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"When Opinions Are Free
Truth Will Prevail"
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
NIGHT EDITOR: LINUS PAULING
Ban on Foreign Athletes Is
(j~/ Q / a"
AT THE CAMPUS:
"BLACK Orpheus" is unmistakably one of the finer pictures of the
year but it is also, I think, one of the more disappointing. It dis-
appoints precisely because of the immense promise it only partially
fulfills, and I cannot completely forgive it.for not having been great.
To dismiss it as being frequently brilliant is praise of a wistful nature.
The story roughly paraphrases the Greek myth. The . setting is
Rio de Janerio where, once a year, the Brazilian Negroes hold a vibrant,
frenetic carnival, comparable to the Mardi Gras. Eurydice, attempting
to escape an implacable, vengeful killer, has fled to Rio where she
meets and falls in love with Orpheus, in this case a trolley conductor.
IN THE MIDST of another day's torrid debate
on appropriations in the Legislature Rep.
Andrew J. Cobb (R-Elsie) took time out Wed-
nesday on the floor to level a blast at foreign
athletes in college sports.
Proposing a ban on the awarding of athletic
scholarships to foreigners, if they are older
than their classmates, Cobb said:
"Foreign athletes areprofessionals. Let's
"They come over here at 23 or 24 to compete
against our 18-year-olds."
He went on to complain that the soccer,
hockey, track and swimming teams at Michi-
gan and Michigan State are peppered with
WITH DISCUSSION pending on far more
important matters in the Legislature, it is
sad that Cobb chose to deliver the above
Not only has Cobb missed a few points, but
it appears that he has entirely missed the
central point in the now almost hackneyed
discussion of foreign athletes.
Cobb received a mild rebuff on the floor of
the House when Rep. James Warner (R-Ypsi-
lanti) commented that the ban would not
work since scholarships for foreign athletes are
paid from athletic funds not under Legislative
Furthermore, Cobb could have easily dis-
covered that the NCAA, which considers some
form of legislation concerning foreign athletes
every year, has laid down strict rules in
regard to foreign athletes.
THE NCAA ruling states that an athlete ma-
triculating from a foreign country loses one
year of eligibility for every year he has com-
peted in his homeland after his 20th birthday
and before enrollment, Olympic competition
In the case of hockey players the age limit
is extended to 21, as Canadians, who make
up the majority of American college teams,
have five years of secondary school instead of
the normal four.
IT MAY be athletically inequitable for Ameri-
can youths of 19 and 20 to compete against
foreigners a few years their senior, but this
is not a significant point. If age were the
decisive factor, why not bar American athletes
who served in the armed forces before attend-
ing college and then compete while in their
The decisive fact is that the foreign athlete,
like the American, is a student. Like the Amer-
ican athlete he may place high or low in his
class, however, in both cases he is a student.
As long as the basic concept of intercollegi-
ate athletics is the fostering of competition be-
tween students, the idea of barring foreign
students on grounds of professionalism is in-
REP. COBB specifically mentioned that the
sports of swimming, soccer, hockey, and
track are the areas in which foreign athletes
If the students participating in these sports
are professional, it would seem that they would
continue to be professionals after matricula-
tion. Yet, a look at the current and past rosters
of foreign athletes at Michigan shows no evi-
dence of this. Certainly they come to school
to continue their athletic participation, but
they come primarily as students.
More criticism has been leveled at college
hockey in this respect than the other three
sports. Canadian standards of amateurism
are certainly more liberal than those of the
United States. But then, what country's
It is interesting to note that among the "pro-
fessionals" on the Michigan hockey team,
whose ages range from 20-23, there are three
seniors who will be attending law school next
year, two outstanding sophomores who wrote
to Michigan asking about attending are in the
University's architecture program. There is a
pre-med student, an honors student in business
administrdation, and other above-average stu-
dents on the team.
The same can be stated for the mem-
bers of the Michigan track and swimming
IT IS INDEED unfortunate that Cobb and
the other "experts" on collegiate athletics
should take the position that they have, in
light of these facts.
To discriminate against foreign athletes
because they are aliens is to take a position
of moral superiority.
It is saying, in effect, "let's not allow these
foreigners to compete against our boys. They're
older and better and we won't win."
But can we ban athletes from competition
because they are older than their classmates?
Can we ban them because they are better?
Obviously not. Students must and will con-
tinue to compete against other students. Leg-
islators and other thinking people must learn
to recognize this.
A xwT .+i Y+A".
Ir h /. _ Iy 1
r04 r .
G I f
Her" killer pursues, A relentless,
macabre lest-motiv, dressed in a
costume of death, he slips leopard-
like through the unaware crowd,
stalking - and finally gaining -
the life of Eurydice.
There are many fine thingsnto
be said in favor of "Orpheus," not
the least of which is its flirtation
with the poetic. The casting is one
of the film's happier features, and
speaks highly for the director,
Marcel Camus. Both Marpessa
Dawn (Eurydice) and Breno Mello
(Orpheus) are "non-profession-
als". The former is an American
dancer, the latter a soccer player.
Camus nevertheless extracts per-
formances that are beguilingly
fresh and natural.
.* * *
AT THIS point objections may
seem downright ungrateful, but I
have two. The first is that certain.
of the more important scenes
appeal primarily to the intellect-
ual when they should be courting
the emotional, and that effect for
effect's sake is too often, and ob-
The second objection, related to
the first, is that too frequently
the myth dominates, when it"
should simply illuminate, the
course of action. The example that
comes to mind is the scene in the
Bureau of Missing Persons.
* * *'
FROM THIS point on, in fact,
you merely recognize, rather than
deeply feel, the appropriateness of
the action. (And why does Orphe-
us choose to walk down from, after
having taken the elevator up, to,
the 12th floor? Appropriate, yes,
but too carefully studied.) ,
The audience applauded at the
end, and this seems to be the con-
sensus. I wanted to, but couldn't.
-J. L. Forsht
t9 Tv. t L-oS#
Manual Covers Social Graces
By DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON - The Air Force
is really out-manualing itself.
Another manual, this one instruct-
ing officers on how to conduct a
formal dinner, whether to smoke
at dinner, and what time to go
home from dinner, has just come
On top of the Air Force manual
instructing GI's on how to wash
a dog, and another giving enlisted
men ideas on where to go to
church, this dining - out manual
will make some faces red in the
Here are the highlights of the
latest Air Force instruction book-
let on how to behave at dinner:
1) How should they respond to
a toast? "Members of the mess will
rise and answer, 'hear, hear.' The
toast is drunk and the members
2) When should they light up?
"No member of the mess will light
up following the meal until the
president (of the officers' mess)
does so. It is recommended that
the president light up as quickly
as is practical. If the president
does not smoke, he should an-
nounce to the officers and guests
when they may light up."
3) How much time do they have
to grab a quick drink before din-
ner? "Prior to dinner the bar will
open at 1830 (6:30 p.m.). At 1915
(7:15) the bar will close. The
closing will be indicated by the
sounding of chimes. No drinks will
be carried from the bar into the
4) Should the bar be segregated?
"One small bar or a reserved sec-
tion of the large bar should be
made available fqr VIP and guests
at the head table."
5) Should the diners strike up
a conversation with the guest of
honor? "It is desirable to publish
a biographical sketch or list of in-
teresting facts regarding the guest
of honor so that members may
carry on an interesting conversa-
tion with the guest."
6) When can everyone go home?
"Members should remain after
the ceremony until the guest of
honor leaves. If he remains an
abnormal length of time, the de-
parture of the members should be
approved by the president."
THESE INSTRUCTIONS were
published under the signature of
Maj. Gen. Chester F. McCarty,
Commander of the Fourteenth Air
Force, who decreed that "dining
in" nights be held throughout his
In the foreword, General Mc-
Carty explains that "dining in"
is a formal social ceremony which
is rapidly becoming a standard
custom of the United States Air
Force. He points out that "every
established art, trade, or profes-
sion, every race of people, every
nation, and even different sections
of the same country have their
own practices and customs by
which they govern their lives."
His contribution to Air Force
mores is "Dining In Night."
"At this function," the General
directs, "all officers present for
duty appear in formal attire on
occasions specified by the Com-
mander to dine as a group. Nor-
mally, the event will take place at
least once each quarter. The ar-
rangement, atmosphere, and pro-
tocol are designed to promote
esprit de' corps and provide a
means of social contact."
AFTER TIE cocktail hour, here
is the prescribed procedure:
"On the sounding of the chimes,
members of the mess will proceed
immediately to the dining room,
take positions behind their respec-
tive chairs and remain standing
while the president calls the mess
"The president then asks the
chaplain to give the invocation.
Following the invocation, the pres-
ident (referred to as Mr. Presi-
dent) proposes a toast to the
Commander-In-Chief. The mem-
bers reply, 'to the President.' The
vice-president of the mess (re-
ferred to as Mr. Vice) proposes a
toast to the Chief of Staff, USAF.
The members reply, 'to, the Chief
"Following toast to the Chief of
Staff, USAF, the vice-president
proposes a toast to the Chief of
Staff, U.S. Army, to the Chief of
Naval Operations, etc., when offi-
cers from these services are pres-
ent, in which case members reply
'to the Chief of Staff, U.S.
"After the introductions of the
guests and new members, the meal
will be eaten followed by a desig-
nated (20 minutes recommended)
rest period before eating dessert.
The president will indicate the
starting time of rest period.
Who pays for all this fuss and
formality? "The cost of the func-
tion will be prorated on the basis
of the number of officers present
for duty, less those excused due
to the necessity of performing of-
ficial duties requiring their ab-
sence. The officers' open mess will
charge individual accounts with
a proportionate share of the ex-
pense, payable upon the rendering
of the next club bill."
(Copyright 1960, by the Bell syndicate)
T he News
By . M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
SOME thoughts after scanning a
Christendom observed its day
of mourning Friday. At the tomb
of Jerusalem a service was con-
ducted in many languages, some
of them modern, some of them
long dead. A reminder that the
world still speaks in many tongues,
,some of them expressing thoughts
purposely designed to confuse the
intent of the sacrifice.
* * *
BRITISH Foreign Minister Sel-
wyn Lloyd is still plugging hi1
proposal for a code of interna-
tional behaviour, despite , snubs
from the other Western foreign
ministers in Washington. .The
others think the United Nations
charter contains a sufficient code,
if the nations would just live up to
In Britain, 9,000 people set off
on a 54-mile ban-the-bomb pil-
grimage from Britain's nuclear
arsenal at Aldershot to London.
When people everywhere are free
to stage demonstrations for what
they want ,they'll get a code which
will really work.
SIX PERSONS were arrested in
New York this week for' "ghost-
writing" to help college students
obtain degrees. What's the essen-
tial difference between writers and
students whocheat this way and
personages'who use ghost writers
to project false personalities in
an effort; to secure and hold pow-
IT WOULD NOT be surprising
if the Soviet Union, meeting a flat
Allied refusal to get out of West
Berlin, will now seek to trade. a
status quo agreement there for
some allied concession on disarm-
ament which could be advertised
as a Soviet victory for the cause
of peace. Soviet publications are
now ranking disarmament above
the Berlin issue on the Summit
THE SOVIET Union is now'
offering to "guarantee" Japans
neutrality if the latter will cut its
military ties with the United
States. Come closer, my dear, said
the wolf to Little Red Riding
ONE OF THE great nightmares
Qf def ense experts i.s to awake
to the realization that the enemy
already has antidotes for weapons
on which they have been depend-
ing. The United States has placed
high hopes on her .:forthcoming
ability to launch missiles from
submarines as "secret bases." Bri-
tain has been expecting to share
in the development. Now Britain
announces .development of a sub-
marine detection system with a
1,000-mile range. What they can
do. Russia can do.,
Conspicuous by Absence
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of The Univer-
sity- of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no edi-
torial responsibility. Notices should
be sent in TYPEWRIrTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Build-
ing, before 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
'Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
SUNDAY, APRIL 17, 1960
VOL. LXX, NO. 144
Attention June Graduates: Order
Caps and Gowns now at Moe's .Sport
Shops, 711 North University.
The annual spring meeting of the
University Senate will be held on Mon.,
April 18, at 4:15 p.m. in the Rackham
Composers Forum: Compositions by
student composers will be heard in a
recital in Aud. A, on Mon., April 18, at
8:30 p.m. Compositions by the following
students will be included on the pro-
gram: Ronald Leu, Mary Luther, Maur-
ice White, Robert James, George Caci-
oppo, Donald Scavarda, Gerald Humel,
and Michael Cunningham. Open to the
Donald Gudakunst Memorial Lecture:
Dr. Joseph L. Meinick, Texas Medical
Center, Baylor University, will discuss
(Continued on Page 5)
YESTERDAY'S Hyde Park discussion of pick-
eting and letter-writing by SGC was fre-
quently and occasionally overshadowed by
dramatics and rabble-rousing, but in spite of
the distractions, it became fairly evident that
much of the apparent swing towards liberalism
on this campus is taking place in the relative
absence of any definite conservative program.
This conclusion is qualified insofar as Roger
Seasonwein can be accepted as an able spokes-
man of conservative thought and as a repre-
sentative of a conservative tradition of "re-
maining calm while all about you men are
losing their heads." Seasonwein, after voting
against SGC endorsement of chain store pick-
eting, repeatedly called upon his opponents at
the Diag yesterday to "wait for two weeks"
before supporting any positive action. Working
from this premise, he fought opinions proffered
by what he called "leftists" and people "just
following the drift," most of whom came out
in favor of continued picketing of chain stores
not actually involved in local issues, along
with the sending of letters to state govern-
ments and national business enterprises prac-
SEASONWEIN proved reasonably adroit in
verbal exchange, but when pinned down
and questioned as to just what he did advo-
cate, he was not able to suggest anything
outside of what amounts to "watchful wait-
ing," or less charitably, "drift."
The only concrete step Seasonwein proposed
was to request that chain store nationals band
together and take a unified stand on discrimi-
'T°HOMAS TURNCOAT, Editor
PHILIP P. SQUARED ROBERT JUNKEY
Editorial Director City Editor
JIM BEN-HUR................ . . . Sports Editor
PETER NOSWAD .......... . Associate City Editor
JO HARDHEAD..........,..... Contributing Editor
CHARLES OLDOIL ............... Personnel Director
JOAN RAATZ.....................,.Magazine Editor
BARTON PRIVATE AGENT
. .. . ..... .. . .. Associate Editorial Director
OSWALD SPENGLER ...........Contributing Editor
nation-and after waiting two weeks for them
either to revise their present policy or con-
tinue to accede to "local custom," then either
resume picketing or abandon it.
Were Seasonwein's only real point of policy
a strong one, it might be profitable to give his
ideas careful consideration. However, letters
from the University's student government,
irrespective of their literary merits or even
the validity of their ideas, would not seem to
be very realistic means of actually promoting
a change in national chain store policies.
And although they could conceivably be of
value as representing the pressure of public
opinion, this would not be Seasonwein's intent
in sending them-he seems to feel that the
letters would actually result in the national
chains taking action. Moreover, it is rather
hard to believe that an individual of Season-
wein's apparent perceptive powers could fail
to realize the impracticality of his "One-Point
THIS MILD castigation of Seasonwein is rela-
tively unimportant except as his thinking
on the problem has been the only conservative
alternative suggested to the picketing and
sit-downs supported by the liberals. In short,
Seasonwein's patent remedy notwithstanding,
conservative thinking has been conspicuous by
New Books at the Library
Hubler, Richard G. - True Love, True Love;
N.Y., Duell, Sloan & Pearce, 1959.
Joseph, Franz M.-As Others See Us; Prince-
ton, Princeton University Press, 1959.
Kehoe, Vincent Jr. - Aficionado!; N.Y.,
Hastings House, 1959.
King, Alexander -- May This House Be Safe
from Tigers; N.Y., Simon & Schuster, 1960.
Langner, Lawrence -The Importance of
Wearing Clothes; N.Y., Hastings House, 1959.
Linklater, Eric - The Merry Muse; N.Y.,
Harcourt, Brace & Co., 1960.
Lorant, Stefan - The Life and Times of
Theodore Roosevelt; N.Y., Doubleday & Co.,
McGinley, Phyllis - The Province of the
Heart; N.Y:, The Viking Press, 1959.
McNnuhton - Mennen Williams of Miehi-
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR:
Midwestern Liberals Humorless
To the Editor:
IS IT written on the windiness of
Spencer, Seasonwein and Com-
pany's liberal Midwesterlies that
faculty "mockery" of huffing arid
puffing student opinion "breaks
down the image of what a teacher
If so, perhaps the entire hu-
manities faculty had better run
for the cyclone cellar while the
moral dribbling on this campus
is still in the upper platitudes.
Since when are humorous class-
room remarks necessarily indica-
tive of moral mockery? It is often
spectacularly the complex case
that such "whimsical mutterings"
as "Let 'em eat cake!" are in fact
mockeries of moral mockeries etc.
It is easy to win a marvelous
sense of propriety if you've sold
your sense of .humor, and a dis-
tortion (or misinterpretation) of
the latter such as was urged by
Miss Spencer is no valid plug for
commitment, except perhaps to
an institution which boasts an
-S. Lewis, '60
Heddling North .
To the Editor:
As a point of. interest, did you
realize that the supreme court's
"law of the land" concerning
southern integration, and the
NAACP and other such groups
have actually set integration in
the south back about two genera-
tions? Did you know that some
southern states had already begun
Quiet, 'Unpublicised integration of
schools, colleges, etc. and that
many young southerners (my
generation) were actually integra-
The college students of today
would have been the first south-
erners to accept Negroes for what.
they really are and not merely as
part of a "bad race," or a "bunch
of Niggers." As early as 1950 we
were on our way to integration
" . . Without outside "help."
e * *
SOUTHERNERS are not like
northerners; we believe in a looser.
form of government and Will re-
fuse to go along with your social-
ism and give in to force from
You here in the north seem to
count an area as "integrated"
when you get a number of Negro
stu1nts in n. white schnol. You
entire south has caused the young
southerners to resist your efforts
to the extent that it will be our
children's children who will at
long last begin to even think of
peaceful integration and racial
friendship? This is if you were to
get out now and leave things
alone. Keep pushing and it will
take that much longer.
IF YOU WANT to continue to
stir up race hatred and trouble,
if you want southerners to learn
to hate Negroes and northerners
as never before, then continue to
picket and continue to support
troublemakers. If you want to
integrate the south and win the
respect for the south .. . Get out
ofathe south and mind your own
damn business ..,.
O yes, one other small thing.
In another- letter in The Daily
tone which I too found funny yet
sickening) you were requested to
"clean up Detroit," and you light-
ly passed over this by saying that
Detroit was one of the cleanest
cities in the U.S. In the Detroit
News just a day or so ago there
was an article which stated that
Michigan had been found by a
conessional committee to be one