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April 06, 1960 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1960-04-06

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See Page 4

Seventieth Year of Editorial Freedom

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VOL. L2L&, No. L126

Kennedy Wins Battle,

n CI




MILWAUKEE (P)-Sen. John F.
Kennedy (D-Mass) won the Wis-
consin Democratic Presidential
primary last night with a majority
of the statewide vote and six of
10 congressional districts.
Sen. Hubert H. Humphrey (D-
Minn) went down to a respectable
defeat and he was ready to claim-
that actuallyit was something of
a victory for an underdog.
V i c e President Richard M.
Nixon camenin third in the state
wide balloting. He had no oppo-
sition on the Republican side of
the primary and never campaign-
ed in the state.
Takes Convention Votes
At the moment of victory in a
crucial election, Kennedy had a
claim on 20 of the 30 votes in the
Democratic National Convention
which were up for grabs. Humph-
rey was reaching for the other 10.
Confronted with returns show-
ing him 20,000 votes behind in the
statewide vote, Humphrey said,
"Well listen, I still consider this
a warmup exercise for me. I do
not feel injured, I mean politically
injured, by the results. I feel it is
a reassuring vote."
While Humphrey led up to the
half way point in the tallying,
Kennedy had begun chipping
away his margin long before.
Kennedy sprang into the lead with
half the precincts reported and
then began pulling away.
Moves Away
With two-thirds of the count,
the Massachusetts Senator had
things all his own way. He had
boosted his statewide spread past
20,000 votes and had a firm hold
on six of the 10 congressional
That was just what he had said
he expected to take.
At that point, it looked as if
he would have to do without
gravy. But he told a nationwide
television audience:
"I feel good because I believe
it was a successful campaign
against a worthy opponent. It was
a very long and gruelling cam-
paign. After tonight I will con-
tinue to work on the other pri-
" maries."

Coor dinatm
House Vote

WISCONSIN OPPONENTS-Sen. Hubert Humphrey of Minnesota
(left) and Sen. John Kennedy of Massachusetts greet each other
before voters went to the polls yesterday and gave Kennedy his
second primary victory of the campaign.
Author Sees Necessity
Of Con-Con Amendment
"Michigan needs a constitutional amendment which would
change the requirement for passage of the revision proposition from
a majority voting on the question."
Robert Ketchum, the author of a new publication by the Uni-
versity's Institute of Public Administration, believes this change is
necessary for Michigan to hold a constitutional convention.
Force Opposition Moves
Ketchum, a student at the Harvard Law School, points out that
such an amendment "would force the opposition to come out fighting,
'for it could no longer rely on the

Delay Final
On Theatre
Await Other Offers,
To Decide Shortly
Announcement of the location
of a professional repertory the-
ater, which was expected at the
beginning of this month, has been
postponed until at least April
The reason for delay is that
Minneapolis and Milwaukee, also
under consideration 'for location
of the theater, have not made
presentations of their suggested
sites, according to Prof. Wilfred'
Kaplan of the mathematics de-
partment, spokesman for the
theatre steering committee.
Await Decision
"It is our understanding that
Brandeis University (at Waltham,
Mass., near Boston) is not delay-
ing the decision," he added. "That
university has apparently stated
its best possible location for the
Producer Tyrone Guthrie, who
suffered from a heart attack at
Christmas time, came to New
York from his home in Ireland
last week, Prof. Kaplan related,
where he conferred with associ-
ates Oliver Rea and Peter Ziesler.
Together they dicussed possible
theatre locations.
Konrad Matthaei, vice chair-
man of the Ann Arbor steering
committee, presented statements
to the three on behalf of differ-
ent sites in the Detroit area, Prof.
Kaplan continued. They included
statements from President Har-
tlan Hatcher, the University Re-
gents, President Clarence Hill-
berry of Wayne State University
and Chancellor Durward Varne
of Michigan State University
Include Support
A letter from a number of
wealthy sponsors in this area de-
claring their confidence that th
theater could thrive here was als
included, Prof. Kaplan said.
The move to bring the theate
to Ann Arbor began last fall
through the initiative of the Dra
matic Arts Center, which inquire
about the further development o:
community theatre through th
American Nations Theatre Assn.
The proposed theatre would pro
duce a variety of shows over a 20
week period.
Rea and associates conferre
with local officials at that tim
and cited the advantages of th
Ann Arbor area as 1) its place a
the cultural center of southeas
Michigan, and 2) a strategic lo-
cation which could draw fron
over three million people.
The other Midwestern sites, Ii
Milwaukee and near the Univer
sity of Minnesota, were attractiv
for similar reasons.

Private Institutions Praised

DETROIT - University Presi- .
dent Harlan Hatcher urged strong
support for private colleges and
universities, while addressing as
United Negro College Fund meet-
ing here last night.
No one can aenytthe differences
between small private colleges and
large state universities, President
Hatcher said, but he denied these
differences "pit them as antago-
As all institutions are dedicated
to the research for the accurate
knowledge of man and the world'
in which he lives, anything de-
trimental to private colleges is
also harmful to the University, he
Schools Interdependent
He pointed out that the well-
being of state universities depends
in great measure on the condition
of small private colleges. Small
liberal arts colleges are constantly
feeding state universities with stu-
dents, and often with new teach-
tec-ing techniques.
In return, state universities in-
fluence small colleges through the
experiments, research and teacher
training they can undertake.
"If education is a two-way street
in which ideas travel back and
forth between teacher and pupil,
then the same is true of the rela-
tionship between the public uni-

carrying back with them some
measure of the breadth and scope
of the great public university.
"You cannot, I would say, have
a great university withouthaving,
at the same time top-flight private
colleges," he continued.
"The converse also is true. We
are all breathing the same at-
mosphere. As president of a-large
state university, I am vitally in-
terested in the welfare of small
private colleges."
President Hatcher reviewed the
history of the United College Fund
and expressed the belief that the
private Negro colleges will con-
tinue their "splendid work of the
These colleges would continue to
help their students overcome edu-
cational handicaps caused by edu-
cational and economic inequalities
and continue to give low cost
quality education.
As integration takes place and
Negro students become better pre-
pared, the colleges themselves
would become improved he said.
"They deserve and must have
support for the urgently important
work they are doing in the com-
plex educational processes of our
nation. With this support the fu-
ture can be a most bright and ex-
citing one."

, .. lauds private schools


versity and private college," Presi-
dent Hatcher said.
"Faculty often go back and forth
between the colleges. Graduates of
small private colleges do their
graduate work at the university,
bringing with them some of the
excitement and personality of their
campuses, and they return to
teaching jobs in private colleges

College Plan
In Senate
A bill to charter a new Grand
Valley College to serve the Grand
Rapids area will go before the
State Senate for debate and a
showdown vote before the session
The showdown vote was assured
last week when the Senate Edu-
cation Committee endorsed the
House-approved bill by a close
3-2 vote.
The college would be the tenth
of the state-supported, four year
Establish Charter
Under the terms of the bill,
passage would charter the insti-
tution at Grand Rapids to serve
the eight-county surrounding
area, with a population of 75,000.
This would be conditional on
locally raising one million dollars
and developing a site.
According to Sen. Perry W.
Greene (R - Grand Rapids) the
money has already been pledged
and two alternate sites are under
He added that the institution
could open in three to four years.
Some Oppose
Sen. Arthur Dehmel (R-Union-
ville), Senate Education Com-
mittee chairman, and Republican
majority leader Sen. Frank Beadle
of St. Clair, are opposed to the
Dehmel said supporters were
"kidding themselves" by saying
that it would cost less to educate
western Michigan college students
at a new school rather than send-
ing them away.
Other critics of the project
claim it will tend to shoot the
state higher education bills up an-
other $20 million within a few
Appeal News
Delta Chi, professional journal-
istic fraternity, complained yes-

non-voter to defeat the measure.'

Expressing the belief that it was
the non-voter who was actually
voting against the measure be-
cause of the absolute majority
requirement, Ketchum says that
support from the political parties,
"especially the Democratic Party",
will be needed for passage.
"However, the Democrats are
not likely to press for a conven-
tion until the method of selecting,
convention delegates is revised,"
he added.
Two Changes Seen
"Two changes are possible: a
constitutional amendment could
change the basis of selection from
senate districts to house districts;
or an amendment could provide
for reapportionment of Michigan
senatorial districts an a popula-
tion basis.
If either amendment w e r e
adopted, the Democrats probably
would favor calling a convention,
Ketchum said, because rural areas
would not be over-represented.
V a r i o u s groups in Michigan
took stands on both sides of the
1958 con-con issue, the author
explains, but "it is evident that
the active campaign against re-
vision did not directly defeat it.
This defeat rests principally, if
not exclusively, with voter apa-

Questions Unanswered
As the balloting reached the
point of decision, there still were
no clear cut answers to some out-
standing questions-such quest-
ions as how Kennedy's Roman
Catholic religion or Republican
votes in the Democratic primary
may have affected the outcome.
In any event, Kennedyvcame
out of it with another victory
pennant to-,hang up alongside the
one he collected in the New
Hampshire primary last month.
For his part, Humphrey said he
is going right on into the West
Virginia primary, where he will
buck Kennedy again on May 10.
West Virginia is one of the most
Protestant states in the nation,
whereas Wisconsin is some 30 per
cent Catholic.
Late Results
MILWAUKEE (P) - Returns
from 2,710 of 3,446 precincts
In Wisconsin's presidential pri-
mary give:
Kennedy (D) 318,643
Humphrey (D) 269,913
Nixon (R) 258,827
(Kennedy leading in 6 dis-
tricts, Humphrey in 4.)

Tops Nation'
The University is a leader in the
volume of research in engineering
and the physical sciences among
the nation's colleges and univer-
sitibs, according to two recent re-
The "Engineering Research Re-
view for 1959" ranked the Uni-
versity first in research volume
among 117 engineering colleges
and universities, Robert S. Bur-
roughs, director of the University
Research Institute, said.
The Defense Department re-
ported that the University was
also one of the four top univer-
sities in research supported by
various Defense Department com-
ponents, Burroughs said.
"Of the four, the University was
alone in not operating for the
government a research laboratory
not closely integrated with the
academic activities of the insti-
tution," he reported.
Although $22 million was spent
on the overall research program
last year, "the dollar volume is
not as significent as the total num-
ber of projects and the support
this research program has provided
for graduate students," he said.

Spengler Views Results
Of Population Growth
"The most real and imminent result of world population growth
by the year 2,000 will be scarcity of raw materials and a lack of
non-agricultural lands which may bring pressure for stricter govern-
mental regulation of population," Prof. Joseph J. Spengler of Duke
University said last night.
Addressing his audience on "The Population Problem, Yesterday,
Today, and Tomorrow," Prof. Spengler, economist and director of
graduate studies at Duke, attempted a prediction of future economic
conditions after he analyzed the current situation and outlined that
of the eighteenth century world.
"In the United States alone," he asserted, "acreage equal to
about 80 per cent of the present farming lands will be absorbed by
non-agricultural uses by 2050."
Belief in our present 'living standards will enunciate free space
and the open country will be modified or become manifest in stricter
state control of birth rates. "We

On Budget
Due Today
Legislature Objects
To Presidents' Plan
To Name Mediator
State University and colleg
presidents today postponed th
naming of a "fact-finder" amids
objections from the House of Rep
resentatives concerning the ap
The position will be filled "a
the earliest possible date," accord
ing to Edgar L. Harden, presiden
of Northern Michigan College an
chairman of the Council of Stat
College Presidents.
The delay is reported to be due
to the pending House vote on th
appropriation for higher educa
tion which is scheduled for today
Expects No Increase
University Vice-President an
Dean of Faculties Marvin L. Nie
huss said yesterday he did nc
expect any additions to be mad
to the University's budget.
The appropriation, as approve
by the Senate, stands at $35.
million, a figure termed "inade
quate" by University Presider
Harlan Hatcher. It represents a
increase of about $1.5 million ove
the present operating figure.
Passage of the bill could great)
increase the possibility of tuitio
Niehuss said yesterday that th+
University had no objections b
the state appointing the mediato
instead of the appointment con
ing from the presidents.
He said that according to h
understanding of the proposal o
several legislators, the state woub
appoint an education specialist i
collect the figures.
Effect Uncertain'
It is as yet unknown how muc
such a state-appointed office
could influence the budget ri
quests of the state's schools o
affect the universities' and co
leges' internal working throug
his power over appropriations.
Niehuss' statement was base
on the assumption that the med
ator would not have influence o
such matters as curriculum.
Rep. Charles A. Boyer (R-Man
istee), head of the legislativ
study committee on higher educe
tion, supported the president
plan for the nine institution c
ordinator. But the plan w
turned down by the House yeste
day in an unexpected move an
t their action was backed by sever
influential senators including Se
. Elmer R. Porter (R-BlissfIleld
chairman of the Senate Appropr
ations Committee.

Liberal Democrats Consolidating

still have a great deal to learn
about the economic and social
forces which influence population
growth, but I should say that by
2000 we may have a clear cut
choice: high personal incomes
with large recreational and resi-
dential areas or an extremely
large population."
Prof. Spengler predicted the
world census count will jump from
its current two and one-half bil-
lion to five or seven billion with-
in the next forty years.
The population of the United
States, now at 180 million, will
rise to 300 m "llion in the same
period and will probably double
that figure by 2150.
Different Conditions
In discussing the present con-
ceptions of the population prob-
lem and its ramifications, Prof.
Spengler cited several major dif-
ferences between the twentieth
century economy and the condi-
tions of 150 years ago.
"The greatest change that has
occurred is the decline in the im-
portance of the land and its or-
ganic products. Per capita con-
sumption of renewable organic
materials has decreased relatively
while the utilization of the im-
portant non-renewable mineral
products has increased by several
hundred per cent," Spengler said.

EDITOR'S NOTE: The second in
a two-part series on the Democratic
Midwest Conference, this article
will deal with the national issues
which the delegates focused on at
the three-day meeting. -
Fired-up midwestern Democrats
forged a stiff civil rights "policy
statement" in Detroit last week
and prepared to tell Southern
party members to back it up or
get out of the party.
Declaring the "clear respons-
ibility of the federal government
to secure full civil rights to all
Americans," the proposal, if
adopted as a platform plank at
the national convention, would
force the Democrats to campaign
for the "full use of the power and
prestige of the executive branch
of government and of the Cong-
ress to uphold" the Supreme

ances, security of the person and
freedom of assembly.
The statement countered a
G e o r g i a congressman's threat
that Southern Democrats would
vote with Northern Republicans
to reorganize Congress if Demo-
cratic members didn't show them
more consideration.
Reaction to the threat was
strong and liberal during a panel
discussion of civil rights problems
prior to the approval of the state-
Doesn't Mind Walkout
"If the South wants to walk
out," Rep. John Dingell (Mich.)
said, "let them do it. I'll open the
Rep. James O'Hara (Mich.) was
more reserved-"If I thought they
might walk out, I would first talk
with a number of Southern cong-
ressmen the party should keep
and nurture.

they have free reign to vote for
the Republican candidate or not
vote at all in the electoral college.
Butler indicated that the con-
vention's Credentials Committee
might meet prior to the conven-
tion's opening to challenge any
delegation that plans to wait and
see who the nominee will be be-
fore pledging support to him.
Butler's comments and the civil
rights proposal reflected the cur-
rent of liberal thought that ran
through the Conference meeting.
Will Be Bloc
The proposal, one of six adopted
at the meetings, reinforced indi-
cations that the Midwest Confer-
ence would act as a liberal bloc
at July's national convention, in
both backing candidates and in-
fluencing platform stands.
'The Conference, a formal org-
'anization of party leaders from
14 states, holds 458, or 30.1 per

national Peace Agency of "scien-
tists, experts and specialists in the
problems of disarmament to help
develop our programs, guide our
policies and service and spark
our negotiators."
The proposal also included as-
sistance to underdeveloped coun-
tries, working toward disarma-
ment and a domestic transition to
a peacetime economy, encourage-
ment of foreign trade and "grad-
ual acceptance" of Red China as
a world power.
Warned of. a trend toward "pri-
vate opulence and public squalor"
by Harvard historian A r t h u r
Schlesinger, Jr., and of the need
and ability to double our national
economic growth rate by econo-
mist Leon Keyserling, the Confer-
ence drafted a comprehensive
proposal for a "federal budget
responsive to our needs and en-
tirely compatible with our eco-

SGC Seeks,
Student Government Council's
three-man committee to draft a
proposed anti-discrimination regu-
lation will request Council mem-
bers to submit in writing their
proposed changes in the Haber-
Miller motion over the weekend.'
The committee, including SGC
president John Feldkamp, '61,. In-
terfraternity Council'president
James Martens, '60, and Al Haber,
'60, will make its first report at
tonight's SGC meeting.
It was formed to crystallize SGC
opinion on changes in the motion,
Called Satisfactory
Feldkamp said the committee
thinks the regulation proposed it
the motion is satisfactory to thi
Council as it stands: "No recog-
nized organization may prohibit oz
otherwise restrict membership o:
membership activities on the basi.
of race, color, religion, creed, na-
tional origin or ancestry."
This regulation would replace
the Student Affairs Committee
ruling reading, "Recognition wil
not be granted a group which pro-
hibits membership in the organi-
zation because of race, religion o0
Violations of the new regula.
tion would under the Haber-Millet
motion be referred to a commis.
Will Study Details
FPdkmb said the committe(


Waste of Time'
Porter has led legislative o:
sition to the presidents' p]
calling the school-appointedz
diator "a waste of time." He
the universities and colleges c
never agree on the powers of
co-ordinator, and since his d
sions would not be binding on
schools, he would end up be
"just another lobbyist."
"This man would not be a :
byist," Harden replied ypster(
"We want the kind of person I
can assemble data meaningfu
the Legislature, to the colle
universities and to the public.
Rep. James F. Warner (R-Y
lanti) attacked the idea of
"When nine institutions pie
coordinator and one of ti
thinks he is favoring one in
tution, he's all done. He must
hired and be responsible to
outside agency. He should be
ployed by the Legislature."
The Senate wrote a provi
into the higher appropriations
last month saying "no positia
chancellor or coordinator of h
er education be established."

.. ..{ .. , . . .~

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