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April 19, 1960 - Image 3

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1960-04-19

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Arrest African

Negroes

fBef ore Expected Boycott

PREPARES FOR SUMMIT:
De Gaulle Arrives in Canada for Talks

I.I

OTTAWA (RP)--French President
Charles de Gaulle arrived in Can-
ada yesterday for a 17-day visit to
the Western Hemisphere, includ-
ing presummit talks in Ottawa
and Washington.
He will spend four days in Can-
ada and a week in the United
States before concluding his 17,000
mile trip with a visit to French
Caribbean territories.
This is the first visit of the
French leader to North America
since 1945.
Talks Important
While the de Gaulle visit will
be mostly social, diplomatic offi-
cials believe his talks with Cana-
dian and United States leaders
will constitute an important part
of Western preparations for the
May 16 summit conference.
De Gaulle will meet Prime Min-
ister John Defenbaker twice to-
morrow for private conversations.
Also taking part in the talks
will be Maurice Couve de Murville
and Howard Green, the French
and Canadian Foreign Ministers.
Canada, as an ardent supporter
of the North Atlantic Treaty Or-
ganization, has taken an active'
part in drafting Western strategy.
As a member of the Western

disarmament team in Geneva
talks, Canada has played a key
role in arms negotiations - a
major subject for summit discus-
sions.
Key Role
The most important diplomatic
talks, however, are expected to
take place after de Gaulle arrives
in Washington Friday. He and
President Dwight D. Eisenhower
will begin their conversations Sat-
urday at the President's Gettys-
burg farm. In addition to discuss-
ing summit plans, de Gaulle is
expected to urge the United States
administration to share atomic
secrets with France.
De Gaulle will remain in Ottawa
until tomorrow morning before
flying on for brief visits to Que-
bec, Montreal, and Toronto. His
last visit to Canada was during
World War II when he was leader
of the Free French forces.
'To Win Peace'
Speaking in Montreal in July,
1944, he said "France now is ready
to help win a peace both for her-
self and the rest of the world."
The Montreal Gazette recalled
this visit today in an editorial and
commented:

I ~4eEfri~~ym D i
Second Front Page
Tuesday, April 19, 1960 Page 3
.

"The words which de Gaulle will
use in Montreal this week may be
different, but the general content
is likely to be much the same. For
de Gaulle is not a man who
changes his views or his objectives
often."
Court Bans
Rail Strike
n junctons
WASHINGTON (P) - The Su-
preme Court yesterday ruled out
anti-strike injunctions in disputes
between unions and railroads over
the elimination of jobs.
The Court divided 5-4 in strik-
ing down an injunction obtained
by the Chicago and North Western
Railway against the Brotherhood
' of Railroad Telegraphers. The in-
junction was issued by the United
States Court of Appeals in Chi-
cago.
Justice Hugo L. Black, speaking
for the majority, said a labor dis-
pute within the meaning of the
Norris-Leguardia Act was involved.
"It may be, as some people
think, that Congress was unwise
in curtailing the jurisdiction of
Federal courts in railroad disputes,
as it did in the Norris-Laguardia
Act," Black wrote.
"Arguments have even been pre-
sented here pointing to the debili-
tation of the respondent Chicago
and North Western Railroad and
to the absolute necessity for aban-
donment of railroad stations.
These arguments, however, were
addressed to the wrong forum. If
the scope of the Norris-Laguardia
Act is to be cut down in order to
prevent 'waste' by the railroads,
Congress should be the body to do
so. Such action is beyond the judi-
cial province and we decline to
take it."
Justices Charles E. Whittaker
and Tom C. Clark wrote separate
dissenting opinions. Justices Clark,
Felix Frankfurter and Potter
Stewart joined Whittaker's dis-
senting opinion. Whittaker said
the union's demands that it be,
given the right to veto job elimina-
tions on the railroad was contrary
to the provisions and policies of
the Inter-state Commerce Act.
The North Western proposed to
close down many of its one-man
stations, principally located on
branch lines.
The union demanded a provision
that no job in existence on Dec. 3,
1957 would be abolished or discon-
tinued except by agreement be-
tween the carrier and the union.
The union issued a strike call for
Aug. 21, 1958. The railroad then
obtained a temporary injunction
in Federal District Court. The
Court of Appeals made the injunc-
tion permanent.

Accuse 400
Of Violence,
Intimidation
Police Say Natives
Attacked Workers
JOHANNESBURG (M-Striking
before the opening of a work boy-
cott called for all South Africa,
police and troops arrested 400 Ne-
groes in a settlement near East
London yesterday.
Police said they rounded up Ne-
groes who had beaten and intimi-
dated others who want to work in
defiance of the boycott called by
Negro leaders to oppose South
Africa's white supremacy laws.
Maj. P. M. Landman, East Lon-
don district police commandant,
said the arrested Negroes had
beaten and intimidated Negroes
who wanted to work. He said no
violence was connected with the
arrests.
Near Port Elizabeth, a Negro
sergeant was attacked and injured
by Negroes as he went to work.
Six Negroes were arrested and
charged with assault.
Elsewhere in South Africa, po-
lice maintained an uneasy quiet
yesterday for most workers. The
real showdown for the stay-at-
home movement called by the out-
lawed African National Congress
comes today. All police and many
white civilians have been mo-
bilized.
The government has warned
that Negroes heeding the call will
face loss of their jobs or banish-
ment to native reserves in the in-
terior. Police offered protection to
Negroes going to work.
A failure of the boycott will be
a setback for the ANC in its cam-
paign to force a letup in the gov-
ernment's segregation policy and'
to gain freedom for jailed Negro
leaders.
Thousands of strike pamphlets
flooding Johannesburg indicated
an effective underground organiza-
tion. The Johannesburg Golden
City Post, a Sunday paper for Ne-
groes, said many Africans have
been arrested for distributing the
pamphlets.
Other press reports said the gov-
ernment may seal off South Afri-
ca's frontiers with the British pro-
tectorates of Swaziland, Basuto-
land and Bechuanaland to hinder
government opponents from seek-
ing asylum.
In an Easter statement, the Rev.
J.D. Serfontein of Port Elizabeth,
a leader of the Dutch Reformed
Church, accused the Anglican
archbishop of Cape Town, the
Most Rev. Joost De Blank, of
"making war on the Dutch Re-
formed Church" for refusing to
condemn apartheid.

Castro Says
U.S. Aiding
Cuba Rebels
HAVANA (P) - Fidel Castro
charged yesterday that United
States authorities at Guantanamo
Naval Base are connected with a
plot to set up organized counter-
revolutionary resistance to his
regime in eastern Cuba.
"American authorities at the
naval base know of these activities
and are connected with them," the
Prime Minister said in an inter-
view aboard a plane that returned
him to Havana from eastern Cuba.
He said United States planes
had been flying over the moun-
tainous region of eastern Cuba,
probably trying to make contact
with Manuel Beaton, a counter-
revolutionary hiding out there with
a small band of men.
Names Objectives
He said the objective of all these
activities "is to create some sort
of resistance to the government
on the east coast between the
mountains and Guantanamo."
The United States State De-
partment in Washington quickly
denied the charges. A spokesman
said: "Our people at the base are
doing their work and not dabbling
in Cuban politics."
As to the United States planes,
it was recalled in Havana that
planes from the base were search-
ing for a missing antisubmarine
plane last week, and their normal
search pattern would take them
over the mountain area. United
States officials said such searches
were coordinated with Cuban au-
thorities.
To Solve Problems
Despite the charges, Castro said
he feels problems between the
United States and Cuba can be
solved. He expressed willingness to
talk with anyone in the interest of
promoting United States - Cuban
understanding.
But he appeared reluctant to
specify whether he thought a
meeting withrPresident Dwight D.
Eisenhower or Secretary of State
Christian A. Herter would do the
trick.
Castro did not name any officer
or groups of officers. at the big
United States naval base in con-
nection with his charges.
Castro charged that another
former army captain, Nino Diaz,
was a link between Beaton and
authorities at Guantanamo.
Diaz Accused
He accused Diaz, now at large,
of having been a contact between
Batista followers at the base and
"rich counterrevolutionaries" in
Santiago, the capital of Oriente
Province in eastern Cuba.
Castro described Beaton as a
"vulgar delinquent" and said plot-
ters in eastern Cuba were trying to
turn him into a counterrevolution-
ary hero.
Beaton escaped from prison in
Havana and took to the same hills
used by Castro when he battled
dictator Fulgencio Batista. Beaton
claimed he was held on trumped
up charges that he killed one of
Castro's army officers.
"The campesinos (farmers) will
take care of Beaton," Castro as-
serted.

NEW DELHI WIP-Chou En-Lai,
Red China's touring goodwill
salesman, arrives in India today
to talk about strained India-
Chinese relations.
It appears the Communist lead-
er will find Prime Minister Jawa-
harlal Nehru and other Indian
officials displaying the toughest
kind of sales resistance.
Most Indians say there is virtu-
ally no hope for a settlement of
the border dispute with Red China
-the biggest problem to be tack-
led in six days of talks.
Land Disputed.
At issue is 51,000 square miles
of wild, remote territory between
India and Communist-held Tibet.
Red China occupies 12,000 square
miles and India the rest. Both
claim it all.
Sources close to the Chinese
Communist Embassy here were
hinting that a part of theborder
might be agreed upon, and a part
turned over to a commission for
further study. This was the for-
mula used by Red China in a
border dispute with Burma. Chou
arrives in India after apparently
doing a good selling job in Ran-
goon.
But, as one New Delhi news-
paper put it on the eve of Chou's
arrival:
"Political circles are not build-
ing exaggerated hopes of a Sino-
Indian settlement of the border
question."
Settlement Difficult
Frank Moraes, editor of the
Indian Express, said that unless
both sides engage in brisk horse
trading it is difficult to see any
chance for a settlement.
Moraes said the Prime Minister
would tell Chou politely to return
to Peiping if he "insists on main-
taining old postures."
There was no enthusiasm here
over Chou's impending arrival.
Chinese flags fluttered alongside
India's tricolor, but only on the
route through which Chou will
pass on his week's stay here. Se-
curity men from all over India
have been brought into New Delhi
to help guard the visitor.
The border dispute flared up

last summer after smouldering in
notes between the two govern-
ments.
The 51,000 square miles in dis-
pute-the size of Alabama-is in
three parts.
The largest area is 36,000 square
miles of India's north-east fron-
tier agency between Assam and
eastern Tibet. About 15,000 square
miles lies on a three-mile high
plateau of Ladakh at the western
end of Tibet. There are also a
few small areas south of Ladakh
on the border just west of Nepal.
Chinese Anxious
The Chinese appear anxious to
get the part of Ladakh where they
already control nearly 12,000
square miles. Through it runs the
only road from Tibet to the Chi-
nese province of Sinkiang.
When the dispute came into
the open Nehru sounded as if he
was not too willing to give up

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some of the barren Ladakhi Pla-
teau.
jBut- he met severe-criticism in
parliament and demonstrations
throughout the country have
urged India not to give an inch.
Nehru now appears to agree;
warning the nation it must be
prepared for many years of border
tension.
Official Chinese sources suggest
Chou might agree to accept the
northeast frontier border, evacu-
ating the Indian outpost they
captured last August. Chou might
also accept Indian claims on the
small areas west of Nepal.
These agreements would permit
the appearance of some success
for the meeting, since about 2,000
miles of the 2,500 mile border
would be settled.
But the actual demarcation of
the border could present problems
between the two countries later.

ARRIVES IN INDIA:
Chou En-Lai Seeks Border Settlement

j.
d/

Read Daily

I

TOMORROW NIGHT at 8 at H ILLEL
PROF. GEORGE E. MENDENHALL
Near Eastern Studies Department
6th Lecture in series, "WHAT'S WORTH LIVING FOR?"
Some Guidelines for the Perplexed of the 60's"
on
"THE BIBLICAL HIERARCHY OF VALUES"
in Zwerdling-Cohn Chapel
B'NAI B'RITH HILLEL FOUNDATION
1429 Hill Street

I

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