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August 30, 1963 - Image 9

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1963-08-30

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FRIDAY, AUGUST 30, 1963 THE MICHIGAN DAILY
AFTERMATH OF MASSIVE DEMONSTRATION:
Two Washington March Leaders Plan Militant Follow-U

Sam

WASHINGTON ()-The leader
of the youngest and perhaps most
militant civil rights organization
said yesterday the massive march
on Washington marked a turning
point in the civil rights struggle.
John Lewis, 25, chairman of the
Student Non-violent Coordinating
Committee, said in an interview
that the civil rights groups "are
definitely more unified now than
before the march. . we have
reached the point of no return-
we can only go forward-and at
an accelerated pace."
Another of the march leaders,
Bayard Rustin, said there is need
for a master plan for civil rights
that goes beyond the integration
issue. The civil rights revolution
will succeed, he said, "only to the
degree that we move this country
to the left, because there is no
room and no other direction to
go."
See Disobedience
Rustin, who was deputy direc-
tor of the march, called for use
of civil disobedience methods by
the unemployed-both white and
Negro--to get the response from
national and local governments
that the civil rights movement
has achieved.
Rustin told a Socialist party
conference that the 10-group

coalition behind the big demon-
stration Wednesday already shows
"certain tensions," and that its
significance will be momentary
unless it gains allies among those
who "wield and can manipulate
real economic power."
Rustin specifically called for
such as alliance with the labor
movement, although adding that
he was "not talking about George
Meany."
Radical Techniques
Rustin, executive secretary of
the War Resistance League, urged
white and colored jobless people
to "get down in the streets to-
gether" and employ "all of the
radical techniques of civil dis-
obedience, such as sit-ins, sit-
downs and marches on state cap-
itals and city halls."
Lewis said the civil rights or-
ganizations are now ready to ex-
pand their efforts in the cause of
the over-all civil rights movement.
"But personally, I will never
subject my organization to a sec-
ondary status in the civil rights
fight for the sake of unity," Lewis
declared.
LimitTone
Lewis Wednesday had been
forced to rein in his militant

philosophy and change a speech
he planned to deliver before the
200,000 persons at the civil rights
rally.
Lewis said he changed his pre-
pared speech because the Most
Rev. Patrick A. O'Boyle, Roman
Catholic archbishop of Washing-
ton said he would not appear on
the march platform with civil
rights leaders if the speech was
delivered.
"Inter-organizational relations
are important," Lewis said, "but
I am not interested in becoming
a Madison.Avenue type, I identify
with the grassroots element and
so does my organization.
'Live in Communities'
"We live-eat, play and sleep
with the people we represent in
Southern communities," Lewis
said.
He noted that his organization
is primarily concerned with voter
registration drives in the South.
"That is our one big problem,"
Lewis said, "getting peo,!e to reg-
ister and then on to the polls to
vote."
"We also are extremely inter-
ested in the public accommoda-
tions situation," Lewis said. "We
want to eat, sleep, recreate, and
spend our money any place we
choose."
Southern Students
SNCC is composed mostly but
not exclusively of students from
102 Negro colleges in the South.
These young Negroes are rein-
forced by white college young-
sters who make up 20 per cent of
the SNCC forces.
Lewis predicted that SNCC will
be so well organized this fall that
whenever he issues an order from
organizations headquarters in At-
lanta thousands of SNCC work-
ers can merge on any community
* in a matter of hours.
The next objective, he said,
could be the American Telegraph
& Telephone Co., which he said
has maintained patterns of dis-
criminatory hiring practices in
the South.
Senate 'Obstruction'
Rustin said he is now busy or-
ganizing a people's congress and
people's lobby that will come to
Washington to speak for democ-
racy, "which the Senate is ob-
structing."
He said this congress would go
into action within the hour tlat
the first senator starts to fili-
buster against civil rights legisla-
tion. Rustih said plans call for
having at least 1000 people present
daily, and that this people's con-
gress will hold hearings with wit-
nesses from the South to tell
about "the extreme brutality" of
measures used against them.

t

t.

BACK TO HOME-Civil rights marchers line the mall in front of the capitol as they prepare to board
buses for the trip home. Many of the 200,000 protesters travelled for 15-20 hours each way in order
to participate in the several hour civil rights rally in Washington.
MA Y AID RED CAUSE:
Bell Warns of Foreign Aid Cut
WASHINGTON A)-Foreign aid
director David E. Bell said yes- for Progress program wll have to Communist domination by other
terday that Russia and Red China be trimmed b e 1o w promised means than nuclear attack.
are expected to step up their ef- amounts at a time when the pro- And he said the Soviet-Red
forts to dominate the world's un- gram "is beginning to roll." Chinese competition is expected to
derdeveloped areas once the lim- This "would be a severe pyscho- enhance the attempts by the Com-
ited nuclear test ban treaty takes logical blow to the alliance," Bell munist rivals to widen their in-
effect, said. fluence in backward areas.
Bell made this prediction at a 3) United States loans that are ."."..""a"
news conference in which he call- important for extending United
ed the foreign aid cut voted by States influence in underdeveloped NO 5-9655
the House "a severe set-back to countries and attracting aid to *
United States efforts to . . . de- those countries from advanced R IF BUSY
feat the Communist thrust around nations, will in some cases have v NO 5-3800
the world." to be drastically cut.
The House last Friday slashed 4) President John F. Kennedy's t
the administration's foreign aid
bill by $585 million, cutting it emergency aid fund will be trim-
down to $3.5 billion. med to an unprecedentedly low V e
Ill Effects level at, a.'time when risks of ChiCken
Bell said the House action would danger 'abroad are as great as be-
have these effects if sustained by fore. Big, Dei
the Senate:
1) United States arms aid to Bell cited two reasons for his Crispy, F
c)uniesrimminteCommunist statement that "with the ratifi-
countries rimming the cation of the test ban treaty, we * Big, Th i e
camp, from Korea to Greece, s
would in some cases be reduced expect greater efforts by the So-si
by one-third or more. Viet Union and China to gain Visit C
Bell did not include South Viet- dominance in the underdeveloped ' $2.00 minirr
nam in this list. He noted the aieas.
United States, is still engaged in He said the Soviet decision to*
strong eforts sto elphat Iagree to a limited test ban indi-
astrong effort to help that A
troubled country win a hot war cates a Kremlin intent to expand
against Communist guerrillas.
2) United States assistance to
Latin America under the Alliance

-Associated Press
MARCH AFTERMATH-Paper has replaced protesters -as the
task of cleaning up the Lincoln Memorial area begins. This site
was the destination point for the 200,000 civil rights marchers in
Washington Wednesday.

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