"When Opinions Are Free
Truth Will Prevail"
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
"They Don't Just Want The Answers-They Want
INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
Uses NewA pproach
By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
KAISER STEEL and the United Steelworkers' Union have adopted the
idea that a-standard should be worked out by which to measure the
share of stockholders, employes and the public in the economic progress
of an industry.
The idea is, of course, an old one. It has been entertained more by
economic philosophers than by the men actually responsible for opera-
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 28, 1959 NIGHT EDITOR: JEAN HARTWIG
The Proper Approach
IN THE MIDST of dozens of angry comments
about the state's fiscal frustrations, the Uni-
versity has been pleasantly and properly quiet.
Latest in 'a series of excited charges about
the state and the Legislature came Monday
from Governor Williams, State Controller Mill-
er, and Michigan State University President
Williams and Miller outlined a "catastrophe"
which would result if legislators do not come
to a quick;solution of the state's revenue prob-
lems. They pictured teachers and other state
employees out of work, students out of school,
and most sordid of all, afflicted children going
without treatment at the state's institutions.
Hannah, who has exploded in the past,
blamed the Legislature for."balancing its books
at the expense of the state's universities," and
claimed MSU would probably have to close its
doors if the state cannot meet its payroll obli-
The comments of Williams and Hannah,
which preceded the legislative session by three
days, were clearly scare threats, meant to prod
the lawmakers into action.
IN THE MEANTIME, the University said noth-
ing about the Governor, nothing about the
Legislature, nothing about its own awesome
problems, but set itself quietly and firmly
against any cuts' in its faculty or student body.
The University's temperate reaction was one
of the few sensible things done in the past
hectic weeks. There is simply no use in a state
university's invocation of threats or scare
tactics to improve an already tense situation.
Nor was there any sense in the Governor's
frightening forecasts about Michigan's future.-
The tactics of Williams and Hannah seem to
have no other purpose but to cast the Legisla-
ture as an enemy of teachers, students, af-
flicted children, and the entire state of Michi-
gan. Although the Legislature is guilty on a
number of counts, it is by no means guilty of
anything implied by the Governor and Hannah.
T SHOULD BE pointed out that the Univer-
sity's "silence policy is probably not en-
tirely motivated by a desire to treat the Legis-
lature as a nice group of men facing perplex-
ing problems. Certainly, University officials
don't want to tread on lawmaker's toes (which
they did a few years ago, with unfortunate and
still lingering effects) since the lawmaker al-
ways holds the appropriations pursestrings.
And certainly also, the University administra-
tors don't want to unduly upset the faculty
which is already jittery about the year-long
Whatever the motivator, it is best that the
University leaves the Legislature alone. Cam-
pus-state relations have too long been strained,
with both sides sharing the guilt.
However, the University must not be in-
nocuous in its statements should the situation
become any worse. If the Legislature fails to
provide any revenue soon and shows no sign of
coming to agreement on a tax solution, then
the University will have to speak with more
In the meantime, the University can gain
most through calm, serious explanation of its
problems to the citizens of the state and to the
Herblock is awasy due to illness c5Prnt, S&L a 9 o Th PS-?W ftlulW"g "
tions. Many employers, though,
have tried to apply it. in one way
or another, mostly flying by the
seat of their pants.
Setting up a committee with
outside economic and social ex-,
perts, to work with representatives
of labor and management for con-
crete results to be applied to an.
existing contract, is an important
extension of the idea.
* * *
IF KAISER and the Union can
make it produce concrete results,
in a mutual desire to call a halt to
the periodic strikes and sometimes
virtual lockouts by which labor
and management have sought to
weaken each other's bargaining
position, they will have begun a
change in the whole face of labor-
Another committee has been
formed to work on an issue which,
in the age of automation and even'
before it, has become one of in-
dustry's great problems-the desire
of management to effect labor-
saving economies and the desire
of unions to create and protect
Like the railroads, the steel un-
ions have gradually built up feath-
erbedding practices and fought for
the retention of jobs regardless
of technological progress. The
companies decided it must be
4. * *
KAISER AND the Union have
now agreed to work on this prob-
lem with the idea of step-by-step
incorporation of the results in the.
Regardless of how it works out
in practice, it sounds sane..
The really exciting idea, how-
ever, is that something can be
done to establish a standard of
labor's interest in successful busi-
This does not mean what is
commonly called profit-sharing. It
means equating investment of
labor with investment of money.
If that were accomplished, la-
bor's interest in efficiency would
begin to transcend all the old ideas
about featherbedding. Labor and
management interests would so
closely coincide that the entire
meaning of many conflicts would'
It has taken a long time for
management to realize that a
prosperous and busy labor force
is an industry's best customer and
a vital factor in a dynamic eco-.
nomy. It may take just as long
for both sides to realize that the
value of labor in a given industry.
can be worked out by bookkeeping
as well as bylblows.
But an idea doesn't die until it
is proved wrong.
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no edi-
torial responsibility. Notices should
be sent in TYPEWRITTEN' form to
Room 3519 Administration Build-
ing, before 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices for . Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 28, 1959
VOL. LXX, NO. 32
Box office now open: The Mendels-
sohn box office is open this week, 10-5,
for season tickets to Playbill 1959/60,
-and single tickets for all Playbill pro-
ductions, including "Horse Eats Hat"
("An Italian Straw -Hat"), scheduled
for this week, Wed.-Sat. To ensure
ticket availability, patrons should pur-
chase accommodations as soon as pos-
Regents' Meeting: Fri., Nov. 20. Com-
munications for consideration at this
meeting must be in the President's
hands not later than Nov. 10. Please
submit nineteen copies of all com-
Dept. of Mathematics: A joint meet-
ing of the Actuarial and Statistic Sem-
inars will meet Thurs., Oct. 29, at .4 p.m.
in Rm. 3201 Angell Hall. Leopold K.
Schmetterer, Director. Institute for
Math. Stat., Univ. of Hamburg, Havers-
tehuderweg, Germany, will talk on
"Problems and Results in Collective
International Student and Family ex-
change: Wed., Oct. 28 from 7:30 to 9:00
p.m. and Thurs., Oct. 29 from 10: 00- to
11:30 a.m. in Rms. 103 and 528, base-
ment of the Student Exchange Bldg.
The Dept. of Speech will present an
admission-free performance of Moliere's
"The High Brow Ladies" on Thurs.,,
Oct. 29 at 4:00 p.m. in Trueblood Aud.,
Flu Shot clinics for students, staff
and employees will be held in Rm.58
(basement of the Health Service).
Thurs., Oct. 29. Hours are 8:00-11:30
a.m. and 1:00-4:30 p.m. Proceed directly
to basement, fill out forms, pay" feer
$1.00 for students' and. $1.50 for staff
and employees) and receive injection.
It is recommended that each person
receive two injections, 2-3 weeki apart.
The clinics will be open for both first
and second shots.
International Center Tea: Thurs.,
Oct. 29 from 4:30 to 6:00- p.m. at the
International Center. All students wel-
Agenda, Student Government'Coun-
cil, Oct. 28, 7:30 p.m., Council Room..
Observers at Council meetings may
receive copies of available docurnents
by signing up for them at 1532 'BA
before the Council meeting.'
Minutes of previous Reeting.
Officer Reports: President - Letters,
vice-President (Exec.); Vice-President
(Admin.) - Appointments, Interim se-
(Continued on Page 5)
The Senior Column
Jig Joun Kuutz
ANTARCTICA -- Can a parley discussing
scientific research in this icy wasteland help
shape the future of East-West diplomatic re-
lations? Can the continent, after encourag-
ing beginnings, continue to be a proving ground
for the practicality of peaceful co-existence, for
the feasibility of ultimate world unity?
The United States is optimistically looking
to the 12-nation conference now meeting in
Washington for affirmative replies, but the
group's actions to date have circumvented
solutions to the two most pressing stumbling
blocks: establishment of an effective inspection
team. to enforce an already-agreed-upon ban
on military installations in Antarctica and
resolution of conflicting territorial claims.
The move to reserve the south polar con-
tinent for strictly peaceful ventures smacks
more of diplomatic maneuvering than anything
else. Certainly not a strategic location, the area
has yet to prove' its military usefulness. And all
of the parley's members, including both the
United States and Russia, consented to the
proposal without apparent hesitation.
America has repeatedly stressed her motives
for supporting the move - she sees the ban
as an opportunity to pin the Soviet Union down
on the long-contested issue of inspection teams
in general. The Communist nation, the United
States feels, may at long last concede, in this
case, to her traditional insistence on some
means of effectings a military ban.
BUT THE accompanying belief that an agree-
ment of this sort in Antarctica would serve
as a guidestone and model for broader East-
West disarmament and nuclear test ban pacts
is hard to justify. An inspection team to en-
force an as yet unnecessary regulation can rep-
resent little more than a token compromise -
something the Russians certainly have not
overlooked. With this in mind, the Soviet Union
might easily take advantage of the situation to
emphasize their professed desire for a world
AS OTHERS SEE IT:
peace while stalling /off more important dis-
While the struggle over inspection teams is
apparently unimportant to the future of Ant-
arctica, existing conflicts among the 12 nations
using the continent for scientific research are
not - and on this the United States and Russia
are apparently in complete accord. A uniquely
unrestricted patch of our planet, Antarctica
has been available to anyone who wanted to
trek down to use any part of it, but seven na-
tions are now threatening to criss-cross the
ice with national boundaries. They stand to
gain little from recognition of their territorial
claims - military research is ruled out, by
common consent, and the mineral rights are
practically worthless so far (a little coal has
been found, but not much else.)
ON THE OTHER HAND, with the continent
chopped up into colonies, the policy of
free access to the whole continent would prob-
ably begin slow deterioration. And with it
would go, slowly but surely, the traditional co-
operation among the world's scientists sta-
tioned there. The current conference has al-
ready publicly advocated continuation of inter-
national research projects, but the statement
on paper makes no guarantee that the policy
will actually work. It does now, but minor in-
cidents over territorial restrictions have
cropped up already - and no doubt will in-
tensify unless the nations involved decide to
preserve the internationality of Antarctica.
So far, the Antarctica parley has accom-
plished very little in the way.of defining just
what Antarctica's future will be. At present,
it makes an excellent scientific laboratory, but
the chances for converting it into a laboratory
for diplomatic relations research and experi-
ment are still rather slim. Maybe, in a few
years, if we're still here .. .
RUSHING RULES are necessary
and valid characteristics of
the affiliates' system of acquiring
new members. Unfortunately, pen-
alties imposed for violations of
them are, in practice, useless.
In essence, the rules insure the
individual houses from "dirty
rushing" by their competitors, and
they guarantee the rushees a fair
and equal opportunity (within the
inherent limits of the system) to
be considered at each fraternity or
Penalties imposed thus far for
violations, however, have not been
meaningful. As indicated last week
by IFC's action regarding several
fraternities that violated these
rules, the punishment came after
the goal desired by the violation
THE FRATERNITIES which
had women at open houses may
have innocently done so, but it
still gave the houses added rush-
ing attractions. Innocently or not,
the action was definitely in viola-
tion of a rush rule and the houses
should have been aware of it.
Likewise, the house -which il-
legally had rushees for lunch prob-
ably had a specific goal in mind
when they did so.
In both cases, the houses in
question probably achieved an ad-
vantage over the other fraternities.
Its attraction to rushees was in-
creased by the additional func-
tions, and therefore probably
caused several rushees to drop an-
other house in favor of the violat-
SOME RUSHEES that did so
were also put at a disadvantage.
When they dropped one house in
favor of the violating house and
then, perhaps, were not considered
further by that house, they had
eliminated the possibility of being
selected at the house they dropped.
IFC imposed monetary fines on
the violating houses. In theory, the
stiffness of these fines could serve
as adequate punishment for the
houses. But, in practice, these fines
are broken down as small assess-
ments on each member's house
bill -so small as to be not very
Perhaps a better method of
punishing violators would be for
the IFC and Panhellenic executive
committees to meet immediately
after the violation is reported and
impose a punishment that would
affect the house during the exist-
ing rush period. The executives
could eliminate a scheduled rush
session of the violating house in
lieu of the illegal session that was
A plan like this might be some-
what inconvenient for the execu-
tive committees of both affiliate
groups; but it would begin to make
punishments for violations more
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR:
Honorary Degrees, IHC Letter Draw Protests
To The Editor:
L AST WEEKEND the Univer-
sity's law school celebrated its
100th anniversary. Part of the
festivities, according to last Fri-
day's Daily, consisted of the grant-
ing of 12 honorary degrees.
One weekend earlier, President
Hatcher conferred two honorary
degrees in connection with the
Medical Honors Convocation.
At the University's June 1958
and 1959 commencements, a total
of 11 honorary degrees, exclusive
of six given at special occasions
during 1958, were presented. All
told 31 honorary degrees have been
given by the University during the
last 16 months.
In short, the University appears
to have joined the multitude of
other United States colleges and
universities which have become
generous fountains of unearned
Although the University is os-
tensibly serious minded in its use
of these sheepskins (the same can-
not be said, for example, of the
University of Idaho, which, last
June, conferred an honorary LL.D.
on a Broadway restaurateur for
"promoting better health in the
world with the genuine Idaho
baked potato"), it nonetheless is
contributing significantly to the
general debasement of higher de-
grees in this country.
AS ALREADY noted, the Uni-
versity is not alone. -It was esti-
mated that, during last June alone,
approximately 5,000 honorary de-
grees (i.e., doctorates, except for
a few master's and bachelor's)
were conferred in the United
States; this quantum assumes
greater meaning when compared
with the some 9,000 earned doc-
torates (excluding medical and
dental degrees) which have been
granted in the United States dur-
ing all of 1959: well over 50 per
cent as many honorary doctorates
as earned academic doctorates go
to market each 12 months.
California Directive Criticized
(EDITOR'S NOTE: President Clark Kerr, of the
seven-campus University of California, recently is-
sued a directive inserting the word "Chancellor"
into the preamble to the constitution of the Uni-
vresity's All-Student University Congress. Accord-
ing to The Daily Californian, "With this change
in the wording of the preamble, the chancellor is
given full authority over the actions of the execu-
tive committee (of the ASUC)." Following is a
front-page editorial by three University of Cali-
fornia student newspapers, The Daily Californian,
The Santa Barbara El Gaucho and The Riverside
PRESIDENT CLARK KERR slapped student
government in the face yesterday.
The student newspapers of three of the cam-
puses of the statewide University vigorously
protest his action.
The University has a long tradition of strong,
free, independent student government. The
president's directive recognizes this - "Con-
tinuance of this tradition is a major aspect of
How does the president's directive implement
ment constitutions to prior approval by cam-
We do not contest the legal right of the
president to assert his executive authority over
But this does not mean we should not pro-
test his action.It is unjustified, ill-considered,
Pre-censorship of amendments to student
government constitutions by campus officials is
an infringement on your freedom of expression.
It is as destructive a policy as pre-censorship
of the press.
PREVENT student governments from ex-
pressing student opinion on off-campus is-
sues is absurd. In these times, what issue is
The president's directive represents "maxi-
mum" control of student government. If we
are "good," we may get some of the provisions
toned down. But what kind of independent ac-
tion is that?
There is empty solace in know-
ing that the Ph.D. degree (and
more important, the "professional"
M.D. and D.D.S. degrees) is no
longer awarded "honoris causa."
To the general public, one aca-
demic degree is like another.
Furthermore, the commercial air
of the honorary-degree business
became fully manifest when, in
May of last year, a leading na-
tional business magazine filled a
page and a half with protocol in-
structions to those of its readers
who were being tapped that June.
Businessmen, diplomats, and (es-
pecially) university presidents are
the leading candidates for these
We do not pretend to be able to
inquire into the worthiness of each
recipient of an honorary degree
from this university. Morteover, we
would assume that these people
are deserving of some honor. But,
is the doctoral degree-the high-
est symbol of achievement which
a university can bestow-the ap-
propriate and suitable honor in all
of these cases? We think not.
HONORARIA and the other-
wise distinct honor of being asked
to address a university gathering
should be sufficient in themselves.
That these honors may not today
appear to be very distinguished
and singular citations is due to
the way in which colleges and uni-
versities have almost promiscu-
ously doled them out. Contrary to
what our college and university
officials apparently believe, it
seems to us superfluous to grant
an honorary degree as an apparent
quid pro quo for the recipient's
talking before, or merely attend-
ford, Cambridge and the University
of Dublin in June, 1957, said, "I
would much rather receive a de-
gree from a university than an,
education." This view, somewhat
cynical though it is, carries more
truth than fiction.
A club is no longer exclusive if
everyone can join. Likewise, an
earned degree loses much of its
status and lure to the prospective
degree candidate when its brothers,
albeit unearned and of a tech-
nically different garden variety,
are distributed in what seem to
be unlimited quantities-or, as one
writer has put it, "like lollipops."
We believe that the university
should . review its policies with
respect to honorary degrees in
order to remove itself from the
long list of honorary-degree fac-
-Stephen A. Zeff, Grad.
A. Richard Krachenberg, Grad.
To The Editor:
PRESIDENT of each hous-
ing unit recently received a
letter from Mr. Charles Sheffer,
the administrative vice-president
of IHC. The letter had to do with
International Week and the pro-
grams which are available to the
houses. It seems to me that before
Mr. Sheffer writes a letter, of this
sort, he should take a refresher
course in this art.
The lead-in to the letter-"If
you agree with the prevailing
apathy and do-nothingness of the
residence halls, read no further."
At this point I was tempted to drop
the letter, not because I ". . agree
with the prevailing apathy . .
really set a pace--more like a stand
still." I think that this "stand
still" was due to the fact that the
IHC was too busy buying pins for
its members to worry about Inter-
national Week, and therefore there,
was no International Week, pro-
gram in the quads last year.
After this verbal barrage, Mr.
Sheffer goes on to outline the pro-
gram. In one place he speaks about
having foreign students visit the
quads for dinner-". . . But do not
fall into the usual misconception
of viewing the program as,"charity'
for guests. Much more can be
learned from them during the din-
ner in an educational scope (sic.)
than you can possibly hope to give
in return." I am sure that there
are very few of us who look upon
the quad kitchens as field offices
of the Salvation Army. Also I am
acquainted with many people in
the quads, who could certainly re-
turn their share of information
".. .in an educational scope.."
MR. SHEFFER'S closing para-
graph-"With all to gain, and only
the' ignorance of the men in your
house to lose; I implore you to take
the fullest advantage of these op-
portunities." Mr. Sheffer reasons
that the guest speakers will help
us lose our ignorance. It is quite
clear that in order to lose our
ignorance we must be ignorant to
begin with. We may be uninformed
but we are not ignorant, and I, for
one, take this as a personal insult.
After his signature, Mr. Sheffer
adds this masterpiece-"The Uni-
versity of Michigan is blessed with
the largest foreign student popu-
lation of any American college.
Let's use them." I am sure that
with a little bit of thought, Mr.
Now -Even Lower Overhead