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February 05, 1960 - Image 19

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1960-02-05

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', 980 TUEluVit INiJDA1ILY

. _

cjence Fair
'o Be Held

HUMPHREY, LEGION COMMENT:
NSA, Universities State Positions on NDEA Oaths

rrr.

Here in April
High school students in this.
area will have a chance to dem-
onstrate their scientific talent at
a science fair to be held April
8-10 at the University.
Prof. Kent Leach, Bureau of
School Services director, said that
the fair will be open to junior and
senior high school students in
Hillsdale, Jackson, Lewanee, Mon-
roe and Washtenaw counties.-
Known as the Second Annual
Southeastern Michigan Science
Fair, the event will be held at
Yost Fieldhouse under the spon-
sorship of the University, the Ann
Arbor Exchange Club and the Ann
Arbor News.
Last year a "pilot" fair was held
for Washtenaw County students
which attracted 135 entries and
several thousand spectators. The
fair included collections of exhib-
its prepared by students which
demonstrated scientific principles
and procedures.
This year prizes and medals will
be awarded, with the top boy and
girl in the senior division to be
sent to the National Fair in In-
dianapolis in May. The junior di-
vision will include seventh and
eighth graders while the senior
division will consist of students in
grades nine through 12.

MINNEAPOLIS - The Nation-
al Executive Committee of the
N a t i o n a l Student Association,
meeting at the University of Mi-
nesota, passed an emergency reso-
lution opposing both the loyalty
oath and disclaimer affidavit.
NEC took the action "in light of
the incrffeased tendency to op-
pose only the disclaimer affida-
vit," the resolution said.
The move reaffirmed the posi-
t i o n taken at last summer's
National Student Congress. NEC
is concerned with the "inherent
danger" of possible "abuse" of the
oath and the "connotation of dis-
trust of the academic community"
shown by the oath, the resolution
read.
Copies of the NEC resolution
and the original resolution passed
by the NSA congress are to be
sent to the presidents and deans
of all schools in NSA, and to all
members of congress.
, , ,
CHICAGO - The University of
Chicago will cease participating in
the National Defense Education
Act unless the disclaimer affida-
vit is eliminated during this ses-
sion of Congress.
"A clear-cut distinction must
be made between the Oath of Alle..
giance and the Affidavit of Dis-
belief ," trustee board chairman
Glenn Lloyd said after the board's
decision.
"The clear and simple Oath of
Allegiance lies within the Amer-
ican tradition. The Affidavit does
not. It could lead to star cham-
ber investigations into a man's
belief and to government interfer-
ence in the conduct of universi-
ties."
The action by the Trustees was
in reality an endorsement of a
resolution adopted by the faculty
senate in December. The resolu-
tion called the affidavit discrim-
ihatory (it singles out students
from other federal aid recipients),
vague, cheapening (the concept
of national loyalty is tied to a fi-
nancial transaction), and an af-
front to freedom of belief and
conscience.
Chancellor Lawrence A. Kimp-
ton of Chicago told the "Harvard
Crimson" afterward, "Off the
record, I don't like the oath eith-
er, but we would lose if we tried
to take on both at once."
A committee has been formed
on the Chicago campus to pro-
mote student letter-writing to
congressmen seeking repeal of the
loyalty oath and the disclaimer
affidavit.
The "Chicago Maroon," sum-
ming up the NDEA controversy,
listed V e r m o n t, St. Michael's,
North Adams State, Hartford and
Bradford Durfee as among the
schools which have defended the
oath and affidavit.
* s
CAMBRIDGE -- A student-
faculty pressure group to work
for appeal of the NDEA oath and
affidavit has been formed at Har-
vard University.
"The Committee for the Repeal
of 1001 (f)," as the group is
known, is sponsoring speeches

pointing out the need for, and
value of, student action. It has
been concentrating its attack on
the affidavit, according to "The
Harvard Crimson."
Alexander Korns, an under-
graduate, was elected president of
the committee at its first meet-
ing. Harold Bakken, former pres-
ident of the National Student As-
sociation, was named executive di-
OATH
I . ............. ., do solemn-
ly swear (or affirm) that I will
bear true faith and allegiance
to the United States of Amer-
ica and will support and de-
fend the Constitution and laws
of the United States of Amer-
ica against all enemies, foreign
and domestic.
AFFIDAVIT
I, ............ do solemnly
swear (or affirm) that I do not
believe in, and am not a mem-
ber of and do not support any
organization that believes in
or teaches, the overthrow of
the United States government
by force or violence or by any
i l l e g a 1 or unconstitutional
methods.
I hereby authorize and cause
this affidavit to be filed with
the United States Commission-
er of Education, in conformity
with Section 1001 (f) of the
National Defense Education
Act of 1958, and certify that
the statements made by me
herein are true to the best of
my knowledge and belief.

to people who did not see eye to
eye with democracy.
* * *

CHAMPAIGN - University of
Illinois trustees, following the
lead of Northwestern University
and the University of Chicago,
have denounced the disclaimer
affidavit, according to "The Daily
Illini."
"The University of Illinois
Board of Trustees registers its ob-
jection to the disclaimer or affi-
davit of disbelief oath required of
student recipients of federal loans
under the National Defense Edu-
cation Act and urges that the
Congress remove the disclaimer
oath provisions from the Act dur-
ing its present session.
"The Board, at the same time,
emphasizes its approval of the al-
legiance oath requirement for
such loans.
"The Board states that despite
its objection, the University will
continue to participate in the fed-
eral loan program even if the dis-
claimer oath is not removed. To
withdraw would force many of the
more than 400 students now hold-
ing federal loans to leave the Uni-
versity since loan funds from oth-
er sources are exhausted."
Two trustees voted against the
resolution, declaring that inser-
tion of the word "knowingly" in
the disclaimer (I have not know-
ingly affiliated with subversive
organizations . . .) would remove
the danger that a student might
unknowingly perjure h i m s e lf.
They therefore did not support
the unqualified objection to the
disclaimer, the "Illini" said.
* * *
LAFAYETTE - By a vote of
200 to 188 the Purdue University
faculty voted to ask Congress to
repeal the disclaimer affidavit.
Some 1,400 faculty members
were eligible to vote. Fewer than
400 were present when the vote
was taken.
The faculty raised no objection
to the loyalty oath.
The resolution as adopted had
been revised from a tougher one,
based on the Harvard and Yale
faculty statements.
Even though a slight majority
of the faculty approved the reso-
lution as redrafted, student bor-
rowers- are apparently far less
concerned about the oath and af-
fidavit, according to "The Purdue
Exponent."
A check by the deans of men
and women showed that 101 bor-
rowers favored both the loyalty
oath , and disclaimer affidavit;
seven favored the loyalty oath
only; six were "for" the affidavit
but not the oath; 20 thought
neither should be required and 14
had no opinion on either the oath
or affidavit.

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rector, while social scientist David
Riesman was selected to represent
the faculty members.
The Committee's specific objec-
tive was getting students to write
to their congressmen urging re-
peal of the affidavit.
The final day of the two week
campaign by the group was set
aside for a massive postcard dis-
tribution.
The committee distributed cards
at the dining halls to all students
interested in writing their con-
gressman.
Lists of congressmen and dis-
tricts were on hand for those who
wanted to write but did not know
to whom.
In addition to members of the
House, the "Crimson" noted, the
last-day mail barrage was aimed
particularly at the 32 senators
"most likely to change their
minds."
Following the Harvard finale,
the Committee is expanding its
operation to state colleges in the
M i d w e s t, considered by some
"more normal" (in the "Crim-
son's words) than the Ivy League
institutions.
* * *
COLUMBUS - The Student
Senate of Ohio State University
voted 22 to 13 to approve the dis-
claimer affidavit.
The 35 senators present spent
two hours debating the bill which
would have asked Ohio's senators
and representatives to repeal the
the affidavit, according to the
"Ohio State Lantern."
Bill Wentz, the most outspoken
senator opposing the bill, said, "If
we come out in disapproval of the
affidavit, it may make us look bad
or be interpreted differently than
we have meant it."
Fritz Saenger said, "We should
not be forced to testify about our-
selves. If we signed this and the
government finds out that we
have not told the entire and exact
truth, we can be tried for perjury."
Saenger added that the affida-
vit hinders members of certain
religions from obtaining federal
loans, and that it was ineffective
in its purpose - stopping Com-
munists from using government
funds.
George Hochfield, an English
instructor, told the Senate the
government has no right to tell
students what to think.
"The government extends privi-
leges to all citizens," Hochfield
said, "but withholds them from
those who have different thoughts.
You can't legislate against
thought."
He added that the affidavit was
a "new angle" the government is
using to restrict thought.
Wentz asked if the intensified
infiltration of Communists was
also a new angle. He added he
was not in favor of giving funds

pL.

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