See Page 4
Seventieth Year of Editorial Freedom
:43 a t I
Continued cold with chance
of snow flurries this afternoon.
VOL. LXX, No. 98 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 24, 1960 FIVE CENTS
LANSING -) - The constitu-
tional convention issue began to
move today toward a showdown C E . j+ j
in the Senate, possibly next week. CEEB PLACEMEN
Two legislative devices for put-
ting the proposition before voters E xsn
InNoemerwee:ice ouEnrxams T
o e b r w r ki k d o tothe floor by the Senate judiciary
committee, which endorsed nei-
he.Catn.MorsR-aa The advanced placement pro-
Segn. Carlton H. Morris (R-Kala- mof the College Entrance Ex-
mazoo), chairman, said the corn- amination Board "will cause a
mittee acted merely to serve notice revolution inrAmerican educa-
it is about time to get the problem tion," Samuel A. Kendrick of the
out of the way and concentrate on Board said yesterday.
other business. Kendrick, who is vice-president
Morris Not Pleased in charge of examinations and re-
Morris did not conceal his own search, was in Ann Arbor for the
lack of enthusiasm for sweeping two-day third 'annual Regional
constitutional reform. Conference of the Board members.
Piecemeal changes, as they may Program Described
be needed, to the 1908 basic char- He described the advanced'
ter would suit him much better, he placement program as "12 exams
said. on the college level for students
He wasn't advocating any spec- doing honors work in high
fic changes. school." These exams, adminis-
Some Republican leaders feel tered and processed by the CEB,
that GOP division on constitu- are sent to the colleges "who do
tional reform has been a running What they want with them."
sore for the party for several What they want with theexams
weeks, and that the biggest mis- depends on the individual school.
take possible now is-to leave the Some institutions give advanced
problem in or on the edge of the credit, some place the students in
legislative spotlight indefinitely. a special section, some give them
Bagwell Asks Convention sophomore standing.
Although many senators areN
lukeworm, a special convention in Number Increased
1961 has been endorsed by Paul "In the past few years the num-
D. Bagwell, GOP titular leader ber of high school seniors taking
and by the Republican State Cen- these exams has gone up 60 to
tral Committee. 70 per cent. If this continues, it
Both favor the approach of the will genuinely change the Amer-
League of Women Voters and the ican educational system.
state Chamber of Commerce. "You see, if the mathematics
A resolution reported to the exam, for example, requires a
floor by the judiciary committee: command of calculus and solid
could be used to put the League- geometry, these subjects have to
Jaycee proposal on the ballot, or be incorporated into the senior
some modification of it. math class."
Alternate Proposal This pushes the trigonometry
The second legislative vehicle, course back a year, the curriculum
bill, would put the question to begins to be rearranged, and the
votes o th sae exct erm aschain reaction of s t i f f e n i n g
votrs on th -me xat -termsbe asg
in 1958-with Republicans in all courses, once begun, goes back as
likelihood coming out with a top- far as the late elementary school
heavy majority in a rewrite con- years, hesuggensted.
vention. This change in secondary edu-
Full dress poor debate on what cation, he indicated, is a signif-
tack to take will begin Monday cant example of the increasing
night, just before Republican law- influence of the Board.
makers gather for a huddle with hundreds Participate
Bagwell and GOP State Chairman "We bad 80 member colleges in
Lawrence B. Lindemer. 1950 and examined 75,000 stu-
The conference to improve liai- dents. This year we have over 300
son between GOP legislators and member colleges, with 200 more
top Republicans outside the Legis- who use our services, and expect
lature was the third in a series to test 850,000 h i g h s c h o 0 1
arranged by Sen. Frank D. Beadle, seniors."
GOP majority leader. Within this rapidly growing
o Cause Revolution'
-Associated Press wirephoto
OFF TO BRAZIL-President Eisenhower saluted as he boarded
the plan, at Ramey Air Force Base in Puerto Rico en route to
Brazilians Give Ike
BRASILIA, Brazil (A)-President Dwight D. Eisenhower received.
a rousing reception yesterday from Brazil's President Juscelino Kubits-
chek and the men building the new capital city of Brasilia.
The President began a three-day tour of Brazil which associates
expect will turn into a personal triumph rivaling his reception in Asia
two months ago.
Here in Brasilia, where only about 70,000 were available to greet
plete accuracy for the exams. "We
know they are flexible and econ-
omical, and they have a high cor-
relation co-efficient (.60) as tests
"When they are added to the
secondary school record, which is
the primary admissions consider-
ation in any college with good
sense, they give fairly accurate in-
dication of future success."
The adequacy of the tests de-
pends on the philosophy of the
college involved, Kendrick said,
and on the reason they are re-
The large "mid-Western schools,
f or example, like to give every-
one with the possibility of success
access to college, and let the
Student Government Council will
devote two hours to debate on dis-
criminatory membership policies in
student organizations tonight.
Ruring this time the tabled mo-
tions on restrictive practices will
be brought off the table. A motion
by Phil Zook, '60, to make organi-
zations that descriminate in se-
lecting members subject to disci-
plinary action effective in fall
1960, will be discussed.
A motion calling for implemen-
tation of the November 1959 Re-
gents' Bylaw with action in the
area of discriminatory practices,
introduced by Babs Miller, '60, and
Al Haber, '60, will also be debated.
Also during the meeting, the
Political Issues Club will ask per-
mission to affiliate with Students
for Democratic Society.
SDS is not recognized by the
University, and the affiliation
would provide SDS with an official
campus representation if and
when the PIC is recognized.
Also on the agenda is a motion
to consider . SGC replacement
of the "M" Handbook for new
students. Rationale for this motion
is that although the Union has
discontinued the project, incoming
students still need the orientation
the booklet provides.
freshman year do the rest of the
selecting -- Michigan does this
less than some others." For these
schools, he indicated, the CEEB
scores are not used as much.
"But some of the private insti-
tutions, with rigid acceptance
rates, prefer to select from a great
number of applicants" and tend
to depend more on the test scores.
Because of their wide and con-
stantly changing use, the CEEB
exams have to be revised continu-
ally, Kendrick said. "In the past
few years we have been changing
them by adding rather than in
The additions include the Pre-
liminary Scholastic Aptitude Test,
a new and less expensive exam
for high school juniors who for-
merly had to take the regular
SAT's for any advance prepara-
The Board has also devised "a
new listening-comprehension test
in languages, to go along with the
new emphasis on aural-oral train-
ing." An achievement test in Rus-
sian will be instituted within the
next two years.
"The most controversial new
measure "is the writing sample-
an English essay required as a
part of the SAT, to be used for
the first time this year.
"This writing sample is a ter-
ribly attractive prospect to most
teachers, because it is in essay
form. But it is equally difficult to
process, and there is a question as
to its reliability."
A "good deal of research" has
indicated that an essay written in
a short space of time and under
the stress of a testing situation,
without any other indication of
the student's writing ability, "is
not too valuable."
No ETS Comment
The short essays will be passed
on to the colleges without com-
ment from ETS. "The real ques-
tion" is can the University, or
any other school, "get enough ad-
ditional information out of 13,000
pieces of paper in student hand-
writing" to justify use of the test.
Again pointing out the dual role
the CEEB plays, Kendrick added
that the essay would at any rate
indicate the quality of secondary
school English programs, perhaps
making evident the need for more
emphasis on writing.
him, crowds cheered and waved
The Ann Arbor-Washtenaw
Council of Churches has developed
a program to aid minority group
families in finding housing.
Because "many families, despite
adequate incomes, cannot buy or
rent housing freely on the open
market in certain residential areas
of Ann Arbor because of their
race, color, religion or ancestry,'
the service HOME (Housing Op-
-portunities Made Equal) was un-
dertaken at the request of the
city's Human Relations Commis-
HOME's function is to introduce
the buyer and seller or tenant and
landlord by maintaining a register
of property available and prospec-
tive buyers or renters.
After being brought together
the parties negotiate their trans-
actions independent of HOME.
The non-commercial service is
carried on by volunteers repre-
senting many of the Ann Arbor
"Discriminatory practices in
housing violate the basic right of
all people for equal opportunity to
obtain housing. Such practises are
harmful not only to minority
groups but to the entire commu-
nity and to our nation inthe world
community," a pamphlet published
by the Church Council reads.
"Because this community iss o
limited through normal chan-
nels," HOME was established.
In connection with this project,
the Council of Churches is send-
ing a letter to Ann Arbor residents
who have previously signed "the
statement of welcome" or one of
the "covenants of open oocu-
Ir T .3' ' 3.P
To Continue Search
For Capital Funds
LANSING (A) - Gov. G. Men
nen Williams yesterday expresse
sympathy toward the idea of
' new state-supported Grand Valle
College in the western Michiga
United States and Brazilian flags.
Some spilled through airport po-
As the visit to Brazil began Ei-
senhower joined Kubitschek in a
"declaration of Brasilia" pledging
their determination to help de-
velop the Western Hemisphere
materially and morally with the
goal of "greater prosperity and
harmony for all."
Issuance of that declaration
helped set the tenor for the 10-
day trip that is to take Eisen-
hower on across Brazil to Argen-
tine, Chile and Uruguay on a mis-
sion that he hopes will strengthen
hemispheric unity and stiffen de-
fenses against potential .enemies.
S The two Presidents expressed
Yconfidence in the success of a
hemispheric crusade for economic
"Economic development cannot
be disassociated from the preserva-
tion of peacedand democratic
ights," they said.
They asserted their support of
,"the fight against racial discrimi-
nation" and their belief in free-
dom of thought and religion.
Almost all the population of
Brasilia - mostly construction
workers and their families-turned
out to hail Eisenhower.
WASHINGTON (P)-The Senate
yesterday ratified by a 76-14 vote
a . international agreement aimed
at reducing tariff and trade ob-
stacles to exchange of educational,
scientific and cultural materials.
The action makes the United:!
States a party to an agreement
adopted by the general conference
of the United Nations Educational
Scientific and Cultural Organiza-
tion (UNESCO) at Florence, Italy
The "Florence agreement," to
which 31 nations including one
from the Communist bloc already
have adhered, covers imports of
books and publications, visual and
auditory materials, scientific in-
struments and various publications
or articles for the blind.
sphere of influence, the CEEB has
two main functions. First, its ex-
aminations aid in the "sQrting out
process which has been forced on
colleges" by recent admissions
Its other function is to apply
pressure on the secondary schools
through the member colleges to
improve and standardize the high
The minimum scores required
by the colleges "express to the
high school the desires of the col-
lege, as far as academic proficien-
cy is concerned."
The CEEB, through the Educa-
tional Testing Service, gives two
basic types of examinations to
high school seniors: the Scholas-
tic Aptitude Test, designed to test
quantitative and verbal ability,
and the Scholasitc Achievement
Tests, which examine actual com-
prehension in a specified subject
Both of these exams are re-
quired by the 300 member schools
for all or some of their applicants.
Kendrick did not claim com-
,bold and courageous'
By FAITH WEINSTEIN
"I am willing to be convinced"-
of the success of Michigan State
University's Oakland branch,
James H. Robertson, associatea
dean of the literary college said
"They are doing something bold
and rather courageous. They are
attempting to provide the best
conceivable education to students
in the Oakland area."
The primary difficulty with
MSU-O is the difference between1
what they are, and what they
want to be, between "the dreama
and the reality," he added.
Dream and Reality
"The dream is a school where
they concentrate on the essentials
of education," presenting them;
well and insisting on very high
standards. The reality lies in the
fact that the school has had to
"draw its students only from the
immediate area, because it lacksI
residential failities," a fact which
tends to lower the average stu-
dent level. "Sooner or later, they;
will have to either modify the
dream or change the clientel."
Robertson approved heartily the
MSU-O basic program. "It really
sounds fine. The emphasis is put
on the solid subjects, language,
mathematics, science, and they
have a continuing program of core+
work. From my prejudiced point
of view, I think this is essentially+
Philosophically, Robertson said,
the theory behind the creation of
MSU-O as a four-year college of-
fering a liberal education to the
Oakland area is valid.
"If somebody survives this pro-
gram and does it exceedingly well
he will be well fitted for a place
in society," equally well-fitted as
the more technically -oriented
graduate of some of the other col-
leges servicing community stu-
Concerning the number of fail-
ures after the first semester,Ro-
bertson noted that "apparently
there were some errors of judge-
ment between the expectations and
The number of failures may just
be "growing pains," however.
"I don't see that the problems
of MSU-O give us any grounds
To End Today
Petitioning for the March 15
and 16 elections closes at 6 p.m.
Two students took out petitions
yesterday for the Union board-
Richard Seifman, '61, for a general
njition anr naniel nodrnmith
He said there was no question
such a college would fill a great
"I hope the legislature will not
only set up a paper charter for this
institution, but also provide the
wherewithal tomake-it a reality"
Notes 'Tremendous' Task
"But you have a tremendous
job ahead of you in planning and
raising funds," Williams warned
a citizens planning committee
headed by L. William Seidman of
Rep. Thomas J. Whinery (R-
Grand Rapids) and 13 other west-
ern Michigan legislators submitted
a measure proposing creation of
the new, four-year institution. No
appropriation is asked the first
"How do you plan to get start-
ed?" the Governor asked the citi-
zens delegation visiting his office
to ask for support.
"All we want the first year is
official status," Seidman said.
"Then we would be at least able
to accept gifts, The thought is
eventually we' will ask for funds
and will be supported as any state
"We're trying to do it the hard
way," Seidman admitted. "The
trouble is we have no millionaires
around Grand Rapids to help us,
Members of the citizens com-
mittee suggested the college he in-
cluded in future capital outlay
building projects recommended by
"I can recommend them, but it
doesn't mean the legislature will
pass them," Williams commented.
Rep. Arnell Engstrom (R-Tra-
verse City), chairman of the House
Ways and Means Committee, pre-
dicted the measure would run into
'Slim' Passage Chance
"I think it has a very slim
chance of passing this year," Eng-
strom said. "It would take a big
capital outlay to start a new col-
lege and we don't have enough
money for buildings now at our
Need for a state college to serve
the eight-county western MIchi-
gan area was shown in a survey
by Dr. John X Jamrich, author-
ized by the Legislature last year,
the citizens' group said.
The survey recommended open-
ing of a new institution by 195
with an estimated enrollment of
2,500. The enrollment was ex-
pected to rise to 10,000 by 1975.
The bill proposed creation of a,
nine-member board oftrustees, to
be nominated by the political
parties at their state conventions
and elected in November.
Williams was told it was hoped
the city of Grand Rapids would
donate a 300-acre site for the pro-
Seidman had earlier this year
suggested, but dismissed as fi-
practical, establishing the college
as a temporary branch of one of
the big universities.
If it were understood there was
to be no permanent arrangement
he said, this would help by giving
immediate accreditation to .the
Grand Rapids college and expedite
other kinds of aid.
The committee did not think a
four-year college would have an
adverse effect on presently exist-
ing institutions, including Grand
Rapids Junior College, Muskegon
community, and three other small
|D -- - L f ! 3
Eisenhower Vetoes Boost
Of Pollution Control Funds
WASHINGTON OP) - President Dwight D. Eisenhower, as ex-
pected, yesterday vetoed a bill to boost from 500 million dollars to
$900 million federal aid for the next 10 years in controlling pollution
of the nation's rivers and streams.
Eisenhower agreed that "polluted water is a threat to the health
and well-being of all our citizens."
But he said it is "a uniquely local blight" and the federal gov-
ernment should provide only "modest financial assistance" in combat-
The federal government's principal role as Eisenhower saw it is
in research, technical assistance and dealing with interstate water
-. T'pollution problems beyond the
COULD AFFECT POLICIES:
Wiener Warns Machines May Dominate
By ROBERT FARRELL
"As we make machines more
and more intelligent, we may find
them less and less subservient and
,perhaps even dominating the
formation of our policies," Prof.
Norbert Wiener of the Massachu-
setts Institute of Technology said
Speaking on "The Construction
and Problems of Learning Ma-
chines," Prof. Wiener commented
on te evnlutinn ,f le,,.rnfn _ t
unwanted fashions, Prof. Wiener
"Thus, when you ask for some-
thing, you'd better be sure it's
what you want."
And, Prof. Wiener pointed out,
one can no longer count on the
machine being mastered by its
maker, for scientists have already
developed a checker-playing ma-
chine that learns from experience
and can beat the man that pro-
grams it after a short period of
Lain that victory in terms of the
game and victory in terms of na-
tional security are the same," he
Learned During War
Prof. Wiener, Institute Profes-
sor of mathematics at MIT and
author of many books on cyber-
netics and mathematics, said that
he had first become interested in
learning machines through aim-
ing devices for anti-aircraft guns
in Word War II
cate one of the fundamental prop-
erties of life-they could produce
another machine which would act
in exactly the same manner as the
Explaining that electrical me-
chanisms could be made to dupli-
cate themselves from the neces-
sary components, Prof. Wiener
said that this seemed very much
like life, which "depends on or-
ganized systems being able to
build other organized systems out
power of a single state to handle.
The House, in which the bill
originated, immediately made
plans to vote tomorrow on over-
riding the vet.
House Democratic Leader John
W. McCormack of Massachusetts
conceded, however, that it will be
an uphill fight to muster the two-
thirds majority required to over-
McCormack said that if the
bill's backers can get some Re-
publican votes it cold be pretty
close. Democrats are hopeful this
Statistics on passage of the
measure favor Eisenhower being
sustained his first veto of this