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November 19, 1959 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1959-11-19

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See Page 4



Educators View
Honors Program
Cite National Trend to Programs
For America's Superior Students
Four educators who want to "do more than give students with
high averages Phi Beta Kappa keys to dangle" yesterday recognized
the importance of special programs for the superior student.
Speaking before a general session of the 13th annual Conference
on Higher Education, they indicated there has been a national move
towards establishment of honors programs in both universities, and
junior and community colleges.
"We are just at the beginning of a new era in honors," Prof.
Joseph W. Cohen, director of the Inter-University Committee on the
Superior Student, said. Prof. Cohen, who travels throughout the United
vStates and investigates special
programs for superior students,
spoke on "Honors Programs To-
day-Trends and Problems."
Programs 'Survivors'
"Honors programs of the past
half century were just survivors of
years of neglect, usually started in
a student's junior or senior year.
They were too late, too little, too
esoteric and too invisible to the
rest of the student body," he said.
Also, nine times more money
was spent on remedial work for
the inferior than programs for the
superior student.
"But now we have brought the
honors students together so that
they fire each other1 up, so that
each competes with himself to
keep up with the group in a variety
of honors programs," Prof. Cohen
There are three types of pro-
grams, he believes: the general,
C. LAWRENCE BOYLE the departmental and the all-uni-
" 0..opposes management versity.





Says Unions,
Oppose U.S.
"We don't want federal inter-
ventions any -more than the steel
companies," a tnited Steelworkers
field representative asserted here
C. Lawrence Loyle told listeners
at a Democratic' Socialist Club
meeting he "certainly doesn't
think" President Dwight D. Eisen-
hower was justified in using a
federal injunction "at the time he
used it-we were in negotiations
60 days ahead of the time" the
strike began.
The Taft-Hartley law should
have been involved, if at all, at
the beginning of the steel strike,
he emphasized, also criticizing the
President for refusing the union's
request for a federal commission
to study the strike situation and
offer suggestions for settling it.
Not Solved
Insisting that use of the federal
injunction to force steel workers
back to their jobs for 80 days
"has not solved the strike-the
strike. threat is still there," Boyle
advocated individual union-com-
pany negotiations and abolishing
the Taft-Hartley Act altogether.
At the present time, a major
stumbling block to the success
of such a method is the tight in -
dustry-wide control of corporation
policy, he commented.
"United States Steels sets the
price and I defy you to go any-
where and buy steel for less," he
Cites One
And during the current manage-
ment deadlock over contract
agreements, "only one steel com-
pany, Kaiser, had guts enough" to
pull away from the block for pri-
vate settlement.
In working with one of the two
companies that have since followed
Kaiser's example, Boyle said he
found it didn't even have a copy
of that company's contract-he
was told United States Steel had
not yet sent them one.
As for causes behind the record
116-day strike, he called industry's
inflation and work rules-based ob-
jections to union demands "hulla-s
hallo," saying the corporations
were "out to break us."
Views Industry Stand
He summed up the industry's
stand with "they "wanted more
work for less money-that they
didn't get and won't get."
"If they (the corporations) get
as much as their contract is ask-
ing us to give them" in the way of
work regulations, "they can give

Includes Seminars
The general honors program in-
cludes seminars, individual study
for credit, colloquia and interdivi-
sional courses which involve "en-
gagement and liberation" of the
good mind, Prof. Cohen defined.
"Both general and departmental
honors are seen of equal impor-
tance because they, fortify each
other," he said.
Departmental honors may in-
volve continuation of a broad
perspective in one area during a
student's junior and senior years,
Prof. Cohen explained. Or it may
consist of a grouping of depart-
ments into an interdisciplinary
program, such as social science
honors at the University of Colo-
radoordirected studies at Yale
A special administrative set-up
is necessary in each department
and senior theses plus final writ-
ten and oral examinations are
usually required of departmental
honors students.
Establish Programs
All-university honors, such as
Michigan and Wayne State uni-
versities have, means establish-
ment of programs in professional
schools, he said. Such a program
not only helps to overcome dif-
ficulties existing between science
and technological versus the tradi-
tional liberal arts schools, but
makes for modernization of pro-
fessional curricula.
Honors programs provide a
"motivational situation" with
problems of content and method,
such as instruction, counseling,
testing, budget and procedures,
Prof. Cohen said.
"Instruction is more than a
matter of lectures, passive note-
taking and regurgitation of ideas
on exams," he explained. "It in-
volves a selective approach of sub-
ject matter and is supplemented
by individual research and pro-
Exceptional teachers who "can

Although University administra-
tors have expressed "surprise"
over recent college withdrawals
from the controversial National
Defense Education Act program,
they do not anticipate cutting off
federal funds.
"The University does not think
the disclaimer affidavit is a wise
or desirable thing, but we want to
use the proper approach rather
than unilateral denial,",President
Harlan Hatcher said.
Both Yale and Harvard univer-
sities' presidents were named to
work with Sen. John Kennedy (D-
Mass.) in modifying the oath re-
quirement through legislation, he
explained. Therefore, their with-
drawals on Tuesday were "com-
plete surprises" to President
Niehuss 'Amazed'
Vice - President and Dean of
Faculties Marvin Niehuss, who
talked to representatives from the
two universities this summer, was
"amazed" at their action.
"One thing that will be interest-
ing is to see whether these schools
will now consider cancelling Na-
tional Science Foundation fellow-
ships which require oaths attest-
ing loyalty," Niehuss said.
The University should continue
in the NDEA loan program, he
believes, because federal funds are
available on an unrestricted basis,
except for loyalty oath require-
ments. But the University has loan
funds on hand which are restricted
to students of a certain race or
from a particular area.
Opens Other Funds
"More money will be available if
students who cannot meet the re-
striction requirements accept the
federal loans and thus make re-
stricted funds available to eligible
students," Niehuss said.
Dean of Men and chairman of
the University loan committee
Walter Rea compared the student
who applies for a loan under the
NDEA program to a person apply-
ing for a bank loan.
"The bank establishes its own
requirements of personal scrutiny
to determine the borrower's fi-
nancial responsibility and in-
tegrity to meet the loan," Dean
Rea said. "Shouldn't the federal
government be able to do the
Helps Many
Many needy and deserving stu-
dents have benefitted from the
NDEA program to date and many1
more will be helped, Dean Rea
"Even though some other schools
dislike requirements to the point
of refusing funds, I see no reason
why they should burn their houses
down because they dislike their
garages," he asserted.
"We cannot match the generous
terms of the federal loans and
would thus be doing the individual
student a gross injustice if we de-
prived him of facilities we our-
selves cannot offer," he said.

Demonstrate Importance
Of Gestures in Language
Sticks and stones may break language barriers for Kenneth L.
Pike, professor of linguistics.
In a monolingual demonstration yesterday before a capacity
Angell Hall audience, he amazed viewers by "seeing what we can
learn about a language using gestures" and such objects as sticks,
stones and leaves.
"In 40 minutes of searching, I am trying to do what someone
else can do in a much longer time with no one else watching," Prof,
________________________Pike explained. "The reason why
this is possible is that linguistic
'YEOMAN' sciencehas arrived at a few basic
units common to all languages of
G&S Sets the world:
G &hS Only 10 Years Needed
"These include sounds, parts of
" words which go together, and parts
of sentences such as subjects as
actors or transitive predicates,"
he explained. "And if we had 10.
Gilbert and Sullivan's "Yeo- years, we could probably find out
man of the Guard," will be per- the basic structure of any one
formed at 8:30 p.m. today, tomor- language."
row and Saturday at the Lydia The procedure for picking up a
Mendelssohn Theatre. previously unheard of language
Although the plot contains Gil- in this demonstration was to 1)
betrian nonsense, it has serious ask the informant to come in, 2)
overtones and at times seems make sounds in some language to
tragic. see if the informant recognized
"This plot is guaranteed to tear them, and 3) from these reactions,
work on word structure and then
at the emotions of the audience,' words.
David Minikel, '62, publicity man- The informant was escorted to
ager, claims. the stage, and then Prof. Pike took
Both of the authors considered over. He used Mixtec, a language
"Yeoman" their best work. of the American Indian now
The music, like the plot, differs spoken by about 100,000 inhabit-
from the usual Sullivan product- ants of Southern Mexico, as vocal
it is in spots much more serious gesture to supplement body ges-
and grandiose than many of the ture and began "conversing" with
other operas, Minikel said. the informant.
The cast, composed of 48 stu- After a process of "standing
dents, is under the direction of up" and "sitting down," Prof. Pike
Jim Bob Stephenson of the speech eviku." Through gesturing, re-
department, and musical direc- lating words and looking for pat-
tion is by Frank Mueller, Grad. terns, he next discovered the in-
formant's expressions for "you
walk," "I walk," and "we walk."
Sticks, stones and leaves en-
tered the picture when Prof. Pike
held out these objects and the in-
formant identified them in his na-
tive language.
The informant left the stage and
vividness and drama in his sub- Prof. Pike explained his discoveries
pects," he added. to that point. He had succeeded in
"So great Sandburg's talents getting sounds, looking for parts
and so diverse his interests, he is of words and finding such words
able to produce beauty and sub- as "stick," leaf," "large" and
substance out of the common skiffs "small."

than the nuisance taxes to at-
tract support.
"We've got to face the truth,"
said Sen. Edward Hutchinson (R-
Fennville). "If this nuisance tax
plan goes down the drain we have
no other field open to us but the
income tax."
Republicans veering toward a
temporary income levy indicated
they would insist on democratic
support for a statewide vote on
raising the constitutional three-
cent sales tax ceiling at the No-
vember, 1960, election.
A proposed personal-corporate
tax proposal likely would go on
the ballot beside it.
The income tax, long a subject
of bitter debate in the Legislature,
broke into the open when Sen.
Haskell Nichols (R-Jackson) tried
to pry income tax bills from the
Senate taxation committee, where
they have been stymied since July.
Nichols 'served notice he will
formally demand today that the
measure be brought to the floor
for discussion and a possible vote.
"Then you will get some posi-
tive and immediate action of a
sort the people of the state are
demanding," he said.
Chances for success of the ma-
neuver were dim. It has been 48
years since the Senate has adopt-
ed a motion to force a bill from
Senate Republicans, meanwhile,
scheduled, a caucus today to talk
over the tax situation, most not-
ably the nuisance tax package de-
signed to carry the state until
voters ballot on a higher sales tax
in November.
They called off a huddle set for
this afternoon in the face of pro-
tests from a host of lobbyists and
Earlier, they backed away from
plans to tax bus riders, railroad
fares and rail and truck freight
Attention quickly focused on
potential offsetting new revenues
from private residents and com-
mercial and public works con-
When the question of revenue
from proposed taxes on intra-
sttae transportation services came
up, Sen. Carlton H. Morris (R-
Kalamazoo) cut it off saying, "I
don't think this will be in the bill
much longer."
The transportation tax was part
of a bill to extend the sales levy
to services, including laundry and
dry cleaning and auto, home and
appliance repairs. It figured to
raise 40 million dollars.

'U' Fraternity
Honorary Calls,
'Best of Troy'
When Zeus climbed high
on golden dawn
And smiled on fates of
Priam's land,
He blessed pursuit
At noble Hector's hand.
The call went forth
For each to take his stand
Then all the best of Troy
were brought
By honor to this noble band.
They were:
Paul Becker, Lambda Chi Alpha;
John Bloodgood, Beta Theta Pi;
Terry Diamond, Sigma Alpha Mu;
William Ranson, Phi Gamma Del-
ta; Buckley Robbins, Sigma Phi;
Kenneth Stuart, Delta Kappa Ep-
silon; and William Studebaker,
Sigma Nu.

Prof. Frederick F. Blicke, inter-
nationally known chemist in the
field of synthetic medicinals, has
received the highest honor the
University can give a faculty
member - selection as a Henry
Russel Lecturer.
The announcement came last
night from Prof. Leigh Anderson,
chairman of the chemistry depart-
ment and president of the Univer-
sity faculty Research Club.
The selection is regarded as the
University's highest professional
recognition of academic and re-
search competence.
Prof. Blicke will deliver the Rus-
sell Lecture next spring. The 1959
lecturer was Raymond L. Wilder,
research professor of mathematics.
The Russel Lectureship, estab-
lished in 1920, goes annually to
a faculty professor who is judged
to have achieved the highest dis-
tinction in his field.
The lectureship carries with it
an honorarium of $1,250.
Prof. Blicke came to the Uni-
versity as an instructor of organic
chemistry in 1921. He held this
position until 1925 when he be-
came an assistant professor.
In 1926 he became associate pro-
fessor of Pharmaceutical Chemis-
try in the College of Pharmacy
and in 1935, he became a full pro-
Prof. Blicke has served as vice-
president and national chairman
of the Medicinal Section of the
American Chemical Society.
SGC Stdies
'Crisis' Letter
To Legislature
Student Government Council
last night directed its executive
committee to send members of
the state government letters voic-
ing the students' concern over the
tax crisis.
The motion by Roger Season-
wein, '61, executive vice-president,
stressed the danger of the actual
quality of the University being
effected be transmitted to the
.yislatiir T eanded that the

To Feature Sand be r

9Pasquale' Opens

"The World of Carl Sandburg"
starring Bette Davis and Gary
Merrill will be presented at 8:30
tonight at Hill Auditorium.
Miss Davis and Merrill are ac-
companied by folk singer-guitarist

Clark Allen to interpret the works
of the American poet -and humani-
tarian, Carl Sandburg.
The program, adapted and di-
rected by Norman Corwin, begins
'with adaptation of Sandburg's
'works under the headings: Start-
ling Out; Group Up; Journey and
}Oath; Met With on the Way;
which includes stories or poems of
people, places, objects, minor and
major passions.
The second part of the produc-
tion deals with man himself, in-
cluding The Arts; Numbers; Look-
ing Back; the Pestilences which
are inhumanity, pride and war;

of language."

Works Sentences
During the second session, Prof.
Pike and the informant were able
to work out complete sentences.
such as "The big leaf was dropped
down." The third session was used
to find tense, gender, plurality,
colors and generalities such as
Finally the checking period ar-
rived. The informant found Prof.
Pike had made only a few minor

- :..;


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