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STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
AT THE CAMPUS:
In New Profession'
When- Opinions Are Free
Truth Will Prevail"
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily, express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
DAY, OCTOBER 9, 1959 NIGHT EDITOR: JEAN HARTWIG
AS I S EE IT! !*!By THOMAS TURNER
STUDENT GOVERNMENT Council's handling
of the Hillelzapoppin'-Monte Carlo Ball
conflict was disgraceful.
Hillelzapoppin', SGC's Calendaring Commit-
tee, and SGC itself all share the blame.
-In no sense was the International Student
Association, sponsor of the Ball, at fault, unless
being "unrealistic" is grounds for criticism. Yet
ISA was stepped on by an organization which
ought to be its best frien'd, and the whole cam-
pus may come out the worse for it.
Hillelzapoppin' was either ignorant or de-
vious in the approach to the calendar process.
Larry Solomon admits he made the first mis-
take in asking the Calendaring Committee for
the evening of March 12, 1960. The Committee
gave Hillelzapoppin' this date, and it was duly
printed in The Daily, and in the Union League
But Hillelzapoppin' was still trying' to decide
whether or not they really wanted the spring
date. Representatives Maxine Apple and Solo-
mon told SOC it was decided spring rush and
Michigras would interfere with the eventmore
than would Homecoming, Men's Rush, and the
other fall events.
This decision was made, one might add, de-
spite the fact that women's rush would have
ended two weeks before, and Michigras would
not be held until six weeks later.
IT WAS NEVER made clear when Hillelzapop-
pin' decided the fall date was preferable.
Calendaring Committee chairman Paul Lichter
admitted he was not sure whether or not it.
had been mentioned to him before or after his
group submitted the Calendar to SGC for ap-
proval in May.k
Had it been mentioned beforehand, the fault
would lie with Lichter and his committee, and
Hillelzapoppin' could only be blamed for not
making it clear this fall that the date pub-
lished was wrong.
At any rate, Lichter's committee met on the
Hillel request for :the November 7 date, and
decided to approve it though the Monte Carlo
Ball was set for that night.
Lichter said he felt there was no real con-
flict, since in the past two years the Ball has
drawn 400 and 200 couples, respectively. His
interpretation of the word "conflict" is ques-
tionable, however, since when ISA's officers
found out about the rescheduling they were
They didn't learn this until about a week
ago. Until then they had been assuming the
Calendar notebook to be accurate.
When the conflict finally arose the Calendar-
ing Committee tried to resolve it. ISA was ada-
mant, while Hillelzapoppin would settle for
any "compromise," so long as they were al-!
lowed to share the Nov. 7 date.
SGS THUS had a deadlock dropped into its
collective lap Wednesday night.
ISA secretary Raquel Marrero of Cuba told
the Council her group viewed the situation not
as one merely of one event drawing from an-
other, but of principle.
If SGC really favors International Week,
she pointed out, it should guarantee first place
on campus that week to each of the Interna-
tional Week events. This particularly should
hold for the dance which concludes the week.
The principle involved having been stated
so unequivocably, SGC hurried past it to debate
and approve calendaring of Hillelzapoppin' for
the night of the Monte Carlo Ball.
"There is no such thing as an all-campus
event)" Interfraternity Council President Jim
A mathematical wizard who shall go un-
named figured out that with 400 people usually
attending Monte Carlo Ball and 1,600 at Hil-
lelzapoppin', there is an untapped reserve of
at least 20,000 students to make up losses in
one or the other.
David Kessel pointed out, however, that this
line of reasoning is somewhat misleading.
Many students are "channeled off into hus-
bands and wives," he declared, and never par-
ticipate in any campus activities.
Much of the early debate was spent on de-
termining precisely what the circumstances of
the case were. It was determined Hillelzapop-
pin' had given no serious consideration to oth-
er nrights or to use of other, inferior auditor-
iums for the show.
But as the representatives said refusal toj
give them Nov. 7 would 'probably mean the
show would not be held, that $2,000 would be
lost to the United Jewish Appeal, and that the
participating Jewish houses would be greatly
Considering this, and the fact that in dele-
gation of power to its own Calendaring Com-
mittee SGC gave away the opportunity to solve
the conflict before plans got well underway,
the Council voted to calendar Hillelzapoppin'
for Nov. 7.
While in some senses this decision was un-
avoidable, the conduct of the meeting was not.
A considerable portion of the debate was un-
reasonable and offensive.
First prize in the latter category goes with-
out question to Roger Seasonwein. Seasonwein
seems to regard his Jewish background as a
license for a variety of uncalled-for remarks.
In this case these added substantially to the
already considerable damage done to ISA's im-
pressions of American students.
THERE IS, as SGC treasurer John Feldkamp
noted, another test of the spirit in which
the conflict is to be resolved. Both ISA and Hil-
lelzapoppin' will be returning with petitions
for approval of the events, probably at next
week's Council meeting.
These petitions will detail plans for each
event, and it is not unreasonable to expect
Hillel's petition to show ground given on open-
ing and closing hours for the event, and per-
haps in a specific suggestion that those attend-
ing Hillelzapoppin's attend the Ball also.
A show of cooperation between Hillel, ISA
and, of course, SGC during the next week as
petitions are drawn up, would do much to
overcome the hurt feelings which have result-
ed. But all the damage can never be undone,
AFTER MANY attractive bon-
bons, Brigitte Bardot has grad-
uated to a film that is more than
skin deep. "Love Is My Profession"
finds her cast as a down-and-out,
semi-professional streetwalker who
is planning, with the help of an-
other girl, to rob a jewelry store.
Unfortunately, the jeweler's wife
returns to the shop while Bardot'
and her friend are in the middle
of the robbery. Being a real petite
bourgeosie, she becomes a little old
tiger, fighting mad; so Bardot,
without thinking, hits her over the
head with a crank, and she and
her accomplice have to flee.
BB, in need of legal help, finds
a prosperous lawyer (Jean Gabin)
and wheedles him into accepting
her case-for the only payment she
After some shoddy legal tricks,
such as attacking the jeweler's
character by revealing that he is
really an old leech when his wife
isn't around, Gabin gets, his client
off. The night of the acquittal, he
sets her up in a hotel and payment
* * *
"LOVE IS MY PROFESSION" is
actually a moralistic film, despite
its extended dwelling on the fleshly
aspects of human existence. Its
underlying theme is the Biblical
quotation, "Those who live by the
sword, shall die by the sword."
Much in the manner of the me-
dieval wheel of fortune, Brigitte is
lifted out of the gutter, swung on
high into a beautifully furnished
apartment, and finally cast down'
to destruction in a squalid hotel.
BB cannot be said to have
emerged as an actress instead of a
personality as yet; but this movie
certainly points in that direction,
for it reveals that her talents lie
beyond an ability to emerge from
a bathtub and lounge around in an
oil cloth negligee.
As the lustful lawyer, Jean Ga-
bin vividly reveals the comedy,
tragedy and pathos that combine
to make up the aging lawyer.
Special mention must be given
to the actress who plays Gabin's
old maid secretary, who must have
come from the French equivalent
AT THE MICHIGAN:
A LAVISHLY sentimental, flag-
waving yankee doodle dandy
tribute to the Federal Bureau of
Investigation made its way to
town yesterday. Complete with the
endorsement of J. Edgar Hoover
and equipped with a half-dozen
fascinating cases culled from the
government files, the sprawling
two-hour and twenty minute en-
try is appropriately enough called
"The FBI Story."
Adapted from the remarkably
successful best selling novel of
Don Whitehead, the Mervyn Le-
Roy production concerns itself
with a vivid close-up of Chip Har-
desty, the government man, as
well as the somewhat less defined
superficial sketching of Chip Ear-
diesty, the man.
As a result when the film con-
centrates on the inner workings of
the FBI, it emerges as an extra-
ordinarily effective work. However
when the offering -lapses into tie
domsetic conflicts of its chief
character, it completely loses all
of its vitality.
Copyright, 1959, The Pulitzer Publishing Co..
Herbiock is awaydue to difleSt. Louis Post-Dispatch
SGC IN REVIEW:
Concept Changed with New Election Rules
By KENNETH McELDOWNEY
Daily Staff Writer
AFTER bickeiling and swaying
from one side to the other,
both from indecision and weari-
ness, Student Government Coun-
cil finally settled down early yes-
terday morning and did some-
thing that might bonceivably be
Word changes in a Regulations
Booklet five years old and has
merely been brought up to date,
and discussion on dates for dances
are fine but after six hours they
become a little boring. It was quite
refreshing to hear that the Elec-
tions Committee had something
new to discuss.
The whole idea behind the new
election rules seems to be an at-
tempt to change the campaigns
from one of personalities to one
in which the student will be forced
to vote intelligently or not at all.
If he votes intelligently, the Coun-
cil' will probably be better; if no
one votes then maybe the students
don't deserve an SGC.
* * *
UNDER the old election rules
It was possible to be elected by
having students scribble their
names on a petition as they run
by and nailing up a few flashy
posters. The only advantage of
this system is that it provided a
great number of candidates. It
lacked, however, voters.
With the new system it is not
so easy to become a member of
the Council, Posters, with the ex-
ception of SGC's composite pic-
ture of all candidates, which will
appear all over campus, will be
outlawed. To get your name and
face before the students it will be
necessary to discuss SGC with
Conservatives Expect Victory
them, not merely stare down at
them from a piece of colored
The only printed matter allow'ed
will be the platforms of the can-
didates. Once again the emphasis
seems to be on informed voters
rather than students voting for a
poster or a gimmick.
* * *
ONE OF THE main advantages
in the new elections rules is in
the area of finances. In the past"
with a limit of $25 set for all ex-
penditures, candidates who went
over the limit were disqualified
for such action, even though they,
probably had a good excuse or
Under the new regulations, cah-
didates will be unable to spend
any money outside of what they
give to the Council for the elec-
tions fee and printing of plat-
forms. This draws a line much
clearer than with the past rules.
Now no one can plead ignorance
of the rules or that someone over-
charged him, for no expenses can
With the old rules, there were
problems and will probably be
with the new set too, but this is
not the important factor. The
concept should be given a chance.
If it is possible to have elections;
in which the students take time
to vote intelligently, it will be
worth it even if problems do crop
ALTHOUGH James Stewart
ambles pleasantly enough through
the film, generously dispensing his
customary serving of warm m
western charm, he is unable to-
give the offering an essential focal
point. Somehow the viewer never
really seems to care how Mr.
Stewart's Hardesty will fare in
his skirmishes with death.
Vera Miles certainly makes a
valiant attempt to give credulity
to her role as Hardesty's wife.
However, the maudlin quality of
the dialogue she is offered makes
her appear more of a caricature
than as a three dimensional char-
* * *
WITH painstaking clarity MW.
LeRoy illustrates the discovery
and apprehension of espionage
agents in New York. His camera
moves about the metropolis' sub-
ways, stadium and drives wit$ a
remarkably fluid quality. And his
succession of footage depicting the
capture of such notorious crimin-
aigs as John Dillinger, Pretty Boy
Floyd, Machine Gun Kelly, and
Baby Face Nelson ably reflects the
efficiency and thoroughness of the
Occasionally there are even
genuinely touching moments in
the domestic sequences of the film.
However these moments are rare
and all too often the documentary
qualities of the piece must yield
to that which is saccharine and
ineffective. This prevents "The
FBI Story" from bursting forth as
the thoroughly absorbing produc-
tion that it should have been.
-Marc Alan Zagoren
TODAY AND TOMORROW
By WALTER LIPPMANN
ALTHOUGH there was little drama about
them, the meetings last week in Washing-
ton of the World Bank and the Monetary Fund
marked a turning point in our time. In our
relations with the economically advanced coun-
tries of Western Europe and of Japan, the post-
war period has come to an end. For our princi-
pal allies and principal enemies alike, the
devastation and ! the dislocation of the war
meant a period of years, roughly ten, for recon-
struction and recovery. During this period of
reconstruction their greatest need was a supply
of hard currency, of which the dollar was the
chief example. The great American measures,
beginning with the Marshall Plan and includ-
ing many others, were designed to overcome the
shortage of dollars, of which we had a surplus
and our allies and enemies a deficit.
This policy has been brilliantly successful.
Japan and the industrial part of Western Eu-
rope have not only made a full recovery but
are in a condition of expanding prosperity, and
indeed of boom. For them the dollar shortage
has been turned into a dollar surplus, and it
is self-evident, as their financial representatives
in Washington have-been the first to admit,
that they must now take their place as partners
rather than as dependent relations in the task
of financing the development of the under-
developed countries of the world.
THIS CHANGE has become visible in the past
two years. Since the last quarter of 1957, it,
is the United States, not the principal bene-
ficiaries of the Marshall Plan, which has been
running a deficit in its balance of payments.
These deficits are now growing. During 1958
and somebody will have to play that role--we
cannot afford to lose gold at the rate we have
been losing it during the past year. Our gold
reserve is, to be sure, the largest in the world.
Even after the recent losses it is still nearly 20
billion dollars. But as against these reserves
we have outstanding foreign liabilities of over
15 billion. Another year or so of the deficit we
are now running, would make the position very,
This is a big change in the past ten years.
At the end of 1950 we had a surplus of gold
reserves over our obligations of more than
15 billions. At the end of 1955 we had a surplus
of more than 10 billions over our obligations.
In another year or so we may have no surplus.
If we approach this point, we must expect
a serious speculation against the dollar.
It is plain, therefore, that we cannot afford
indefinitely deficits in the balance of payments
and gold losses such as we have had during
this past year.
THE SITUATION will have a great and
spreading and deep influence on the forma-
tion of American foreign policy in the months
and years to come. It is too early to attempt
to foresee the whole effect. But a few things
can perhaps be foreseen.
There will be an increasing insistence that
the advanced and recently recovered nations
of Western Europe and of Japan should finance
the cost of their own defenses. There will be
an ,increased recognition that in the financing.
of the development of the backward countries,
(EDITOR'S NOTE: Mr. Stone is
an English student from Oxford
University, now working in London
on his doctoral dissertation on
American politics after a consider-
able period of time spent in the
United States doing research.)
By LESLIE STONE
LONDON-The gap is narrowing.
All the polls agree that Labor
haS made a startling recovery in
the first two weeks of the cam-
paign. Now with a few days left to
election day there is less than two
per cent separating the major
But the most remarkable feature
bf the campaign is the number of
undecided voters recorded in recent
surveys. Instead of diminishing as
the day of decision nears, the total
of "don't knows" has risen: One
estimate puts the figure as high as
181/2 per cent, which means that
approximately one voter in five has
yet to make up his mind. The Brit-
ish director of the Gallup Poll
claims that "this factor alone
makes the election unique in all the
hundreds covered by Gallup Pols
in the 15 countries in which they
operate political surveys."
With such a high proportion of
the electorate still uncommitted,
party chairmen and election agents
are calling on their supporters for
that last extra spurt of activity
that may make all the difference.
Clearly no one can now rule out
the. possibility of a Labor victory
and anything can happen before
TO ' SEE THIS fluctuation of
opinion in its proper light one must
bear in mind an important char-
acteristic of the British electoral
system. With only three or four
weeks between the announcement
of an election and the actual poll-
ing day, there is no campaign in
the traditional American sense. In
fact there isn't the same need for
one, as there are no nominating
conventions and the chief con-
testants, being the respective Gov-
ernment and Opposition Leaders in
the House of Commons, are known
long in advance.
And in a country where voting
discipline in Parliament is very
strict, it is the party label that
counts. It has been estimated that
in post war elections less than one
per cent of those voting have been
intf nee1bte nernalimienof
Macmillan soon employed the tech-
nique. recently much favoured by
American Presidential hopefuls of
winning the headlines arid running
for office by travelling to foreign
Meanwhile a powerful boost
from an interview program con-
ducted by Edward -R. Murrow
helped to transform him into a
front-line public personality, fa-
miliar and reassuring, on the TV
screens of the nation.
The steel and chemical indus-
tries, fearful of nationalization,
joined in with a huge anti-Labor
public relations campaign. The'
Conservative Party engaged
Messrs. Colman, Prentis and Var-
ley, a well known advertising con-
cern, to go to work for them. For
the past year posters have been
popping up all over the country;
the traveller returning. home to
London could hardly go half a
mile from the airport before he
was reminded that "Lif'e is better
with the Conservatives-Don't let
Labor spoil it."
* * 3*
THERE ARE strict limits, vigor-
ously enforced, on the amount that
may be spent during campaign
time, but there is of course no
limit on expenditures between
campaigns. Assessing the total
spent by the Tories this year be-
fore the campaign, observers have
usually guessed about 1,240,000
dollars though some dare put it
as high as 5,600,000 dollars.
In British experience such tac-
tics were unprecedented and their
effect was considerable. Labor ac-
Bused the Tories of Madison Ave-
nue methods, of selling political
images like soap or a detergent.
They dubbed the Prime Minister
MacWonder or Super-Mac, at-
tempting to laugh the whole thing
off, but it didn't do them any good.
They merely added to their
troubles for some members of the
public even mistook their irony for
the real thing.
With the coming of the election
itself the Labor party began to
come- to life. Gaitskell seems to
have developed new powers and
confidence since his return from
Moscow and the old campaign
methods have fallen by the way-
This is the second election in
which TV has played a significant
role in nrt strategv hut since
they were reckoned to be hope-
* * * -
THEIR TEAM of Oxford intel-
lectuals, all past Members of Par-
liament or present aspirants with
experienced backgrounds in TV,
sound radio and journalism, have
produced a series of programs in
the best Huntly - Brinkley style.
Critics have complained that the
operation has been too slick, too
smooth, lacking the traditional
Labor mixture of wild, idealistic
slogans, clumsy trade union proto-
col and broad North country ac-
cents. But no one has yet denied
it has been miles ahead of the
It does seem that at the outset
the Tories were a trifle over-con-
fident. After so many months of
careful work and planning they
may have thought that they had
only to sit back and reap the har-
vest; it was to be a gentle quiet
process, with the promise of Lord
Hailsham that there would be "no
mud-slinging." The Prime Minister
was sent off on what was expected
to be a triumphant but dignified
tour of the country while the ad-
ministration's suppoiters were ex-
horted to preach the theme of
"peace and prosperity."
SIR ANTHONY EDEN used sim-
ilar strategy with great success in
1955, but somehow this time things,
have gone wrong. Those who dis-
like Macmillan dislike him with an
animosity that was never directed
against Eden. Labor's defeat in
1955 was partly due to apathy and
failure to poll the party's full po-
Last week, however, reports from
the front line told of aroused Labor
audiences and, more important.
cheerful supporters willing to un-
dertake the tedious business of ad-
dressing letters and ringing door-
bells. The changed atmosphere has
caused the Tories to reverse their
Macmillan's speeches have be-
come more aggressive, the right
wing press has begun to counter-
attack and finally Lord Hailsham
himself has taken the field with a
call to all Conservatives to roll up
their sleeves and enter the fray.
The mud is being thrown after all
and old campaigners are feeling
more at home: all the signs indi-
cate a heavy poll (80-85 per cent
To The Editor:
ONE IS justified in feeling some
disma', I think, at the reaction
of many intelligent and usually
perceptive Americans to the
Khrushchev visit last month. Most
people rejoice in the cool and gen-
erally unfriendly reception Mr.
khrushchev received in the United
States as being,'not only quite in
order, but highly laudable as well.
I think this attitude is not ep-
It is argued by many liberals, for
example, that the "September cool
spell"*'showed a basic difference
between a free and a totalitarian
society. Khrushchev, they say, can
insure a warm reception for visi-
tors with the use of troops and a.
bayonet in the back of the wel-
coming crowds. The Government
of the United States, however, can-
not insure such friendliness be-
cause this is a free country. The
American people can judge for
themselves how theywish to react
to such matters without external
coercion by the government.
* * *
IT CAN BE suggested, however,
that the coercion on the American
people may be of different quality
from that of an external authority,
but it is certainly not lacking! How
much does the individual in the
crowd risk, for example,. if he at-
bayonet? The bayonet simply per-
mits more versatility in ordering
One does not need to approve-of
Khrushchev, much less. of Com-
munism, to hold some doubts here.
After all, when one speaks of "free-
dom" and lack of freedom, it is
necessary to take into account in-
ternal authoritarianism, such as
the pressures demanding conform-
ity to "Americanism," as well as
external authoritarianism. Just
how free a response was the
"Khrushchev Cold Wave" that was
so widely applauded?
In a time when peace seems so
vital, could not a little more sym-
pathy have been shown toward the
Russian people, the presence of
whom was symbolized by Mr.
Khrushchev? Were we not perhaps
a little too cool? I cannot help but
think that a little less of a chill
might have been more beneficial to
the idea of American freedom as
well as to the hope for world peace!
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
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