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February 26, 1960 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1960-02-26

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Seventieth Year

z Opinions Are Free
ith Will Prevail"

'itorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

"He Always Leaves a Nice Clean Desk"
N? MR EAVE Tt c O+GES" 1 -'
rota TAr

Why I Believe
t~eIirtIn Fraternities
(EDITOR'S NOTE: The following article was written by the Minister of
the First Congregational Church of Ann Arbor. It has appeared in a dozen
or chore fraternity and sorority publications.)
REMEMBER that awful day when Robinson Crusoe looked down in
the sands and there saw a human footprint.
Thereafter his life was .changed. Now he had to live with that per-
son. No longer could he come and go as h wished. Now he must
plan his meals, his bedtimes, his work with the other person in
mind. Robinson Crusoe had to learn the lesson we all must learn:
how to live withi people.
A psychologist said to me recently that almost ,half the people

FEBRUARY 26, 1960


Intellectual Fervor'

And the Desire To Cheat

E CHARGES that literary college distribu-
on requirements and incompetent edu-
rs, supposedly among the causes of cheating
1e University, are also responsible for a lack
'intellectual fervor," are unfounded and
ely confuse the real reasons.
ggestions have been made that the present
ibution requirements in science are inade-
e because they are geared only to those
entrating in the specific field. Placement of
subject matter in a general, cultural, his-
:al, and scientific context has been advo-
it, most beginning science courses try to
his now, and seem to be doing fairly well.
md the elementary stages, of course, science
ses do not attempt such general education
ouch as lower level courses.
he claim that students find these required
ice courses a roadblock to receiving a di-
va seems more an excuse for not wanting
ake them. The claim also contradicts the
re to have them placed on a more general
HAS BEEN assumed that "big name" re-
arch professors are poor teachers and
iequently impede most students' education.
as also been assumed that because some of
e men do not want to teach, the goals of
:ation at their institutions are being de-

This is not entirely true, because it must be
be noted that professors can obtain a big repu-
tation in more than one way. A professor may
be known and highly respected as a fine edu-
cator who has endowed his field with his
personality and outlook. He may be recognized
as a sympathetic and understanding adminis-
trator who can work with other educators,
guide them and inspire them. Recognition may
also be gained through devoted and unselfish
work for the advancement of one's field.
Accusations against those who want to do
something other than teach are often unjusti-
fied and unfounded restrictions of personal and
academic freedoms.
CHARGES that distribution curves are an-
other stumbling block to the processes of
education are often excuses for not wanting to
learn. A person is by no means restricted in
studying by the requirements of a course. One
hopes that it shouldn't be the grade that counts
uppermost in a course, but what one does in
learning and in persuing his curiosity to logical
Students have no right to shift the whole
blame for a lack of "Intellectual fervor" to
other factors. Nothing can replace the genuine
desire to learn. Teachers are here to show us
the way. But it is unjustified to assume that
they must pull students by the arm like

An Interview with Nixon

Through the Back Door

[F YOU LOOK for the word "discriminate"
in, for instance, Evans' Dictionary of Con-
emporary American Usage, you will be referred
o the word "distinguish," and there you will
ind that "discriminate" is explained as an "ad-
erse distinction with regard to certain people
mnd, especially, to unfair treatment on the
asis of such distinctions."
The problem of campus discrimination has
,lways bothered a few people who claim that
tudents should have the opportunity to make
heir own enemies without help from outsiders.
Mainly, campus discrimination is blamed on
raternities and sororities, some of whom have
:onstitutional prohibitions, others merely agree-
nents-concerning membership.
A deep thinker, of whom there are an occa-
ional . few, would wonder if discrimination
ould be banished by a resolution, but it has
een tried many times, and has occasionally
iven worked out.
Presently, SGC is working over a new set of
pproaches to the touchy problem of campus
:iscrimination. After some unsuccessful, if
irect, attempts, the Council has turned to
bmething more subtle. Currently being con-
Aidered are a set of rules which would, in effect,
iut offending groups in a state of suspended
animation until they could somehow cleanse
heir constitutions of bias clauses. Another

proposal calls for "disciplinary action" against
groups with institutionalized discrimination.
BTH OF THESE proposals deal with the
effect of a curious state of mind, perhaps
most favorably described as cautious. "Cau-
tious" thinkers are hesitant to open their minds,
or their fraternities or their neighborhoods
to visitors from outer space, and often pass
laws to this effect. Legislation of the type pres-
ently being considered by SGC might deal with
these discriminatory laws, but hardly with the
underlying state of mind.
Since it is not at all easy to determine where
to begin solving the problem of discrimina-
tion, perhaps this method will work as well as
any. The communication of the theory and
practice of restrictive policies to presumably
open-minded students, whether through or-
ganizational constitutions or less obvious routes,
is a dismal sight. Removal of written "dis-
criminatory" regulations is only one step in the
gradual trend toward giving students far more
freedom of choice than they will possibly know
how to use. But trends, once started, are hard
to stop. A return to the dark ages seems un-
likely, and it would appear' that this campus
is headed for a period of quasi-enlightenment,
if not an actual rebirth of the age of reason.
Daily Guest Writer

(EDITOR'S NOTE: The following
is from remarks by James A. Wech-
sier to the 2nd Annual Student
Editor's Conference sponsored by
the Overseas Press Club. It is in-
tended as an abbreviated version of
an unproduced Meet The Press in-
terview, with certain spontaneous
asides indicated in italics.)
ONCE AGAIN NBC brings you
an unrehearsed press confer-
ence with a noted American. This
time our guest is Vice-President
Richard Nixon, sometimes men-
tioned as a candidate for the Re-
publican nomination. With us to-
night are four outstanding news-
men. Their questions do not re-
flect a point of view (most of them
don't have any), but are simply
their attempt to get a story (with-
out doing any work).
Seated around the table are
Lawrence Spivack, May Craig of
the Portland Press-Herald, Ros-
coe Drummond of the Christian
Science Monitor and W. H. Law-
rence of the Times.
Brooks: I see that Mr. Spivack
happens to have the first question.
SPIVACK: Mr. Vice-President,
you were once very critical of the
and even said: "Wouldn't it be
Truman-Acheson administration
nice to have a Secretary of State
who will stand up to the Com-
mies?" How do you reconcile that
with this Administration's meet-

ings with Khrushchev and its oth-
er dealings with the Soviet lead-
Nixon: (Who is this bum - he
doesn't even work for a news-
paper; who puts him on this
show?) Mr. Spivack, as our great
President would say, I'm delighted
you asked that question. I can
only answer it by saying that I
meant what I said then, and I
mean what I say now - consis-
tency, it was once said, is the, the
hobgoblin of small minds, and I
am proud to say this Administra-
tion has been able to see the big
picture, the picture that truly
counts, and that is why, even as
we mobilize all our resources to
c o m b a t atheistic materialistic
communism, we are doing every-
thing in our power to save the
peace of the world so that Amer-
ican boys will not once again have
to waste their blood in Korea,
where, as I have said at times,
they were led by the Truman-
Acheson policy, but let me add as
I have also said at other times
that I applaud Mr. Truman's de-
cision to act there - I am sorry
to give so brief an answer to your
* * *
MRS. CRAIG: Mr. Vice-Presi-
dent, you said recently that more
schools and teachers were an ur-
gent, urgent need but when you

Disarmament Talks


To The Edi

[KE THE WEATHER "disarmament" is a,
subject about which we all talk and do
hing. A new round of talks is to begin next
nth. But there is not now an American plan.
ere is no Allied plan, and in truth despite
. K's speech at the United Nations, there is
Soviet plan.
apart from a few small specific proposals,
stern thinking is based on a condition which
is impossible to fulfill-namely, that there
)uld be universal and unlimited inspection of
armaments. The Soviet proposals rest on
equally invalid and unreal condition, which
hat all nations should disarm totally because
y trust one another completely.
HE UNREALITY of the disarmament policy
arises from an agreement among the powers
ich flies in the face of the lessons of ex-
'ience. This is the agreement that they will
to negotiate disarmament before they nego-
te settlements of the issues which divide
m. This cannot be done. The powers will
- and cannot disarm while they are in
aflict on vital issues, such as the future of
rmany and the future of Japan.
Since the powers are for various reasons
able and unwilling to negotiate compromises
the vital issues, they have to talk about
nething and so they talk about disarmament.
. Khrushchev talks about it. Dr. Adenauer
ks about it. President Eisenhower talks about
But they merely talk about it. For they do
mean to disarm while the vital issues are
resolved, and for the time being there is
real prospect that they, are ready to nego-
te seriously about the vital issues.
['he powers are in a traffic jam where they
mnnt move forward and they will not move
:kward. The jam has become increasingly

have two major goals. The first is "urgently
to try to create a more stable military environ-
ment." If that can be done, and only if it can
be done, will we proceed to our second goal
which is to cut national armed forces and to
build up international machinery to keep the
"A more stable military environment" is a
new and interesting phrase in the tired langu-
age of disarmament. What does it mean? It
means to establish safeguards against surprise
attacks. What safeguards? According to our
official doctrine in the field of disarmament, the
safeguard would lie in the right and the ca-
pacity to inspect, to watch, and to investigate
the conduct of the great military establish-
ments. This is about as easy to accomplish as
it is to establish a colony on the moon.
There is, however, another doctrine, a basic
strategic doctrine, which holds that the true
safeguard against surprise attack lies in meas-
ures to make it impossible to knock out the
retaliatory power by surprise attack. If, for
example, we had a fleet of submarines armed
with Polaris missiles, we would have an in-
vulnerable retaliatory power. If we had it,
there could be no surprise attack upon this
IT IS INTERESTING to note that the military
strategic doctrine, which is generally held by
the Air Force and by the Navy, is also the
Soviet military strategic doctrine. In his recent
speech to the 21st Congress, Mr. K. discussed
at some length the problem of surprise attack.
His view was that a srprise attack could not
be successful against a very big country. For,
said he, there would always be in reserve retal-
atory power which the surprise attack could
not reach. It is not altogether clear whether he

had to break a tie vote in the Sen-
ate, you voted against the key aid-
to-education bill.
Nixon: (Why doesn't that dame
get a new hat?) Mrs. Craig, I have
no apologies to make for my rec-
ord or that of this Administra-
tion, in the field of education.
From the time I was a small boy,
I have been for it - in fact, only
the other day I had a letter from
an old teacher of mine in Whit-
tier, in which she enclosed an old
report card showing - I hope you
will not consider this immodest-
that my record for punctuality
was the best in my class, and that
she thought this revealed just how
deeply I had always valued edu-
cation. And so I say to her, and
to teachers all over the land, we
Republicans know the job you are
doing and an apple to all teach-
ers. And we intend to give you all
the help we can without laying
the heavy hand of bureaucracy
over your schoolrooms.
Mrs. Craig: But Mr. Nixon -
Nixon: (Can't she ever shut
up?) Yes Mrs. Craig.
Mrs. Craig: Do you -
Nixon: Mrs. Craig, I should like
to go on and on and on on this
subject but I am sure there is
other ground -
Brooks: If I may interrupt, I
see that Roscoe Drummond has
a question.
DRUMMOND: Mr. Nixon, you
have said, on more than one oc-
casion, that you believe, if I may
coin a phrase, that politics should
stop at the water's edge. But
aren't you troubled by the testi-
mony of some of our defense of-
ficiaL4 that the missile gap is
growing, and may steadily get
worse. I do not mean to question
the sincerity or wisdom of the
President, but aren't these facts
that must be faced?
Nixon: (Those damned Chris-
tian Scientists) Mr. Drummond, I
have long admired your work, and
I can only say, as I did the other
day, that I wish the opposition
party would stop playing the
numbers game. (That oughta shut
them up).
Lawrence: There are persistent
reports that Governor Rockefel-
ler isn't giving up, and is just
waiting for something to go wrong
with your campaign to become ac-
tive again.
* * s
NIXON: (He's telling me-those
Times men pretend to be so im-
partial, but they're always stirring
up trouble). Mr. Lawrence, just
let me digress for a moment to
say how much I respect the Times,
and I can think of no institution
more important to the freedom of
the press than the one you repre-
sent, and I can remember as a
young man how it was my ambi-
tion to be even a lowly copy on
that newspaper, until circum-
stances over which I had little
control led me to run for Congress.
And now in answer to your ques-
tion, I shall not of course try to
speak for Mr. Rockefeller but I
can only repeat again what I have
said before, and that is that Mr.

who lose their jobs lose them not
cause they lack the techniques,
not because they cannot do the
Job, but because they cannot live
with people. Coronet Magazine
had an article some months ago
on "how to succeed." The editors
went to 202 successful men and
asked them what were the rea-
sons for their success. We read in
the article that the 202 men were
unanimous. They said, "The single
ability most essential to success
is the ability to get along with
WHY DID Andrew Carnegie pay
Schwab a million dollars a year
or more than three thousand dol-
lars a day. Why? Because Schwab
was a genius? No. Becausehe
knew more about the manufacture
of steel than other people? Non-
sense. Charles Schwab testified<
that he had many men' working1
for him who knew more about the
manufacture of steel than he did.
Schwab says that he was paid
this salary largely' because of his,
ability to. deal with people. 1
The problem of human relation-
ships has been intensified greatly
by our moving from an established
scolety to an adaptive society. In
that old established society men,
found security within the family
or the social group. It is more dif-
ficult to adjust ourselves to our
fellowmen today than it was in
the days of our forefathers be-
cause the old cultural patterns
which gave us security have brok-
en down. Our great industrial
civilization has diminished our
capacity for working together.
We have been minimizing the
problem. Have we not said: "Get
people together around the same
table, in the same conference, on
the same committees, and they
will learn to live together?" But
in these "together" relationships
we have our greatest problems.
* * *
College ought to prepare a stu-
dent to live with people. But a boy
can leave his alma mater fully
versed in the ancient philosophies,
well qualified to do research in
three languages, p r a c tic ally
trained to teach a room of chil-
dren, ably trained to think
through to a logical conclusion,
but yet be a neophyte in human
The fraternity man need not
fail here. Four years of living with
his fellowmen, four years of meals,
beds, bull , sessions, meetings,
dances, projects, parties ought to
fit a man to live with people.
Fraternity men live together
not as robots but as brothers.
They have knelt at the same al-
tar and in fraternity ritual paid
obeisance to the same God. Each
man is "brothered" to the other
with holy ties. He who would fall
is lifted up by his brethren.
The faint-hearted are encour-
aged to assert themselves; the
bully is tempered with loving and
firm hands; the show-off is taught
humility; the wall-flower is lured
into the arena; the hot-tempered
is cooled with charity; the bigot
is enveloped in brotherhood.
That's why I believe in frater-

because of inefficiency, not be-
The Daily Official Bulletin isan
official publication of The ,Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no edi-
torial responsibility. Notices should
be sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Build-
ing, before 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
VOL. LXX, NO. 108
General Notices
Composers Forum Postponed: The
concert originally announced for Feb.
26 has been postponed, and will be
heard on Sun., March 6, in Aud. A, at
8:30 pa.
Box Office Open Monday: Lydia Men-
delssohn Theatre, for tickets to Rich-
ard Wagner's opera, "Das Rheingold,".
to be presented Tues. through Sat. nex
week. Tickets available for Tues. andF
Wed. performances only.
Ushering: Sign-up sheets for people
who wish to usher for the next De-
partment of Speech Playbill production
are on the bulletin board outside Rm.
1502 Frieze Bldg.
Summary action taken by Student
Government Council at its meeting
Feb. 24, 190.
Approved minutes previous meeting.
Denied request of 'Latin American
Students Association for' waiver of
policy relating to "queens."
Approved appointents to: the Stu-
dent Activities Scholarship Board: Mary
Lou Liebaert, Babs Miller, Jon Trost,
Michael Turoff.
Approved appointment of Dick Gell
as SOC Student Activities Chairman.
Reviewed and accepted appointment
of Carolyn Beal to mi vacancy on Jpint
Judiciary Council.
Considered Haber-Miller proposal for
action toward implementation of the
1959 Regents' By-Lay 2.14, Policy on
Nondiscrimination, with respect to stu-
dent organizations.
Reinstated Rules for Counting Bal-
lots-Hare System (Vol. 3, p.91) pro-
viding for transfer of only those bal-
lots of elected candidates which were
received in excess of the quota, inef-
fect rescinding the revised rules adopt-
ed at the meeting of Feb. 17.
Approved activities as follows:
Feb. 25: Political Issues Club, lecture
by Sandro Sarti, Union, 8 p.m.
Feb. 26: India Students Asoc., Indian
Films, Angell Hall, 7:30 p.m.
March 1: Political Issues Club, "The
H. Chandler Davis ae,"1Egene Dou-
van, Union, 8:30 p.m.
March 4: Young Friends, d'Anti-Mil -
tary Ball or Peacemakers Prance," Un-
Ion, 9-12.
March 9: International Students' As-
sociation and Arab Club, program,
"Arab Unity - a force for peace" with
understanding that there will be a
question and answer period allowed,
Angell Hal, 8:30 p.m.
March 10, 12. April : Men's Glee Club
concerts in Ypsilanti, Tecumseh, De-
March 17, 18, 19: Women's League,
Junior Girls' Play, Lydia Mendelsohn
Theatre, p.m.
March 26-April 2: Men's Glee Club,
Spring Tour, 8 cities.
May 14: Men's Glee Club, Spring
Concert, Hill Aud., 8:30 p.m.
Approved V'ulcans request for sale of
tickets for vacation travel to and from
Ft. Lauderdale spring vacation at a
special rate.
Received report of following tempor-
arily certified candidates for SGC:
Brereton Bissell, Eleanor Cook, Donald
B, Corriere, David Cristy, John Feld-
kamp Jim Hadley, Per Hanson, Paul
Heil, Connie Kreger, Bob Molay, Fred
Riecker, Arthur Rosenbaum, Roger
Seasonwein, M. A. Hyder Shah.
Reviewed rulings of Credentials and
Rules Committee, approved 1) advanc-
(Continued on Page 8)


Bias .--
To the Editor:
THE LETTER of Messrs. Net-
hammer, Lyons, and Boodt
seems to imply that the Michigan
Legislature, which has already
demonstrated its competence in
fiscal and taxation policy, should
be hired to teach economics at the
University and Professors Brazer
and Stolper released,
Strange that the recommeida-
tions based on a study by Professor
Brazer's committee should cate-
gorically be dismissed'as a "bias."
'trange also that the majority
of professional economists support
Professor Brazer and Stolper's
opinion that the burden of a sales
tax falls upon low income groups.
* * *
FROM THE opinions expressed
by Messrs' Nethammer, Lyons, and
Boodt it would appear that Pro-
fessors Stolper and Brazer's com-
plaint that few individuals actu-
ally take the trouble to look at
relevant facts and figures is well
Since Professor Braser's "bias"
was arrived at by a year of
thoughtful research it seems only
fair that others should spend at
lea t a morning's research before
arriving at their bias.
-Robert Adams, Grad,
-Michael Bird, Grad.
-Omesh Khanna, Grad,
---Leonard Schifrin, Grad.

blamed for acting in conformance
with their parents' standards?
Especially, how can a youth be
blamed when his father advises
him to join a fraternity and make
as many "contacts" as he can?
Tradition agrees, for in England
it used to be acceptable behavior
fo. boys in prep schools and col-
leges to fawn upon others with
"influence" in order that some of
that "influence" might accrue to
them in later years.
* * *
IF EVERYONE is in fraternities
and country clubs, etc. to contact
influential people, why are the in-
fluential people there? What do
they have to. gain from joining?
In my experience, some enjoy be-
ing fawned upon. There are other
reasons, too.
What about women; where do
they fit in? It seems to me that
the average single-girl-in-college
fits into a sorority as a fish fits
into water. On the other hand it
seems that people of "other" races
of the United States wouldn't logi-
cally fit into the fraternity-soror-
ity picture, as I have presented it.
Still and all, you can't help lik-
ing some of the members of fra-
ternities and sororities. It's just
that it gives you a funny feeling
to know that they will not like you
or discard you on other grounds,
(e.g., how much "influence" you
-Rob Johnson, '61

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