsed.
"It seemed like the end of the
world," several residents of the
neighborhood said.
Burning gasoline s h o w e r e d
down on adjoining homes, garages
and parked cars, setting them

afire. Terrified residents ran into
the streets in night clothing.
One of the injured, George Me-
h a 1o v, 57 - year - old mechanic,
didn't even know parts of the
plane had hit his home until fire-
men told him while taking him to
the hospital. Mehalov's wife, son
and daughter are among the
"I heard the explosion and saw
the bedroom roof caving in," he
said. "I don t know how I got out
or what happened to my family;
he sobbed.

Second Front Page
November 24, 1959 Page 8



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