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Seventieth Year of Editorial Freedom
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VOL LXX, No. 17 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN SATURDAY, OCTOBER 10, 1959 FIVE CENTS
In Three Starts
Expect 75,000 Football Spectators
To Witness 'Even' Grid Contest
By FRED KATZ
Associate Sports Editor
A revamped Michigan lineup faces Oregon State this afternoon
at 1:30 p.m. in the Stadium in an intersectional football battle
between two winless teams.
About 75,000 fans, 13,500 of them high school musicians, are
expected to be on hand to see Coach Bump Elliott sic his Wolverines
upon the West Coast Beavers. They will be out to snap a six-game
losing string that extends back to last season.
But the visitors and Coach Tommy Prothro 'aren't exactly fat
on too many victories themselves. They have met defeat three times,
To End Walkout
Steel Strike Stops for 80 Days;
President Forms Inquiry Board
WASHINGTON (M--President Dwight D. Eisenhower yes-
terday invoked the Taft-Hartley Law to stop the 87-day-old
The President invoked'procedures aimed at ending the
walkout by a court injunction for an 80-day period.
Eisenhower, in an executive order, said the strike, if per-
mitted to continue, would "imperil the national health and
Eisenhower expressed profound regret that the steel in-
dustry and striking union have failed to reach agreement
through free collective bargaining.
See No Hope
He said he acted only after being advised by both sides
that negotiations had broken down and that they saw no
hope for an early voluntaryt
'U' To Hear
By JEAi HARTWIG. r
Band Day will be bigger, if not
better, this year.
Today 188 high school bands
have journeyed to Ann Arbor to
participate in the University's an-
nual Band Day between the halves
of the game with Oregon State
Explaining that bands have
come from as far away as Lud-
ington and Gaylord, Prof. William
. D. Revelli, director of University
bands, praised the day for giving
high school students a view of the
r way University students live and
of the campus itself, which they
might never have the chance to
Not To Lose
Emphasizing that "We're not
going to lose tomorrow," die called
the football team "good boys" and
urged patience since this is only
their third game and a great many
of them are sophomores.
He called the band activity a
"very fine American enterprise"
and said it gave him a thrill to
see, so. many happy youngsters,
parents and friends.
He pointed out that some bands
get up at 3 a.m. for the concert
and added that he bet they really
slept well that night.
Asked if there was any particu-
lar reason for Band Day, Prof.
Revelli said it started originally
as "just an idea." He thinks it
serves a purpose in developing a
youngster's interest in music and
providing a motivation for 'prac-
He announced that twirlers will
be featured in the pre-game show
and that the Michigan Marching
Band has planned a special rou-
tine for the high school bands, al-
though it will not perform at half-
The huge group, biggest in the
11 years of Band Day existence,
will be directed in "God of Our
Fathers" and "America, the Beau-
tiful,"by guest conductor Harold
Walters, a Chicago composer and,
arranger who arranged both scores.
Prof. Revelli explained that
Walters is used to directing massed
bands, but that this is probably
the largest group he has ever ex-
"It will be quite startling to him,
T imagine," he chuckled.
At SAB Office
Petitions for seats, on Student
*once to sturdy Southern Cali-
' fornia, 27-6. They were nosed out
in their last two starts, 15-14 by
Texas Tech, and 7-6 by Nebraska.
Michigan will. be attempting to
recover from a, 34-8 licking it
sustained last week from unfriend-
ly neighbor Michigan State.
Elliott calls Oregon State, the
school where he first began his
college coaching career, "tougher
than Missouri." And the latter
team ruined Elliott's debut as
Wolverine head coach two weeks
Despite Elliott's pessimism, the
Wolverines have been installed a
six-point favorite by the men with
the form charts whose selections
don't always border on the ra-
A rash of injuries and general
ineffectiveness provide the impetus
for a revamped Michigan lineup.
Breaking into the number one
unit for the first time will be right
tackle Jon Schopf. The burly soph-
omore from Ottawa Hills has
moved ahead of both Don Deskins
and Wil Hildebrand. At 218
pounds, Schopf will be the heav-
iest player in either starting line-
Senior letterman Fred Julian
has inherited the starting right
halfback post vacated by Brad
Myers. The latter is out for the
season after receiving a knee in-
jury in last week's game.
The elevation of Julian to
Myers' berth places three members
of Detroit Pershing's 1956 City,
High School championship club
into the first unit. The other two
are captain George Genyk, left,
guard, and center Gerry Smith.
There is a possibility that soph-
omore scatback Bennie McRae
may also be promoted to a start-
ing team spot. Elliott was unde-
cided yesterday afternoon between
See 'M', Page 6
THE BAND PLAYS ON-One hundred eighty-eight high school bands arrived in Ann Arbor today to participate in Band Day, an annual
tradition. The bands, which have come from all over the state will play at half-time in today's game with Oregon State. Harold Walters,
a Chicago composer and arranger, will direct the bands in "God of Our Fathers" and "America the Beautiful." The largest group to play
in the 11 years of Band Day's existence, will be joined by twirlers featured in the pre-game show, for which the Michigan Marching Band
organized a special routine.
CLASSROOM HAS LIMITS:
Report Shows Individual Study More Beneficial,
By THOMAS HAYDEN
The average college student can
achieve more through independent
study than his professors usually
think, according to a report re-
leased at the University yesterday.
The study shows that students
living on campus can probably
gain more knowledge of course
material by themselves than with
teachers and classmates.
No evidence was found to sup-
port the traditional claim that
only superior students are success-
ful in independent study.
Non-resident students with prior
professional experience almost col-
lapse academically when given in-
dependent study, the report indi-
The findings were called a
"probable breakthrough in our
efforts to learn about 'the useful-
ness of independent college study,"
by Thomas Parsons of the educa-
tion school, one of three educa-
tional, psychologists working on
Prof. Warren Ketcham of the
education school and Leslie Beach
of Whitworth College (Spokane,
Wash.) psychology department
also aideq in the study.
The researchers studied groups
of students in a Saturday educa-
tion school course attended largely
by teachers not living on campus,
and in a weekday sociology course
attended by campus students.
Students in each section were.
randomly distributed into tradi-
tional classroom situations and in-
to independent study.
Those in the Saturday section,
composed mainly of practicing
teachers, were interested only in
the ideas which "they could read-
ily see were concretely practicable
or useful to them," Parsons said.
Unless they saw the potential
value of abstract material, they
weren't interested, Parsons ex-
"They want credits for advance-
ment, and any ideas which they
think are applicable to their job
"They were less often slaves to
grades, as undergraduates usually
are," he said. "They see things
differently than they did before'
entering professional teaching
Eventually Gain More
-Students living on campus had
some trouble adjusting to their
independent study, Parsons poiited
out, but they eventally gained
CHICAGO (P)-- The Univer-
sity of Chicago yesterday sup-
plied some balm to Chicagoans
who saw a world title snatched
from White Sox reach by the
Los Angeles Dodgers.
- The university's tiddlywinks
team took the world champion-
ship by default.
The Cambridge University
team of England, which had
challenged Chicago, forfeited
the title game because a London
brewery has withdrawn its fi-
nancial support of the British
more information than through
normal classrooms procedures.
Some students put off their
independent study work because it
didn't involve an unremitting
schedule of class periods, he said.
"But they did adjust to it and
typically reported,"'this is the first
time in my college career that I
felt I was really working and
learning for myself."
Research Makes Myth
"Usually teachers put so much
emphasis on judging and grading
students that we defeat' our objec-
tive of trying to get them to take
responsibility for their own. learn-
ing and self-evaluation," he
He added that the research
"makes something of a myth" of
the honors college belief that only
the brightest students are capable
of working on their own.
The Ford Foundation Fund for
Advancement of Education spon-
sored the research as part of a
national drive to find ways to ac-
commodate the rising numbers
"Nevertheless," Eisenhower said
in a statement, "I want to em-
phasize that the action I have
taken in no way relieves the par-
ties of their grave obligation to
the American people to resume
negotiations and reach a just and
responsiblesettlement at the ear-
liest possible time."
The President named -a three-
man board of inquiry to hold a
hearing on the strike issues and
report back to the White House
on or before Oct. 16, a weep from
This is a longer period than it
took a similar inquiry board to
finish a report in the dock strike.
That board completed its re-
port in two days.
The week-long period given the
steel panel to report provides time
for the panel members to try to
mediate the steel dispute.
Eisenhower named three skilled
labor mediators to the steel in-
George W. Taylor, chairman,
of Philadelphia, professor of in-
dustry at the Wharton School,
University of Pennsylvania, who
formerly served as chairman of
the . War Labor Board during
World War II and of the Wage
Stabilization Board during the
John Perkins, Newark, Del.,
president of the University of Del-
aware since 1950, has served as
assistant provost of the Univer-
sity and as Michigan state comp-
troller and budget director..
Paul N. Lehoczky of Columbus,
Ohio, an, arbitrator in over 2,400
labor management disputes.
WASHINGTON UP) - Some of
the nation's top educators said
yesterday that witheadults setting
such a bad example it's small
wonder so many college students
Americans, they said, disregard
traffic laws any time they, think
they can get away with it. They
think it's fine if an athlete can
break the rules without getting
caught. They are pretty good
about paying their income taxes--
but, only because they're afraid
of getting caught if they don't.-
Cheating is so much a part of
the whole social picture in the
country, they said, that no one
was really surprised to hear about
the funny business in the big tele-
vision quiz shows.
The' subject of cheating, par-
ticularly among college students,
was debated at length during the
annual meeting of thie American
Council on Education. The Coun-
cil represents 1,047 educational
"There is a great deal of cheat-
ing going on in our colleges and
universities," 'Prof. Edward D.
Eddy Jr., vice-president and pro-
vost of the University of New
Hampshire, told a discussion
"It has become a part of the
student culture - it's taken for
granted." he added:
"We find cheating particularly
where there is a college-wide re-
quirement, such as courses in hy-
giene or ROTC. It's part of the
student culture to take these
courses, and also to get'out of
them as easily as possible."
No one disagreed publicly with
Prof. Eddy on the extent of cheat-
ing by college students. In fact,
some of his strongest support
came from students in the audi-
UNITED NATIONS, N.Y. M)---
The Soviet Union declared yester-
day it opposed any detailed exam-
inaton of controls over disarma-
ment until agreement, is reached
in principle on Premier Nikita
Khrushchev's total disarmament
Vasily V. Kuznetsov, Soviet Dep-
uty Foreign Minister, opened dis-
armament debate in the 82-nation
United Nations Political Commit-
CONSERVATIVE MAJORITY DOUBLED:
Macmillan Sets New Goals of Peace, Prosperity
LONDON (A') -- Prime Minister Harold Macmillan declared in a
victory statement last night that his government will use its new
authority to search for peace and spread prosperity around the world.
With an' election. sweep that nearly doubled his majority in Par-
liament, the Conservative party leader via television told the voters
Britain has three main tasks ahead:
1) "Maintain the national prosperity and to spread its benefits
2) "Use our growing economic strength to increase our contribu-
tion to the life of countries overseas, particularly within the Common-
3) "Use our authority in the world to play our full part in the
constant search for peace."
Class War Obsolete
He interpreted the election results, in which the Labor party was
the main opposition, as showing that the class war is obsolete in
His party accused Labor of trying to rouse class animosities to
win votes in the general election Thursday.
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