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October 18, 1959 - Image 11

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1959-10-18
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then try
715 North University

Continued from Page 4
tuted an ever-present threat to
the left flank of the German
thrust. There could be no success
without Bastogne and the Nazis
could not take Bastogne even
when Hitler ordered its capture at
all costs the 3rd of January. When

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General McAuliffe was summoned
to surrender, his reply which ist
now famous in American historyt
was a laconic "Nuts."
T HIS DEFIANCE has thrilled
Americans ever since but itI
baffied the "Agence de Presse
+Francaise" at the time. The French
journalists decided that the proper
rendition for the information of
the French public was "Vousy
n'etes que de vieilles noix," that+
is, "you are nothing but old nuts!"+
Says Toland "The Bulge was
an unorthodox battle. Lines were
nonexistent or fluid. It was a series
of isolated actions, connected only
by the direction of attack. Ameri-
cans were surrounded. A few miles
away, Germans were surrounded.
Communications were unreliable.
Divisions, regiments, battalions,
companies, at times even one or
two men fought lonely battles that
determined great issues. In this
kind of fight the American soldier
excelled. The independence which
got him in trouble in camp paid
off in the Bulge."
Through it all General Eisen-
hower kept his calmness and cool-
ness. He shows up extremely well
in the book. Also General Patton,
"blood and guts" Patton (as the
GIs said cynically at the time,
"Yeah, his guts and our blood") is
shown to be a real tower of
strength and courage.

The Incredible. Otto Skorzeny,
the liberator of Mussolini in 1943,
appears in the story. He led para-
troopers in operation "Grief"
which was a landing behind Amer-
ican lines by troops in American
uniforms to spread confusion in
the rear. The operation was suc-
cessful only in so far as it caused
anxiety among the American com-
mand and the French Police in
Paris. The rumor spread that some
of these commandos were to pro-
ceed to Paris to assassinate Eisen-
hower. The rendezvous was to be
the Cafe de la Paix. (Skorzeny has'
since denied this part of the oper-
ation.) So all over the Ardennes
American MPs were questioning
other Americans to determine if
they were Germans in disguise.
One was an American only if he
knew the capital of Pennsylvania,
the identity of "Pruneface" or how
many homers Babe Ruth had hit.
Even General Omar Bradley's staff
car was stopped by MPs who ac-
cording to Toland "seemed to like
stopping generals."
ACCORDING to Toland it was in
the Battle of the Bulge that a
new GI emerged. The good na-
tured, supremely confident, rather
careless GI was a thing of the
past. The air support and air cover
he had taken for granted was not
always there. He had learned bit-
ter lessons of cold, hunger and de-
feat. Now he was tough.
What about the German Land-
ser, his opposite number? "The
will of the German soldier was
broken. No one that survived the
retreat (German) believed there
was the slightest chance of Ger-
man victory. Each refugee of the
Battle of the Bulge brought home
a story of doom, of overwhelming
Allied might and of the terrible
weapon forged in the Ardennes:
"The American fighting man."
--Karl H. Reichenbach
Assistant Professor
History Department

Hips terism
Continued from Page S
further admits that ". . . it Is
tempting to describe the hipster
in psychiatric terms as infantile,
but the style of his infantilism is
a sign of the, times. He does not
try to enforce his will on others,
Napoleon fashion, but contents
himself with a magical omni-
potence never disproved because
never tested. . . . As the only ex-
treme non-conformist of his gen-
eration, he exercises a powerful,
if underground, appeal for con-
In short, Hip doesn't give a
damn whether you dig him or
don't dig him. He is fed up but
he is not beat. There's a differ-
ence. "Them beats, they go on
poppycockin about how wrong
they been done while the squares
kick them down more and more
and laugh in their faces. Me--
I'm intact, Jack." Old Hip-he's
getting back at the squares by
lying low, by refusing to be ac-
YOU CAN'T corner a hipster.
He won't come on. "Too hip
to let you pin me down, baby." He
might very well have been the
man who collected your garbage
last. But you'll never catch him
teaching Psychology 315 ox what-
ever it is. "I'll scrub their floors
and paint their houses, but I
won't sell them my brain. Never."
This is why Hip moves further
and further away from Academia.
Look for him to show up in Scol-
lay Square in Boston, or in the
Bowery, or on Clark Street in
Chicago but never in one of those
big, shiny duplexes ten miles out-
side the city.
"Tangiers is fine but Middle-
town brings me down like nothing

1209A S. University
Opposite Campus Theatre

NO 3-6236

. .

Today's New Hipster
He Walks, A One-Way Path To. Nowhere

TRIED LOOKING for a hipster
lately? i don't mean these
sickly looking kids in funny cloth-
ing who hang around the local cof-
fee house, or that bearded imbecile
who has everything Miles Davis
has ever recorded and who could
not talk if you took fifty words out
of his vocabulary. I mean old Hip
himself, that evasive little man
who really knows what it's all
about and who isn't especially ea-
ger to prattle about his awareness.
Chances are you never suspected
him of being hip at all. Just an-
other five-a-day square treking
down a one-way path leading no-
where. Well, that's exactly what
H-ip would want you to think. To
move unnoticed, unseen - that's
the essence of Neo-Hipsterism, if
you must stick a tag on it.
Remember Hip in the old days,
a little further back in the cen-
tury? Remember how eager he was
to let everyone know how "aware"
he was? How much he dug that
nobody else dug? Remember how
you used to see him in the after-
noon breakfasting at a cafeteria--
dunking that pound cake in that
coffee? Hip rarely saw the 6 a.m.
'til noon world in those days. Re-
3nember how he used to race
around the country on motor-
cycles, in stolen cars---anything he
could get his hands on-beating
the drum for bop or for weed or for
REMEMBER running into a Hip
on a streetcorner in Philly one
night. His beard was unkempt, his
beret was motheaten, his T-shirt
was yellowing and his jeans were
unmentionably filthy. He had lost
a lot of weight. "Down to 110
pounds, man. Fuzz closin in right
and left. Mind pushin this pre-
scription for me? A little drugstore
stuff would come in nice? Por-
trait of a sad cat. Kicks -- it was
always for kicks. "The squares,
like they goofin the world right
into another war. I just finished
one war. I ain't got eyes for no
more wars. All I want's a few
kicks. You dig, don't you? Just
something the squares ain't got,
something way out."

He may not have said it in ex-c
actly these words but that's whatt
he meant. Kerouac in On TheI
Road and Clellan Holmes in hist
novel Go both painted a passion-
ately accurate picture of Hip andt
the way he looked back then: in a
word-frantic. A plexus of ener-7
gy. Hip was indefatigable in those1
years of The Search. Norman]
Mailer gives you a good idea of the
mechanics of postwar hipsterism
in his remarkable essay The White;
Negro-in case you've forgotten.
But that was 1947 or '48 or '49
-long ago, at any rate. Today
Hip laughs his head off just1
thinking about those frantic
times. He would no longer be
caught dead hitchhiking or jock-
eying a cycle any more than he'd
be caught listening to poetry and
jazz in an espresso joint or men-
tioning Charlie Parker's name of-
tener than twice a month. As for
ngarcotics-"Well, it's good for a
bang every now and then but only
the squares get hung up. It's a
bigger kick digging the high
school Theda Baras, the dormi-
tory virgins and the suburban
hippies playing Dean Moriarty.
Ever dug the young Madison Ave-
nue set on their night off? A gas."
WHAT ABOUT this change?
Was it fatigue? The eco-
nomy? Just downright maturity?
No, you're starting wrong. Hip's
changed all right but not basi-

cally. He has evolved, undergone
the transistion to a new, qualita-
tive state. Graphically, this is
difficult to show. Let's just say
that you'll rarely find him in "un-
conventional" attire, making a
spectacle of himself in some pub-
lic place. He is much too cool for
that. In fact, the poet Kenneth
Rexroth (who bears quite a re-
semblance to Hip) remarks that
there are hipsters around who
are so cool that they get married,
hold down jobs and raise kids.
What hasn't changed about Hip
is the fact that he's still a mem-
ber of .that notorious fringe group
that operates just this side of the
arts. He's not a practising artist
himself though he tries awfully
hard to live the "esthetic" life.
CAROLINE BIRD, writing in
Harper's Bazaar, gets at the
core of neo - hipsterism in her
article, "Born 1930: The Unlost
Generation." She makes the hip
observation that "The hipster
may be a jazz musician; he is
rarely an artist, almost never a
writer. He may earn his living as
a petty criminal,, a hobo, a car-
nival roustabout, or freelance
moving man in Greenwich, but
some hipsters have found a safe
refuge in the upper income brack-
ets as television comics and movie
actors. (The late James Dean, for
one, was a hipster here.) ... she
Concluded on Page 10

The new .Hip' in

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