Pursued by Troops
BYRD REFUSES SUPPORT:
Debate over Kennedy's R4
WASHINGTON (WP)-Sen. Rob-,
ert C. Byrd (D-W.Va.) told the
Senate yesterday he is "not anti-
Catholic" but that he wouldn't
support Sen. John F. Kennedy
(D-Mass.) for President "if he
were a missionary Baptist."
Byrd made the remark in a
speech in which he contended it
is Kennedy, a Roman Catholic,
who has made religion an issue in
the West Virginia presidential
preferential primary election cam-
"It is an issue, but it need not
have been one," Byrd said.
Byrd said religious prejudice is
not among his reasons for not
supporting Kennedy in the West
Virginia race with Sen. Hubert H.
Humphrey (D- Minn.), another
"I wouldn't support Sen. Ken-
nedy if he were a missionary Bap-
tist and a member of my own
church," Byrd said.
Affiliates with Klan
At one point, Byrd said he had
had a past affiliation with the
Ku Klux Klan but made no direct
reference to a story in The New
York "Herald - Tribune" today
which identified him as a formex
kleagle (organizer) of the Klan.
Byrd said the Klan matter "iq
an old bag of bones to the people
of West Virginia."
He said it was thoroughly dis
cussed in his campaign for the
Senate two years ago.
"It was washed out, it was rinsed
out, and it was hung out on the
line,'' Byrd said.
Byrd's association with the Kar
had come out many years prior t
that. In 1952, The Charleston "Ga
zette" published a letter Byr(
wrote in 1948 as "a former klea-
gle" to the head of the Klan.
Another repercussion over the
Catholic presidential nominee can-
didate was voiced yesterday by
three religious leaders of Neu
Haven, Conn, two Protestants and
They agreed that a movement
for world church unity in Chris-
tian faiths may be threatened by
controversy over Sen. John F
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Friday, April 22, 1960
ehlgion Grows Resignation
y Dean Liston, Pope of the Yale O fK i'Poo i t
r divinity school, said that if the
Kennedy controversy should grow'.a
s "we in America may need to call SEOUL, Korea IP) - President
e a top level conference of Catholic SyOgmnKr es e set
and Protestant leaders to fore- Syngman! Rhee yesterday was re- t
- stall any setback in the growing ported considering some of his old b
e ecumenical movement," political foes for cabinet posts in b
an effort to still the rising opposi- t
Rivals Opposed tion demands for new nationwide
Kennedy, who seeks the Demo- elections.
cratic presidential nomination, is There also was a call for Lee,
a Roman Catholic. His rivals for Ki-Poong, vice-president-elect, to,
o the nomination have said they are quit. Lee, a member of Rhee's rul-J
opposed to using Kennedy's reli- ing Liberal party, was named vice-o
d gion as an issue in the campaigns. president in the March electionsI
- Dean Pope, a leader of the Prot- to take office Aug. 15. This week'so
estant World Council of Churches, bloody uprising against the gov-t
was joined by Donald O. Soper, ernment stemmed from charges
Methodist preacher from London, that the voting was rigged.
e England, and the Rev. Gustave Should Step Down a
- Weigel. S.J., Catholic theologian Kim Chun-Yun, leader of the t
y from Woodstock (N.Y.) College Unity party, a splinter group of
for the'50th annual convocation of former Democrats, said he told j
d the Yale Divinity School. Rhee that Lee should step down.
All three, in interviews, agreed This was the first public suggestion
t a top level Protestant - Catholic that only the vice presidential p
- conference would be effective if election be held again. Rhee was i
y results sought to meet the facts unopposed in being reelected pres- p
squarely and avoided what they ident.
called religious platitudes. In another attempt to quietc
criticism of South Korea both at
home and abroad, National Police
Director Cho In-Koo asked the!
Alp r n" t4public to write him any reports
of police brutality or mistreatment f
of demonstrators who staged a C
near-revolt this week in Seoul and t
other major cities.,
Nearly 1,000 were shot-mostly d
students. The martial law com- C
Page 3 mand announced that 125 were t
killed in Seoul and elsewhere. Itw
asked that other deaths be re- c
ported to authorities. s
Seoul and other Korean cities
or the remained under martial law. All C
were reported quiet.
rticulur student As far as is known, Rhee has yet
to accept the mass resignation his
cabinet submitted as criticism
While the causes and responsi-
bilites are yet to be explored and
discussed," the cabinet said in a
statement, "'We fully realize that
we have failed in assisting the
chief executive and serving the
1, people adequately."
Whether Rhee accepts all the
resignations or not, it appeared
SRhee was preparing a major cabi-
Rhee was reported seeking men,
of greater stature for the cabinet.!
Among those reported under con-
sideration were former Chief Jus-
tice Kim Pyong-No; two former
premiers, Y. T. Pyun and Lee
Bum-Suk and a former acting
premier, Huh Chung.I
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CARACAS, Venezuela OP)-Lead-
ers of Venezuela's vest-pocket re-
volt fled to the hills yesterday
pursued by troops and peasants.
Two leaders were reported cap-
ured by peasants wielding ma-
chetes but the rebel chief still is
Late reports indicated the up-
yising at San Cristobal was
launched by a handful of con-
spirators under Jose Mario Castro
Leon, an ambitious ex-general in
the air force. His band slipped
across the border from neighbor-
ng Colombia yesterday.
With the collapse of the revolt,
the leaders took flight for the
border, now sealed on both sides
by Colombian and Venezuelan
Reports from San Cristobal said
peasants, brandishing their razor-
sharp machetes, seized ex-Col.
Juan De Dios Moncada Vidal, one
of Casaro Leon's top aides, and
Maj. Bernabe Serrano, a young
officer who joined the rebels. Cas-
ro Leon got away.
The rebels evidently hoped to
set up a ruckus in San Cristobal,
an isolated provincial capital, that'
he rest of the country would think
a big uprising was under way and
Crowds of citizens attacked the
rebels, their troops defected and
President Romulo Betancourt ral-
ied such a wave of popular sup-
ort behind his moderate leftist'
coalition government that the re-I
volt was crumbling within hours,
reports from San Cristobal said.
There was some serious street
ighting in San Cristobal, a coffee
enter of about 50,000 people nes-
ied in the Andean foothills about
" miles from the Colombian bor-:
der and 385 miles southwest of
Caracas. The government reported$
wo students killed and four
wounded. But other reports indi-
ated the casualties were more
AP correspondent Richard G.
Massock reported from Cucuta,
Colombia, just across the border
for 24hr. report
Topic: The International Student:
A MISFIT OR A BLESSING?
First $30 Second $20
Both American and foreign students at graduate or undergrad-
uate level. A maximum of 1500 words. Deadline, Midnight May
from San Cristobal, that the in-
vasion force set out from Cucuta
Wednesday morning, numbering
only a dozen or more.
They proceeded to San Cristo-
bal, where Col. Francisco Lizaro,
commander of the army garrison,
turned over his 400 men to them.
Lizaro was arrested yesterday.
Radio reports heard in Cucuta
said that when the people heard
about the takeover, they marched
on the barracks armed with guns,
knives and Molotov cocktails. The
broadcasts said the troops then
opened fire on the crowd, killing
an unknown number.
Leader of the conspirators, Cas-
tro Leon served as defense minis-
ter in the military junta that ran
Venezuela after the dictatorship
of Gen. Marcos Perez Jimenez
was overthrown in January of
1958. In July of that year Castro
Leon attempted to seize power
and was hustled out of the country
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