Second Front Page
ER 23, 1959 Page 3
Western Unity Deemed Necessary
For Success in Summit Meeting
AUGUSTA, Ga. (') - President Dwight D. Eisenhower came out
publicly yesterday for an East-West summit conference by the year's
But he said he has no strong feelings regarding timing and won't
attempt to dictate to Western. allies..
Eisenhower added emphatically at a news conference that in ad-
vance of any such conference he and the leaders of Western Europe
must meet to coordinate policy and position.
Stressing importance of such coordination before any summit
session with Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev, Eisenhower asserted
Tthat without Western unity: "It
I N Tls
UNITED NATIONS (P)--France
proposed yesterday that the com-
ing East-West disarmament con-
ference put top priority on banning-
intercontinental missiles and other
new devices for carrying nuclear
Jules Moch, the French disarma-
ment expert, made the pr posal in
a speech to the 82 - nation UN
Political Committee during debate
on various approaches to the dis-
"We deem it necessary, in any
disarmament program, that high
priority be given to measures pro-
hibiting first the development,
then the manufacture and posses-
sion of all vehicles for nuclear
devices,". Moch declared.
He mentioned specifically satel-'
lites, rockets, supersonic or long-
range aircraft, submarines, air-
craft carriers, and launching pads.
In outlining what he considered
the top issue for the 10-nation
conference in Geneva early next
year, Moch said:
"We suggest :calming anguish
and distrust by starting disarma-
ment efforts with elimination of
the most dreaded vehicles for the
materials of universal destruc-
tion. Such an action should be
studied first and foremost."
Once this priority has been ae-.
cepted, he added, this three-stage
approach might be studied at
1) A declaration of programs
and existing weapons to a inter-
national disarmament organiza-
2) Prior notice and control of
3) Prohibition,- destruction and
control of .stockpiles and muni-
tions factories. All that would re-
main would be air and naval equip-
ment sufficient to meet needs of
internal security and obligations
imposed by the UN Charter.
Moch said he was familiar with
the Soviet thesis(that control, far
from establishing confidence,
would multiply suspicions while
disarmament operations were be-
ing carried out, and ought not to
function fully until operations
were.completed. He noted the So-
viet position was entirely opposed
to .the West's.in this position;
would be just a donnybrook."
In popular usage "donnybrook";
means a .lively quarrel - even a
The President, in Augusta for a
vacation of golf, told the approxi-
mately 50 reporters on hand for
his conference that he thought he
owed them a chance to fire ques-
tions at him because he had can-
celed a meeting with newsmen in
A good part of the news confer-
ence dealt with prospects for a
meeting of Western leaders and
an East-West summit conference.
The first question was whether
the President wants a pre-summit
meeting in the next few weeks
with French President Charles de
Gaulle, British Prime Minister
Harold Macmnillan, and West Ger-
many's Chancellor Konrad Aden-
The question was coupled with
an, inquiry on whether the Presi-
dent feels an East-West Summit
should be held this year. Eisen-
hower has reportedly been urging
a December conference with'
"I stated that I would Abe ready
at any time. from now on to go
to a Western summit because I
thought, preceding any meeting,
with the .Soviets, there should be'
an examination of our several po-
sitions together, so that- we could
have position papers, so called,
that we would coordinate.
"I said I was ready to go ... to
a major summit meeting,...,with
the Soviets whenever we could all
agree. that we had a chance to
study and get ourselves all pre-
pared. In other words, I was
thinking that we could do this by
the end of the year.
'Not a Proposal'
"But it was not a proposal, it
was a statement of my position.
That still remains my position."
But the President added that
the longer a Western meeting is
postponed, the longer a summit
conference will have to be de-
The Soviet Ambassador to
France said in Paris yesterday
that Eisenhower had proposed a
summit meeting by the end of the
year -- and that Russia's govern-
ment agrees. to that timetable.
The Frenc h cabinet said
Wednesday that France is for an
East-West meeting in principle,
but it should not be held until
TOKYO (P)-Red China's recent
tenth anniyersary celebration un-
derscored a reality of international
life - the tremendous worldwide
scope 'of Communist organization.
From 61 nations on six con-
tinents, the dlegates poured into
Peiping. Each represented a party
in his homeland dedicated to the
cause of the Communist nations
against the non-Communist coun-
Each group was met at the air-
port or railroad station. Each was
Each had his say about his own
corner of the world and the pro-
gress of Communism there.
Nearly every spokesman for all
these delegations said the same
things, Peiping radio reported:
China is good, China is growing
in power and prosperity, the farm
communes are a brillant success
despite 1958 production failures,
China belongs 'n the United Na-
tions, it must free Formosa from
Nationalist China, the unity, of all
Communist nations is unshake-
Much was written of the hints
Red China's leader, Mao Tze-
Tung, did not see eye-to-eye with
Soviet Premier Nikita Khrush-
chev's professed drive for easing
world tensions. This may be only
window dressing to fool the non-
Communist world. What they said
in private remains secret.
But the thousands of words
voiced by the delegates and broad-
cast by radio Peiping made clear
the tremendous, monolithic struc-
ture of thought of worldwide Com-
Those words show a unity of
purpose. They disclose a tightly
organized network, embued with
a missionary-like fervor, spread
throughout the world.
Peiping's rapturous descriptions
seemed to point up one of the great
facets of Communist appeal-the
psychology of belonging' to a giant
team, of being repeatedly reas-
sured that what you have been
taught is right, and of dedication
to a faraway goal.
Perhaps it is the same psychol-
ogy that grips a college cheering
section when it exhorts its team
The monolithic unity was on
display through all phases of the
celebration. The top leaders spoke
first at every important occasion.
The lesser leaders followed in
strict descending tiers of impor-
The-delegates' ego was soothed
again and again in the days that
followed. The delegations broke
up Into groups touring Peiping's
scenic wonders, then model com-
munes .and factories and finally
the capitals of Red satellite na-
tions bordering China, where they
received more of the same lavish
Significant to the West was the
presence of delegations from stra-
WASHINGTON '() - President Dwight D. Eisenhower and h
Secretary 'of Labor said yesterday they have little faith in the Ta:
Hartley Law as a me.ans of dealing with such situations as the ste
But where Eisenhower indicated plainly he doesn't plan now
ask for any new legislation, Secretary James P. Mitchell announc
he intends, to recommend'changes in the law to allow earlier use
national emergency machinery, including the fact-finding process.
Both Eisenhower and Mitchell ruled out any new laws to set
strikes by compulsion. Nonetheless,' Eisenhower made what appeax
to be a veiled threat of possible action in this direction if the C
poens n ~e i~e1~L±dXuui .
HAPPIER DAYS-A paper mache statue of Cuban Premier Fidel Castro (left) was erected by his
supporters early in the year. The country is now threatened by civil war from counter-revolutionaries
which the Castro government claims are working out of the United States. Planes flew over the
capitol building '(right) yesterday to shower it with anti-Castro leaflets.
Castro Defends Matos Arrest
Mitchell Wants New Legislation
To Include Earlier Use of Powers
HAVANA W-) - Fidel Castro
fought back yesterday against hit-
and-run opposition and a critical
reaction to his arrest of a Oro-
vincial army commander, Maj.
Hubert Matos, as a traitor.
The bearded Prime Minister
used what he called his new wea-
pons - the Cuban people -- for
a one-hour strike to demonstrate
public support of his regime. Work
was ordered halted from 3 to 4
Exempted from the strike call
were hotel and restaurant workers
and others serving 2,000 American
travel agents in Havana for their
annual convention. Cubans hope
the convention will revive their
dwindling tourist traffic.
Takes to TV
coincidence, followed hard upon
Suspicious of Communism and
critical of the administration of
the agrarian reform program,
Matos had submitted his resigna-
tion as the commander of troops
In Camaguey Province. Castro
flew to Camaguey, 300 miles east
To Nobel Prize
STOCKHOLM, Sweden (P) -
The Swedish Academy drew Swed-
ish criticism yesterday for award-
ing the 1959 Nobel Pribe in Litera-
ture to Italian poet Salvatore
The Stockholm newspaper Af-
tonbladet suggested there are sev-
eral, more -deserving writers
"After- its incursion into the
heroic with last year's prize .to
Pasternak, the Academy has re-
turned to a safe middle position,"
the influential Socialist organ com-
of Havana, to arrange the arrest
and denounce the Sierra Maestra.
veteran as a treacherous ingrate.
Associates here said Castro was
shaken by the day's events.
The question of Communism
popped up repeatedly in the,
Castro mentioned it angrily
when he told the Camaguey crowd
those in his regime who complain
about Communism should quit be-
fore they are fired.
It appeared in Matos' letter of
resignation to Castro, written in
the knowledge "that everyone who
has the frankness to raise the
Communist problem with you
must leave before they are re-
"Permit me to return to civil
life without the necessity of my
(four) children hearing in the
streets that their father is a de-
serter and a traitor," the .major
Matos and 18 of his officers are
held at Havana's La Cabana Fort-
ress, military headquarters. A
spokesman said no charges have
yet been filed against them.
The pro-Castro press and radio
appeared to be building up an ef-
fort to hold the United States re-
sponsible for the bloody develop-
ments in Havana.
ponents in the steel strike con ,
make peace on their own.
Speaks at Augusta
The President spoke out at a
news conference in Augusta, Ga.
Mitchell was interviewed for a
television program here. The in-
terview was taped before Eisen-
hower held his news conference.
Eisenhower appealed - as he
often has before during the long
steel dispute - for a voluntary
agreement between union and
The President urged this for the
sake of the nation.
After his news conference, Ei-
senhower got out a statement say-
ing steel supplies are nearing ex-
haustion, threatening delays in.
space and missile programs and
causing ever-widening layoffs thpt
already total 780,000 workers.
"The national good requires
that our space activities, our mis-
sile programs and all our other
defense programs go ahead with-
out delay,",Eisenhower declared.,
"They are now being delayed-=
and will be further delayed by this
"The hardship which this strike'
has caused-and could' cause-is
In discussing the 12-year-old
Taft-Hartley Law with newsmen,
Eisenhower said he doesn't think
it has a very brilliant history.
"I do not believe it is pecessarily
good or adequate legislation," he
said, adding: "But on the other
hand, I am not so sure that addi--
tional legislation is going to do
exactly what we 'want."
The President voiced opposition
to any punitive laws, or laws of'
compulsion. He said they only tend'
to worsen a situation.
"I don't think Taft-Hartley is
necessarily any cure for this
thing," Eisenhower said. "I be-
lieve that self-discipline ... is the
only thing that ever will do- it."
TOKYO () - Japan's militar
chiefs are preparing a new five
year defense plan aimed at mod
ernizing this nation's air and ne
The five-year Dian calls for th
acquisition of the Bomare, th
Hawk and the Nike-Ajax from th
United States, all. ground-to-ai
missiles, for use by the Japanes
air self-defense force. The onl
guided missile Japan has now :
the air-to-air Sidewinder.
f For the navy, the plan calls fa
the construction in Japan betwiee
1961 and 1965 of two anti-subma
rine helicopter carrier groups t
counter the'threat of up to 150 So
viet and Communist Chinese sut
security officials believe opera
in Far East waters.
Each "hunter-killer" g r o u
would be composed of seven 4
eight ships centering around or
helicopter carrier. The force woul
also include one guided missilE
equipped destroyer and one regu
w Japan is interested in negotiai
ing with the United States fi
technical assistance in buildir
the carriers and in arranging the
production'on a cost-sharing ba
is, a defense spokesman added.
Defense planners also hope i
build up to 20 submarines. .apa
now has two.
The ground force target is 180
000 men, roughly 10,000 more the
Castro scheduled another
vision marathon last night.
He passed Wednesday through
the blackest day of his 10-month
regime. There was bloodshed in
the streets of Havana, showers of
anti-government leaflets from aer-
ial intruders and damage to one
of his B26 bdmbers by Cuban
ground fire, along with controver-
sy over the arrest of the widely
Havana counted two dead and
46 wounded from grenades and
gunfire that accompanied the
aerial action which, by design or
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