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March 01, 1960 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1960-03-01

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CHALLENGE TO U.S.:
RUSSIANS FRIENDLIER
See Page 4

Seventieth Year of Editorial Freedom

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SNOW FLURRIES
High-27
Low,-$
Mostly cloudy, continued cold
with occasional snow flurries.

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ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, MARCHI 1, 1960i

FIV E UENT

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Commission Notes
Discriminatory Act
Human Relations Group Charges
Anti-Negro Act in Cousins Shop
BY THOMAS HAYDEN
Cousins Shop, 309 South State, has practiced racial discrimination
against a Negro woman shopper, according to a report of the Human
Relations Commission filed with City Council last night.
In submitting the report, the Commission pointed out:
1) "This is the first time the Commission has had a complaint
about a business establishment refusing to serve a customer because
of race, creed, or national origin." 2) "This is the first time that
either party in a complaint has ignored communications from the
9 Commission." The report included

'U' May Sell
Site to Army
For Building
By NAN MARKEL
The University may soon sell a
southern Ann Arbor site to the
United States Army Corps of En-
gineers for a new Army Reserve
Training Center.
Approval to negotiate the pur-
chase was granted to the En-
gineers Corps yesterday, Rep.
George Meader (R-Mich.) re-
ported.
Early last summer the House
of Representatives had granted
$317,000 for construction of the
Army reserve unit in Ann Arbor,
and Army officials had indicated
interest in a North Campus loca-
tion.
Combined Units
But University officials were
interested in a larger building
which would house the ROTC
units and also off-campus reserve
units such as this one.
Vice-President for Business and
Finance Wilbur K. Pierpont then
said, "Until a decision is reached
on that, there will be no decision
on the North Campus site."
Pierpont's assistant John .
McKevitt said last night, "The
defense department is not pro-
viding funds for the building, and
therefore there was no way to
plan for the ROTC and reserve
units together." He indicated the
University has no plans now for
re-housing the ROTC branches.
Asked To Consider
"We asked the defense depart-
ment to reconsider the site choice,"
he continued.
Army officials have informally
told the University they will visit
Ann Arbor within a month to
negotiate purchase of the down-
town property. The Regents have
already authorized University of-
ficials to negotiate terms, subject
to their final approval.
The property includes three and
a half acres located south of
Stadium Blvd. between Industrial
Highway and the Ann Arbor Rail-
road tracks. It is within the city
limits, oppoosite what used to be
the University's Botanical Gar-
dens.
The University proposed a larg-
er Center would probably have
included special classroom and
laboratory facilities, a rifle range,
equipment and storage rooms and
perhaps drill grounds.
All Units
Facilities were projected for
2,500 to 3,000 University ROTC
men in the Army, Navy and Air
Force branches plus all area re-
servists.
However, one Army official com-
mented then it would take an act
of Congress to permit reservists
and ROTC Navy, Air Force and
Army trainees to occupy the same
building.
Further, he noted the ROTC
has no money with which to build
training centers and the Army is
obligated by Congress to provide
facilities only for its reservists.
SBX Readies
To Pay Users,
Return Books
Students who used the Student
Book Exchange this semester may
collect their payments or unsold
books from 3:30 to 5:30 p.m. dur-
ing this week and from 1:00 to
3:00 p.m. Saturday, Kay War-
man, '61BAd., assistant manager

copies of the original letter of
complaint and three letters ad-
dressed to Mrs. Jenny Cousins
from the Commission, a summary
of a phone conversation between
Commission Chairman H. Vaughn
Whited and Mrs. Cousins, and
minutes of the December, January
and February Commission meet-
ings. ,
The original complaint was re-
ceived by the Commission in a
letter dated Dec. 14 from Mrs.
Thelma A. Brooks, 1000 Wall St.,
an Ypsilanti teacher, who charged
she experienced "a rank case of
discrimination" at the shop.
"On Nov. 28, 1959," she wrote,
"I, and another Negro teacher
entered the Cousins Shop. They
were busy but not to the point
that we were compelled to wait at
least a half hour before we finally
forced a clerk to wait on us. Dur-
ing this half hour wait many other
customers came in and were waited
on even though they entered after
we had."
"Finally, after practically forc-
ing the clerk to talk with us, we
saw a dress on a mannequin that I
wished to try on. The clerk, after
stating the dress was not my size,
refused to remove it and permit
me to try it on, even though it
was. This also happened to my
friend. She stated that she was
too busy to remove it and permit
me to try it on. Since I was defi-
nitely interested in this particular
dress, I asked when I should come
in, requesting a particular date
and time. She stated that any date
next week would be all right."
The two teachers returned to
the store on Dec. 2, 1959 where
they "asked about the dresses
that were on the mannequins and
were informed that they had been
sold." Mrs. Brooks then "asked to
see a dressy dress in size 12," and
was told "there was not a size 12
in the store."
On Dec. 29 the Commission's
Executive Committee sent a let-
ter to Mrs. Cousins, asking if she
wished to state her case before
members of the Commission. No
See GROUP, Page 2

New Plan
For State
Bypased
The Democrats yesterday passed
the buck on the unicameral legis-
lature plan.
In a move to preserve party
unity, the party's Central Coin-
plan under a cover of "continuing'
mittee, meeting in Lansing, put the
study" to be again considered on
April 24.
After that date, there will be
precious little time for collection
of 237,000 legal signature needed
by July 8 to put the proposal on
the November ballot.
The move caught the committee-
men by surprise, as they had come
to the meeting expecting a final
and affirmative decision.
Praises Plan
Ralph E. Richman, chairman of
the subcommittee which studied
the one-house proposal, praised
the plan but then surprised most
of the members by proposing fur-
ther study. After a long debate,
almost unanimous consent was
gained.
Several committeemen said the
decision, in effect, put off a rural-
urban split in the party, at least
for this year. Upper Peninsula and
outstate Democratic legislators
would lose their seats, along with
the Republicans, in the reshuffle
of districts initiation of a unicam-
eral house would entail.
The postponement, however, did
not satisfy Upper Peninsula com-
mitteeman Raymond F. Clevengeri
of Sault Ste. Marie who argued,
"If we are going to put the deci-
sion off, we should put it off
longer. We should use our energies
electing more Democrats to the
House and Senate."
Speaker after speaker said they
feared the unicameral proposal
would lose votes for party candi-
dates in November. Many empha-
sized ablong educational campaign
would be needed to sell the idea.
Prefers Convention
At a press conference, Gov. G.
Mennen Williams went farther
than the Central committee, when
he said he preferred pursuing the
party goal of reapportionment by
a constitutional convention, rather
than a direct vote.
Williams's remarks contrasted
sharply to those of committeeman
Paul Silver of Detroit, an AFL-CIO
leader.
Silver said it was "naive" to
expect a constitutional convention
to make real headway on revising
representation in the legislature
along lines sought be Democrats.
Big business interest would exert
strong influence on the choice of
delegates for the convention to do
the constitution rewrite job.

Senate

Group

U,

Bud get,

H1ear

Offca

TO PLAY AGAIN TOMORROW:
wolverine Icers Lose to Pioneers, 8-1

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By DAVE COOK
Michigan's stumbling hockey
m had their backs to the wall
day after absorbing an 8-1
unding by first-place Denver at
Coliseum last night.
The two teams will close out the
lverine home schedule tonight
th a return match slated for 8
lock.
The defeat dropped the Maize
d Blue below the .500 mark
d left them still looking for the
tory which will give them rea-
nable assurance of a WCHA
ayoff berth.
Hat Trick
Denver winger Jerry Walker
ed a hat trick to lead the Pign-
attack, which started modest-
enough but exploded in the
al period with four goals. Fri-
y night, Walker found the
nge three times against Michi-
nn State.
Center Ken Williamson set the
itors off on the right foot' just
st the midway point in the
ening stanza when he tipped
a loose puck in front of the
olverine cage.
Half a minute later, however,
b White brought the sparse
owd to their feet when he
pped in a perfect pass-out
am winger Gary Mattson to
ot the count at 1-1. Mattson
ocked down a Denver pass at
e blue-line, carried into the left
=ner and fed White in front of
e net, who beat goalie George
rkwood to the upper right hand
rner.
Caught Fire
The goal ignited Al Renfrew's
ys temporarily, and although
ll Masterton tallied again for
e visitors, Dale MacDonald and
Attson tested Kirkwood severe-;
before the period ended.
Red Berenson led a Wolverine
sh in the early minutes of the
cond stanza, and Kirkwood
ckled behind the sophomore
rnter's backhand drive. It was
e only Michigan threat of the
riod.
T r e m e n d o u s fore-checking
essure paid off for the visitors
short order as they counted two
als within a minute a silent
owd.
Conrad Collie's back-hander
t behind a screened Jimmy
lyle for the first tally and 55
fonds later Walker coasted in to
ckled around the corner of the
at the unprotected Michigan
tminder from 15 feet out.
Denver coach Murrary Arm-
rong could have pulled his
alie at that point without en-
ngering his team's chances for
ctory. For the rest of the game,
e Wolverines were able to mus-
r only five shots on the Pioneer
See WHITE, Page 6

WATCHING-That's what Michigan's Al Hinnegan and Bernard Neilsen are 4oing as Denver center
Ken Williamson (8) drives the puck down the ice. The entire Wolverine squad did a lot of watching
as they saw the Pioneers rip four goals through them in the last period of play to wrap up an 8-1 win
in WCHA play.
A DJUSWTMENT PROBLEMS:
Mental Health Progra Cited

To,

Discus

By SUSAN HERSHBERG
For University students now, go-
ing to the mental hygiene depart-
ment is "about like going to a
dentist," Prof. Theophile Raphael,
head of the Department of Mental
Health said.
Prof. Raphael calls the depart-
ment's concern one of "mental and
physical problems, problems of
personality adjustment, and situ-
ations where there might be prob-
lems in the nervous system. The
majority are just people. You get
a serious case just like you'd ;et
a ruptured appendix."
In the year 1957-1958 alone, the
patients during the regular school
session numbered 646 women and
800 women. This represents almost
eight per cent of the student body,
and the types of difficulties has as
broad a range as the types of
people.
Disturbances ranged from about
eight per cent actually psychotic
types to over 75 per cent divided
fairly equally between just plain
nervousness and general person-
ality adjustments.'
Mrs. Mary LaMore, mental hy-
gienist, emphasized that "the stu-
dents that I see here in the clinic

are fairly representative of all the familiar situations in life. Prob-
kids on campus." Affiliates and ably the most common is that of

Education May Cause Flux
In Near East, Akriwi Says
BY JOHN FISCHER

independents, Phi Beta Kappa or
not, rich or poor, come to the de-
partment of mental hygiene.
"There are people here who by
experience and interest can help,"
explained Prof. Raphael.
Ever since Prof. Raphael came to
Health Service 30 years ago to
start the department, experienced
counselors have been available for
student aid, "We would rather
have students come at-office hours,
but we're always available," Prof.
Raphael added.
Probably more freshmen come
than any other class, and second
comes seniors, because both groups
are embarking on new and un-
'To Discuss
'J.B.' rToday
Dean of Women Deborah Bacon
will lead a seminar on Archibald
MacLeish's play "J.B." at 4:00
p.m. today in the Honors Lounge
of the Undergraduate Library.

changing relationships with a stu-
dent's family. Next come the nu-
merous boy-girl questions, and the
big problem of the under-achiever
in school who has ability but gets
unsatisfying results.
"One of our biggest sources of
referrals is the students them-
selves .. . but there is such a thing
as being partially ready to come
here," Mrs. LaMore said. "This is
a very popular place; we don't run
around with a net looking for
customers."
Basically, the department helps
students come to terms with them-
selves. Through discussion, he
identifies the problem and its pos-
sible ramifications. Then, the
counselor may help him to find a
different approach and together
they work out a solution. The rest
is up to the student.
In the last 30 years, the meth-
ods of treatment have greatly
improved, as have methods of
diagnosis. Now, upset stomachs,
repeated headaches, respiratory di-
seases, and even dandruff are rec-
ognized as being possible symp-
toms of emotional upset.

Salary like.
Considered
On Program'.,
Expect Tuition Rise
To Be Discussed
As Financial Aid
By THOMAS KABAKER
University administrators ap-
pear before the Senate Appropria-
tions Committee today forhear-
ings on the 1960-1961 operating
budget.
The University requested $38,-
695,000 for the coming year, about
$4 million more than the recom-
mendation made by Gov. G. Men-
nen Williams. It is expected that
capital outlay requests now being
considered by a Senate sub-com-
mittee, will be mentioned.,
Representing the University will
be President Harlan Hatcher,
Vice-President and Dean of Fac-
ulties Marvin L. Niehuss, Control-
ler Gilbert L. Lee and Literary
College Dean Roger W. Hayns,
Use for Salary
The present operating budget Is
$32.9 million, and any increases
over this would be used first for
salary improvement for both fac-
ulty and non-academic employees
during the coming year.
Raises for faculty would average
about nine per cent, part going
for a normally-needed annual in-
crease, and part for "catching up"
with the national average income
gains since 1939.
The budget report submitted
last fall noted three other primary
needs of the schools and colleges:
a larger teaching staff, reductio
of the large percentage of teah-'
ing fellows within the faculty and
larger appropriations for instruc-
tional supplies and equipment.
Keep Pace
Called for are 126 additional
teachers for increased enrollment;
13 other academic staff memberi
and 47 non-academic staff mem-
bers. It was pointed out that Uni-
versity enrollment has increased
by 1,672 in the seven year period
1952-1959.
Williams' capital outlay pla
for new University buildings In-
elude the second unit of the fluidi
engineering laboratory, a physic
and astronomy building, a heating
and plant services building, the
Institute for Science and Tech-
nology, a mathematics and come
puting center, a medical. science
building and the planning of a
medical center.
Revenue Bonds
Williams' plan for financing thi
building entails use of revenu
bonds: the Legislature would have
to appropriate General Fundc
money to pay "rent" for the facili
ties to pay off the revenue bond
which are less costly than othe
types of obligations that might b
used.
A number of legislators this yea
have expressed desires for a te
per cent boost in tuition by the
state's colleges and universities ti
relieve the General Fund of -addi-
tional educational burdens.
They also argue the outstabe
tuition rates are too low, compared
with those of some states.
Niehuss said recently that th
University could raise tuition i
appropriations from the Legisla
ture are increased, on the ground
that it would be fair to expect th
students to pay the 25 per cent o
the instructional costs they no
L pay.
He said that experience showe
tuition raises did not seem to dis
courage enrollment, but empha
sized his concern for "econom
selection.

Niehuss emphasized that it i,
the University's decision whethe
to raise tuition or not.

Education can be considered one of the important causes of the
sti
present state of flux in the Arab world, Matta Akriwi, former presi-so
dent of the University of Baghdad, said yesterday. da
Education quite often produces discontent with one's lot or, in this vi
country, ambition, he explained, during his lecture in Angell Hall. th
This discontent can lead to a popular movement toward such ter
goals as democracy or nationalism, as in the Middle East, he con-
tinued. He noted a parallel be-
tween 19th-century Europe and ,
20th-century Arab countries -DAS RHEINGOLD:
where a growth in education has
coincided with a growth in demo-
cracy. p,
In addition education itself is
changing in the Middle East. In
the last decade there has been a
definite trend toward decentraliza-~
tion in some Arab lands, he said.
Centralization, he explained, is
a hand-me-down from the days
of the Ottoman Empire, which
used it to help maintain its hold
on the Arab lands.1
However, as some local districts
have become capable, both in ex -
perience and in financial capacity,
to carry some of the burden, morey
responsibility has been given them.
Some localities now vie with each
other in the spreading of educa-
In Iraq, Akriwi's homeland, for "f$
example, the local districts handle
one-fourth of the financial obli-
gation for local schools. A decade f
ago, he said, their contribution
was negligible.f
Another change in the educa- sP
tional system is the greater em-

I

'Settings Present Problems

By STEPHANIE ROUMELL
The 'various settings necessary
for staging the speech depart-
ment-music school production of
"Das Rheingold," opening at 8
p.m. today at the Lydia Mendels-
sohn Theatre, presented problems
for Ralph Duckwall, stage design-
er.
Because the time Is short for
scene changes, a basic set for all
of them had to be devised. Duck-
wall designed a construction in
the form of a dark green peak
with numerous rises and plat-
f orms.
This construction can be adapt-
ed to suggest the opera's under-
water scene, the mountain top
scene, and the scene in the inward
depths of the earth.
Used Scrim

it, which goes for everything in
the show."
To suggest swimming depends
to a large degree on the actors'
movements, he explained. It is a
lot in the way the director uses
the actors."
Construction Aids
But the set's construction also
helps to give this effect, he con-
tinued. There are a lot of ramps,
not steps, so that the actors can
walk smoothly up and down.
"The Rhinemaidens have large
fish tails for this scene." he said,
"which also adds to the effect of
swimming."
The scene ends in darkness, the
scrim goes up, and when the lights
come on again the stage has be-
come a mountain top.
In the next scene everyone has
grown old. Again stage effects add

The dwarf, Alberich, disappears
three times during this scene. The
first time, the lights go off and he
simply walks off the stage. %
The next time is more compli-
cated. The lights inside a scrim-
covered rock go off as Alberich
walks in, making the scrim
opague. He appears to have dis-
appeared. Alberich leaves the rock
the back way and goes to an un-
lit area of the stage. When the
lights come up, there he is.
"You have to see it to believe
it," Duckwall commented.
Through Rock
Alberich's final disappearance
is again through the rock. He has
cast a spell, turning himself into
a toad (not visible to the audi-
ence). The gods capture the toad
and Alberich reappears at their
feet by rolling out of a trap door

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