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UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
Pro rams Revisite
en Opinions Are Free
'ruth WiU Prevail"
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff 'riters
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
DAY, OCTOBER 20, 1959
NIGHT EDITOR: JEAN HARTWIG
U' Should Clarify
Philosophy in AUPCase,
:E MOST TURBULENT local story of the
decade came to a quiet, but expected, close
week when the American AsspciatiQn of
rersity Professors removed its 18-month
ure from the University.
he ending, however, was unsatisfactory.
e, the AAUP got the University to revise
>olicies regarding dismissal and severance
But in doing so, many of the basic issues
e been smothered and the University has
i given an opportunity to claim the five-
dispute was "mostly a technical one, deal-
with procedural matters."
here is little doubt that technicalities did
' an enormous part in the troubles following
1954 firings of two University faculty mem-
-Mark Nickerson and H. Chandler Iavs--
refused to answer questions about their,,
tions with the Communist Party.,
SPENSION procedures, faculty interroga-
tions, and University bylaws were tangled
ianageably in the case. Then the AAUP
ed further confusion by coming up with
port which some UniVersity professors called
neous and invalid.
Li the complexities of the procedure leading
he dismissal of the professors may never be
avelled. So indeed, President Hatcher is
ially justified in calling the matter a "tech-
ut he is not justified in implying that the
c issues of the matter were merely techni-
Nor is President Hatcher (and other'Uni-
ity officials) justified in shrugging off the
sure as having "no special effect" on the
versity. Nor is he justified in claiming that
the University' is in complete accord with the
AAUP regarding questions of academic free-
THE "TECHNICAL" matter is actually a mat-
ter of immense importance. It strikes deeply
Into the relation of the administration to the
faculty, and the University to the state.
Since the ideology of teachers is perennially
questioned by legislators, churchmen and other
noble Americans, the Nickerson-Davis affair
could occur here again.
Before it does, it would be wise for the Uni-
versity to clarify its position on certain matters.
SHOULD THE TEACHER be allowed to be-
lieve what he believes, so long as his teach-
ing, his research, and his associations, he
retains individual integrity and academic com-
Should the University stand in open defiance
of the Legislature and the taxpayers for some-
thing he believes, or should it tune its opera-
tion to bigger and better appropriations?
Does the University still agree with the
Association of American Universities' conten-
tion that being a Communist is in itself
grounds for dismissal? If it does, the conflict
over academic freedom still remains, for the
AAUP contends that being a Communist is not
in itself grounds "for dismissal.
The University has already made necessary,
Tand appreciable strides in clarifying its- pro-
cedures. Now would be an appropriate time to
clarify its, philosophy.
(Continued from Page 1)
the show directly exists in repeat-
ing the questions asked in the
warm-up session during the show
itself. When the questions were
recognized and answered during
the dry run by the contestant, and
the producers deem the party a,
likely candidate to continue audi-
ence appeal, then he is apt to re-
ceive the same question, or at least
questions from the same general
area in which he has exhibited
his strongholds of knowledge. '
* * *
ANOTHER MANNER of obtain-
ing and catering to a contestant's
preferred realm of knowledge as
well as determining his specific
weaknesses, is from the original
test taken in the offices of the
producer. The test is a necessary
implement forreach prospective
contestant, in order for the.'pro-
ducers to ascertain the mental
capacity of the applicant. Then,
all that is necessary is for the pro-
ducers to scan the answer sheets,
taken from the applicants after,
their gruelling two to three hour
examination. He can then select
the few who satisfy their I.Q. de-
mands of the moment, or he can
doctor up the questions so that
their chosen contestant appears to
have a more acute sense of the
Conversely, those contestants
that the producers deem unworthy
of continued viewer attraction and
sustained appeal, are purged effec-
tively from the show by framing
their questions in the areas they
evinced an inadequacy in, or es-
chewing them any second oppor-
tunity at the questions answered
correctly in the pre-show warm-up
or on the original exam.
A more subtle method of directly
fixing the show is either to use
the questions from the warm-up
for the actual show, when known
and answered during the dry run
by the contestant, or to ask those
questions answered correctly on
the original test given to prospec-
tive contestants in the closed con-
fines of the producer's office.
Conversely, those contestants
that the producers deem unworthy
of continued viewer attraction and
sustained appeal, are eschewed
any second chance at those ques-
tions they answered correctly, but
receive solely the questions or the
areas they showed concern with
* * * ,
A WORD ABOUT the propriety
of warm-ups is necessary at this
juncture. Inasmuch as the make-
up and camera angles of contest-
ants must be checked prior to air
time, and their voice range and
pitch must be communicated to
the handler of the boom-mike,
these are *a prerequisite to any
television show. However, there
exists some doubt as to whether
the proper manner of achieving
this can only be exhibited through"
the means of a warm-up in re-
sponse to questions, or whether the
contestants would serve these
functions just as well by simply
appearing in their places and
speaking their names and ad-
Rev. Charles "Stoney" Jackson,
a contestant on "$64,000 Ques-
tion," charged, "They never told
me what they were going to ask
me on the show. They just asked
me about fifty questions before-
hand and if I missed fifteen they'd
never ask me one of the fifteen. I
never got a ,question that I hadn't
IN ANOTHER incident, the pro-
ducers of "Dotto" approached one
of the "chosen few" and asked him
if he would "recognize any of the
present-day television stars, like
Garry Moore." The contestant,
who was busy with' his make-up
answered he would, and the pro-'
ducers told him they just wanted
to make sure he could recognize
the dots, when placed together to
form the outline of a caricature of
a contemporary personage, such
as a television star, and more
specifically such as someone like
The contestant, when he sub-
sequently appeared on the- show,
signalled to interrupt the connec-
tion of the dots, and answered
that he believed the person de-
picted was "Arthur Godfrey." The
emcee was visibly affected, because
the plan was not progressing ac-
THE SECOND method of rigging
a show was usually less evident to
the contestant in whose favor sucit
fixing was attempted. However,
those members of the viewing audi-
ence who were perceptive might
have seen this type of subtle fixing
at various times. They consisted of
allowing the favored contestant
extra time, rereading the question,
replaying:the nerve-wracking mu-
sic over again, or giving him ques-
tions in his favored category more
often than not..
- They could also give him credit
for his answers, and deny it to his
opponent,' when the answer, did
not conform -with that printed on
the answer card 100%.
An example of this latter type
of fixing' concerned the author.
On "Ti - Tac - Dough" my op-
ponent was asked the title Hof the
book written by Booth Tarkington,
in 1918. He replied, "The Mag-
nificext Andersons," when the cor-
rect answer was "The Magnificent.
Ambersons," and his anlswer - was
However, when I was asked the.
capital of Nepal and answered,
"Katmansu," they accepted it,
though in reality the answer should
have beon "Katmandu,"
This type of fixing does not
directly concern the contestant as
the actor, and with no implication
in the fixing does not cause him
any deep moral pangs, as does the
direct fixing. However, in neither
case, strangely enough, has a con-
testant refused his pay for in-
volvement,,in either a direct or in-
direct fix, because his conscience
began to smart.
* S *
TO RETURN TO the subcom-
mittee and its investigation of the
shows, notably its subpoena of
Van Doren. Van Doren's ascend-
ency was at the benefit of Herbert
Stemnpel who, in the parlance of
boxing fans, .took a dive." Mr.
Stempel has testified under oath
to the Legislative Oversight Corn-
mittee that not only did he know
the questions and answers, but he
also knew what questions to miss,
even if he did know the correct an-
swers on his own. .
He said he also knew the score
at the end of each round, which
is 'an impossibility, unless both
dsies are "in" on the fix.
It is impossible, because the
contestants are firmly tucked
away in their own private Isola-
tion booth, unable to see the op-
posing player through the kleig
lights and because of the angle
of the booths, and unable to hear
the audio part of the program,'be-
cause of the "supposed" rigid rules,
of silence, aided by cutting the
sound off from the contestant's
Mr. Stempel also maintained hey
knew upon which night Mr. Van
Doren would lose and by what
score, and placed a wagerat 5 to 1 -
odds upon his inside knowledge.'
This, indeed will' be a difficult
thing for Van Doren to explain
away under subpoena.
cording to Hoyle and he had to
rule the answer wrong. So the
sequence of the contestants devi-'
ated from the plans of those in
power, because of one contestant
who had not paid attention to the
answer given in advance.
However, these occasions were
very few, and the "rigging" con-
tinued, without many serious in-
terruptions until one, Edward Hil-
gemeir, the boy who cried wolf
on the quiz shows, stated in the
New York Herald Tribune in Au-
gust of 1958, that "Dotto" had been
fixed, with the contestants usually
having the answers beforehand.
ACCORDING TO Time Maga-
zine the answer Van Doren missed,
in naming the crown heads of Bel-
gium, caused quite a furor in Bel-
gium, for there is some doubt
whether a man as learned as Van
Doren could have incorrectly an-
swered Leopold when he meant
Baudouin. Perhaps the testifying
of Van Doren might be anticli-
matic to what. has preceeded it,
but the analogy to the 1919 Black
Sox Scandal is quite alarming,
down to the quote of the young
fan of "Shoeless" Joe Jackson,
when he cried out "Say it ain't so,
VESTIGE of the poorly planned Atnerican
foreign policies of the last decade burst
'th again into 'the limelight last week. A,
Ljority of the nations' represented at the'
idted Nations met the United States pressure
keep Poland off the Security Council with a
m disdain. But the United States led the
nority, keeping the General Assembly dead-
ked for days, in the Turkey versus Poland
atest for Security Council membership.
What is most-striklng about the Amiercan
sition is the tenacity; with which our State
partment clings to the notion that our posi-
n Will bring us a prestige victory over the,
mmunists. Such policy most have seemed
licrous. to those uncommitted nations which
rsevered in opposition to the United States.
ind through twenty-five ballots during two
sted days of Assembly debate.
[OST NATIONS have hopes of seeing the
United ,Nations serve thie cause of world
ace rather than serve the United States in
e causes of the cold war. Their opposition
ests to the loss of American prestige in' this
The principle of regional representation on
e Security Council has been adhered to since
e beginnings of the United Nations. In most
ses a nation ,nominated, in turn, hays no
>uble in achieving a two-thirds majority on
e first ballot.
Regional representation is intended to give
ne limited voice to the interests of nations
t currently represented on the Council. It
ems obvious that Turkey, which is tradition-
y Near-Eastern rather than East-European,
less representative of the area than is Poland.
>reover, Turkey is one of the' pro-Western
tions, allied with NATO, which has accepted
ssile bases on its soil. As such, Turkey seems
a poor choice to represent the many Com-
munist governments of the area.
HE POLISH government, which has gained
the greatest measure of independence from
the Soviets of all nations still within her orbit,
seems an ideal choice. We certainly could have
increased United States prestige among the
people of Poland by making that choice. The
ability of Poland to muster a majority, even
if less. than two-'thirds, against United States
.opposition is doubtlessly a prestige victory for
Chester Bowles has recently pointed a finger
at the United States for using the United
Nations only -when' it fits American purposes
and ignoring or bypassing it at other times.
The effectiveness of such policy in the cold
war is, at least, questionable.
THE TASKS of the next decade call for more
petty victories and minor rivalries with
Communist countries. These policies too fre-
quently backfire, as in the case of Poland. And
while they backfire, the major changes of the
balance 'of power move in the direction of the
Soviet's rockets and the Chinese army.
The tasks of our generation call for a more
genuine greatness. Leadership in the search for
peace requires far greater moral recognition
than does leadership in hot or cold wars. We
need the widest possible basis of international
cooperation in the implementation of such
policies as disarmamernt agreements.
The possibility of destruction is too seriods
to allow us to say, "Let it happen; it will be
the Communist's fault." We cannot gain the
prestige needed to support effective disarma-
ment with the present strategy. The United
States must be willing to forsake its policy of
refusing to give an inch, and by so doing, lose
miles of prestige.
TO THE EDITOR:
VDiary'R eview Draws Comment
INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
The Soviet New Look
To the Editor:
jIURING my two years at the
University I have often been
struck by certain articles which
have appeared on the editorial
page under the misnomer of "re-
views." The futile attempt. of
reviewers to, imitate Time maga-
zine reviews is most obvious in al-
most every issue -of The Daily.
Even if it is true that imitation is
the most sincere form- of flattery,
I don't think Time would care for
the flattery when the attempt is
Although few letters appear
criticizing the reviews (probably
because they can't be blamed on
apathy), I am aware of a certain
feeling among a number ofustu-
dents: (list furnished on request),
who like myself, feel that the re-
views should be more honest and'
less "clever." The popular method
of ridiculing (made popular by
Time) everything that comes
along is effective only when the
.reviewer does a great deal of re-
search. and thinking upon the
subject matter involved. Also re-
views of movies or theatrical pro-
d u c t i o n s assumes some prior
knowledge of the medium in-
volved. Most of the reviews in our
paper seem to lack all these quali-
ties. Of course, The Daily cannot
possibly staff itself with profes-
sional reviewers, this is not even
to be expected. But why must
those students who insist on re-
viewing art forms pretend unlim-
ited knowledge of the field? Now
to the case in point, Mr. Forsht's
review of "The Diary of Anne
* * *
TO BEGIN WITH, I wonder if
Mr. Forsht even saw the movie.
From the first paragraph, which
insults any reader's knowledge, to
the last absolutely pointless sen-
tence, nothing is said which
couldn't have been written by one
who simply walked by the Michi-
gan and looked at the posters.
Mr. Forsht's first paragraph
would be meaningful only to an
individual who had spent his en-
tire life locked in a closet. But as
every writing must have some
kind of an introduction, I will let
"Thesucess of such a nicture
a failure. If this is the case I sug-
gest that you refrain from writing
to the common masses who are
unable to make such a clear cut
* * *
IF MR. FORSHT is going to call
Millie Perkins' acting "uneven," I
wish he would make some attempt
to support his argument. Where
was it uneven? Or was it uneven
just because Time-said itswas un-
Would you, Mr. Forsht, or some-
one over there please explain to
me what is meant by the follow-
ing statement: "Shelly Winters, in
the role of'a disillusioned, middle-
aged Haus-Frau, is better than
perhaps she herself realizes." An
actor's art is based necessarily up-
on his own realization of what
parts he can and cannot play.
There is no profession more de-
manding as far as self-criticism'
is concerned than acting. If an ac-
tor is not able to realize when he
succeeds and when he fails then
he will never "make the top." Ask
To end his article Mr. Forsht
says that the newsreel shows
Northwestern getting ready 'for'
the big game. So what! And what
has this got to do with "The Diary
of Anne Frank?"
Irony:, The best review to' ap-
pear in The' Daily is also in this.
issue. Congratulations, Jo Hardee!
-Jack Rquse, '61
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of The niver-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no edi-
torial responsibility. Notices should
be sent in TYPEWRITT'EN form to
R06m 3519 Administration' Build-
ing, before 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
TUESDAY, OCTOBER 20, 1959
VOL. LXX, NO. 25
Faculty, College of Literature, Science
and the Arts: The freshman Ave-week'
progress reports Will be due FI., Oct.
23, in the Faculty Counselors Office for
freshmen and sophomores, 1213 Agell
Research Club of the University: First
meeting for the year will be on Wed.,
Oct. 21 at 8 p.m. (Council at 7:30 p.m.)
at the Backham Amphitheater. Papers:
Robert M. Thral, "Some Examples' of
operations Research" and Robert R
White, "The Institute of Science and
Technology." Members only.
"Albert S&hweitzer," Documentary
film, to be shown at 8:00 p.m., Tues.,
Oct. 20, Rackham Lecture Hall. Spon-
sored by Student Government Council
and the Office of Religious Affairs. Ad-
Women of the University Faculty,
First meeting of the year will be held
at the Michigan. Union on Wed., Oct.
21 at 6:30 p.m. For dinner reservations,
call Marguerite Hood, University Ext.
2552 by 3 p.m. today.
Playbill 19590: The Department of
Speech is now accepting mail orders
for season and single tickets at $6.00,
$4.50 and $3.00; single tickets for the
major plays at $1.50, $1.10 and 75c;
major opera, $1.75 $1.40, $1.00; single
tickets (general 'admision unreserved
seating only) for Don Pasquale, $1.00;
single tickets for the premiere per-
formahce of the original, 75c. Orders
should include first, second and third
preferences of performance date.
Checks payable to Play Production.
Productions will include: Horse Eats
Hat ("An Italian Straw Hat") by Eu-
gene Labiche, and Marc-Mihl, Wed.-
Sat., Oct. 28-31; Don Pasq ule by Doni-
zetti (with the School of Music),
Thurs.-sat., Nov. 19-21 Epitaph for
George'Dillon by John Osborne And
Anthony Creighton, Wed.-at., Dec.
9-12; Das Rheingold by wagner (with
the School of "Music), Tue-Sat.,March
1-5;. The Way of the World by William
Congreve, Wed-sat., April )-9; Look
Homeward, Angel (if avalable), Kietti
Frings' adaptation of Thomas Wolfe's
novel, Wed.-Sat., April 27-3d; andthe
premiere ,performafloe of ,an Aoiil
play,Pr -Sat., May 13-14. Orders should
be mailed, v ith a self-a d.d r e aBaed,
stamped' envelope, to: Play Production,
Ben o Me ndelssohnboxoficeoen10-5 start-
ing Mon.,, Oct. 26.
Lecture by Dr. George Seaver, Albert
Schweitzer's biographet, On "Reveene
for Life: A Philosophical Approach."
4:15 p.m., Wed., Oct. 21, Aud. A, Angell
Hal. sponsored by Student Govern-
ment Council and theIOffice of Rel-
Social Work and Social Science Collo-
quium: Mon., Oct. 21, 4:15 p.m. Au6 .
2065 Frieze Bldg. Prof. Norman A.P-
hu'sky of 'the school of Soial Work and.,
the Dept. of Psychology, Western Re-
serve University will speak on "Acce-
sibility to Treatment in a Children's
Institution: A Resarch deport.".
Folo'ing are the foreign visitors who
will be on the campus this week on the
dates indicated. Program rraflgemenlts
are being made by' the International
Center: Mrs. Clifford R. Miller.
Miss Naomi Fukuda, LibrarianlInter-
national House of Japan,' Oct. 19-21.
Haruki Anatsuchi, Chief of, the Si-
ence and Technology Reference Sec-
tion - National Diet Library, Japan,
Sumio Gotb, Asst. to the Director, Ni-
hon Univ. ~ibrary. Tokyo., Ast. Prof.
of Library Science, Nhlon University,
Japan, Oct. 19-20.
Masao Hayashi, Asst. Librarian of
Osaka Prefectural Library, Japan, ot.
Toshio Iwazaru, Assoc. Director, Kyc-
to University, Japan, Oct. 19-21.
Yasumasa Oda, Chief,. Humanities
Reference Section, National Diet Li-
brary, Japan. Oct. 19-20.,
Takahisa Sawanoto, Admin. Asst. to
the Director, Japan Library School, Oct.
Shozo Shimizu, Librarian of Koiwa
Public Library, Japan, Oct. 19-20.
Heihachiro ,Suzuki, Chief of the In-
ternationalService Section, National
Diet Library, Japan, Oct. 19-20.
GertHelmer Hornwaily yleiLibrar-
ian,. Stockholm Public Library System
Sweden, Oct. 18-20.
Dr. Margarita Muruzabel, Director of
the Library of the Odontological Assoc.
of Argentina, Oct. 18-21.
Mrs. V'era Chang Wang, Member,
Control Yuan, Republic of China, Tai-
pei, China, Oct. 21-26.
Dr. Pedro Jose Quintanilla Jarquin,
Vice-Minister of. Education and Presi-
dent of the Nicaraguan UNESCO Com-
mittee, Nicaragua, Oct. 22 or 23.
Edward Rock,Escort-Interpreter, Oct.
22 or 23.
Mr. Shigeo Kurebayashi, Deputy Man-
ager, Research Div. of the Fuji Bank
Ltd., and lecturer at Musaski Univ. and
waseda Univ. In Tokyo, Japan, Oct.
By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst,
['HERE IS A great deal of speculation these
days about whether Nikita Khrushchev sin-
erely wishes improved relations with the
'nited States when the real questions are why
rid for how long.
Most students of Soviet Communist tactics
em agreed on the Premier's sincerity.
But international Communism is in. somewhat
he same position as the racketeer who, having
ime to a time when illegal practice is no long-
r profitable, decides to set up in legitimate
Lisiness with the idea of absorbing competing
usinesses which he formerly sought to burgle.
If the new project fails to accomplish its pur-
ose, will he return to the use of the strong arm,
rid how much time will he consider a fair
FTER WORLD WAR II the Communists saw
the world's pell-mell rush for disarmament
nd the beginning, through such things as
then unable to play any role in such a move-
ment, and feared being left on the sidelines as
Unhampered by military expense, the free
world promised to carry itself, by its own boot-
straps, beyond the appeal of Communism. The
Marshall Plan had this very direct effect in both
Italy and France.
Responding to this and to a very real desire
to protect herself against any possible repetition
of the foreign invasion of 1941, the Soviet Unio
ion assumed a belligerent' military posture and
an aggressive acquisitiveness directed against
her small neighbors.
T HE WORLD WAS forced to turn from peace-
ful reconstruction and economic develop-
ment to defense.
This gave the Communists time to prepare
for participation in the race for political align-
ment through economic association of nations
which is now under way.
Now that they think they can compete, they