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Seventieth Year of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXX No. 33 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, OCTOBER 29, 1959 FIVE CENTS
STRIKE CONTINUES-David J. McDonald (right), president of the United Steelworkers, holds a conference with Arthur J. Goldberg,
attorney for the union, during a break in the Taft-Hartley hearings in Philadelphia. Meanwhile, workers at the Kaiser plant begin firing
furnaces as they returned to work after their company made a separate settlement with the union.
Strie EergencyTo Continue
WASHINGTON (A) - The gov-
ernment yesterday pressed the Su-
preme Court to lose no time and
uphold a back-to-work order "so
that the emergency created by the
steel- strike may not continue
longer than absolutely necessary."
Fighting the order,the Steel-
workers Union questioned the
high court's right to take the case
at this stage. It said a delay of
a few more days, even a few more
weeks, "would not irreparably
-' harm the national interest."
The strike is 106 days old.
Gives No Indication
The court gave no immediate
indication what it would do, or
As the Justice Department
sought hurry-up action by the Su-
preme Court, President Dwight D.
Eisenhower told his news confer-
ence the separate a g r,e e m e n t
reached by the Kaiser Steel Corp.
and the union "should be a signal
for both labor and management
to find a basis in which we can get
back into full production."
A few hours later, the union
representing 500,000 s t r i k i n g
workers - and representatives of
11 big steel producers announced
that negotiations will resume in
Pittsburgh this afternoon. The
talks will be conducted by four-
xman teams speaking for each side.
These teams last met on Sunday.
Since then, Kaiser made a sepa-
There were these other develop-
ments in the steel situation:
1) Secretary of Defense Neil H.
McElroy said in New York the
long industry shutdown is caus-
' ing delays in production of cer-
tain essential items, such as mis-
2) T. Keith Glennan, head of
the National Aeronautics and
Space Administration, said in Mi-
ami Beach, Fla.,'that development
of a new three-stage Vega rocket
intended to send heavy loads into
space "is now being set back by
the shortages resulting from the
'. steel strik."
Of 'Hyde Park'
The entire campus is invited by
the Woman's League to support
its "Hyde Park," from 2:00 to 4:00
p.m. Tuesday on the Diagonal.
Since "Hyde Park" will be held
the first day of Student Govern-
ment Council elections, it offers
an opportunity to publicly ques-
tion each candidate.
"However, we hope that the
discussions will not be restricted
only to SGC candidates and SGC,'
said Betsy Carroll, '62, chairman
of the Hyde Park committee for
the League. The, name "Hyde
Park" properly suggests spontan-
eous and colorful dispute on any
Negotiators Argue Settlement
PITTSBURGH (A') -Negotiators
in the 106-day steel strike can't
even agree on the value of a wage
package proposal let alone get to-
gether on the amount of new
money a contract should provide
for the workers.
On Oct. 15 the United Steel-
workers made a strike settlement
proposal - the last so far. The
union said its proposed package
By FAITH WEINSTEIN
The National Student Forum
has launched a new attack on dis-
crimination problems; in Ann Ar-
bor and the surrounding area.
Under the local auspices of the
Political Issues Club, the Forum
plans a discrimination conference
for next April which will include
representatives from a possible
150 colleges covering a 200 mile
radius from Ann Arbor.
Al Haber, '60, national vice-
president of the Forum; says that
the conference will be "a leader-
ship training course bounded on
solid analysis of the causes of
discrimination and segregation."
Deal with Techniques
He stressed that it will deal
especially with the possible tech-
niques of dealing with these prob-
lems at the individual campuses.
Haber stated the aim of the con-
ference as "to- set up a student
group on every campus in the area
to work actively of improving race
relations in their locality."
Actual planning for the confer-
ence will begin next week, with an
organizational meeting of the Po-
litical Issues Club. Since the Uni-
versity representation at the con-
ference will be the largest of any
of the colleges involved, Haber
hopes to draw a great many in-
terested persons to this meeting.
"We hope to involve people in
work on race relations who are not
already involved," Haber ex-
plained, "We want to train people
who are morally committed to
racial equality, in the best methods
for eliminating discrimination."
The program is structured in
three main stages according to
Haber. The first phase is the loca-
tion of interested students through
the establishment of informal
groups on campuses throughout
the area. At the University, the
sponsoring group will be the Po-
litical Issues Club. ether colleges
in the area will set up their own
groups for orientation and pre-
liminary discussion, with the as-
sistance of NSF.
At the University, the Political
Issues Club will initiate a series
of eight weekly programs, designed
to inform the members of topics
dealing with discrimination
through films, lectures, discussions
and reading matter.
Haber added that there will
probably be at least one field trip
to a problem area in Detroit.
Give Background, Contact
The initial programs will "give
the members background, 'and a
means of contact with community
people," Haber noted.
The Conference will take it from
would cost industry 20.4 cents an
hour over two 'Years.
The industry studied the pack-
age proposal for one day, then re-
jected it. Executives of the steel
firms said the proposal would cost
the companies 28.8 cents an hour,
for two years. Right there they are
8.4 cents apart.
On Oct. 17 the industry sub-
mitted a counter proposal which
the union quickly rejected. The in-
dustry said its package would cost
29A The union said its total value
was 23.8 cents. This time a differ-
ence of 5.6 cents.
When the union and industry re-
fer to a package they are talking
about a combination of increased
wages and improvements in fringe
benefits such as insurance, pen-
sions, differentials between jobs
and a number of other item.
Let's see where some of the dif-
ference of opinions result.
First off the companies always
figure how much a wage or pack-
age increase will boost the cost of
vacation pay, holiday pay, over-
time, !Sunday premiums and the
like and add these figures to the
The union does not deal in such
figures. When it computes the cost
of a package it figures only the
basic costs. To the union a 7 cent
hourly increase costs 7 cents-no
more, no less.
In its last proposal the industry
offered to make provisions for a
3 cent-an-hour cost of living in-
crease if government figures in-
dicated the cost of living rose that
much or nmre above what workers
got in the contractual agreement.
But when the industry figured
the 3 cents into the cost of the
package it was listed at 3.6 cents.
The six tenths was the company
estimate of what overtime, holiday
and similar costs would be, in-
creased by such' a pay boost.
The union didn't even include
this figure in the package estimate
because it was something that may
or may not be given to the work-
When each side calculated in-
surance and pension costs their
figures varied greatly and only
their own actuaries or statisticians
could begin to explain the vari-
For example the union estimated
its demands for additional insur-
ance would cost the companies 7.8
cents an hour over two years. The
firms said industry's insurance
proposals would cost 6.8 cents=an
hour over three years.
But that wasn't all of the dif-
ference in insurance. The union
demand was for the companies
to take over the entire cost of in-
surance which now is paid for
equally by the companies and the
The company proposal would
have taken over the entire costs-
only if a new insurance program
were initiated whereby the work-
ers would agree to pay the first
$50 of any medical costs and 20
per cent of all additional costs.
This wasn't what the union had
in mind at all.
Another item revolved around
company contributions to funds
set up to pay unemployment bene-
fits. The companies offered to pay
two additional cents an hour into
the fund ... a total of 5 cents an
Student Government Council
had only half a meeting last
night; there was no quorum.
Only 11 out of 18 members were
in attendance when the meeting
was called to order following a 10-
minute recess. This was the first
time in its four year existence
that a meeting had been ad-
journed because of no quorum.
Even the opening of the meeting
was delayed for 40 minutes as the
Council waited for the necessary
twelfth member. Finally at 8:10
p.m., the quorum-satisfying mem-
ber came in, looked 'around and
found a seat easily.
Before the adjournment, a com-
mittee was set up to study restric-
tive practices in student organi-
zations. The committee will include
the presidents of the Interfrater-
nity Council and Panhellenic
Association. It will gather infor-
mation and meet with interested
people on campus and recommend
actions for SGC.
Following the abbreviated meet-
ing, the executive officers and the
"kitchen cabinet" (interested
Council members) decided in in-
terim action to approve a two
part program dealing with the
economic crisis in Michigan. The
first program will be a forum be-
tween economic experts and legis-
lative leaders from Michigan. The
details for the second have not
yet been released but is planned
to include well-known personali-
ties. Both will take place the first
week of December.
For U Lab
Prof. William C. Meecham of
the physics department has been
named head of the new Fluid and
Solid Mechanics Laboratory at the
University's Willow Run Labora-
A participant in the research
program for several years, Prof.
Meecham succeeds Prof. J. C.
Johnson, head of the former
Acoustics and Seismics Labora-
Prof. Meecham enrolled here as
a student of physics in 1942 and
has been associated with the Uni-
versity ever since. He took his
bachelor's and master's degrees in
1948 and his doctorate in 1955, all
Since 1956, Prof. Meecham has
taught physics at the University.
He will continue teaching on a
At the University, Prof. Meech-
am held a Michigan Alumni Me-
morial Scholarship in 1942 and a
Donovan Scholarship in 1943.
From 1944 through 1946 he
served in the U.S. Army as in-
structor- at. Oak Ridge Labora-
tories gaseous diffusion plant.
Aijima Cites Rise
In Science Writing
By JEAN HARTWIG
Toshio Aijima, director of the Hosei University Press in Tokyo,
was the only science reporter in Japan before World War II.
A metallurgy major in Tokyo University, the visiting dignitary
was a science reporter for Tokyo's five principal newspapers before
the war and has since served as a radio and television commentator
and as science editor for several magazines and newspapers.
Noting that science reporters "suddenly increased" in number
after World War II, he attributed the still greater number to the
rise of the Sputnik and prophe-*
sied a need for more with further
"If the Soviets had raised Lunik
III, I would have to have a broad-
cast at least five times a day from
the various radio and TV stations,
if I had been in Tokyo," he com-
mented through his interpreter,
Manabu Fukuda of the State De-
Aijima, who founded the Hosei
University Press 10 years ago, was
especially glad to meet University
Press Director Fred Wieck, He
had previously been contacted for
criticism of a publication by
Wieck, who was then with the
Chicago University Press.
The book, "The Case of General
Yamashito," the story of a well-
known Japanese army general
hanged for his war crimes on Ma-
nilla, was criticized by Aijima,
who defended the general's posi-
He was then threatened by
Army officials in Tokyo who re-
moved the book. Aijima's story
was then picked up by various
American newspapers and news
magazines which publicized the
"I said if General Yamashito
was hanged for mistreating his
army, General MacArthur should
also be hanged for dropping the
atom bomb," he said, explaining
that he underlined the statement
in red pencil which drew official
While in this country, Aijima is
also conferring with various au-
thorities on the effects of radioac-
tive fallout. He pointed out that
the effect has been very strong in:
Japan and the long-term damage
will continue for at. least five:
He explained that fall-out speed
has increased to more than twice
its previous rate, even though
both the United States and Russia
have done no testing for the past
year. He continued that effects on
blood cells, genetics and the in-
crease in lung cancer would be
To prove his point, he indicated
his experience in Japan where
"man, not just animals was ex-
posed to radiation."
Aijima's 70-day tour of this
country will include visits to vari-
ous atomic reactor sites and a spe-
cial trip to the missile bases at
By PHILIP SHERMAN
Last year's proposed University
budget is not an "expansion bud-
get," Vice-President and Dean of
Faculties Marvin L. Niehuss insist-
It represents what the admin-
istration considers the needs of
the University and was not made
contingent on the state's financial
condition, he said.
It is the job of the Legislature
and governor, Niehuss said, to
make necessary cuts on the total
when the entire fiscal picture is
Need Adequate Pictures
He added:that only by submit-
ting accurate pictures of theim
needs could state agencies give
the legislature information to base
taxes on and to make cuts.
Niehuss explained, too, that ex-
pansion was third on priority in
Increases of faculty salaries and.
restoration of past budget cuts
About $3.2 milion would go for
another faculty salary increase,
about the same as this yea's, Nie-
Half of $2.2 million would go for
restoration of past cuts, includ-
ing hiring new faculty members
to restore student-teacher ratios
to the preferred 13 to one propor-
tion and restoration of faculty
researchdfunds. The ratio is now
In 1957, Niehuss said, the Uni-
versity had 1,800 teachers, and be-1
cause of never-balanced budget
cuts in 1958, now has about 1,700.
If enough money of the $2.25
million is appropriated to make
these compensations, Niehuss said,
then the increase in student body
will be made._
Niehuss said it would be mostly
in advanced students, rather than
One million will go for restor-
ing plant facilities, and services,
also cut in 1958.
May Block Passage
Of Income Taxes
By THOMAS HAYDEN
Special to The Daily
Legislature resumes its record ses-
sion today, still trying to get the
state back on even financial keel4
Republicans and Democrats
caucus this morning to review
their positions and study possible
compromises or stopgap tax meas..
'Immediate action to end the
10-month dispute is not expected.
The GOP-controlled Senate has
the whip hand, since practically
all bills which haven't been killed
now lie in Senate committees.
What plan may be finally ac-
cepted is unknown, but there are
strong indications that Republican
Senators will block any proposed
levies on personal income or busi-
The state could get along the
rest of the year "by saving and
switching some funds," Sen. Carl-
ton Morris (R-Kalamazoo) says.
"The people don't want an income
tax and I'm opposed to any further
taxes on business."
Presumably some "nuisance"
taxes might be raised to bring in
about $25 million. These would in-
clude new or increased taxes on
beer, tobacco, insurance premiums,
vending machipes and property
An additional $18 million might
be saved by temporary cutbacks
in the money voted for the state's
share in school teachers' and state
Meanwhile, liquidation of the
Veteran's Trust Fund is becoming
more likely. Cashing of the $42
million fund is also up to the Sen-
ate, since the House has already
approved such action.
But Morris, a key Senate figure,
says "the Trust Fund shouldn't be
touched until the rest of the tax
package is decided upon."
To Take Three Weeks
That will take about 'three
weeks, Morris contends.
Some lawmakers, mostly Re-
publicans, favor passing no major
taxes until after next November's
election when the question of
raising the sales tax limit to four
cents can be put up to the voters.
But Gov. G. Mennen Williams
doesn't think the state can wait
"Unless we can put together a
tax program which will provide
the $110 million a year which the
use tax would have yielded, and
do it quickly, the state will be In
worse trouble than anything w
have seen thus far," he ias warned
Rep. Rollo G. Conlin (R-Tip-
ton), the supporter of a fat rate
income tax and former head of the
Michigan tax study committee, Is
also worried about dragging the
"If some of the Senators stick
to their position not to cash the
trust fund or pass new taxes, utter °
chaos will result," he said.
Among the possible taxes being
considered by the Legislature are:-
A wholesalers' tax of 1 per cent
or half of 1 per cent. At the high
er rate, it would bring i $58 mil-;
lion this fiscal year, or $94 million
for a full fiscal year.
The Conlin flat rate personal
income tax, netting $112 million
this year and $140 million during
following fiscal years.
A 5 per cent corporation income
tax, gaining $99 million this year
and $110 million each year there-
Repeal of sales tax exemptions
on agricultural production or in-
dustrial processing, $30 million
this year and $50 million in a full
Double Beer Tax
Doubling the $1.25-a-barrel beer
tax, to raise $4 million in this year
Seefried, To Appear Here:r
In Lieder Concert Tonig!ht,
Irmgard Seefried, soprano of the Vienna State Opera, will give
a concert of Lieder at 8:30 p.m. today in Hill Auditorium.
The singing of Lieder, or art songs, is very intricate and must
sound effortless and be perfect from the opening note. Lieder are
short and variable and require technical control of the voice, under-
standing of the poetry and the music, and an ability to convey to
the audience immediately the art-
ist's own ideas and emotions about PROF. LINDSTRO
the works she is singing. 1 R F
"I find it difficult to decide
whether the poem or music should
be studied first. Intellectually, I
recognize that the poem was writ- Public E
ten first and the music was com-
M AT SEMINAR:.
ndangers Freedoms by Silence
posed as its setting.
Approach to Lieder
Emotionally, I like to plunge
into the Lied as a whole, antici-
pating the integration that must
be the result of my study," com-
mented Miss Seefried on the mu-
sic she interprets.
This evening she will sing a
Goethe cycle with compositions of
Beethoven, Mozart, Schubert, and
Each Lied is an individual prob-
lem and composers of Lieder pre-
sent separate difficulties. In Hugo
Wolf's Lieder, words and music
are so well blended that the art-
ist doesn't know where to begin;
then the Lieder becomes easier
and easier to understand and in-
Schubert More Difficult
By KATHLEEN MOORE
In failing to "question the va-
lidity" of arbitrary governmental
actions the American public is
putting its constitutional free-
doms in danger, Prof. Carl Lind-
strom said yesterday.
The right of free speech is gen-
erally being neglected, he said, by
the nation's citizens who seem to
prefer a course of silently accept-
ing the decisions of other, he told
a reading and discussion seminar.
By way of illustration, he point-
ed to the slowness of the public
to see in the McCarthy investiga-
tions an attempt to infringe on
their freedoms. And now that this
form of McCarthyism is dead, the
prevailing attitude seems to be
"keep a sharp eye on senators, es-
begin to talk, children are con-
ditioned not to say' everything
they think; as adults, they join
an organization where they have
to keep quiet if they want to get
Silence is the policy even more
in the political realm, one stu-
dent suggested, since "government
and its actions are sacred cow
now." McCarthy, he ventured,
would have been squelched even
sooner if he hadn't been a sena-
Notes Role of Press
Prof. Lindstrom noted the
prominent, if somewhat belated,
role the, press played in revealing
the threat of McCarthyism to the
public and eventually disposing of