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February 21, 1960 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1960-02-21

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Professor Vews Readigs


Cuban-U. S.



Urges Cuba
On Raiders
Castro's Tone Eases
In Television Speech
HAVANA ()--Despite a demand
that the United States crack down
on all anti-Castro activities in
Florida it appeared today that
strained United States-Cuba rela-
tions were headed for better days.
The semi - official newspaper
"Revolucion" made the crackdown
demand after the United States
had apologized for a raid by a
Florida-based plane on a Cuban
canefield. , y
But it was Prime Minister Fidel
Castro himself who appeared to
be softening on his anti-United
States tirades.
Called Victory
"Revolucion" called the apology
a "moral victory."
"It is clear," "Revolucion" said,
"that the question is not resolved
in any way with a simple pre-
sentation of apologies while an
attempt is made to drown dis-
semination of (news of) the crime
with postponement of the execu-
tion of Chessman or the trip to
Latin America by (President
Dwight D.) Eisenhower."
This was a reference to the 60-
day reprieve granted by the gov-
ernor of California yesterday to
Caryl Chessman, condemned as a
perverted kidnaper. Gov. Edmund
G. Brown acted after the State
Department warned that Chess-
r man's execution might bring on
hostile demonstrations during Ei-
senhower's tour.
Trials Demanded
"Revolucion" demanded that
the United States try persons who
organize flights against Cuba and
prevent any further flights over
Castro has charged that air at-
tacks on Cuban fields were made
by United States-based planes and
asserted that these were the main
reason for rifts in United States-
Cuban relations.
Washington previously had re-
jected Castro's accusations, main-
taining there was no evidence the
raids were conducted by United
States-based planes.
But the United States State De-
partment yesterday confirmed that
the plane involved in Thursday's
incident had taken off from an
airfield near Miami.
Note Afidures Castro
The State Department.note as-
sured Castro that the United
States government "is most anxi-
ous to stop such international
flights, which are clearly in viola-
tion of our laws, and will take
whatever steps it can to prevent
them and apprehend those per-
sons in volved."
Castro said in a nation-wide TV
address Thursday night that the
craft exploded while attempting
to bomb a sugar mill 100 miles
east of Havana.

Soviets Place West in Snare'

Associated Press News Analyst
WASHINGTON-Russia appears
to have caught the Western allies
in a damaging trap with its latest
move aimed at building up Com-
munist East Germany and de-
stroying an independent West Ber-
The United States, Britain and
France reportedly see no way out
of the diplomatic snare which does
not represent some retreat or sym-
bolic weakening of their position
in Germany. The choice they have
is the choice of the lesser evil.
The alternatives the Soviets have
given them in practical terms is
List Alternatives
1. To let some of their military
officers in Germany use passes for
travel into East Germany which
would imply a degree of recogni-
tion of the German Communist
government; or-
2) To scrap the system of mili-
tary mission, now more than a
dozen years old, by which the Big
Four powers maintain liaison

May Offer


More Loans
BANDUNG (P)-Soviet Premier
Nikita S. Khrushchev held out
hope of more loans to Indonesia
yesterday, declaring he is ready
to aid "those who are fighting
against colonialism."
"You can't kick colonialism out
with prayers, no more than you
can teach a tiger to eat straw," he
told a cheering crowd at the city
hall in an arrival speech.
While independent, Indonesia
still is embroiled with its former
Dutch rulers over ownership of
West New Guinea. This apparently
was what Khrushchev had in
A responsible government source
said Khrushchev in talks so far
has shown concern that Indo-
nesia's leaders may desert neutral-
ism for an outright pro-Western
stand. Indonesia now is on in-
creasingly friendly terms with the
United States.
In this connection, the source
said Khrushchev in private talks
already has told President Sukar-
no he can virtually disregard Red
China's complaint about Indo-
nesia's rural trade policy.
"He told President Sukarno that
Indonesia should do what it thinks
is right and not to worry about
the Chinese," the source said.
Peiping has been fuming over
Indonesia's ban on alien rural
traders, a move many see as the
first step toward killing the vast
economic powers of the Chinese
here. Most rural traders are Chi-
nese and some now are leaving for
Red China.

among their occupation headquar-
ters in Germany and keep some
check on what is happening in
each others, areas.
The United States, Britain and
France are understood to have
agreed at least tentatively in the
last few days on what they will do
if the Soviets will not abandon the
new form of the pass they will
abandon their own military mis-
sion arrangement with the Soviet
headquarters at Potsdam.
In turn, they would oust the
Soviet missions from United States
headquarters at Frankfurt, French
headquarters at Baden-Baden and
the British center, Bao Salzufien.
Issue Passes
The new travel passes were is-
sued by the Russians Feb. 3. In-
stead of authorizing Western mili-
tary mission members to travel in
the Soviet zone of Germany they
referred to the territory of "the
German Democratic Republic."
The Western military authorities
refused to use the passes.
Friday three Western powers
in similar letters told the Soviet
Military commander in East Ger-
many, Marshal M. V. Zakharov,
that the documents were unac-
This puts the next play up to
the Russians, and there is some
hope in Washington that perhaps
they will back down. This optim-
ism is derived from administration
belief that Soviet Premier Nikita
S. Khrushchev does not want to
inflame East-West relations yet
to a point that would assure the
failure of the summit conference
in May.
Estimates Vary
Estimates of the importance of
the military missions vary. Some
officials here said they are useful
to both sides in keeping check on
military activities throughout Ger-

>- -

What is more important, how-
ever, is that if the Western powers
do abandon the military mission
system the action will be the result
not of free choice but of Soviet
pressure. They would rather give
up a going operation of some value
than take any action which could
be construed as increasing the
prestige of the German Commun-
ist regime.
If there is any other line of
response open to the West, Wash-
ington officials are keeping it well
hidden. They have, in fact, mini-
mized the dangers in the latest
Soviet maneuver for the last two
weeks in the hope that with West-
ern denunciation of the new passes
the Soviet government would drop
the matter.
Authorities in the administra-
tion here are inclined to view the
Russian move as a pre-summit
probing operation to find out
whether the Western powers are
prepared to withdraw from their
strong non-recognition policy in a
series of little steps.
Senate lans
WASHINGTON oP)--Democratic
leaders indicated today the Senate
will be asked to break off its civil
rights battle from time to time
to pass appropriations bills and
possibly other measures.
"I think it's generally under-
stood that procedure will be fol-
lowed," Sen. Mike Mansfield (D-
Mont.), the assistant majority
leader, told newsmen.
The Senate struggle over civil
rights "legislation,. which got un-
derway last Monday, is expected to
go on for several weeks.

About a week ago, Prof. William
Halstead of the speech department
tacked up a notice outside of his
office announcing tryouts for Wilm
liam Congreve's "Way of the
World," the next Playbill produc-
For three nights that week,
prospective players came to an
empty classroom in the. Frieze
Building, with scripts in hand, to
read for parts in the Restoration
No one had to sign up before
coming, although Prof. Halstead,
who is directing the play running
April 6 through 9, passed around
a sheet of paper at the readings
for everyone to sign,
Open to Anyone
Anyone from any school or col-
lege on campus can stroll into the
tryouts and read for a part. A
certain amount of priority is given
to speech students, however. An-
other student, Prof. Halstead said,
would have to read a good deal
better than a specch student to
win a part over him.
Prof. Halstead also requested
everyone to put down his height,
weight, and color and length of
hair on the paper. The last item
is more important for men than
for women.
"You can't cast someone with
a crew cut in a Shakespearean
role," he pointed out, "and wigs
look so awful."
"For 'Way of the World' though,
all the men wear wigs, because of
the period. Usually once a can is
cast he is told-not to get a haircut
until the production is over. But
for this play we don't care if they
shave their heads."
Enact Scene
On the platform at the far side
of the room, several students
grouped together and enacted a
,cene with their eyes on their
They appeard not unlike a group
of carolers, for there is a minimum
of movement as compared to the
actual production when the char-
acters are fully developed.
Prof. Halstead sat at a desk at
the opposite end of the room.
He watched carefully, and from
time to time he wrote in a note-
book. The 'notes' he took during
the readings were actually letter
grades " because," he said, "I am
used to interpreting them and I
make use of plusses and minuses."

"I always hope to bring someone
up to a straight A grade before
I cast him in a part. Sometimes
someone reads well enough for a
straight A on the first reading,
but this is rare. More often, if
it is a good reading, it gets a B
plus or a A minus, at first.
One reason for the readings,
then, is to develop characteriza-
"The people who get the parts
are the ones who go home and
practice' during the reading per-
iod," Prof. Halstead said. You
could see the improvement in
characterization, especially in the
women, each night of the 'Way
of the World' readings."
At the first reading, Prof. Hal-
stead went straight through the
play scene by scene. "They should
know the plot," he said, "but often
they haven't read the play all the
way through yet."
"To begin with, I cast them
where I think they would be good.
Then I ask who wants to do
"Often I let someone read to

And Prof. Halstead briefed him
in. The scene began.
"Make Sir Wilfull older, fatter-
really a muscleman," Prof. Hal-
stead called to a student at one
"That's still light-weight. Get it
down. Putt a firm base on it," he
told him as the scene began again.
"Now, who would like to do
Marabel?" Prof. Halstead ad-
dressed the students sitting casu-
ally around his desk as the group
from the platform came down.

RESTORATION COMEDY--"The Rivals" presented last summer, was the last Restoration comedy
presented by the speech department. Auditions are now being held for another Restoration play,

"Okay. Who want to be next?
the director asked, and two mor
hopefuls walked to the platfort
and enacted the scene. Then tw
more and again two more.
Finally, "Let's switch to the fop:
Could you do Petulant?" Pro:
Halstead asked someone, concen
trating now on selecting this par
of the cast.
"I was pretty sure of who
wanted for what at about 9 o'cloc
on the last night of the reading,
Prof. Halstead revealed. "I didn
actually commit my own mind t
it and I did some rechecking t
make sure."



g* *
Second Front Page
Sunday, February 21, 1960 Pate s


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