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May 08, 1960 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1960-05-08

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4. 1&
Seventieth Year

"When Opinions Are Free
Truth Will Prevail"

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

.Y, MAY 8, 1960.


Nuclear Testing:
A Questionable Step

resume nuclear testing perhap
of the year. Of course the annou
that it is primarily designed to
the present detection devices th
worked on. And the fact that no
be released into the atmosphere s
added hastinly to pacify the ant
But still the fact remains tha
States will be the first to resu
delayed nuclear testing. As of y
reaction has not been heard, but
will undoubtedly be adverse. Wh
posedly designed to help indicate
in the forthcoming summit talk
United States in a bad light.
world we are the nation th
suspension and starting once agai
blasts that began in 1945 with th
Japan. We have now given th
chance to begin testing with th
they must keep abreast of us.
But worse of all, it the summi
settle the nuclear ban stalemate
States will receive the brunt of th
Russians as well as other nation:
to charge that we showed bad fait
What was a self-imposed ban eff
clear nations. Russia didn't break
Even though the United Stat
tests won't add any to the radi
in the air, the debate and the co
the advisability of nuclear testi
AFTER Chou-en-lai's vit th
India may be summed up in
unity and growth. This would ge
sent but the question is how India
them, if it is to meet the cont
from China which Nehru foresee
the next two or three generations
ing to China's negotiation off
proved himself again a master po
lan-a skill for which he may
respect but in whiche he is far b
ann analyst of history, on whic
Conciliatory until the very eve o
visit he proved firm as it approac
Chou-en-lai's blustering, bullyin
tactics with a quiet strength and
marked his finest hour. His only
not making it explicit that aggr
gression and that the coming pa
two expert teams on maps and h
uments must not dilute India's b
that the Chinese grabbed what w
to grab.
CURIOUSLY as soon as Nehru
the Chinese to his own politic
he diminished in stature, losing
distance he maintained with Chou
they badgered and provoked him
Sabha debate by an ineptly time
actly at the moment when they
closed ranks with him, in his cur:
firmness toward the Chinese. Th
have happened if the Socialist lea
Kriplani and Asoka Mehta were
from Parliament. But given the
Nehru behaved in a strangely
scolding manner almost as ifh
human all-too-human relief fro
tracted spell of virtuous restraint
played toward the visiting spoke
invaders. Neither side did itselfp
fracas which went by the name o
IS IS ALL the sadder beca
tinued tension with China wil
more alert and make it more un
has been. Nehru and his Congress
tion are lucky because the excite
Delhi summit has at least tem
scured the sullen angry debate a
mental corruption which had
months. It also provides the Con

with that most necessary of alll
ments-an enemy symbol, which
sadly lacked since the departure o
There are some, including Kris
Editorial Staff
Editot'ial Director+
JIM BENAGH. ... ...,.
PETER DAWSON.............Associat
FRED KATZ,.,.«...,....,.AsEoCiate
DAVE LYON . ....... Associate
JO HARDEE ................... Contr

ounced it will
ps by the end
ncement says
help improve
iat are being
radiation will
eemingly was
i-nuclear war
tt the United
me the long-
yet the world
when it is it
ile it is sup-
our position
s it puts the
tions of the
at ended the
n the nuclear
ie bombing of
e Russians a
e excuse that
t talks fail to
e, the United
ae blame. The
s will be able
h in breaking
ecting all nu-
it, we did.
es claims the
ation floating
ntroversy over
ng will arise

THE SAME ARGUMENTS as in the past will
be offered demanding that if the tests are
not stopped, eventually the world will be de-
stroyed by warfare, or if not, that future gen-
erations will be mutations caused by radiation.
The critics also charge the dangers of nuclear
war will be increased if production and experi-
mentation is continued. They maintain that
eventually the nuclear club will expand past
the present small number of four, including
France, to one with many nations of the world.
Here it is said, will come the danger. The
large nations fear deeply the dangers of all-out
nuclear war, and thus don't hastily rain bomb-
shells on each other when interests are threat-
One the other hand, the smaller nations with
their fierce nationalist attitude, would be much
more likely to use nuclear weapons to protect
their interests.
RUT ARGUMENTS such as these neglect one
of the problems that face the United States
today-the population of the Communist na-
tions. With nuclear weapons we can fairly
effectively hold off the aggressive tendencies
of the teeming masses in Red China and the
other nations behind the Iron Curtain. But
with nuclear weapons banned, the limited wars
could overpower us. It has been estimated that
if Russia wanted to, it could sweep across
Germany and France and reach the English
Channel in a matter of one or two days using
only conventional weapons. Perhaps this is a
pessimistic viewpoint to take but it must be

Plan Work
of Finney
For Finale
Daily Guest Writer
JIS EVENING at 8:30, Ann
Arbor will be given the very
rare opportunity of hearing a
major orchestral work by one of
its resident composers when Eu-
gene Ormandy conducts the Phil-
adelphia Orchestra in the Second
Symphony of Ross Lee Finnel in
the final concert of the 1960 May
Festival at Hill Auditorium.
Mr. Finney is chairman of the
composition department of the
University School of Music and
"composer-in-residence" by Reg-
ental appointment at this Univer-
sity. Since February he has been
on leave accepting the honor of an
appointment as composer at the
American Academy in Rome, an
honor given him earlier in 1956,
and thus will not be here in per-
son to receive the distinction due
NOT OFTEN is the contempor-
ary composer able to get a live
performance for one of his works,
indeed for one of symphonic scope
but Finney has been most fortu-
hate in having this symphony pre-
sented much earlier this season
not only in a pair of concerts in
Philadelphia, but also in one of
the Philadelphia's Tuesday con-
certs in Carnegie Hall New York
where the work was cordially re-
And to have yet another per-
formance in the same season, and
indeed in one's own locale bears
testimony to the growing esteem
in which Finney is held and (we
earnestly hope) is a sign of en-
lightenment on the part of con-
cert managers and of the new
paths thus opening to living com-
bor in 1948, Ross Lee Finney
served as musicologist and com-
poser at Smith College, North-
hampton, Massachusetts, where
he was instrumental in setting up
the Smith Music Archives series
for the publication of music not
available through commercial pub-
lishing channels. His own partic-
ular contribution to this historical
project was the first edition (after
a 200 year delay) of the 12 Son-
atas for Violin and Keyboard in-
strument, opus one of Francesco
Geminiani, issued in 1935.
He also served as co-editor of
the Valley Music Press, which was
singularly devoted to publishing
the works of contemporary Ameri-
can composers.
* . *
HIS OWN FORMAL education
was begun at the University of
Minnesota and concluded at
Carleton College where he re-
mained to teach for a while, and
also met his future wife, with
whom he shares an intense inter-




Irusilow, Munroe
Perform Magnificently
THE CONCERTO performances last night (and yesterday afternoon)
go a long way toward explaining the excellence of the Philadelphia
Orchestra. Concertmaster Anshel Brusilow and first cellist Lorne
Munroe turned in magnificent performances, and were brilliantly
supported by the orchestra.
The concert began not too promisingly with the Symphony No. 7
in C major Opus 105 by Sibelius. If you have to hear a Sibelius sym-
phony, this is the one to hear. The sound is consistently attractive,
without the thickness of orchestration and the clumsiness of harmoric
progression that often frars the earlier works, but its virtues do not

ighli ghts

... composer at work

Leaders of India
problem of who are still trying to revive Pakistan as the
two words- enemy but it won't wash on this score. The
t general as- instinct of the Indian people is surer than that
is to achieve of some professionals who are caught in the
inuing threat spell of their ancient grievances. Even the
s for perhaps refugees from West Pakistan who have had
. In respond- to rebuild their lives and careers in India
ensive Nehru under great difficulty are ready to meet the
litical tactic- Pakistanis half-way.
y have little
etter than as THE NEWER tendency of the Congress lead-
h he prides era is to attack the emerging Swatantra.
party which is coming into the world like a
f the Chinese new-born calf-kicking, a little wild-eyed and
hed and met still wet behind the ears,
g, wheedling As the soul and symbol of Swatantra, with-
dignity that out whom it could not exist, Rajaji, who is
fault lay in well into his eighties, Is having the time of his
ession is ag- life. His recent trip through Punjab and his
alaver of the meetings in Delhi were the high point of the
istorical doc- new party's drive to become India's second
)asic position party.
as not theirs It is one of India's tragedies and a cruel
waste of ability and insight that this old man
-one of the great men of the Asian continent
turned from --seems doomed to sit in a modest Madras
al opponents house and eat his heart out in bitterness until
the sense of his death. For by the time Nehru is ready to
-en-lai. True relinquish power, Rajaji will probably be be-
in the Lok yond politics and perhaps beyond the tempor-
d attack ex- ariness of this world.
should have
rent mood of A MADRASI Brahman, Rajaji comes from a
is would not different branch of the great tradition
ders Acharya which includes Nehru. As a Northern or Kash-
not absent miri Brahman his gift is a sharp waspish
provocation, tongue, an insight into men, a wonderfully
peevish and chiselled sense of the word and phrase, a
he sought a dauntlessness which comes from a sure know-
m the pro- ledge of who he is and where he is going. His
he had dis- weakness is a pride which the Christian would
smen of the count one of the deadly sins, but which is not
proud in the a sin for the Brahmans.
f a debate. His undoing has been a nursing of bitterness,
an unwillingness to bend which has made
use the con- him a poor political tactician, unlike Nehru
.1 keep India himself. A traditionalist, looking toward the
-ified than t past, Rajaji may go down in history as the
adminitra- man who gave birth to a party which looks
ament of the cockily toward the future and depicts itself
porarily ob- as wanting to unleash the inner driving eco-
bout govern- nomic energies of men, which are today caught
lasted for within a cramping frame of planning and
gress leaders bureaucracy.
political ele- Krishna Menon is not a figure of Nehru's
h they have or Rajaji's staturs. Without the hypnotic effect
f the British. both of them have upon Indians of all classes,
shna Menon, he is however a storm center of Indian poli-
tics and is likely to continue such for some
time. I have heard it argued that so long as
he remains Defense Minister the opposition
9LA parties will never unite because he offers them
a ready symbol which unifies them without
any actual union.
r IT IS NOT fitting for an observer to take
BERT JUNKER positions on Indian internal politics, but as a
City Editor student of political history I would suggest
ISpCity Editor that Nehru's present course of directing all
to CityEditor
onnel Director his fire at Swatantra would, if it succeeds,
agazine Editor defeat his larger ends. Swatantra could become
itorial Director
Sports Editor an important right-of-center party in time,
Spnrts Edtor leaving the Congress party where it belongs,
ibuting Editor as the great left-of-center party and freezing

est in chamber music and musi-
Later he studied with E. B. Hill
at Harvard, and with Roger Ses-
sions, and later went to Europe
for study under Nadia Boulanger
and Alban Berg.
During the Second World War
Professor Finney served with the
Office of Strategic Services in
France for which servicehe was
awarded both the Certificate of
Merit and the Purple Heart.
* * *
THE SON of a Methodist min-
ister, Ross Lee Finney was born
in Wells, Minnesota on December
23, 1906, but his childhood was
spent in North Dakota. He has
said that these year were wond-
erfully normal and wholesome. He
and his brothers were musically
instructed and encouraged, and
many hours were spent making
music together. Thus he states
that music has always meant fam-
ily to him far more than concert.
This typically healthy earlier-
American background can be seen
in many of his compositions: three
Western folksong settings for his
brothers male chorus at the Uni-
versity of Pittsburgh. the Poor
Richard Songs on texts of Ben
Franklin, a Barber Shop Ballad
for chamber orchestra, Variations,
Fugueing and Rondo for large or-
chestra based on materials from
the Yankee musician Wm. Bill-
ings, and in the Pilgrim Psalms for
mixed chorrus, inspired by the
Ainsworth Psalter o fthe New En-
gland Calvinist tradition.

LIKE OTHER American com-
posers, most notably Aaron Cop-
land, the years since World War
II have shown a remarkable
change in the creative output of
Ross Lee Finney. This change can
be seen most readily in a series of
short piano pieces, Inventions
(Summy, 1957) where he is con-
cerned with the organized use of
all notes of the chromatic scale
with which to achieve his expres-
sive purposes.
Similar writing can be seen in
his sixth, seventh and in the just-
completed eighth' String Quartets,
in the Fantasy for solo violin com-
missioned by Menuhin for the 1958
Brussels Exposition, and in the
symphony on this evening's pro-
Mr. Finney has not whole-heart-
edly embraced the so-called 12-
tone method of composition, he
has rather absorbed the chromatic
organization of serial music with
his own personal style. His gen-
ius seems to be this extremely
thoughtful integration of the new
into a very highly personal style
based on this warm, folksy Ameri-
can tradition which has been such
a part of his past, and which un-
derstandably form such a part of
his own personality.
He is a passionate teacher,
equipped with a most remarkable
power of gettiing at the problem
at hand, and solving it. He is con-
vinced that after a plunge into a
creative art, there can be no turn-
ing back, and no compromising in
the depth of one's activity in it.

outweigh its basic fault: aim-
THE WHOLE symphony sounds
like a vast introduction to some-
thing else. But the many color
effects of the symphony were
beautifully projected by the or-
The Concerto in E-flat major
for Violincello and Orchestra,
Opus 107 by Shostakovich proved
to be an exciting work which
Munroe performed brilliantly. His
honey-smooth tone was never
strained, even in the most em-
phatic passages; his technical
virtuosity was of the sort which is
more impressive for not calling
attention to itself.
* * * .
in the slow movement of the
cello harmonics and the celeste
against a background of muted
strings is vitiated by being far too
extended. Some of the climactic
phrases sounded corny.
Still the clear formal outlines
of the work (clear even in first
hearing), the mastery of orches-
tration, the consistent tunefulness'
are refreshing. The audience was
tremendously enthusiastic, as well
they might have been, about the
performance. Individual members
of the orchestra, in particular
the French horn, deserved the
applause they received.
* * *
IT WAS fascinating to observe
the underlying precision and
clarity of Ormandy's beat as it
emerged in the Shostakovich, and
at times in the Brams Concerto
in D major for Violin and Orches-
tra Opus 77. Ormandy seems to
me to be a very fine concerto con-
ductor. His work with the orches-
tra was in large part responsible
for the incredible effect of the,
Brusilow has an absolutely
stupefying technique, yet the per-
formance was much more than
technical display. Who will forget
the electric suspense just pre-
ceding the first entrance of the
solists and the carnival rowdi-
ness of the last movement? If I
hear as good a performance of
this work again I will be surprised
and delighted.
--David Sutherland

Orch estra
DRAWING FORTH brilliant and
precise sound from the Phila-
delphia Orchestra, William Smith,
the assistant conductor of the
group, directed the third concert
of the May Festival.
The orchestra sounded better
in this performance than it had
in the first two concerts. Mr.
Smith's approach to the music
brought outemeticulous detail in
an overall very musical perform-
ance. One instance of this was
observed in the attention paid to
the endings of notes and phrases
as well as the beginnings.
* * *
THE MAJOR work of the con-
cert was Mozart's Concerto for
Flute, Harp, and Orchestra, feat-
uring Marilyn Costello, harpist,
and William Kincaid, flutist, as-
While this concerto may not be
among Mozart's more profound
works, it has infinite charm and
beauty. The performance left
nothing to be desired. Both of the
soloists performed beautifully,
with excellent phrasing and lovely
tone. Mr. Kincaid has long been
regarded as one of the foremost
flute virtuosi and this perform-
ance was no exception to his high
standards. Miss Costello revealed
herself to be an artist of taste,
refinement, and outstanding tech-
* . *
THE SECOND half of the pro-
gram featured two works designed
to display the capabilities of vir-
tually all of the orchestra, singly
and together.
Ibert's Divertissement is one of
those pieces of musical triviality
which attempts to reveal the com-
poser's immense sense of humor.
The humor in this piece is ex-
tremely crude, and as with most
examples of this genre, every
"funny" phrase had to be repeat-
ed. Ibert may have been attempt-
ing to be a musical wit-he got
half-way there.
Ginastera's Variaciones concert-
antes seems to be an Argentine '
version of The Young Persons
Guide to the Orchestra. The work
has some lovely moments and
would have been quite pleasant
had the May Festival not already
featured so much music of this
* *~ *
THE CONCERT opened and
closed with excellent performances
of two popular and exciting works,
Berlioz' Overture, Le Corsaire and
Strauss' Till Eulenspiegel's Merry
It was a pleasure to hear this
orchestra playing with the kind of
sound for which it famous. Mr.
Smith has shown himself once
again to be a conductor with ex-
cellent ideas and command.


Researchers Discuss Political Trends

(Continued from Page 1)
ANOTHER MYTH of more re-
cent origin has also been laid to
rest by the study: that the Re-
publican vote in the suburbs re-
sults from the political conversion
of former city Democrats. A more
adequate formulation would be
that people carry their political
predispositions with them when
they move. The Republican vote
in the suburbs results from the
movement out of the city of people
already Republican in their sym-
pathies, and their loss to the city
Republican ranks has been offset
by an influx of small town and
rural Republicans into the city.
The intersectional movement of
the American population also is
of considerable significance in
assessing long - range trends in
American politics. When people
move, they carry their politics
with them, and the impact of this
movement on the West and on the
Northern industrial areas, as well
as its possible influence on the Re-
publican party in the South, is
discussed in considerable detail,
* * *
what is really the primary interest
of the authors - an understand-
ing of the major determinants of
American voting behavior. While
much of the book would be fas-
cinating to tacticians in a political
campaign, its true merit lies in its
concern with what voting research
can contribute to an understand-
ing of American politics.
It has shown that survey analy-
sis can do more than merely de-
acribe the reactions of atomic
individuals to the impact of
single election campaign. In plac-
ing the study in a theoretical con-
text which takes into account his-

political science, deserve special
mention. One of the major pro-
tectors of the American two-party
system is the long-standing loyalty
of some three quarters of the elec-
torate to one of the two major
parties. Indeed, the best single
indicator of how an individual will
vote is not his socio - economic
status, group affiliations, educa-
tional attainment, or ideological
preferences. but rather his own
subjective identification with one
party or another. There are poor
Republicans and rich Democrats,
well - educated people in both
parties, Democratic businessmen
and Republican trade unionists,
liberals and conservatives in both
parties. Of course, this is not news;
but here it is put in perspective
and related to the party system.
Many of the findings have great
relevance to long-standing ques-
tions of American politics. Except
for the highly sophisticated, ideol-
ogy has little relevance to Ameri-
can voting behavior. The Republi-
can voter of low income, for
example, is much more similar to
the Democratic voter of low in-
come on such ideological questions
as economic liberalism than he is
to the high - income Republican
'* * *
FURTHER, social class in Amer-
ica seems to have meaning only
in subjective terms in affecting
voting behavior: respondents who
classified themselves as working
class rather than middle class were
more likely to vote Democratic
than others who were precisely
like them in all characteristics ex-
cept that of selecting their social
class. In addition, trade union
members at all levels of income
and education were more likely to
identify themselves as working
class than non - members. And
tr in m. mhar. - -- ..if i -nm

tics no differently from other seg-
ments of the population with
similar education, income and de-
gree of involvement in politics.
The farm population is rela-
tively low in education and in-
come. Despite the political im-
portance of farm pressure groups,
the average farmer lives a rela-
tively isolated existence, is not
deeply involved in farm organiza-,
tions, has a low level of involve-
ment in politics, and is uncon-
cerned with national issues. His
voting turnout is low, but when
he votes he is apt to react violently.
against those he holds responsible
for the situation which causes
him to exercise his ballot. Lacking
in strong party commitments, in-
terest in politics, and, unlike the
urban trade union member of
similar education and income,
lacking in group affiliations which
channel and direct his protest,
the farmer's participation in poli-
tics is likely to be bitter, poorly
directed and unsustained.
* * *
IN TIIEIR conclusions, the au-
thors have several comments to
make on the nature of the Ameri-
can party system. They suggest
that the deep attachment to one
of the two major patrties on the
part of three quarters of the popu-
lation makes the rise of a third
party extremely difficult. Only
issues as serious as the Civil War
seem able to break these attach-
ments. The effect of the electorate
on policy seems to lie not in spe-
cific issues but in determining long
range policy objectives, such as
whether the government should
assume responsibility for the state
of the economy - decided by the
New Deal and its aftermath. The
effect of the electorate on policy
seems to be largely negative;
parties are more likely to be
ntinishe for bscl timoce-thn -

flict in politics rather than chang-
ing attitudes on the established
dimension. In other words, changes
are made in terms of new issues
rather than actual changes of
opinion on old ones.
As these comments, it is hoped,
have indicated, the authors of The
American Voter have brought out
a remarkable study. It is a long
road from a description of atti-
tudes towards candidates to an
integrated theory which relates
individual behavior to the com-
plex political process. This book
is a milestone along that road.


The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Dailyassumes no edi-
torial responsibility. Notices should
be sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Build-
ing, before 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
SUNDAY, MAY 8, 1960
VOL. LXX NO. 162
General Notices
To All Users of the D.O.B.: Because of
the increasing length of the Daily Of-
ficial Bulletin, we are compelled to in-
stitute a policy of printing notices of
lectures, colloquia, concerts, doctoral
examinations, etc., one time only. These
notices will be printed each day under
the heading "Events Today."
-Editor, D.O.B.
3519 Admin. Bldg.
Two Identical Spring Concert Glee
Club programs are scheduled for 7:00
p.m. and 9:30 p.m. Sat., May 14, in Hill
Aud. All tickets for both concerts will
be for Reserved meats, and the price
will be fifty (50) cents, Tickets will go
on sale to the general public May 9,
i. t. A ldr- Ted.,t .ffi

be given by Dr. T. B. A. Senior of the
Radiation Laboratoryon Mon., May 9,
at 4 p.m. in E. Engrg. 2084,
The Henry Russel Lecthre will be de-
livered by Frederick F. Blicke; Professor
of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Mon.,
May 9, at 4:15 p.m., in the Rackham
Amphitheater. Dr. Blicke's lecture topic
is "TI'he Development of Synthetic
History Lecture by Prof. James Bill-
ington of Harvard University on "The
Religious Crisis of the Seventeenth Cen-
tury: a turning-point in Russian his-
tory" on Mon., May 9, at 7:30 p.m. in
Aud. A.
Dept. of Political Science and Com-
mittee on Asian Studies Lecture: 'So-
ialism in India" by Achafya J. B. Kri-
palni, M.P., leader of the Praja Socialist
Party of India, Mon., May 9 at 4:00 pm.
in Aud. B.
School of Public Health Asseambly:
"Meals on Wheels-the Rochester Pro-
gram" will be discusse4 by Miss Eliza-.
beth Henry and associates, Rochester
visiting Nurse Service, Rochester, N.Y.,
on Mon., May 9 at 4 p.m. in the School
of Public Health Aud.
School of Muic Ho T~nors tAssembler


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