"Our Position Has Been Misrepresented. We Only Want
To Deny The U.S. Senate The Right To Vote."
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° II "
rhen Opinions Are Free
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Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
I ( ' ,
MARCH 8, 1960
NIGHT EDITOR: JEAN SPENCER
SGC 'Credit-Audit' Proposal
A Step in the Right Direction
rH E "CREDIT-AUDIT" system recommended
by Student Government Council to the
terary college seems to be a forward step in
roviding more progressive education at the
This plan would allow upperclassmen to take
p to four courses "far-removed" from their
aajor field for credit toward graduation but
'ithout a grade. They would be required to do
he work and pass the course, and the indi-
idual instructor would have the authority to
ither deny credit or record the student's
rade (whichever the students prefers) if he
eels that the student "was not seriously en-
aging in the course work."
Once audited, a course could not be taken
gain for credit, and the audited course would
ot count for distribution credit.
The plan rests on the fundamental assump-
on that there are students who want, to
earn for the sake of learning and do not need
tie incentive or the sanction of grades to
hake them study in a course. This assumption
s reasonable, for these are the type of students
or which a university is intended.
GRADES DO MAKE a difference in a stu-
dent's future, so it is apparent that students
vill be more reluctant to take courses in which
bey can expect lower grades than those in
vhich they can compete well with their class-
nates. This is particularly true of those who
Aan to attend graduate school, where the
dmission standards are based primarily on
Thus, it is less likely for a person to take
ourses outside of his major field and cognates,
s he would be competing with others on their
This justifies the provision of some sort of
kn audit system so that those who would like
to study in a field outside their major will not
have the consideration of grades hanging over
However, there is already provision for audit-
ing,.. both official (to be recorded on one's
transcript) and unofficial (just participation
in a class). What is the need of another sys-
The SOC proposal is needed because it allows
credit for an audit, and this is necessary to
keep students from being overloaded when they
audit a course.
CONSIDER a typical student in the literary
college. He must have 120 credits in order
to graduate. This means that he must take
about 15 credits a semester.
If he should wish to audit a course, he would
then be carrying about 19 hours for his 15
credits, which could easily affect his perform-
ance in any of his courses. This is the situation
that the new system would prevent by letting
the student take only 15 hours for 15 credits.
One of the often-proposed objections to the
new system is that it would enable students
to "slide through" or keep themselves off aca-
demic probation. But students taking audited
courses would have to pass them, have the
approval of both their counselor and the
instructor of the course, and could take only
This seems to at least minimize the possi-
bility that these courses could keep a student
off probation, which could only happen any-
way if D's were accepted as passing grades.
Thus the only objection remaining seems to
be that the "credit-audit system" would be
instituted only in the literary college, but
any new plan must be introduced on a rela-
tively small scale before trying to use it on a
AT RACKHAM AUDITORIUM:
Sogovia Concert Ultimate
In Classical Guitar
PLAYING TO A capacity audience last night, Andres Segovia once
again demonstrated the ultimate in classical guitar virtuosity. The
audience became spell-bound by the beauty and precision of the guitar
in his masterful hands. And rightly so, teachers throughout the world
refer to him reverently as "The Master," for too many have failed tryi
ing to approach his sensitivity combined with truly difficult technique.
This,is Segovia's fifty-first year before classical guitar audienceu.
His American debut was at Town Hall in 1928. The self-taught virtuoso,
at the age of 67, has come to be considered the greatest single influence
in determining the role of guitar as a classical solo instrument.
Impressed by Segovia's superlative artistry many composers (Tans.
A STUDENT IN EUROPE:
Germany: A Rising Democracy
D)un and Bradstreet for College?
THE GROANS of several thousand students
went up over Ann Arbor last week at the
announcement of the probable tuition increase.
Nobody likes the idea, but there's at least
some comfort in the fact that the administra-
tion announced the move with regret.
But while there may be no joy in Ann Arbor.
Chancellor Lawrence Kimpton of the Univer-
sity of Chicago is probably sending at least a
few small rockets skyward over Lake Michigan
Chancellor Kimpton, head of one of the
country's largest private institutions, is an
extraordinarily courageous man. He'd have to
be to get up before the convention of the Amer-
ican Association of Land Grant Colleges and
State Universities last fall, as he did in St.
Louis, and suggest that public colleges raise
their tuition. The object of this move, he ex-
plained, would be to decrease the "rivalry" be-
tween the public and private colleges.
HE STATED that "a world of difference"
would still remain between private and
public education, for the principal of the for-
mer would still be careful selection and the
principal of the latter broad inclusion.
He concluded this interesting speech with the
comment that he could see nothing wrong In
developing -arguments both for an "intellectual
elite" and for a "broad democratic majority."
These thoughts, carried to their conclusion,
would seem as contradictory as his action in
uttering them before such a group was brave.
In the first place, one can safely generalize
about very few things, and schools are not one
one of them. There are, for example, too many
private schools who carefully select about half
their students on the basis of whether the
applicant's father is an alumnus. And on the
other hand there are even some public insti-
tutions, like this one, which are able to select
students with fairly good mental equipments
and don't have to accept the village idiot just
because he somehow got through high school.
STILL, assuming that private education's
basic principle remains that of careful
selection and public educations' is broad inclu-
sion, if tuition rates for the two types of
schools are nearly equalized, selection and in-
clusion will be on the basis of what? Students
with a solid Dun and Bradstreet rating?
Educators the country over wail mournfully
that not enough of the top students graduating
each year from high schools attend college.
The main reason for this is of course that
many can't afford to.
Chancellor Kimpton might make a more
substantial contribution to education by work-
ing out a solution to this problem, instead of
adding to it--as does his proposal to increase
tuition in public institutions.
' --ANITA PETROSHUS
By NORMA SUE WOLFE
Special to The Daily
THE FEAR that reunification of
Germany would mean rejoin-
ing a force of warmongers who
would strike the first blow of
World War III may be discarded.
Deutschland is now a rising
young democracy with capable
leadership, an amazing econom-
ic and political recovery from the
war, and a virtual dearth of neo-
Nazism. And two representatives
of the Bundeshaus (parliament),
a university professor, and a stu-
dent offer living proof of this
"A real sense of democracy has
developed," the two politicians
testified through an interpreter.
"The constitution of the Wiemar
Republic was too weak to be real-
ly democratic in form, but a real
democracy was given to Germany
by the Allies."
Although the Communists had
political freedom and financial
means from 1945-58, they could
not build influence in Germany.
Even right wing radicals have had
no political success, the two mem-
bers of the Christian Democratic
BUT THE Communists have
managed to influence other na-
tions in their feelings t o w a r d
Germany by recent party-inspired
anti-Semitic outbreaks, they said.
"Adenauer called this action
Communist-inspired and said it
was intended to discredit West
Germany in the eyes of the Unit-
ed States and other allies," the
politicians explained. 'There is
evidence that this is so - defi-
nite proof that the party had
planned these outbreaks."
"For the majority of people, the
process of de-Nazification has
been successful," they added.
"The people would not support a
Hitler again and although a few
radical minorities still maintain
a little influence, this can be met
and fought in the new German
A Tubingen University profes-
sor disagreed with the politicians'
explanations of swastika-paint-
"These anti-Semitic incidents
are not the product of an organ-
ized effort, but might become a
danger in the future if we don't
look it in the face.
"Nazism is not completely dead
in Germany," th epolitical scien-
tist continued. "It is not possible
to completely wipe out a period
of national existence.'"
AS A matter of fact, one of
the greatest problems existing in
Germany is the four strata of po-
litical life ,he said. These consist
of Germans who would like to
restore the pre-1918 form of gov-
ernment, Wiemarians, Nazis, and
the present majority group of
"There is also an anti-demo-
cratic, Fascist feeling here," the
professor added. "But Fascism is
the result of a non-functioning
democracy, and the question thus
harnman, . fnnC. flC,.n. am nn-
present democracy, constitution,
and constitutional proceedings,
as one-third of the Wiemar legis-
-9 * *
THERE has also been an "econ-
omic miracle" in recovery, favor-
able and stable public opinion
toward Germany with the excep-
tion of recent anti-Semitic out-
breaks, and a development of an
elite to direct the cause of democ-
racy, he said.
"Above all, there is our fine
leader Konrad Adenauer, who, by
his own authority, made the Bonn
republic function even with pres-
sure groups demanding privileges
in the framework of the state,
and saved German democracy
from disintegration," he added.
"ONE T HING sickens me,
though," he asserted. "American
democracy is adaptable to time
and situation; German democra-
cy does not have this power -
people want to preserve the status
"There is no long history of
democracy to lean on and there
is not much attraction for the
young people. They do not know
what liberty is and what it means
to preserve and live for it."
Last, the professor expressed a
fear that Germany's rapid, econ-
omic development (in . 15 years,
it has risen to the highest econ-
omic standing in Europe) has not
been accompanied by moral, re-
ligious, and intellectual develop-
ment. A powerful educational
setup is needed to preserve liber-
ty, he affirmed.
"The real test for German de-
mocracy is still ahead. We feel
something is coming and a false
security is dangerous," the politi-
cal scientist warned.
"What he says about the Ger-
man youth is true," a Tubingen
Univer sity law student said.
"When I was six years old, my
family had to flee from what is
now Poland to escape the Rus-
sians, but I was young then.
"And it is hard to realize what
loss of freedom is when we have
never come to Hitler in our his-
* * *
THE GERMAN youth take
their new democracy too much
for granted, he believes. They are
interested in politics, but one of
the few active campus political
.LHE THING Democrats must
decide ultimately is whether
they want unity or victory.
They can have the South any-
time in return for election de-
feat. Statistically the party's
chances are fairly good: there are
millions more Democrats than
Republicans, the party has con-
trolled Congress since 1954 and
won a smashing victory in 1958,
and the immepdiate nronnet is
organizations is a neo-Nazi group
consisting of approximately 20 of
Tubingen's 8,000 students, he
The professor sees no possibil-
ity for reunification of Germany
and Poland: "We cannot revise
what history has done with us.
We can only hope Communist
Germany will be united with
West Germany, much less Po-
But a majority of students at
the university favor complete re-
unification of Germany and Po-
land, the student disagreed. If
the Communists ask Germany to
relinquish North Atlantic Treaty
Organization (NATO) member-
ship in exchange, this bridge must
be crossed when reached, he said.
"The Christian Democrats do
not favor reunification of Ger-
many if the result is loss of free-
dom," the two politicians com-
mented, "and the party's popu-
larity in the 1953 and '57 elec-
tions reflects that the German
people feel similarly inclined."
* * *
A CHANGE in present econom-
ic conditions might affect politi-
cal convictions, though, they eval-
uated. People would not become
anti-democratic, but interest in
the Socialist party might be wid-
A political change might also
be effected if Adenauer should
die, but this would not mean the
end of the German democracy,.
"If his strong personal authori-
ty is not present, there might be
a political crisis. But last year
A d e n a u e r decided to remain
prime minister rather than run
"At this time, a poll showed his
loss of popularity as a person,"
the politicians continued, "but the
vote for the Christian Democratic
party increased and so the
strength of this democracy does
not rest in one man alone."
Shouldn't Adenauer step aside
for a younger successor?
"No," the Christian Democrats
replied. "You have heard the
story of the old farmer who didn't
want to turn the farm over to
his successors until he died?
"Besides, a change in German
prime ministers now could be in-
terpreted as a desire to change
foreign policy," they added.
ABOVE ALL, a successor should
not be lined up and educated,
they said. Instead, a candidate
should be elected through a dem-
Just as a change in the man
filling the prime minister's shoes
will affect Germany, the 1960
presidential election in the United
States will also be felt here, they
"Democracy is the function of
foreign 1 policy operation," the
professor believes. "Whether the
European community will be ex-
tended to the Atlantic community
depends largely on the next man
in the White House."
Who do the Germans favor in
man, De Falla, Villa-Lobos, Alfredo
telnuovo - Tedesco? have written
worksespecially for him.
HE BEGAN the concert with
Six Little Pieces for Lute from the
Fifteenth Century. Even this early
in the program he seemed to sur-
pass the harmonic and structural
limitations of his instrument. His
Interpretation of Prelude and Gigas
by S. L. Weiss had great depth
Segovia returned to play seven
selections written expressly for
him by Tansman. This seemed, to
me, the highlight of the evening
as some of these are Segovia's own
favorites. The Prelude, Berceuse
d'Orient, and Danse showed par-
ticular brilliance. The whole series
Six Little Pieces for Lute
From the Fifteenth Century
by Oscar Chilesotti
Song of the Emperor and,
Diferentias on a Popular Tune
L. de Narvaez
Gallarda, Pavana, Espagnoleta,
and Canarios........ Gaspar Sanz
Prelude and Giga.... S. L. Weiss
Chacona.... «......... J. S. Bach
For Segovia .. Alexandre Tansman
Sevilla .................... Albeniz
was chosen with an understanding
for his own skillful techniques
as well as the individual colors and
mood of each piece.
Sevilla, the last number on the
program, reflected beautifully the
gaieties of Spain and attested no
less to The Master's wonderful
* * *9
HERE AS IN many other selec-
tions, his instrument appeared to
For an hour and a half of lovely
music he received a standing ova-
tion after which he was brought
back for two encores. The audi-
ence present at Rackham last
night witnessed the supreme rep-
resentation in the realm of classi-
Casella, Manuel Ponce, and Cas-
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no edi-
torial responsibility. Notices should
be sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Build
ing, before 2 pm. the day precedin
publication. Notices for Sundt
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
TUESDAY, MARCH 8, 1960
VOL. LXX, NO. 117
Mathematics Club meeting: Prof.
Morton Brown will speak on "Some
Recent Developments inTopology,"
Tues., March 8, at 8:00 p.m. in the W.
Conference Rm, Rackham Bldg. Re-
freshments will be served. Graduate
students are invited to attend.
Faculty, College of Literature, Sci-
ence, and the Arts: The freshman five-
week progress reports will be due Fri.,
March 11, in the Faculty Counselors
Office for Freshmen and Sophomores,
1213 Angell Hal.
Delta Delta Delta announces its an-
nual scholarship competition March V
through March 16. Two scholarships of
$125 are offered for the benefit of any
deserving woman student,. Independent
or affilaited, who shows evidence of
scholastic capability, superior citizen-
ship, and who -has financial need. Ap-
plication forms may be obtained at the
Office of the Dean of women. These
should be completed and, with the
three specified letters of recommenda-
tion, returned to the Dean's "Office,
Residence Hall Scholarship: Women
students wishing to apply for a Resi-
dence Hall Scholarship for the academ-
ic year 1960-61 for Betsy Barbour House
may do so, through the Office. of the
Dean of Women. Applications must be
returned complete, by Mon., March 14.
Students already living in this resi-
dence hall' and those wishing to live
there next fall may apply. Qualifica-
tions will be considered on the basis
of academic standing (minimum 2.5
cumulative average), need, and Con-
tribution to group living.
University of Michigan Graduate
Screening Examinations in Frenchandi
German: All graduate students desir-
ing to fulfill their foreign- language re-
quirement by passing the /written ex-
(Continued on Page 5)
INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
Mr. K. in Indonesia
By ROY ESSOYAN
TAKARTA, Indonesia (A) -- Soviet Premier
J Nikita Khrushchev appears to have failed
in his primary mission to Southeast Asia-to
stop the pro-Western drift in India and Indo-
His three-week trek under the tropic sun may
not have been worth the effort, in terms of
time away from his Kremlin desk, health and
The Communist leader, who is apparently
on doctor's orders, tried to laugh off the sap-
ping effect of the constant heat. He tried to
pace himself through his tour. But this only
muffled the impact of his otherwise forceful
AT TIMES, as Khrushchev stood bare headed
under a blazing sun, he looked like he
might topple over. On a couple of occasions,
apparently exhausted, he bowed out.
He left his host and fellow guests midway
through an official evening's entertainment in
Bali and he abruptly walked away from an
uncompleted wreath-laying ceremony in Jog-
the Jogjakarta ceremony with the fieriest
address of his visit. The address, calling on the
youth of Indonesia to try Communism, was
so fiery that President Sukarno was obviously
The following day in Surabaya he sheathed
his sword and permitted his interpreter to
deliver a monotonous platitudinous speech for
him. Sukarno beamed.
His reception here was warmer than in India
but it had all the appearance of a temporary
glow that could fade with the next adverse
THE major accomplishment of Khrushchev's
tour was this: He succeeded in blurring the
growing image, in India and Indonesia, of
Communist China as a threatening ogre. But
nothing Khrushchev said or did solved, or
promised to solve, the bitter basic disputes still
dividing India and Indonesia from Red China.
A major achievement in Indonesia was his
extension of 250 million dollars credit to this
country in return for Indonesia's promise not
to abandon its neutrality for such Western
alliances at SEATO. Khrushchev was reported
gravely concerned about this possibility.
Even this achievement however could be of
a temporary nature. The Soviet credits extend
To n. moo.
Burlesque .. .
To the Editor:
I WISH to comment upon a small
inconsistency in Mr. Kenneth
White's excellent review of Ubu
Roi. In his second paragraph he
characterizes the Ann Arbor audi-
ence as "reacting less violently"
to the bizzarre character of Jar-
ry's play than the Parisians who
witnessed and broke up its 1896
premiere. Then in the sixth para-
graph he observes that the Ann
Arbor performance emphasized
the hilarious at the expense of
the underlying caricature and
satire. How can an audience be
expected to react to what isn't
I was one of several members
from a burlesque of their own
technical deficiencies and from
accenting vulgar phrases merely
for the knowing titters that duti-
fully followed the reiterated
"shites" and "rectums." I wonder
how to explain the discrepancy
between what seemed a creditable
translation showing a full aware-
ness of the play's potentialities
and an emasculated performance
-especially when the same men
are responsible for both.
Name Withheld By Request
Counter Poem .. .
To the Editor:
IN REGARD to the article in the
Generation: "98 Cent Jesus
zarm h a _f rN vn " by ".n
usually bounced back. He followed
11r Y/ V W I Yi Yo