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April 16, 1960 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1960-04-16

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It's That Time Again


Seventieth Year

"When Opinions Are Free
Truth Will Prevail"

Good Friday Program
well Chosen, Performed
BRUCKNER'S Symphony No. 9 and Beethoven's Choral Phantasy for,
Piano, Choir and Orchestra were performed yesterday on the
School of Music Good Friday Program. Both.of these works were most
appropriate for such a concert.
The University Orchestra, under the direction of Josef Blatt, did
well interpreted reading of the Bruckner. It is a difficult, highly
chromatic work full of sweeping, romantic melodies.
The occasional problems encountered by the orchestra were those
of precision and intonation, especially in some of the violin parts. This

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

LURDAY, APRIL 16, 1960


Moral Commitment Necessary
To University Students

AN energetic young instructor y e s t e r d a y
mocked a spontaneous gathering of students
on the Diag; their heated debate on the dis-
crimination issue was interrupting his class.
"Rabble," he muttered whimsically. "Let 'em
eat cake!"
It's reasonable to assume the teacher regards
himself as a liberal and an upholder of equal
rights. No doubt he takes his ideas and ideals
seriously and feels a commitment to certain
things he believes are right.
It's equally probable that he didn't realize
he was taking a position in this instance which
breaks down the image of what a teacher
should be.
lHE students he termed, "rabble" are per-'
haps the most valuable of all to the Uni-
versity community. They are committed. They

are interested and alive. Apathy is not one of
their characteristics.
They feel strongly enough against the in-
equality of their Southern Negro counterparts
that they are willing to take a stand on the
issue. Some of them are in favor of picketing
in Ann Arbor as a means of economic pressure
on stores that segregate in the South; some
of them think this means is unfair to local
merchants. None, however, are indifferent.
All these students must feel that expediency
on an issue of this ethical significance is rep-
rehensible. Expedient thinking of the kind
shown by this instructor-though he may not
be aware of it-is a serious problem in this
It's easy to laugh at commitment. Commit-
ment, after all, is active-not passive.

Usage of Student Fees

T HE UNIVERSITY is planning to build a
new addition to the Student Activities
Building, using student funds to finance self-
liquidating bonds.
The question is: why can't this arrangement
be used for other, and perhaps more noble,
projects. For instance, even the most cursory
diagnosis of the legislative situation indicates
the University is not going to get its badly-
needed music school building. There are other
important projects that are being delayed be-
cause of a lack of capital outlay funds, and
the record shows that actual facilities are a
big factor in maintenance of the University's
faculty. In addition, the new facilities are often
necessary to continue producing the new
scholarship and research that contribute so
vitally to the greatness of any university.
USE of student funds for building might
entail a tuition boost, but it wouln't be pro-
prohibitive. An increase of $5 per semester
would yield a quarter of a million dollars per
year, not enough to rebuild the University by
The Calcul
C ALCUTTA -The Indian press is running,
belatedly, a good shot of Senators Syming-
ton, Humphrey, and Kennedy at the U.A.W.
rally in Detroit. Symington and Kennedy are
both grinning, while Humphrey for once looks
unsmiling and detached. The fact is however
that Humphrey is the man with warmth in
him, while the smiling men are the calculating
I have an election theory which goes beyond
the present American Presidential struggle but
Includes it. One part of it, as I wrote in an
earlier column, is that the democracies at the
moment are inclined to choose men just right
of Center who will talk and act like men just
Left of Center. The other part, perhaps linked
with it, is that the cold fish will inherit the
MY campaign predictions, alas, are not based
on facts, evidence, or research. I have
neither public nor private poll-takers to rely
on. On this shaky foundation I decided some
time ago that it- would be Nixon versus Ken-
nedy, and nothing which has happened up ot
now shakes me in that conviction.
F Richard Nixon is elected President It will
mark the triumph of tactical political calcu-
lation over life and its inner impulses. The
anti-Nixon forces try to prove too much when
they depict him as a gutter political goon com-
ing out of the manholes with a bludgeon. He
an intelligent, quick, and even subtle mind,
and he has by now acquired the stamp of
authority. But he would be the coldest man
ever to sit in the White House.
Objective newspapermen who have accom-
panied him on his campaigns testify to the
way he cans his speeches and even his jokes.
Even the set of his jaw, like his camera smile,
seems canned. President Eisenhower, who us-
ually finds it easy to warm to the people with
whom he works, has never warmed to Nixon.
Elected very early to public office, working
hard at the job of reaching for power, Nixon
Editorial Stff
Editorial Director City Editor
JIM BLENAGH........ . .. .... . .. Sports Editor
PETER DAWSON ............ Associate City Editor
pARLE S KOZOLL ........ .. . 'rsonne Director
JOAN KATZ Magazine Editor
BARTON HUTHWAITE . Associate Editorial Director
FRED KATZ...............Associate Sports Editor
DAVE LYON................Associate Spurts Editor

any means, but enough to get started on one
or two necessary projects.
The $100 per year increase, percentage wise
would not be unbearable: for in-state students
it would mean a four per cent boost, while
for out-of-state students it would not even
reach two per cent. Even on top of the possible
tuition increase to increase faculty salaries, the
burden would not be unbearable. Or perhaps
even a little more could be added.
THE EFFECT of such a program would be
excellent. Obviously the University would
get some badly-needed buildings. But it might
also influence the Legislature to speed up
capital outlays, because they would be on a
shared basis. Even the most conservative Sen-
ator must realize eventually more building
must be done, if not in Ann Arbor or East-
Lansing, certainly in Dearborn or Oakland.
Why not speed up the process?
In sum, students can and should help build
the University.
has rubbed away the protruding angular
sharpness of a ruthless partisan. He has learn-
ed to be more wary and less vulnerable. But
he has remained rootless and has not achieved
the warm humanity of a Roosevelt or an Eis-
enhower, a Harry Truman or a Hubert Hum-
phrey. Every bead of his blood turns to self-
aggrandizement. The one quality he has whicp
has carried him so far is his sure knowledge
of how to strike at the jugular of power.
A liberal Senator who has worked closely
with John Kennedy, and who is not un-
sympathetic to him, has described him as "a
pretty cold fish". Kennedy Is no Nixon, but
the phrase comes close to home. His boyish
winsome smile, which is somewhat disarming,
comes not out of warmth but out of a certain
shyness. Unlike Nixon, who has the pitchman
phrases of successful salesmanship. Kennedy's
style is scholarly, allusive, and almost literary
in a stilted way. But don't be deceived by this
into believing that Kennedy is a political ama-
teur, or-as Adlai Stevenson was in 1952-an
egghead thrust by circumstance and histor
into the political melee.
No one as intensely competitive in his drive
to power has come up in the Democratic polit-
cal arena in our time, and no one has built
a campaign machine to equal Kennedy's in
its cold impersonal efficiency. I don't mean
that Kennedy is a natural politician: he isn't.
He gives me the uneasy feeling of not really
liking politics-in the way, for example, that
Roosevelt liked it, or Truman, or in the way'
Lyndon Johnson likes it. But he has thrown
himself into it with an almost frightening in-
tensity, as if his life depended on his getting
to the White House-
If his life doesn't depend upon it, I suspect
that his self-image does-which may amount
to the same thing. I suppose that if you set
your sights for the most powerful democratic
office in the world, at a moment in history
when the decisions it carries will be fateful for
all of mankind, everything else in you is con-
sumed and the drive-to-success becomes the
THIS need not be a sinister fact, if there is
a humanity underlying the drive, as I think
there is in Kennedy. His competitiveness has
helped him with the Democrats, because it
has promised them someone who can match
Nixon's drive to power. In fact, when Nelson
Rockefeller bowed himself out of the race, last
December, and Nixon remained the lone run-
ner, Kennedy's political fortunes zoomed up-
ward. Many whowould have preferred Hum-
phrey in a campaign against Rockefeller, to
match the latter's warmth and liberalism,

-Daily-James Richman
International Trad eFair

Wolfe, last yea~r a Daily Staff menm-
ber, is presently studying at the
University of Vienna.)
VIENNA-Fortunately for United
States' prestige, the Soviet pa-
vilion at Europe's fifth largest ex-
hibition was closed.
Even while the Vienna Interna-
tional Trade Fair is recalled as
the place where 68 Yugoslavs
asked Austrian authorities for
politicaleasylum in March, 1956,
the United States took no advan-
tage of her "propaganda" oppor-
tunity. The United States exhibit
was a disappointment to the Aus-
trians, visitors hailing from ap-
proximately 60 different countries,
and a University of Michigan
student who is attending the Uni-
versity of Vienna.
Glass-enclosed and modern, the
United States pavilion was archi-
tecturally well-planned. Inside, a
large display room surround a
glass-enclosed interior where an
American maintained one of the
few live exhibits of the fair: be
drove a new, yellow American-
manufactured tractor within the
enclosure, scooped holes, and re-
filled them with dirt.
VISITORS watched a few mo-
ments apiece with interest and
then turned to view the rest of
the eagerly awaited exhibit.
To their right was a score of
yellow tractors. To their left, sev-
eral bright yellow caterpillars. In
between, familiar yellow dump

All very modern, impressive, and
briefly interesting.
The visitor then started his
promenade around the other three
sides of the pavilion. An unex-
pected sight greeted him-a dozen
more yellow tractor-trailers, cater-
pillars, and dump trucks.
He stared through the glass-
enclosed center in disbelief.
THE AUSTRIAN exhibit of
leatherwork, toys, sportswear, and
textiles housed in the former tre-
mendous stables of the royal fami-
lies of Vienna had fulfilled its
prime task-helping balance Aus-
trian foreign trade by stimulating
Great Britain and Belgium had
attracted streams of visitors with
displays of new - model motor
scooters, motorcycles, bikes, and
State industries in Soviet satel-
lite countries were represented by
busy official buyers who shopped,
made businesscontracts, or kept
check of latest Western products
and designs.
Fifteen other countries housed
impressive exhibits.
Once again, the visitor's eyes
fell upon the glaring yellow of
massive farm equipment.
He shook his head and looked
outside the glass entrance walls
for something unusual - still
more yellow.
** *
SO UNTIL the "kino" (movie)
on the United States was ready to
roll, the visitor strolled outside
and drank a cup of instant Ameri-
can coffee at the stand. Overhead,
a sign fluttered: "Es hat so viele

Vorzuge . . ." (It has so many
He sighed. The American coffee,
(one shilling a cup-four cents)
was too thin and too sweet,
Then back inside the U. S.
pavilion for the movie. Austrians
poured into the small, dark room,
filled the seats and stood waiting
expectantly for the movie on
The narrator's voice came
through in good, clear German.
The spectators were surprised and
As University student Helene
Prizant, '61, described it: "Onto
the screen flashed a picture of a
prosperous American farm with
rolling yellow tractors, caterpillars,
and dump trucks."
"I hear it is every spring so,
though," Viennese law student
Gunther Koszlk said when ques-
tioned about the exhibit (it must
be noted here that the Viennese
are extremely polite people).
"The tractors are interesting to
us. We do not have these," he
continued. "The spring fair is
mostly for farmers and street-
builders because this is when they
are planting crops and building
"I hear all but two of the
American machines were sold,"
his younger brother Friedl chimed
IN THE FALL, the Soviet ex-
hibit is oriented towards technical
material, such as microscopes and
photographicharticles, they ex-
plained. In the '59 fall fair, the
Sputnik in the Soviet pavilion was
the fair's center of attention.
"The USSR makes a little more
propaganda with great pictures of
Lenin," Gunther said. "America
also, but written and in a better
way-it makes an appeal to the
"Have you heard of the book,
'The Hidden Persuaders.' This is
America. The Russians make it so
---uhhh ,. .. "
But the crowd at the movie dis-
persed instants after it began.
To them, it was even less im-
pressive than the silent dome of
the USSR pavilion (the Soviet
Union ordinarily participates only
in the fall fair).
COMMUNIST East Germany's
furor-creating attempts to force
all Austrian fairs to fly East Ger-
man flags was forgotten. Neutral
Austria's ban on the new hammer
and compass flag to couhter Com-
munist efforts fora de-facto rec-
ognition of the Ulbricht Regime
at the risk of East Germany's
withdrawal from trade fairs was
no longer as important as it had
seemed in February.
The Yugoslavian visitors who
sought political asylum in 1956
because of "unfavorable economic
conditions" at home and begged
permission to seeks shelter in
western European countries and
America were forgotten.
And for many visitors, so were
the exhibition efforts of the latter

did not, however, seriously detract
from a generally good perform-
ALTHOUGH the second move-
ment had the most technical diffi-
culties - especially the Trio - it
was one of the most beautifully
interpreted. One could clearly
hear the movement of all the
voices and the curve of the melo-
dic lines. It ranges in character
from the fight stacatto sections
for strings to the full sounds of
a brass choir.
The third movement is, perhaps,
the most dramatic part of the
symphony. The principle melody
is haunting, almost tragic in
sound. Here, the strings, particu-
larly the cello section, produced
a beautiful rich sound.
Except for an off-beat entrance,
the brass along with the wood-
winds are to be commended for
their fine sound and precision.
The chorale sections grew to high
dynamic levels yet remained mel-
low in sound.
* * *
DAVID EFFRON, a piano stu-
dent of Benning Dexter, was the
soloist in the Beethoven Choral
Phantasy. His performance of this
lesser Beethoven work was bright,
precise and exciting. His sound
balanced well with the orchestra
and his playing was confident and
There was good ensemble be-
tween soloist and orchestra, es-
pecially in the ritards at the ends
of the solo passages where the
orchestra joins the piano. In the
solo orchestra sections, there
seemed to be an occasional lack
of precision and the violins did
not always produce a firm accu-
rate sound.
The Choral Phantasy is some-
thing of a forerunner to Beetho-
ven's ninth. The main theme is
suggestive of the theme Beethoven
used in the last movement of his
ninth symphony and a chorus
introduced in the final section of
the work. The first part of the
Phantasy is entirely for piano
and orchestra, with the main in-
terest in the piano.
It is more of a virtuoso work
than a melodic one and gives the
pianist a chance to demonstrate
his technical skills. The difficult
passages seemed to provide no
obstacle for the soloist, Effron. The
opening cadezna was strong and
THE SHORT choral section was
performed by the Michigan Sing-
ers and the Bach choir. Their
bright, well balanced voices
brought the work to an exciting
climax. The voices carried well
over the sounds of the orchestra,
were in tune and well together.
Although Beethoven's Choral
Phantasy could not be ranked
among his great works, it was the
vehicle for a very enjoyable, excit-
ing performance by the combined
efforts of various groups in the
School of Music.
-Charlotte Davis

S tevens on:
Still Going
Associated Press News Analyst
Nelson A. Rockefeller are con-
tributing. signs of change to the
whole preconvention picture.
Stevenson, returning from a two-
months tour of Latin America in
the middle of the political thun-
derstorm has marched right out
into the open where the Democra-
tic lightning can strike.
Rockefeller, emerging from a
long preoccupation with the New
York legislature, is going to take
to the road again, putting himself
back in the national limelight.
Both have been standing on the
"no hope" line, Stevenson since
1956 and Rockefeller since his
too-early campaign last year.
* * *
vor have persisted throughout the
country despite the walk-in gen-
erally expected for Vice-President
Nixon. His supporters will be
watching closely to see whether
reaction to his forthcoming
speeches seems to warrant a
stretch run. Even if they can't get
the nomination for him, a show
of power might get them other
things at the convention and
thereafter. Some of them also feel
sincerely that Republican muscles
are losing their tone from inac-
tivity and need some form of fillip.
Stevenson struck the flint at a
news conference in New York. In-
stead of dwelling on Latin Ameri-
can affairs, which would have been
in character, he said he neither
hoped for nor expected a Demo-
cratic draft.
While Humphrey, Kennedy and
Symington have been campaign-
ing ad iYyndon Johnson laying
back with a fistful of delegates,
Stevenson has been a very lively
ghost in the Democratic back-
ground all the time. Despite his
two defeats he still holds the
respect of a very large section of
both voters and politicians.
NORMAL political procedure, if
he really had hopes for a draft,
would haveabeen to take to the
road this spring, helping to raise
money for the party and patting
Governors and Senators on the
Instead, he dropped almost out
of sight, his Latin American trip
being obscured by that of Presi-
dent Eisenhower.
His speaking program now calls
for appearances only in academic
halls. He found out at the Uni-
versity of Virginia, however, that
he can turn them into political
forums if he wishes.
Whether he has been influenced
by the indecisiveness of the Wis-
consin primary, whether he senses
a division of strength among other
candidates which could lead to
convention deadlock, his action no
longer bear out his expression of
no hope.


TO The Ecrdor


Sufficient Evidence .. .
To the Editor:
FOR THE past few weeks, the
picketing of a local store has
received considerable attention in
the eyes of the community. The
demonstrators, their spokesman
reportedly claims, are seeking a
"clear statement of Cousins Shop
policy, and behavior consistent
with that policy."
The above words must not be
taken lightly; certainly they were
not meant to be. But the serious-
ness of the idea stated appears to
have been overlooked by even the
In a civilization where men may
live by their own conscience sub-
ject only to the restrictions of na-
tur^ and the law, it is essential
that reason and sincere dealings
replace violence and coercion as
the means of effecting justice in
the land. Honesty and reason, in
turn, create the need for valid
evidence on which to base deci-
sions and actions.
* *
IT APPEARS that in the Cous-
ins situation, there has been a
lack of sufficient evidence as to
the actual incident concerned;
in a court of law, more than an
accusation is necessary to convict.
If people, in business or any re-
ltionsiD. dalon th ess of

AS I HAVE said, evidence of
discriminatory practice seems to
be lacking in the case of the
shop-keeper, although a 'com-
plaint has reached the public
through rather garbled channels.
I can't defend or accuse the
owner, since proper evidence
(picket signs notwithstanding) is
not available.
But if it were, I might still be
inclined to withhold judgement.
By what authority are we to de-
mand that she "state her policy"
and act consistently with it?
The pickets and their support-
ers should realize that though the
desired end is imminently impor-
tant, if it is to establish the un-
prejudiced evaluation and accept-
ance of men only on the basis of
essential qualities, still the means
to that end must be constantly
questioned and watched. We must
not destroy the concept of the
individual in our quest for equal
opportunity for all, or we may
"win the battle but lose the war."
-Jack Lifsitz, Grad.

The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no edi-
torial responsibility. Notices should
be sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Build-
ing, before 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
VOL. LXX, NO. 143
General Notices
USHIERING: Sign-up sheets fox people
who wish to usher for the next Depart-
ment of Speech Playbill production are
on the bulletin board outside room 1502
Frieze Building.
The annual spring meeting of the
University senate will be held on Mon.,
April 18, at 4:15 p.m. in the Rackham
Lecture Hall.
Drama Season Ushering: Ushers are
needed for the Ann Arbor Drama Sea-
son, beginning May 10 and running for
5 weeks. Ushers sign up to usher one
evening of the week each of the five
weeks (one performance of each pro-
duction). Performances are Tuesday
through Saturday evenings, with Thurs-
day and Saturday matinees. People
wishing to usher are asked to call Mr.

Ltz at NO 3-1511, ext. 3383, Monday
or Tuesday between 3:15 and 4:30 p.mT.
or Friday between 10:45 a.m. and 12
noon. Opening night performances are
formal dress.
Student Recital: Irwin Gage will pre-
sent a recital in Aud. A on Sat., April
16, at 8:30 P.M. He has included in his
program compositions by Bach, Hinde-
mith, Chopin, and Mussorgsky. Open to
the public.
Composers Forum: Compositions by
student composers will be heard inba.
recital in Aud. A, on Mon., April 18, at
8:30 p m. Compositions by the following
students will be included on the pro-
gram: Ronald Le, Mary Luther, Maur-
ice White, Robert James, George Caci-
oppo, Donald Scavarda, Gerald Humel,
and Michael Cunningham. Open to the
general public.
Academic Notices
Engineering Mechanics Seminar, Mon.
April 18, at 4:00 p.m. in Room 311 West
Engineering Building, Prof. D. C.
Druckerof.Brown University will speak
on "The bole of Experimentation in
the Development of Theory as Iilus-
trated by Stress-Strain-Time-Tempera-
Sri-ieTmea(Continued on Page 5)

By Michael Kelly


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