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April 20, 1960 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1960-04-20

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ate R s Castro


Anti-A erican


Cuban Head
U.S. Policy
Compares America
To Fascist Countries
By The Associated Press
States government yesterday came
its closest yet to branding Fidel
Castro a dictator.
The sharp words came from the
State Department after officials
here were stung by the Cuban pre-
mier's latest blast in his series of
attacks on the United States.
Castro's assertion yesterday that
United States policy smacks of
Hitler-Mussolini Fascism brought
a retort here that this country pp-
poses dictatorships of right or left
-and a suggestion the Cuban pre-
mier look at his own behavior.
United States Retorts
"If comparisons must be made,"
the State Department said, "one
of the principal trademarks of a
dictatorship such as that of Hitler
and Mussolini was a muzzling of
a free press.
"It is difficult to understand how
Premier Castro can make such
references when 95 per cent of the
Cuban press is under government
Castro promised a major policy
statement May 1, when he speaks
to a huge mass rally here cele-
brating May Day as International
Worker's Day. He predicted the
demonstration would show that
Cuban people are united "in de-
fense of the revolution."
Remarks Published

Stop Ban
On Work
uled week-long strike by Negroes
against the white government's
rigid racial laws failed to meet its
first real test yesterday.
It fizzled under the watchful
eyes of white police, troops and
civilian militia, backed by armored
Police reported from all major
South African cities that Negroes
turned up for work in normal
numbers, unhindered by members
of the outlawed African National
Congress (ANC). The ANC called
the stoppage in an attempt to
force relaxation of segregation
laws and the release of jailed Ne-
gro leaders.
Strike Begins
The strike started Monday. But
that was a national Easter holiday
and thus the strike's real test was
postponed. The government had
threatened banishment to remote
native reserves or unemployment
for Negroes heeding the call.
Police raided an African settle-
ment near Port Elizabeth on the
Indian Ocean, questioned 200 Ne-
groes and detained 165 as "unde-
sirable elements." In the Port City
of East London about 400 Negroes,
of 500 arrested Monday were ac-
cused of being in an African set-
tlement without permission. Most
were fined about $2.80 each or
sentenced to 8 days in jail.
Refuses Information
Justice Minister Francois Eras-
mus refused to tell Parliament the
exact number of persons arrested
under state of emergency powers
proclaimed March 30. However, he
said at least 422 Negroes have been
arrested for failing to produce on
demand the hated passbooks they
are required to carry at all times.
Many received stiff fines or prison
terms, he said.
Erasmus said 33 white police
and 26 Negro.police were wounded
and 4 Negro police were killed in
the past month's racial violence.
Thirty-four churches, schools or
other public buildings were de-
stroyed or damaged by Negroes in
African settlements, he said. The
minister refused to consider as
urgent the establishment of a spe-
cial judicial committee to investi-
gate the disturbances.
He also said a white city council
member in Cape Town, Mrs. Zai-
nunnissa Gool, had been arrested.
He said she had strongly opposed
all forms of racial segregation in
city affairs, but he did not say
what charges had been lodged
against her.

House Group Clears Bil

WASHINGTON (P) - A civil
rights law centering on protection
of Negro voting rights got a big
boost toward enactment yester-
Final passage is expected Thurs-
day in the House.
The House Rules Committee,
its Southern leadership bowing to
the inevitable, cleared the com-
promise bill for final considera-
tion. If, as seems almost certain,
the House votes to accept Senate
changes, the legislation will go to
President Dwight D. Eisenhower
without further Senate or House
The committee voted 8-4 to send
to the House a bill whose main
provision is for court-appointed
referees to act on complaints of
voting rights denial because of
Make Compromises
Based originally on an Eisen-
hower Administration recommen-
dation, the referee provision was
hammered out in a series of com-
promises between Southerners and
the bipartisan group seeking a
tough civil rights law. The Senate
added clauses specifying that its
provisions could not override basic
state qualifications for voting, and
that the courts should set times
and places for hearings.
The final product was still ob-
jectionable to Southerners, but it
also was criticized as weak by
some leaders of the civil rights
group in Congress and of the Na-
tional Association for the Ad-
vancement of Colored People.
The bill would provide penalties
up to $1,000 fine and one year's
imprisonment for obstruction of
federal court orders. The Senate
made a major change in this sec-
tion, which now requires House
Change Bill
As the House wrote it, only
school desegregation orders were
covered. The Senate broadened it
to cover all-such, for example, as
Korean Police
Beat Three
SEOUL (P)-Two reporters and
a cameraman of the Seoul news-
paper Chosun Ilbo were beaten
by policemen tonight after being
stopped while trying to cover, a
post-curfew demonstration.
The paper said the three men
were asked to show their identity
cards. When they did, one reporter
said, the policemen started beat-
ing them with rifle butts. -

court orders in labor-management
Also broadened in the Senate
was a section providing for federal
prosecution of bombings and
bombing threats. The Senate made
it apply as well to transportation
of explosives for such purposes.
Other provisions require preser-
vation of voting records and em-
power the the government to pro-
vide schooling for servicemen's
children when public schools are
closed in desegregation disputes.
The Rules Committee acted be-
hind closed doors and did not dis-
close individual positions.
It was understood, however, that
those who voted to clear the bill
were Democratic members Ray J.
Madden of Indiana, James J. De-
laney of New York, Homer Thorn-
berry of Texas, Richard Bolling of
Missouri and Thomas P. O'Neill
Jr. of Massachusetts and Republi-
cans Leo E. Allen of Illinois, Clar-
ence J. Brown of Ohio and B. Car-
roll Reece of Tennessee.

. . .may get bill

MISSILE BAN-French President Charles de Gaulle yesterday called on world leaders to ban missiles
at the forthcoming summit conference. He continued to say that France will continue to produce nu-
clear weapons until the other atomic powers agree to halt production and destroy their stockpiles.
The summit meeting will be held in Paris beginning May 16.
De Gaulle Calls for Missile Ban

Second Front Page
Wednesday, April 20, 1960 Page 3
75% Dacron
25% Cotton

OTTAWA (P) - French Presi-
dent Charles de Gaulle yesterday has lag
called for a summit agreement in ato
banning missiles and other vehicles velopm(
capable of carrying nuclear weap- Besi
He described such a course as a&
beginning on nuclear disarma-
ment. Banning of missiles, he
said, is one of the objectives he
would like to see achieved at the
Eisenhower - Khrushchev - Mac-
millan-de Gaulle conference open-
ing in Paris May 16.
At the same time, he said there
is no chance now for a solution
of the German problem and it
would do more harm than good to
discuss the issue at the Paris meet--r
Willing To Ban Weapons
In a formal speech, the touringj
French leader said nothing about
prohibition of nuclear weapons
themselves but at a news confer-
ence later he repeated France's 4
position that she would be willing
to ban such weapons if the other
nuclear powers-the United States,
Russia and Britain - would cease
production and destroy their nu-
clear stockpiles. Until then, he
said, France would regretfully feel
bound to continue to produce nu-
clear weapons.
France recently set off two nu-
clear blasts in the Sahara while;
the other atdmic powers were PR
holding to a loosely agreed ban on
such tests of their own, France

gged behind the others both Gaulle said, the summit confer-
rmic bomb and missile de- ence should ease East-West ten-
aents. sions and join in helping under-
esdeveloped countries.

ur-b muililli 111011"ZiD. W-,

Speaks at Luncheon
The 69-year-old French leader
spoke at a luncheon given by Ca-
nadian Prime Minister John Die-
fenbaker. Later this week de
Gaulle opens talks with President
Dwight D. Eisenhower in the
United States.

" The luncheon was one of the Castro's statements were pub-
high spots of the crowded program lished in the semiofficial news-
in which de Gaulle met twice with paper Revolucion. The Interview
Diefenbaker for private talks, was given, the paper said, to
chatted for an hour with the Ca- clarify what Castro claimed had
nadian cabinet, planted a red oak been a misquotation of an earlier
tree at government house, held a interview.
news conference, laid a wreath at The bearded young Cuban lead-
the National War Memorial and er seemed most anxious to say it
gave a dinner for the Canadian was not he who had suggested a
prime minister, meeting with United States lead-
There was no immediate ap- ers, but that he had simply an-
praisal of the private talks, but swered a question on that subject
diplomatic officials said they and that the North American news
covered most summit problems agencies, reporting this, "changed
and issues which have risen in my words with every intent to dis-
NATO. credit the Cuban government."
Canada is known to feel that no Castro went on:
North Atlantic decisions should be "I wish for improved relations
taken without full consultation with the United States, but I think
among all members. that the United States is taking
De Gaulle said in his luncheon advantage of every opportunity to
speech that the broad objective create confusion. And if there is
of the summit conference "is anyone in the United States gov-
peace, even though we realize that, ernment who thinks he can de-
to achieve it, we must travel a feat the Cuban revolution in this
long and difficult road." manner, he is mistaken."

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