Brezhnev Becomes Soviet President
MOSCOW (M - Leonid Illich
Brezhnev, regarded as one of the
brightest rising stars of the Com-
F munist Party, took over the presi-
dency of the Soviet Union yester-
Aging and full of honors, Presi-
dent Klementi Y. Voroshilov, 79,
asked in parliament that he be
relieved of his duties for health
reasons. He had been president
f since Stalin's death in 1953.
Premier Nikita S. Khrushchev
himself nominated Brezhnev, a
53-year-old dynamic member of
the party hierarchy who got his
start in Khrushchev's party ma-
chine in the Ukraine.
It was the most dramatic of the
many changes to the Communist
Party and Soviet government
leadership this week.
The shift appeared to mark a
change in the nature of the presi-
dency-or Chairmanship of the
Presidium as the post is formally
known-which up to now has been
Second Front Page
Sunday, May 8, 1960 Page 3
Speculation among diplomats
here is that the power and author-
ity of the job are being increased
to make it worthy of Khrushchev
if it were decided to make him
Chief of State instead of just
Chief of Government as he is now.
In any event, it seems obvious
Brezrnev would not be content
with a purely ceremonial job but
would continue in the go-getting
way he has maintained through-
out a spectacular career.
He rose rapidly through party
ranks in the Ukraine, Khrush-
chev's old bailiwick, was deputy
chief of political indoctrination in
the armed forces and then became
first secretary of the party in Kaz-
akhstan, where he was a chief
driving force in Khrushchev's
scheme to develop the virgin lands.
All this is in contrast to Voro-
shilov, an old Bolshevik and inti-
mate of Stalin, whose glories are
mostly in the past.
In his letter of resignation, read
to a joint session of the Supreme
Soviet (Parliament) yesterday,
Voroshilov gave the unsatisfactory
state of his health as the reason
PANAMA (aP) - The people of
Panama have repressed their bit-
terness toward the-United States
until after they elect a president
and new congress today.
No matter who wins the elec-
tion, the United States can expect
renewed demands, especially for
flying Panama's flag in the U.S.-
operated canal zone. In the past
there have been violent demon-
strations over that issue.
The three men in the running
for president represent groupings
of nine parties. They are:
Ricardo Arias Espinosa, backed
by the Coalicion Patriotica Nac-
ional Party of President Ernesto
De La Guardia Jr.j
Roberto Francisco Chiari, sup-
ported by a front of four opposi-
tion parties under the name Union
Nacional de Oposicion.
Victor F. Goytia, a 61-year-old
lawyer and former newspaper
Attacks Soviet Policy
WASHINGTON (M--The United
States admitted last night that a
high altitude American jet plane
made an intelligence flight over
Soviet Union as charged by Soviet
Premier Nikita Khrushchev.
The State Department said,
however, that the flight was not
authorized by authorities in
The probably unprecedented ad-
mission was made in a statement
prepared under the direction of
Secretary of State Christian A.
Herter and cleared with President
Dwight D. Eisenhower.
The action apparently hands
Khrushchev a major propaganda
triumph only a week before the
opening of the May 16 Summit
Conference in Paris.
But the State Department bit-
terly attacked Soviet "iron cur-
tain" secrecy as the reason for
espionage activities and thus pro-
vides a basis for Eisenhower to
make a determined bid at the
Summit for an "open skies" policy
among the great powers.
The statement also admitted
that intelligence flights have been
made by the same kind of jets
"along the frontiers of the free
world for the past four years."
Key To U.S. Statement
The key sentence in the U.S.
statement bearing on Khrush-
chev's charge that the aircraft
was on a spying mission and was
shot down by a Soviet rocket last
Sunday was this:
"It appears that in endeavoring
to obtain information now con-
cealed behind the Iron Curtain a
flight over Soviet territory was
probably undertaken by an un-
armed civilian U2 plane."
The word "probably" was used,
informants said, because the of-
ficials who drafted the statement
did not want to be in a position
of confirming every detail of
Khrushchev's lengthy account of
how the aircraft was shot down
and its pilot, Francis G. Powers,
captured after parachuting to
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