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April 20, 1960 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1960-04-20

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DUE PROCESS:
A LOT TO ASKA
See Page 4

Y

Seventieth Year of Editorial Freedom

Daii4

SHOWERS
Low--48
Partly cloudy with possible
showers during the afternoon.

VOL. LXX, No. 138 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 20, 1960 FIVE CENTS

SIX PAGES

City Police Free
Student Pickets
Expect More Discussion of Case
Before Announcement of Decision
By PETER STUART
City police tentatively released 14 students and one University
employee yesterday after the city attorney's office found their distri-
bution of anti-discrimination ieaflets constituted "no littering within
the purview of the ordnance."
Before any final action is taken, further review is expected by
police and city attorneys.
The decision was reached in a one and one-half hour conference
yesterday between assistant city attorney S. J. Elden and attorneys
- for the pickets, Harold Norris of

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Meyer Calls
Communism
Successful
By MAME JACKSON
Our age is the "most revolu-
tionary of all ages," Prof. Alfred
G. Meyer of the political science
department at Michigan State
University said in a lecture spon-
sored by the Democratic Socialist
Club last night.
In his speech, "The Russian
Revolution and the Revolution of
Our Times," Prof. Meyer ex-
pressed his views on the relation-
ships between the present day
industrial revolution in underde-
veloped nations and their "pioneer
model," the Russian Revolution
of 1917.
Opposing a popular conception
"that this is a world where the
democratic principle is quite well-
established and a evil, Communist
conspiracy is throwing monkey
wrenches into the scheme," Meyer
listed three definite reasons for
associating the second industrial
revolution with the Communist
revolution.
Gives Reasons
First, the Soviet system "repre-
sents a successful alternative to
the free enterprise system." Aside
from success in the promotion of
economic growth, the Soviet
Union has become sucesesful as a
welfare state and as a power in
power in foreign technological
nomic aid.
"Second, the Russian Revolu-
tion can be considered a pioneer
of colonial revolution," Meyer
said. "Because there are many
features which characterize both
revolutions, the Russian Revolu-
tion has become a model to strug-
gling, backward nations."
The third reason for associating
the two revolutions lies in the
development of Lenin's theory
about revolution in our time.
Lenin offered a "systematic an-
alysis of backwardness and a sys-
tematic prescription for correcting
backwardness."
Tells Results
"The social and political conse-
quences of the present revolution
are great," Meyer continued.
Among the most important inno-
vations wrought by revolution are
"the formation of a completely
new image of warfare and the
twin development of automation
and energy revolution."
Meyer stressed the possibility
that society may be on the
"threshold of a truly humane
period of history" as another re-
sult of the industrial revolution.
"This," he added, "presupposes
that we don't blow ourselves up in
the meantime."
Nehru Says
India Periled
By Red China
NEW DELHI (AP)-Red China's
Chou En-Lai, looking glum and
stolid, arrived here yesterday for
talks on the bitter boundary dis-
pute with India. He was promptly
told by Prime Minister Nehru that
India's relations with Communist
China "have been imperiled for
the present and future."
This declaration, voiced shortly
after the Red Chinese Premier
stepped from an Indian Air Force
plane, set the tone for one of the
toughest speeches Nehru has ever
made to a visiting dignitary.
The usually affable Nehru wore
a tight smile as he told Chou:
"When your excellency came here
three vears nn as the renresenta-

the Detroit chapter of the Ameri-
can Civil Liberties Union and
David E. Utley of Pontiac.
Asked To Appear
The 15 picketers had been re-
quested to appear at City Hall
yesterday morning after having
been apprehended Saturday while
demonstrating before the Cousins
Shop and local branches of the
S. S. Kresge Co. and the F. W.
Woolworth Co., whose Southern
branches allegedly practice segre-
gation.
Utley said he assured Elden
that police officers had seen no
pickets dropping leaflets on the
sidewalk (in violation of a city
ordinance) and if leaflets were
dropped, they were done so by
pedestrians receiving them.
The action means that demon-
strations will resume against the
stores Saturday, barring the possi-
bility that the decision to release
them may be reversed, John
Leggett, Grad., spokesman for the
pickets, said.
Release Statement
The statement released by at-
torneys Elden, Norris and Utley
with the consultation of Prof.
Wesley E. Maurer, chairman of
the journalism department, repre-
senting the local chapter of the
American Civil Liberties Union
stated:
"In the light of the court deci-
sions on the subject, if there has
been no littering within the pur-
view of the ordinance, there has
been no violation. Hence there will
be no prosecution."
Explaining his position on the
matter, Norris said he felt the
pickets had violated no city ord-
nance, but even if they had, they
would have been supported by
guarantees in the First Amend-
ment and Michigan law.
'Exercising Rights'
"These students are exercising
their constitutional rights of free-
dom of speech and press to oppose
racial discrimination and segre-
gation in American life. They are
thus defending the Bill of Rights
for all," he said.
The 15 picketers are Dale Ar-
oner, '60, Daniel Breskin, '62, Har-
riet Collins, Grad., John Erfurt,
who is not a student at the Uni-
versity, David Golden, '63, Stephen
Hendel, '63, Jack Ladinsky, Grad.,
John Magney, '60E, Leonard Rob-
ins, Grad., Thomas Roland, '60,
Robert Ross, '63, Shirley Walton,
'62, David Whinston, '61, James
Wigle, '61E, and Judith Yesner,
Grad.

U.S. Voices
Peace Hopes
For Korea
WASHINGTON (/P)-The State
Department said yesterday it
"fully concurs" with a statement
put out in Seoul by United States
Ambassador Walter P. McCon-
aughy deploring violence and
urging the settlement of "justi-
fiable grievances."
Press officer Lincoln White was
asked at his noon news confer-
ence about the disturbances in
Korea and McConaughy's virtu-
ally unprecedented comment on
the host country's domestic af-
fairs.
The department, White said,
has no intention of listing the
grievances the Ambassadormen-
tioned in his statement, but he
did say they include "acts of
violence and irregularities which
marked the recent elections in
Korea."
White declined to discuss the
question whether it wasan un-
usual step for McConaughy to
events. But he said, "unique rela-
tions" between the two countries,
with thousands of Americans in
the United Nations forces in
Korea, explain why the diplo-
mat found it necessary to make
his statement.
The official adoption of that
statement came a few hours after
Secretary of State Christian A.
Herterhad invited Korean Am-
bassador You Chan Yang to call
on him, obviously for a discussion
of events in his homeland.
You Chan Yang said in an!
interview he is sure Communist
agents are inciting demonstrators
in Korea.
"They use the same tactics in
Korea as in other parts of the
world," the ambassador said.
"The agents are exciting young
students to destroy everything
that is anti-Communist."
In advance of his meeting with
Herter, Yang said he is confident
order will be restored soon.
The internal troubles of South
Korea are causing no danger to
the forces guarding the border
with Communist North Korea,
military men here believe.
Two divisions of United States
army troops are deployed on the
border, along with the ground
forces of the Republic of (South)
Korea (ROK).
The United Nations agreement
under which the United States
and South Korean troops operate,
assigns full control of troops of
both countries in the border area
to the U.N. commander, Gen. Car-
ter Magruder.

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Katy Johnson, Lea
By JO HARDEE She has begun a t
Daily contributing Editor project, going alph
Ask the policeman in Chi- down a lengthy list
cago's LaSalle Terminal who teas offered in a loc
told her about his days as a .rant. Sipping her Ba
juvenile delinquent. tea, she continued, "
Or the elderly English lady you can assume that
who took her to see a Soho pa- son next to you on
rade and to hear speeches at. doesn't really want to
Hyde Park. Or the children who Katy has operate
were on her television show. theory that the pe
Ask these people who Katy want to talk -- and
Johnson is. They won't tell you very interesting thin
that she is president of the With a rare ability f
Women's League. conversation, Katy us
They, will probably tell you out more about her i
she is one of the most viva- than the interviewer t
ciously alert people they have her.
met; a person with a keen in- This ability served
terest in people and a healthy in her television serie
appreciation for good conver- dren. Produced in1
sation--preferably over coffee, state of Iowa during
Easy To Float mer of 1956 and agai
"It's very easy to float along these programs won
on the surface of things," Katy thusiastic reception
said recently, this time over tea. younger set and the

Protest Election;
Cal artial aw
Students, Townspeople March
On Presidential Mansion in Seoul
SEOUL (R)-Defiant students and townspeople armed with
guns, knives and clubs held mob control over northeastern
Seoul yesterday in the bloody, fiery Korean civilian revolt
against allegd political corruption.
Ruins of public buildings still smoked from destructive
mob-set fires.
On the international front'the United States rebuked the
Korean government for repressive measures.
President Syngman Rhee's government - now In its
fourth 4-year term - called troops into Seoul and proclaim-
ed martial law here and in four other cities Monday after
clashes between police and-!

gue President

ea-tasting
habetically
of exotic
al restau-
sket Fired
You know,
t the per-
the plane
talk."
d on the
rson does
has some
gs to say.
or skillful
ually finds
nterviewer
does about
her 'well
s for chil-
her home
the sum-
n in 1957,
n an en-
from the
approval

of parents, teachers and those
in the television industry.
Series Nominated
Her first series, "It's Fun to
Find Out," was nominated for
a Peabody Award.
Questioned about her stamina
in dealing with the trying
schedule of League president,
Katy attributed much of it to
experience gained in producing
and acting in a weekly televi-
sion program. "After working
18 hours a day under constant
pressure, University life is a
vacation."
Dean of Women Deborah Ba-
con, who worksclosely with the
League president, has noted
that the best presidents of
women 's organizations have
often had experience in televi-
sion production. "It's that abil-
ity to keep track of a dozen
different things at once and tie
See KATY, Page 2

100,000 demonstrators chal-
lenging the count of ballots
in recent national elections.
The troops quickly cleared most
streets in Seoul and other cities
and restored a brooding peace.
But in northeastern Seoul, hot-
bed of resistance to Rhee's ruling
liberal party, hundreds of die-hard
demonstrators still roamed. Army
tanks and truckloads of soldiers
moved on that sector this morn-
ing.
g Lead Battle
School boys were in the fore-
front of Monday's swirling battle
where teargas fell thick and police
rifles poured volley after volley
into the ranks of the demonstra-
tors.
The clashes, facing the tough-
minded 85-year-old Rhee with his
gravest crisis since the Korean
war, were sparked by protests
over alleged freuds and . strong-
arm tactics in the March 15 presi-
dential elections which Rhee's lib-
eral party won.
Reports that 81 persons were
killed and up to 300 wounded in
Monday's street battling brought
rebukes from the United States.
Secretary of State Christian A.
Herter called the strong measures
taken to put down the disorders
"unsuited to a free democracy"
and asked the Korean government
to put an end to "repressive meas-
ures."

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FOR COMBAT SURVEILLANCE:
U'Develops Radar System

Board Head
Tells Reason
For Action
(EDITOR'S NOTE: The following
is a statement from Prof. Olin L.
Browder. chairman of the Board in
Control of Student Publications.
The imminent disappearance of
Gargoyle from the campus scene
is attributable to lack of sufficient
interest in keeping it going.
I do not refer to lack of readers
but to the lack of personnel to
make it a vital and going concern.
The senior staffs of The Daily and
Ensian consider it their respogsi-
bility, not only to publish cur-
rently, but to recruit and train
underclassmen so as to provide a
reliable succession. Without this
ingredient no continuing enter-
prise can be successful. For some
time now, this element has. been
lacking in Gargoyle, which has re-
sulted in a tentative, hand-to-
mouth sort of operation. This
places the Board in the difficult
position at appointment time of
having to consider petitions with-
out any, reasonable criteria for
judgment.
The same problent was presented
this year. The deadline for peti-
tioning passed without a single
petition having been filed. This is
a startling fact in a University
with over twenty thousand stu-
dents, and proves the point pretty
well, I think, about lack of in-
terest. It is true that well after
the deadline three petitions were
filed. But two of these three per-
sons would not have met the exist-
ing eligibility requirements ap-
plicable to Gargoyle, and two of
the three were persons whose qual-
ifications were virtually unknown
to the present staff.
The Board would have con-
sideredit an act of irresponsibility
on its part to have tried to per-
petuate an organization which had
been left hanging by such tenuous
threads of responsibility.

To Our Youth

By SUE FARRELL
An advanced radar photography
system for airborne combat sur-
veillance developed by the Uni-
versity's Willow Run Laboratories
in cooperation with the United
States Army Signal Corps was
announced yesterday.
The new system-composed of
an aircraft containing radar equip-
ment and a van on the ground
containing the signal processing
equipment-was termed "one of
the most significant breakthroughs
in radar since the early days of
World War II.
The aircraft flies in a straight-
line path while the side-looking
antenna, in a continuous opera-
tion views a wide strip of terrain
along the horizon.
Stored on Film
The radar signals, stored on
film, are later converted into a
detailed, distortion - free, photo-
like strip map.
The processing system is in es-
sence a "synthesizing" of side-
looking antennas many times long-
er than the aircraft itself. It
simultaneously focuses radar for
all ranges, so that the far edge
of the strip being viewed is seen
with the same clarity and defini-
tion as the near edge.
This system "provides a picture
with detail that has heretofore not
been achieved by radar and to
ranges which a few short years
ago were deemed impossible," Brig.
Gen. William M. Thames, com-
mander of the Signal Corps' Com-
bat Surveillance Agency, said in
Washington yesterday.
Details Classified
Although exact ranges and de-
tails remain classified, they are
great enough to allow a plane fly-
ing over friendly areas to look deep
into enemy territory. It is known
that the system shows objects
several hundreds of miles away as
Ike To Seek
- A .

if they had been photographed al-
most overhead.
Research on the system is con-
Sauer Hints
'At Changes
HUMANSDORP, South Africa
(U)-Paul Sauer, who is acting as
minister in the absence of Dr.
Hendrik Verwoerd, called yester-
day for a "new spirit".in the ap-
proach to the country's racial
question.
In what was regarded as a ma-
jor policy statement-though it
contradicted opinions held by
some sections of the government--
Sauer said South Africa would.
"reconsider in earnest and hon-
esty her whole approach to the
native question."

tinuing with increasing perfection
of the data processing technique
in view. Work on a completely air-
borne system that can be trans-
mitted as TV film has already be-
gun.
Willow Run Laboratory repre-
sentatives at a press conference
yesterday envisioned future uses
to include truce-zone patrolling,
long-range bombing by missiles
and aircraft and geodetic mapping.
They estimated that an airborne
processing system applicable for
use in satellites could be made as
light as 100 lbs.
Officials in Washington where
the system was unveiled yesterday
concurred with these predictions.
It was reported from Washing-
ton that the system is being re-
ceived as a possible aid to an in-
spection system the United States
considers essential for policing
any East-West disarmament pact
See 'U', page 2

LAST ISSUE TODAY:
Garg Closes Shop-Perhaps Forever
By JUDY OPPENHEIM
By decision of the Board in Control of Student Publications,
today's Gargoyle will be the last for at least a full year.
In an official statement, Prof. Olin L. Browder of the Law School, r. x
chairman of the Board in Control, cited lack of sufficient interest
as the reason for the decision. The board received no petitions for
Gargoyle editorships prior to the deadline, and the present Gargoyle
has no staff trained to take over.
Training Difficult
Richard Pollinger, '60, retiring Gargoyle editor, etplained that -
training a staff presents problems since the magazine is not pub-
lashed regularly and potential members need a knack for humor
writing which cannot be taught.
Banned Twice
The magazine has been banned from campus twice.
Director of University Relations Lyle Nelson, discussing the
magazine, said he felt that Gargoyle has more problems among its
own staff than it has with the University. He said, however, that the

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