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November 20, 1959 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1959-11-20

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Set Page 4


Seventieth Year of Editorial Freedom

I iti

Partly cloudy with little
change In temperature.

VOL. LXIX, No. 52






With New


Talks Fail
To Bring

WASHINGTON (A) -- The man
who runs the government's stu-
dent loan program indicated yes-
terday he expects more colleges
to shun it because borrowers must
sign loyalty oaths.
John F. Morse, program direc-
tor, said he has no specific knowl-
edge that other institutions will
follow the example of Harvard
and Yale and drop out in protest.
"But common sense tells me
other institutions are reconsider-
ing their positions," he told a re-
Take Oath
To obtain a loan, needy college
students must swear they are op-
posed to the overthrow of the
government by force -- a device
aimed at denying loan funds to
Although some institutions are
pulling out of the program, others
are taking part and supporting
the loyalty oath.
Dr. T .Keith Glennan, head of
the National Aeronautics and
Space Administration, said he is
against the oath requirement.
Glennan, on leave as president
of Case Institute of Technology
in Cleveland, gave this opinion in
response to a question at the Na-
tional Press Club:
Not Necessary
,It's not that I think we should
shy away from taking loyalty
oaths, but I certainly don't think
it's necessary to require a loyal-
ty oath to get an educational loan
* . I Just don't think it's right."
The Eisenhower Administration
also opposes the loyalty oath re-
The way to fight it, Morse said,
is to persuade Congress to elim-
inate it -- not, as he put it, to
make It difficult for needy stu-
dents to get an education.
Schools that have refused to
participate in the loan program
because of the oath requirement
include, besides Harvard and Yale,
Amherst, Antioch, Oberlin, Ben-
nington, Goucher, Rede, Sarah
Lawrence, Wilmington, Grinnell,
St. Johns, Bryn Mawr, Haverford,
Swarthmore and Princeton.
To Continue
Michigan State University not
only plans continued utilization of
National Defense Education Act
loans but also its "unique" method
for matching the federal funds.
"I think we have to continue to
use NDEA funds," MSU vice-presi-
dent for business and finance
Philip May said."
May reported "no adverse reac-
tion at MSU from administrators,
faculty or students" to the loyalty
oath requirements, of the NDEA
loan program.
Not Problem
"I think I should say I have not
heard whether some students had~
reservations about the require-
ments and thus did not apply, but
this is not a major problem here
in the administration," he added.
MSU will continue to use NDEA
loan funds even If loyalty oath
and disclaimer affidavit require-
ments are not amended through
legislation, May said.
Each institution which admin-

isters the federal loan funds must
put up one-ninth of the amount
the federal government allocates
to the college.
Unique System
"Here at Michigan State we
have~ a rather unique method for
raising our share," May explained.
"We have our own university-es-
tablished ordinances on traffic
"When a student is fined for
violating an ordinance; this money

-Daily-David Cantrell
SGC,SEMINAR-Professors Marston Bates and-Lawrence Slobod-
kin (above) of the zoology department last night led the SGC
discussion of "What Basis Morality?" It was asserted that a
moral code must order man's collective struggle for preservation
while sacrificing a minimum of the individual's freedom.
Baobo n Lead
SGC Morality .Discussion
"Man is the only animal that can do things he knows positively
are dead wrong," Prof. Marston Bates of the zoology department said
at the SGC discussion, "What Basis for Morality."
"Morality is a special force employed by man that removes him
from the forces governing the rest of the world," he continued. "For
if we limit morality, we are forced back to the law of self-survival of,

Republicans Waver
Over Two Choices
In Three Caucuses
By The Associated Press
LANSING - Senate Republican
leaders last night reported prog-
ress toward agreement on a new
tax program for Michigan, but
wavered between fo 110 w i i g
through on their nuisance tax
plan and switching to an income
In three caucuses totaling five
hours, the GOP majority failed
to come out with a revenue pack-
age carrying their label. Hopeful-
ly, however, however, they agreed
to a fourth session last night.
"We have made considerable
progress today," said Sen. Lynn
C. Francis (R-Midland), GOP
floor leader. IT want to stay' un-
til midnight if necessary to dis-
cuss and re-discuss the issues to
see if we can get some unanimity
among Republicans at least."
Action Stalled
Indecision stalled action on the
74-million-dollar emergency tax
package which they had pledged
last week to support. It contains
new or higher taxes on services,
beer, liquor and tobacco.
Sen. Frank D. Beadle (R-St.
Clair) said the caucus was split
on strategy involving two pending
constitutional tax proposals for
the statewide ballot next Nov. One
calls for a vote on a penny boost
in the sales tax; the other a per-+
sonal and corporate income tax.
A drift toward accepting a flat
rate tax on personal and corpor-
ate incomes on a temporary basis
has been building up among some
Republican senators. It stems
from sharp criticism, of the nuis-
ance tax package by some areas
of business which would be hard-
est hit.
Struggles Continues
While the struggle among Re-
publicans went on, minority Dem-
ocrats sat on the sidelines.
Some Democratic votes are
needed to adopt either of the con-
stitutional resolutions and put
them on the ballot. But party
leaders said Democratic votes{
would be tied to agreement onI
emergency taxes to meet the im-9
mediate cash problem.4

The Regents will consider the
new Student Government Council
plan and a capital outlay request
to the state at its 2:30 p.m. meet-
ing today.
The new SGC plan is proposed
by a clarification committee
which the Regents directed last
'U' Alumni


WASHINGTON (A -- The gov-
ernment moved yesterday for the
first time under the new labor law
to obtain court orders to stop al-
legedly illegal picketing. It acted
in cases at Alton, Ill., and Hous-
ton, Texas.
Stuart Rothman, G e n e r a1
counsel of the National Labor Re-
lations Board, set off the actions.
He authorized that injunctions be
sought under a new provision for-
bidding recognitional or organi-
z a t ion a l picketing within 12
months after an NLRB represen-
tational election.
The action was directed at Lo-
cal 344 of the Retail Clerks Union
picketing the Alton Myers Bros.
store and Local 745 of the Team-
sters Union, picketing a ware-
house of Macatee, Inc., a gypsum
firm at Dallas.
The clerks union has been pick-
eting at Alton since July 1958 al-
though, the NLRB said, the union
was rejected in December 1958 by
a vote of 17-2.
The Teamsters Union has been
picketing the Dallas Warehouse
since May 1958 although, the
NLRB said, it was rejected in June
1959 by a vote of 38-3.

nature, which means less free-
"A decision must be made im-
mediately," Prof. Lawrence Slo-
bodkin of the zoology department
maintained. "But there is no way
of telling what the consequences
of the decision will be."
Morality is purely human, he
continued. No animal has a self-
conscious ethical system-it makes
decisions beyond its immediate
Prof. Bates said that as man has
removed himself from nature to-
wards technology he has devel-
oped a moralistic attitude toward
nature. But he noted that a man
is considered morally wrong for'
beating, for example,.a horse, not
because the horse has any intrinsic
right not to be beaten. It is wrong
because it is feared that this
beater of horses might later be-
come a beater of men.
The . problem of man's econo-
mizing increasingly scarce eco-
nomic resources as population
expands can be a determinant of
morality, Prof. Slobodkin main-
He noted that to some, such as
Friedrich Nietzsche, some men
such as the artist are being freed
from any of the "moral encroach-
ments" of society.
"Each person in our society is
in a position to choose a moral
system; and there are a smorgas-
bord of them. And having accepted
one, the individual must act in ac-
cord with it."

CLARIFICATION - The Regents will consider the Student Government Council plan revised by the SGC Plan Clarification Committee.
The committee worked under the direction of the Regents during the'spring semester in order to remove the ambiguities in the present
plan. After they presented their clarified plan in June, SGC reconsidered it and made further recommendations to the Regents.
To Study SGC, Capital Outlay


Outstanding a c h i e v e m e n t
awards will be presented by the
University to four alumni at a
special ceremony in Hill Aud. to-
morrow evening.
Selected to receive the award
established in 1958 by the Regents
Chesser M. Campbell, a 1921
graduate, who is president of the
Tribune Company of Chicago;
George E. Holbrook, who has
three University degrees, and is
vice-president of the E. I. du Pont
de Nemours and Company of Wil-
Herold C. Hunt, who received a
Bachelor of Arts degree in 1923
and a Master of Science degree in
1927, and is Elliott professor of
educational administration at
Harvard University;
Dr. Charles W. Shilling, a 1925
Bachelor of Arts graduate who
also received a Doctor of Medicine
degree in 1927, who is deputy di-
rector of the Division of Biology
and Medicine of the Atomic En-
ergy Commission.t

spring to clear up ambiguities in
the current plan.
Only after heated debate, and
serious objection from two stu-
dent members of the committee,
was the plan passed.
Asks Different Board
It calls for a Board of Referral
to take the place of the Board in
Review now in operation. This
board will have power to review
SGC actions which any four of
its members deem "unreasonable."
The board may also review SGC
actions where it feels procedural
irregularities exist or where the
Council's jurisdiction is ques-
One student member walked out
of the clarification committee's
last meeting when the first review
power, termed "substantive re-
view," was approved. He insisted
then that review should come only
on basic issues - rather than on
where a difference of opinion
small "unreasonable" p o in t s
might bedthe basis for overruling
an SOC decision.
Plan Passed
The plan was passed by a seven
to one vote: Three faculty mem-
bers, two administrators and one
student approved. The second stu-;
dent member dissented; the third
had walked out.
As the plan stands now, the re-
ferral . committee will consist of
nine members, including two stu-
dents, the SGC president and one
other student not on the Council;
three faculty members who are
primarily engaged in teaching and
are members of the Faculty Sen-
ate; and two administrators, eith-
er the Dean of Men or Dean of
Women plus one other University1
In addition, one University
alumnus and the Vice-President
for Student Affairs will serve on
the committee. Neither will have
a vote.
The referral committee could
be called together at the written,
request of any four of its mem-
bers, or at the request of the Vice-,
President for Student Affairs.
The Regents' request for clari-
fication of the SGC plan "ambi-
guities" came after the Council;
withdrew recognition from Sigma
Kappa sorority last year. The
Board' in Review reversed the
Council decision.

The Council then asked the Re-
gents to reconsider the case. But
the Regents said the case was a
specific example of the SGC plan
ambiguities, which they asked be
set straight before the case itself
be considered.
Today the Regents will also dis-
cuss the capital outlay budget
which lists requests for new con-
struction, renovation, remodeling
and maintenance.
Since no funds for. new con-
struction were appropriated to the
University last year, the building
request will be similar to last
year's, it is reported.

Report Indicates Cheating
Large at Iowa University
A report released by the Iowa State University Student Council
indicated a high percentage of students have been cheating on
The report, compiled by the Student Responsibility Committee,.
is based on observation of five final examinations at the end of the
first semester last year.
The data was gathered in a poll of 200 students concerning
cheating they had done and seen, and information released by depart-

However, the Institute of Sc
ence and Technology will go high
er on the priority list because tl
Legislature has shown interest i
its construction.
Tentative Request Set
A tentative $17,350,000 capita
outlay request was sent to Lan
sing in August, John G. McKev
itt, assistant to the vice-presiders
for business and finance, said.
But, according to Gov. G. Men
nen Williams, the Legislature i
not in a position to finance an
new construction for education
nor will it be for some time.

ment heads. Committee memberl
who sat in on the examinations
commented that the proctors of
examinations either ignored stu-
dents they saw cheating, or merely
moved them to other seats.
They speculated that proctors
were reluctant to take action
against the students due either to
the difficulty of proving that the
cheating was actually going on,
or to the severe punishment for
the offense.
Forty-two out of the 200 stu-
dents who filled out the question-
naire revealed that they had
cheated on these finals.
The question regarding the mo-
tives for cheating uncovered a
wide range of reasons, going from
the most common, the excuse that
everyone else did it, to social pres-
sure from friends as the least
frequent, used as an excuse by
only two students.,
The Student Council felt that
the report was the most effective
way of calling the problem to the
attention of university officials.
Student body president Judy Clark
commented, "After all, we can't
legislate against cheating. We can
only urge students to take action."

In Future

Black Friday Here

To Remain

Mexican President Ponders
f .
Possible Travel in Russia
MEXICO CITY OP)-Mexico's President Adolfo Lopez Mateos
yesterday accepted in principle an invitation to visit Russia, Foreign
Minister Manuel Tello reported.
The invitation was given bySoviet Deputy Premier Anastas I.
Mikoyan during a 58-minute call on the Mexican chief executive at
the national palace.
Tello, who attended the meeting along with Soviet ambassador
Vladimir I. Bazikin, told reporters later what occurred. Mikoyan
arrived here Wednesday for a 10-
day visit with the announced main UNIVERSITY STU
purpose of inaugurating a Soviet.
scientific, technical and- cultural
exposition Saturday. A rt Gallet
Makes Calls.
Hespent most of yesterday in
courtesy calls on officials, includ- By CHARLES KOZOLL
ing the President, and a visit to Personnel Director
the Senate. GAP, the second floor art gallery
In the Senate, Mikoyan spoke designed to fill an artistic void in
:on free self-determination of peo- Ann Arbor, will soon be closed.
ples, world peace, disarmament The gallery which opened last
and social justice. Sunday after six months of pre-
Tello said Mikoyan invited Lo- parati n by a group primarily
pez Mateos to Moscow in the consisting of architecture and de-
names of President Voroshilov and sign college students led by Geor-
Premier Khrushchev. geanne Pearce, '60A&D, is being
Lopez Mateos thanked him, Tel- shut down by landlord William G.
lo said, explained that he has ac- Skinner who claims that GAP is a
cepted invitations to visit South commercial venture illegally oper-
America next year, including Ven- ating in a residence.
ezuela and Brazil, and that he "I had no idea that it was going
would have to leave the date for to be turned into a gallery when I
a Russian visit open for later de- rented the apartment (now oc-
termination. The Mexican presi- cupied by GAP) to Miss Pearce in
dent visited the United States and auv." Srinn nointedrnt "T first

ry To. Be Closed.

WASHINGTON (9)-- A belief
that there always will. be some
unemployment in this country,
even in times of prosperity, was
indicated yesterday by the Bureau
of Labor Statistics.
It said some of the unemployed
are idle by their own choice, quit-
ting one job to hunt for a better
The Bureau's appraisal was set
forth in a study prepared for the
Senate-House Economic Commit-
tee, which made it public. The
committee requested the report
for use in its long-range search
for ways to stabilize employment
and build a stronger economy.
The study dealt with conditions
found in 1955-57, years of rela-
tively full employment. Total un-
employment in a typical 1957
week was placed at about 2,900,-
I isting principal findings, it fig-
ured that:
S1) The continuing entry of new
workers into the labor force and
the re-entry of others after a
period of retirement accounted in
the average for about 20 per cent
of the unemployed, while they
were job-hunting.
2) Voluntary shifting from job
to job caused roughly 10 per cent
of the total short-term unemploy-
3) Seasonal fluctuations in job
opportunities accounted for an-
other 20 per cent.
Army Fires
'U' Rocket

and even offered to help us," Miss
Pearce, asserted.
Paul Suttman and John Ste-
phenson, both instructors in the
architecture and design school,
had been in the gallery when Skin-
ner had been a visitor. He ap-
peared two and three times a week
to adjust the heat in the building
with the central thermostat lo-
cated in the GAP apartment.
"He may be under pressure from
the building's owners who could
refuse to renew his lease in Janu-
ary if the venture isn't disbanded,"
Miss Pearce conjectured.
Gave Encouragement
Skinner's encouragement and
sympathy toward GAP lasted until
Sunday night, Miss Pearce re-

dered its closing," Miss Pearce ex-
While the main objective was
centered around the commercial
aspect of GAP, Miss Pearce as-,
serted that the building owners
objected to the number of people
that would be trooping in and out
of the gallery. Over 300 people
visited the converted apartment
on Sunday.I
"We learned that the owner also
was repulsed by the serving of
burgundy with the ,coffee," Miss
Pearce reported.
GAP is actually operated on a
cooperative basis with whatever
profit made from the sale of
articles going to pay the cost of
the materials and the gallery,,Miss
Pearce maintained.

- I W - ME - 9 0

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