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April 06, 1960 - Image 3

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1960-04-06

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

I I
B

West

Spurns

Soviet

African Police Fight
Striking Negro Mob
Government Reportedly Ignoring
Pleas To Talk with Negro Leaders

Disarmament
Foreign Affairs Committee
Cuts Foreign Aid Program,

WASHINGTON (A)-The House
Foreign Affairs Committee yester-
day formally carved 136% million
dollars of economic' aid out of
President Eisenhower's $4,175,-
000,000 foreign aid program - a
comparatively light cut.
The 18-5 closed session vote
confirmed decisions the committee
made last week.
Preliminary Fight
This, however, was merely a
first round skirmish in the annual
foreign aid battle. The big test
lies ahead when the Appropria-
tions Committee passes on the
actual money bill.
The economic aid portion be-
fore the Foreign Affairs Com-
mittee amounted to only about
one-third - $1,400,000,000 - and
was an authorization measure.
The Appropriations Committee
provides the actual funds and
considers the whole program.
The two billion dollar military
aid portion has been the prime
target of those who want to slash
the program by at least one bil-
lion.
The biggest single reduction the

Foreign Affairs Committee made
was in lopping 75 million dollars
from the 175-million dollar con-
tingency fund placed at the dis-
posal of the President. Congress
voted 100 million last year.
Vote Reductions
The committee voted to reduce
by 49 million dollars, to 675 mil-
lion, special support to military
allies who are economically hard
pressed. This compares with 695
million voted last year.
The other 12% million dollars1
was cut from the 2681/2 million
proposed for economic aid grants
-which would still make it 11
million more than voted last year.
The committee also voted to
cut off aid to Cuba unless the
President specifically authorizes
continuation.
Some $350,000 in technical as-
sistance is involved.
Meanwhile Sen. J. William Ful-
bright (D-Ark.), Chairman of the
Senate Foreign Relations Commit-
tee, announced that his group
would begin work on the measure
today.1

U I

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CHARLES DE GAULLE
... arrives in Britain
.De Gaulle
Welcomed
LONDON (A') - Triumph and
tears mingled in an emotional
welcome of President Charles de
Gaulle to Britain yesterday.
Queen Elizabeth II and her
people received de Gaulle with
pomp and panoply in the city
that was the headquarters of his
Free French forces in World War
II.
The head of the Fifth French
Republic, the most powerful
Frenchman of his time, wore the
uniform of a brigidier general, his
wartime rank, at the opening of a
three-day state visit.
He is here for pre-summit dis-
cussions with Prime Minister Har-
old Macmillan.
De Gaulle and Macmillan had
much to talk about. De Gaullel
was host to Soviet Premier Nikita'
Khrushchev from March 23 to
last Monday. Macmillan returned
last :eek from talks in Washing-
ton with President Dwight D.
Eisenhower. De Gaulle goes to
Washington later this month.
Apart from swapping experi-
ences on these pre-summit meet-
ings, they no doubt wanted to
mull over the British-French eco-
nomic dispute which shows signs
of becoming heated.
The British, however, allowed
no hint of difference to mar their
welcome.
Headline writers broke into
French for words to capture the
spirit of the day.
"Le Jour de Glorie" (the day of
glory) was the headline over the
front page of the Evening Star.

Plan
Call Idea
Formless,
Dangerous
Talks Deadlocked
As Summit Nears
GENEVA {P)-The West yester-
day rejected the Khrushchev total
disarmament plan as too formless
and dangerous to provide a basis;
for negotiation.
The action deadlocked the 10-
nation conference on disarmament
since the Soviet Union previously
turned down the West's plan for
gradual disarming.
The next move appears to be up
to Moscow. Western sources sug-
gested the Russians have these
alternatives.
They can change tack quickly
and begin discussing concrete dis-
armament. proposals along the
lines suggested in the Western
pl1-
They can wait for new direc-
tives to emerge from the summit
conference opening in Paris May
16.
Or they can even keep the
negotiations frozen until the next
United Nations General Assembly
meeting in New York next au-
tumn.
West To Continue
The Western delegations are
prepared to keep on talking as
long as the Russians wish.
The West's rejection was an-
nounced by United States Am-
bassador Frederick M. Eaton and
French disarmament expert Jules
Moch.r
Eaton said the Soviet plan was
so formless it threatened the
world with anarchy. With no pro-
vision for an international police
force, Eaton declared the Soviet
plan would result "in the enslave-
gment of small nations by their
large neighbors."
"We cannot accept as a basis
for discussion the Soviet plan or
any text resembling it," Moch
declared.
Reach Surprise Conclusion
Informants said the delegations
from the United States, Britain,
France, Italy and Canada slowly
have reached a surprising conclu-
sion since the disarmament talks
opened more than three weeks
ago.
They now believe Soviet Deputy
Foreign Minister Valerian A. Zor-
in came to Geneva without any
precise plan at all. He arrived
merely with the generalities of
the total disarmament plan Pre-
mier Nikita S. Khrushchev put
forward at the UN last fall.

JOHANNESBURG, South Africa
(MP)-Police used clubs and guns
at Cape Town again yesterday
and fought a wild battle with a
mob outside Durban in new ef-
orts to break up the Negro work
boycott.
The casualties included two
dead and many beaten and in-
jured. Some of the casualties were
police.
Some Negroes joined the police
in a wild melee with a mob of
about 1,000 at Lamontville, 10
miles outside Durban.
Attack Nyanga
Police, with armored cars, for
the second day swooped upon the
big Negro settlement of Nyanga
near Cape Town in an effort to
stamp out the work boycott.
Casualties were reported by po-
lice, who did not give out any fig-
ures on Negro injured. But eye-
witnesses say many.Negroes were
injured.
About 60 per cent of Cape
Town's Negro workers were re-
ported to have quit the work boy-
cott, yesterday, but Maj. J. J.
Rheeder, a district police com-
mandant, said Nyanga today was
again "alive with defiant stay-
ways (strikers) ."
The township is a stronghold
of the Pan AfricanistsCongress,
militant Negro organization that
ordered the boycott as a protest
against the white supremacy laws
of South Africa's nationalist gov-
ernment, particularly the carrying
of passbooks.
The government came under
new pressure from some political,
church and business leaders to
negotiate instead of using force
to end the racial strife.
But the government indicated
it would ignore the pleas to talk
with responsible Negro leaders.
It put on a drive for swift Sen-
ate action on a bill outlawing the
Pan Africanist Congress and the
more moderate African National
Congress.
United Party Agrees
Even the opposition United
Party joined in supporting the
bill, and the only voices raised
against it in Parliament came
from the small progressive party
and the few members represent-
ing the Negroes.
An official of the African na-
tional congress said the organiza-
tion already "has gone under-
ground."
. Police said they entered Cape
Town's Negro settlement at Nyan-
ga to protect those who want tof
work from terrorists attempting
to prolong the boycott.
Police in Nyanga followed the
same procedure as the day before.

The newspaper Cape Argus pub-
lished this account from a witness
to the developments:
"Police scattered and entered
houses round about. Women start-
ed screaming and I saw a man
run out of his house being hit by
police with batons. I heard shots
fired.
"Women picked up and dragged
away one man who was shot
down. Women picked up another
man who was shot in the hip.
People were chased out of their
houses by police and they gath-
ered in the streets."
The raids continued past noon.
Dr. C. K. Madikizi, only doctor in
the Nyanga settlement, gave this
description of the troop order:
"First there came a line of
police with clubs. They were fol-
lowed by armored cars, and be-
hind the cars walked bunch-up
groups of armed soldiers and sail-
ors. Last of all came the big truck
transports."
Medical Aid
Plans Grow
WASHINGTON (W)-The Eisen-
hower administration inched
closer to a medical-care-for-the-
aged program yesterday.
It blocked out broad guidelines
stressing voluntary participation
and ruling out a boost in social'
security taxes.
President Eisenhower and Re-
publican congressional leaders
agreed on the guidelines at a
White House conference.
Senate GOP Chief Everett M.
Dirksen of Illinois, reporting this
to newsmen, said that as he views
it the Federal Government would
make some contribution toward
paying health insurance premiums
for the elderly.
Eisenhower made no commit-
ment on that principle, Dirksen
said, but did emphasize he is
against any increase in Social
Security levies to underwrite such
a program.
Any such program would op-
erate mainly at the State level
with any Federal financial help
coming out of general tax rev-
enues, Dirksen told reporters.
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Lacks Concrete Plan
His answers to questions reveal
that he lacks a detailed draft
treaty in his briefcase, Western
sources said.
British Minister of State David
Ormsby-Gore told newsmen:
"A curious feature of the nego-
tiations so far is that the Russians
have made virtually no attempt to
fill in the details of last year's
Khrushchev plan. It remains a
list of sweeping measures with a
total lack of precision regarding
how they are to be implemented."
The Soviet plan calls for gen-
eral and complete disarmament
within four years.
Ormsby-Gore said the Western
nations have revealed the unre-
ality in that time limit provision.
"The four-year period would
not start until after a world con-
ference on disarmament had
taken place and the 90 or so na-
tions attending the conference
had unanimously agreed on an
incredibly elaborate treaty for the
total abolition of all the armed
forces in the world," he said.
"My own judgment would be
that-far from achieving disarm-
ament in four years-such a pro-
cedure would achieve no disarma-
ment after 40 years. Anyone who
thinks the Soviet plan is designed
to reach its objective in 1964 has
been grossly misled."

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