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October 29, 1959 - Image 3

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1959-10-29

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Cuba Spurns Complaints,
Sh ows Anti-Americanism1

Congress
Explores
Space Lag

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Second Front Page
October 29, 1959

Page 3

Government
Introduces
No Solutions
HAVANA, Cuba (R) - Cuba's
rejection of United States govern-
ment complaints over Fidel Cas-
tro's behavior suggested yesterday
- that the anti-American campaign
here probably will be intensified.
Thus far no cool heads have
popped up within the revolution-
ary cabinet to urge moderation..
Instead, the men who have been
most bitter in the attacks on the
United States appear to have
Prime Minister Castro's ear.
Cuban-American -relations have
deteriorated since May, when
Castro's sweeping agrarian pro-.
gram became law. This limits the
size of plantations and ranches
and provides for distribution of
seized acreage to landless farmers.
Critics say the Castro regime is
in economic trouble and must cre-
ate a crisis to hide its difficulties.
Regime in Trouble
Castro's supporters deny such
statements as of counter-revolu-
tionary inspiration., They offer
statistics to show that Cuba, in
this tenth month under Castro, is
much better off than it was un-
der Fulgencio Batista.
Castro is bitter against the
American government and its of-
ficials while still professing friend-
ship for the American people.
Students of the- regime say its
trend is unmistakably toward "so-
cializing and Cubanizing" every
phase of activity.
Americans here are concerned
over American investments esti-
mated at more than 850 million
dollars.
A growing complaint is that the.
agrarian reform program appears'
to be giving control of Cuban
farmlands not to farmers but to
the state through the increasingly
powerful Institute of Agrarian Re-
form.
Americans Invest Millions
Under the officially announced
schedule no land should yet have,
been expropriated but this insti-
tute already is dotting Cuba with
cooperatives. Critics of the pro-
gram, using a term popular in the
Communist sphere, call them
"collective farms."
Castro's cabinet started a new

ubans Here*
Deny Hatred
Behind Riots
By JEAN HARTWIG
Two local Cubans, a former stu-
dent who has worked with the
United Nations and Raquel Mar-
rero, Grad., explained yesterday
that recent Cuban demonstrations
were not intended to be anti-
American.
Commenting on recent events
leading to the "misunderstanding"
between the two countries, the
Cuban, who must remain anony-
mous for political reasons, said
United States' objection to Cuba's
purchase of English -planes was
not justified, since they were
bought during Fulgencio Batista's
regime and no objection was then
given.
Miss Marrero criticized the
United States' Congress for listen-
ing to Batista's Air Force Chief
Diaz Lanz's accusations charging
Fidel Castro's regime with Com-
munist infiltration, while they did
not officially receive Castro him-
self.
Sell American Arms
The selling of American planes
and armaments to Rafael Trujil-
10, 30-year dictator of the Domin-
ican Republic, also contributed to
the split between Cuba and the
United States, she said.
Recent events in Cuba have re-
sulted from these policies. The
tourist convention earlier this
month was called by Castro both
to prove to the world that Cuba
has outside support and to tell the
truth about recent happenings,
according to the Cubans.
Riots Kill 40
It was during this meeting that
Lanz's planes dropped anti-Castro
propaganda leaflets and followers
of Batista rioted in Havana with
home-made grenades and bombs,
kililng approximately 40 people.
Cuban security was further
threatened when Lanz informed
Trujillo that Cuba had neither
planes nor pilots with which to
defend the country, leaving the
path open for invasion by the Do-
minican Republic.
We criticize the United States
for its errors, but we don't think
it is evil, they concluded.

WASHINGTON ()-The House
Space Committee will try in Janu-
ary to determine whether the
United States can take the lead
in space explorations or must
"continue to play second fiddle."
Chairman Overton Brooks (D-
La.) yesterday announced that as
the goal of extensive hearings,
expected to last at least a month,
the committee will begin when
Congress reconvenes.
"Perhapsremedial legislation
is necessary," Brooks said. "If so,
our committee is prepared to take
whatever action is necessary in
this respect.
"But one thing our committee,
the Congress and this country are
not prepared to do . . . is to sit
back and twiddle their thumbs
while we fall further behind in the
race for space supremacy.
"I am convinced," Brooks said,
"that this is a field in which we
cannot play a subordinate role and
still remain a first-class nation. It
is as simple and important as
that."
Brooks' committee is the first
congressional group to schedule
hearings on America's space ef-
forts since the recent spectacular
Soviet moon shots and announce-
ment of plans to reorganize part
of the United States space pro-
gram.
Brooks, in a statement announc-
ing plans for the hearings, said,
"It shall be our aim to probe
every facet of the program to de-
termine:
"1) Why this nation is lagging
behind in the exploration of space,
and;
"2) What steps can be taken to
place the United States where it,
belongs, in the forefront."
Among others, Brooks said the
committee specifically wants an-
swers to these questions:
1) Does the United States have
a national space program?
2) What does the Eisenhower
administration plan to do with the
Saturn program? This is an army
project to develop a rocket with
1Y2 million pounds of thrust, sev-
eral times more powerful than
anything the Russians are known
to have developed.
3) What will become of the
Army Ballistic Missile Agency at
Huntsville, Ala., now that the
Wernher von Braun team has
been transferred to the National
Aeronautics and Space Adminis-
tration? A Space Committee aide
said Brooks specifically had in
mind also the agency's White
Sands proving ground in New
Mexico.

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REBEL RIOTERS-Expression of intense anti-American feeling
was shown in Cuba as the Cuban government spurned complaints
from the United States government over the recent behavior of
Fidel Castro, who seems to condone anti-Americanism.

phase of government control Mon-
day with passage of a wide-rang-
ing law to control minerals and
other natural resources.
This law provides a five per cent
tax on mineral production, plus
25 per cent on ores and minerals
exported. Immediately affected
will be such American firms as the
75 million dollar Mao Bay Mining
U.S., Bombera
Broken Up
During.Flight
HATTIESBURG, Miss. (A')- A
B-58 jet, the nation's costliest and
fastest manned bomber, developed
trouble on a test flight and crashed
near here Tuesday night after the
three-man crew bailed out.
One man died. He was Harry
Blosser, 35, an engineer for the
Convair Aircraft Corp. which was
getting the craft ready for delivery
to the Air Force.

Co., just starting nickel and co-
balt production; the 85 million
dollar Nicaro Nickel Plant, owned
by the United States government;
and various American oil com-
panies.
Castro has hinted in various
speeches that a law is in the mak-
ing to give his regime control of
all industry, even to running fac-
tories if necessary.
The obvious shortage of officials
with business knowledge draws
complaints. Poultrymen forced by
decree to' turn over all their eggs
to the Agrarian Institute had to
wait three months for their money.
Loses Political Support
Politically Castro has lost sub-
stantial support at home, but the
great Cuban masses - workers
and farmers - likely are backing
him as staunchly as they did when
he came to power Jan. 1.
Some of them gathered in Ha-
vana Monday night and cheered
his decision to reestablish military
courts and firing squads to fight1
his opposition.
Castro says he has a mandate
from the people. Many Cubans
disagree.

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