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February 25, 1960 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1960-02-25

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CIVIC SHORTCOMINGS
RECOGNIZED
See-Page 4

Seventieth Year of Editorial Freedom

D7atiy

CONTINUED CLOUDY
High--3
Tow-22
Light snow flurries, with little
change in temperature.

VOL. LXX, No. 99

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 25, 1960

FIVE CENTS

EIGHT

SGC Views Discrimination

'41

By JEAN SPENCER
Problems involved in elimina-
tion of discriminatory member-
ship practices in student orgaii-
zations were debated by Student
Government Council last night.
Discussion was based on a mo-
tion presented by Al Haber, '60,
at last week's meeting. The mo-
tion specifies that it will be con-
sidered but not voted upon.
The motion's three parts in-
volve rescinding the 1949 ruling
that no new student organization
shall discriminate on the bases of
race, color or religion; adopting
the following regulation: "No rec-
ognized student organization may
prohibit . . . membership activities
on the bases of race, color, reli-
gion, creed, national origin or an-
cestry;" and setting up a proce-
dure to administer the resolution
adopted to replace the '49 ruling.
Procedure Areas
Debate touched upon three ma-
jor areas in the procedure speci-
fled in the motion. Y
Recognition requirements of
both ar initial and a semesterly
affirmation from each student or-
ganization that it does not pro-
hibit or otherwise restrict mem-
bership selection on the bases
listed in the proposed regulation
were debated.
The flexibility of these require-
ments, which do not specify a
time limit, was generally consid-
ered necessary and equitable by
Council members. t

Several members commented on
the difficulty of determining
whether an organization doesn't
meet recognition requirements on
the bases of progress made in
working toward elimination of re-
strictive clauses or practices.
Interfraternity Council presi-
dent James Martens, '60BAd, said
that the approach outlined in the
motion is desirable because de-
termination of progress and "good
faith" can be different for each
individual case.
A time limit, he added, only
eliminates a local group without
touching the problem of discrim-
ination, while this approach is
more likely to gain cooperation
from fraternity and sorority chap-
ters.
Procedure Difficult
While this recognition proce-
dure may be difficult, one SGC
member said, it is not as difficult
as enforcing a time limit would be.
The equity of the proposed regu-
lation as opposed to the 1949 ul-
ing, he added, must be weighed
against the vulnerability to re-
ferral of an SGC action on any
specific case falling under this
procedure. This vulnerability, he
explained, might even become an
advantage if the, Council kept it
in mind and acted accordingly.
Haber asserted that determina-
tion of a local organization's free-
dom from outside influence in
membership could be evaluated on
two kinds of evidence:

1) A statement from the na-
tional organization that it has
never discriminated, or 2) a state-
ment giving local autonomy to
the University chapter.
Judgment Limited
Judgment of the autonomy of
a local group by the national's
action toward other chapters is
excluded by a simple statement of
local autonomy for the Univer-
sity chapter, he continued.
Phil Zook, '60, commented that
evidence from outside sources is
more dependable than an "affi-
davit" of this kind. In order to
eliminate discriminatory prac-
tices, he added, it is necessary to
eliminate means of covering up
such practices.
Panhellenic president Mary
Wellman, '60Ed., said that since
the national organization and the
local are so "organically connect-
ed," a distinction between nation-
al and local autonomy would be
unmeaningful.
Special Category
Establishment of a special rec-
ognition category for organiza-
tions failing to meet the condi-
tions of the proposed regulation
was questioned.
One point raised was that the
probation category already estab-
lished could include cases classed
in the special recognition category
provided for in the motion.
Answers to this point asserted
the special recognition category
does not imply a definite action,
as does probation status category,
and that since only cases meeting
certain requirements will fall into
the category efficiency might be
gained by "lumping them togeth-
er."
Membership composition of a
committee on discriminatory prac-
tices in student organizations was
considered. It would be set up to
No Queen
A request by the Latin Ameri-
can Students' Association to
crown a queen as part of the
"Carnival Latino Americano" to
be held Friday was denied by
Student Government Council
last night.
Precedent set in 1939 provides
that no student organization at
the University shall sponsor a
campus queen. Council debate
upheld tradition and the re-
quest was not approved.
carry out the procedure specified
in the motion by gathering and
considering information on specific
cases where the recognition status
is questioned, for the purpose of
recommending action to the Coun-
cil.
The motion provides for a tri-
partite committee including four
students, two faculty members
without vote and one administra-
tor without vote.
First it was brought up that if
continuity will be important in the
committee's functioning, the vot-
ing weight placed on the student
factor could be dangerous.
Provision Debatable
Babs Miller, '60, co-author of
the motion, conceded that the pro-
vision was "very much debatable."
She added that equal voting rights
for all representatives would move
toward "cementing student-faculty
administration relations," as well
as ensuring continuity.
A former Council member
warned that more than perfunc-
tory cooperation with faculty and
administration must be obtained.

Discusses
Financing
Education
Special To The Daily
WASHINGTON - University
President Harlan Hatcher last
night told an audience of Univer-
sity alumni, including ten Con-
gressmen, that "it is no longer a
question of federal aid to to edu-
cation, but how much, and in what
form."
"We cannot permanently drift
along in our new world setting
without a more rational and as-
sured plan of support for our uni-
versities, and we should have a
firm and acceptable rationale for
federal participation," he said.
He explained that federal aid to
education exists in the form of
research grants, grants for con-
struction of medical-health facili-
ties, scholarships and fellowships,
and other provisions like the Na-
tional Science Foundation and De-
fense Education Acts.
Not Whole Burden
He added that the individual
states cannot carry the complete
responsibility and burden of edu-
cation as could the nation as a
whole.
"The nation as a whole must
have a bold, vigorous, and immedi-
ate action to protect its stake in
education, particularly on the
highest levels where the expense
is the greatest."
Speaking of aid for teachers'
salaries and classroom construc-
tion, President Hatcher told the
Washington Alumni Club that
three possible forms should be
discussed by Congress.
He listed these as:
1) Direct appropriation, a path
he said "contains many pitfalls"
but still deserves serious considera-
tion;
2) "Entering into federal-state
partnership to determine where
joint interests lie, and then using
the federal government 'for more
potent tax powers to fulfill na-
tional needs';"
3) Relinquishing "certain sources
of revenue" for earmarking cer-
tain taxes for education.
Exercise Tax Power
He said Britain's University
Grants Committee is an example
of how our state and national
legislatures could enter into part-
nership and exercise their more
potent taxing power to see that
the nation's as well as the state's
interest in education is served.
It is natural that we should
want to buy houses, cars, food,
clothes, and other private spend-
ing items, "But we must also buy
education, general health,aroads,
and reasonable happiness and se-
curity for our children, ourselves,
the older members of our families,
and our country."
Education Is Key
"These countries know that
education is the key that unlocked
the door to greatness for us; they
are emulating us in this. The
dividends which they are begin-
ning to reap are gratifying to
them."
President Hatcher doubts wheth-
er the actions of other nations
and those of the USSR will sur-'
pass our supremacy in education.
"I shall feel a lot happier about
the educational challenge when
we shed a little of our easy com-
placency, and face up to the in-
escapable and demanding fact that
we must get on with the exciting
and rewarding task of making and
keeping our great universities the
best in the world."

Rio
As

Welcomes
'Champion

of

Veac
Throngs Il
Ike's. ArMIN
In Brazil
President Addr
Brazilian Congr
Warns 'Hands C

WARM WELCOME-President Eisenhower rides through the streets of Rio de Janeiro on the third
stop of his four-country South American tour. Riding beside him is Brazil's president, Juscelino
Kubitschek. The crowds greeted him with cheers, confetti, streamers, and samba bands. They were
estimated to be the largest crowds for any visitor in the city's history.

reside

WANT MILITARY BASES:
German Move Disturbs U.S., Britain

4
BONN.(AP) -- Defense Minister
Franz Josef Strauss exchanged
sharp words with the U.S. and
British ambassadors yesterday over
a Bonn proposal to set up military
supply bases in Spain.
The ambassadors, Walter C.
Dowling of the United States and
Sir Christopher Steel of Britain,
told Strauss their governments are
distressed over the timing of the
German move, authoritative in-
formants reported.
Strauss said he was angry that
reports of the plan were leaked to
the press. He also said he was
dismayed at press criticism that
the move would revive memories
of German-Spanish cooperatian
during Hitler's time.
New German Axis
One British newspaper, the Lon-
don Daily Express, said in a head-
line today the plan unveiled "the
new German axis."
The upshoot is that the base
plan is likely to be kicked under
the rug at least until after the
May 16 East-West summit meet-
ing, reliable informants said. The
attitude of the British foreign
officedhas been thatiGermany's
plan would throw a cloud over the
summit conference.
But the Germandefense minis-
ter sought support from the
United States 'and Britain for the
project, arguing that front-line
West Germany urgently needs
more space for munition dumps,
military fuel supply, spare .parts
.and hospital equipment. The de-
fense ministry has denied it
wanted bombing ranges or missile
bases in Spain as some reports
have said.

Strauss their governments were
not at this time raising objections
to the proposals, but that the issue
should be thrashed out in NATO.
But they said they believed the
Germans had handled the delicate
project in an unfortunate manner.
None of the principals would
discuss their conversations. But a
detailed report of the talks was
received from authoritative in-
formants.
These informants said Strauss
called in the ambassadors in suc-
cession. They said all parties made
their positions clear in what was
described as a frosty atmosphere.
Launched Feelers
Strauss told the ambassadors the
Germans had launched feelers
with the Spaniards in an effort to
secure supply bases there, but he
said no negotiations have taken
place. This conformed with the
word of the Spanish foreign min-
istry that there have been no ne-
gotiations.

The Spaniards have not yet re-
plied to the feelers, Strauss said,
adding that if they give a favor-
able response the Germans willj
make a formal proposal before the
NATO council.
The Spanish government said
today, however, it regarded its
treaties with two NATO members,
Portugal and the United States, as
adequately covering its Western
defense obligations.
Strauss may be in for some
rough questioning today in an ap-
pearance before the parliament
defense committee.
The opposition Socialist Party,
which is against the base project,
called for Strauss' appearance.
Some members of his own party
also were reported concerned
about the handling of the matter.
American officials said private-
ly they thought the affair would
fan the Soviet propaganda offen-
sive against West Germany.

RIO DE JANEIRO () - Hi
dreds of thousands of Brazilil
welcomed President Dwight
Eisenhower with cheers and
blizzard of confetti and stream
yesterday.
The crowds were described
police as the greatest for V
visitor in Rio de Janeiro's fo0
century history.
Eisenhower, hailed as a cha
pion of peace, said he was grea
impressed at the turnout.
smiled and waved as pack
throngs of men, women and c
dren acclaimed him on a dr
along the skyscraper-lined Ave
da Rio Branco, the main busin
street, and the long palm-dot
drive fronting on Guanabara B
The drive took more than an hc
Addresses Congress
Eisenhower took up the seri
business of his four-nation So
American tour in responding to
official welcome before the pan
and in an address to Brazil's C
gress afterward.
Withdthe Communists evider
inmind, he sounded a "hands of
warning to any ideology threat
ing to deny American nations'
right to choose their own way
life. He called for the banishmie
of war and diversion of armami
money to global attacks on dise
ignorance and poverty. He si
gested a speedup in studies
promotion of the western he
sphere's economic development
Last night Eisenhower was gut
of honor at a dinner at the B
zilian Foreign Ministry in I
maraty Palace. In a toast he
ferred to the members of
official party and said their pr
ence on his trip "symbolizes t
high importance we of my coi
;try attach to good relations w
all the nations of Latin Americ
Seek Solidarity
"I know that what we are
learning, and shall obsei
throughout this trip," he said "1
be helpful to us as we seek c
stantly to work for hemisphe
solidarity."
Because of a pouring rain,
Brazilian government called ofd
reception for Eisenhower that hi
been scheduled to follow the d
ner.
But the big show was in t
broad streets this bright but hu
summer day. The temperature i
about 80 degrees.
"Ike Ike! Ike!" was the cario
cry of the day.
Police refused to even guess
the size of the crowds. Howe
a newsman who witnessed the:
ception for Eisenhower in 1
Delhi last December said the ]
turnout was about a third
large. On the basis of Indian e
mates that from 1.5 to 2.5 mill
persons welcomed Eisenhower
New Delhi, that would mean
turnout here of 500,000 to 750,0
Fourteen File
For Six Posts
'In SG+CRace
Fourteen students yesterday
came official candidates for1
six Student Government Con
openings in the March 15 and
elections, elections director Do
thy Dedo, '61Ed., announced.
SGC President John Feldkar
'61, members Roger Seasonw
'61, M. A. Hyder Shah, grad., ai
newly-appointed member Per Hi
son, '62, are the incumbents ra
ning; the others are Brereton I
sell, '61, Eleanor Cook, '62, Don
Corriere, '61, David Cristy,
James Hadley, '61, Paul Heil,
Constance Kreger, '60, Robert l\
lay, '63, Frederick Riecker, '63,
Arthur Rosenbaum, '62.
Petitioning also closed vest

NEW ADDITION-Mane of plastic internal organs and a plastic
skin, the new addition to the School of Public Health looks fragile.
- Actually he is able to absorb doses of gamma, beta, and x-rays
which would kill a flesh and blood man in days.
Phantom Skeleton Haunts
Public Health School Coffin
By SUSAN HERSHBERG
The University population, long-known for its diversity, now
includes a phantom man.
He lives in a wooden coffin in the school of public health, and he
is fully prepared to take doses of gamma, beta and x-rays which
would kill any mortal in a matter of days.
The phantom cannot keep a secret very well though, for he
consists of a human skeleton enclosed by a plastic which is trans-
parent to the vision and to radiation. He is five feet, nine inches tall,
the median height for the United States Air Force. He is built like a
"man weighing 162 pounds. Inside,
he boasts foam plastic lungs, a
Lewis Talks plastic empty heart, spleen, stom-
- Uiesa ach and other organs. His limbs
On U niversalI are Jointed so he can stand, sit or

Fire Hoses Scatter Crowd
In Chattanooga Race Riot
CHATTANOOGA (P)-A tense crowd of several thousand whites
and Negroes was scattered with fire hoses late yesterday in Chat-
tanooga's second day of race violence.
Ignoring the pleas of school officials to remain away from down
town, hundreds of youths converged on the area as classes were
dismissed for the day.
Whites lined the sidewalks and all available police were mobilized
when about 50 Negro high school students approached the down-
^town area. The number of Negroes
swelled as they walked along the
street. Police attempted to keep 1 h w r u ssp rt ,N m r u
the two groups separate, Numerous
scuffles broke out, and a dozen or
xv~la tted ore whites and Negroes were
xnlainedted.

CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY:
History, Function of Bureau E

Speech Plan
"The world movement toward a
common language is splintering,"
James A. Lewis, University vice-
president for student affairs, de-
clared recently.
This splintering almost parallels
movement for inter-faith religions
which the impact of World War I
diminished, he continued.
Lewis spoke before nearly 140
college and high school repre-
sentatives at the midwest regional
meeting of the College Entrance
Examination Board Tuesday,
He returned to the University
Feb. 15 after six weeks in the
Hear and Far East.
"Ance there wac hone nf nnr-

lie down at will.
The phantom's job is to aid
scientists' study of radiation haz-
ards. Investigators can fill each
organ and body cavity with an or-
ganic chemical solution which has
the exact density and composition
of human tissues.
Measuring devices, such as ioni-
zation counters, can then be placed
in his body to record the amount
of radiation reaching each part.
He will work in front of a 30,000-
volt x-ray therapy machine or
while digesting radioactive iso-
topes.
When the phantom is subjected
to routine chest, dental, and other
ex-rays, scientists will be able to
dpfnprinpe kth-. n, 'm.r..as

# 'Ip (Y / 1 ! v DIY' *

By SANDRA JOHNSON
"Over two million documents containing information for the
intelligence agencies flow, into Washington each month," Lyman
Kirkpatrich, inspector-general of the Central Intelligence Agnecy
said yesterday.
It is the job of the Central Intelligence Agency to carry out the
vast screening process needed to sift out and evaluate all this
material," he said, adding that at the time of Pearl Harbor the need
for such an organization became apparent.
Had Necessary Data
"Investigations after the war have proved that the United States
had all the data necessary to predict the attack; but since there was
no central group to bring all the facts together, the disaster resulted."
"At last on Jan. 20, 1946," Kirkpatrick related, "President Harry
S. Truman issued the executive order to establish the present Central
Intelligence Agency."
Allen W. Dulles, brother of the past Secretary of State, is now
direnor no the exectivo hAdv and the ther members are th he ea

Keep Crowd Moving
Police tried to keep the crowd
moving as it spilled over into the
street. Cars could barely move.
When the crowd refused to dis-
perse, a fire hose was hooked up.
"If they don't move, throw it
on them," ordered Mayor P. R.
Olgiati.
The firemen turned on the
water, sprayed the crowd, and
the soaked men, women and
youngsters scattered.
Variety and department stores
closed their lunch counters early.
The stores remained open, but
were almost deserted when the
people crowded the streets.
Few words were spoken as the
Negroes walked 'past the white
owds. A loud shout went un

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