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December 10, 1963 - Image 1

Resource type:
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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1963-12-10

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THE FUTURE
OF LIBERALISM

Y

See Editorial Page

SiTr
Seventy-Three Years of Editorial Freedom

:4)at.i#

CLOUDY
High-34
Low-23
Snow flurries
with partial overcast

Y

vol. LXXIV, No. 81ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, DECEMBER 10, 1963 SEVEN CENTS
YTWT~r"k nr 7f7 A" SEVENrrCENTS,

SIX PAGES

UIOI1N-LEAGUE MERGER:
Consider Combined Activities

Compromise on Education Bills

t

t'

By MICHAEL SATTINGER

Representatives from the Michi-
Mih-gan Union and League are now
considering a merger plan which
would combine their student ac-
tivities and coordinate activities
into one joint board.
At 'a meeting Sunday, four rep-
resentatives from the League and
three from the Union outlined
problems and areas of disagree-
ment in any such merger.h s
If they can come up with a pos-
sible merger plan, they will pre-
sent the plan to the League and
Union Boards for their approval,
Gretchen Groth, '64, said yester-
day.
Separate Existence
One question to be answered is
whether coordinate activities, such
as Michigras, Soph Show and
Musket, should be continued un-
der their largely separate exist-
ence or whether they should be
brought more under the general
structure of any merged Union-
League, Union President Raymond
Rusnak, '64, explained. At present
each coordinate activity is run un-
der one committee which exists
solely for that event.
Other regular student activities
are run under standing commit-
tees, such as the Union's Special
Projects and Cultural Affairs
Committee and the League's Edu-
cation and Cultural Committee,

Sets

Likely

Imminent

Passage

RAYMOND RUSNAK GRETCHEN GROTH
... Joint board ... proposals

which handle any projects that
come up in their areas.
Specifically, the Union and
League representatives must de-
cide how much independence
should be given to chairman of co-
ordinate a c t i v i t y committees:
Should they be given a seat on
the joint activities board?
Another general problem to be
worked out is handling of finances,

f-

'U'Senate Approves Motion
T .Widen Role in Selections
By KENNETH WINTER
The University Senate yesterday approved a resolution intended
to widen its role. in the establishment and operation of University-
wide faculty committees.
At a sparsely-attended meeting, the Senate also heard Prof.
Richard Cutler of the psychology department explain a controversy
between the Senate's Student Relations Committee and the Office
'of Student Affairs over two OSA
appointments made this summer.
SIn addition, Prof. William Kerr,
chairman of the Senate Advisory
Committee on University Affairs,
the Senate's. executive unit, pre-
: 'tsented a report calling for great-
er faculty interest and participa-
tion in the operation of the Uni-
}Y versity. Prof. Kerr, chairman of
the nuclear engineeringdeat
rdepart- ment commented that "the qual-
ity of our answers" to the prob-
lems currently facing the Univer-
sity "will depend directly upon
the extent to which the faculty
participates in their formulation."

since the Union and League run
under different systems.
The Union Board budgets money
for individual committees, whereas
the League budgets its activities
from one lump sum given to it by
the Regents.
Billing is another technical dif-
ference which also must be settled.
The Union works its billing
through its own general manager,
whereas the League has its money
placed with the University's audi-
tor of student organizations.
One suggestion was to have one
of their business offices handle
bills and payments and then
charge the other for half the cost
of activities.
OSA Link
The decision on what type of a
link any merged Union-League
would maintain with the Office of
Student Affairs must still be
reached. There was general agree-
ment that no link is needed be-
yond representation on the joint
board created to handle student
and coordinate activities
At present the assistant to the
program consultant works part-
time for both the League and OSA,
thus serving in some capacity as
a link for the League.
The whole structuring of a new
Joint activities board for the two
organizations must still be worked
out. Such a board would be sep?
arate from the present Union and
League Boards, which would still
exist, although perhaps in changed
form.
The representatives from the
Union and League working on
merger plans intend to come up
with individual answers to these
problems over Christmas vacation..
Grant Funds
To Tuskegee
Part of a $350,000 grant to the
Tuskegee Institute of Alabama
from the United Negro College
Fund will go toward support of a'
newly initiated exchange relation-
ship between the University and
Tuskegee.
The money was given to the
fund for distribution to Tuskegee+
by the Carnegie Corporation.
The plan with the University is'
to exchange faculty members asl
consultants, with some joint ap-
pointments to both, and also ex-
change students at the graduate
and undergraduate level.

Study Finds
'U'Doctorate
Figure High
The University was among the
top 10 colleges and universities in
the United States in number of
doctorates granted and number of
undergraduates who go on to earn
their doctorate degrees, a recent
National Academy of Sciences
study revealed.
The report further indicated
that the United States may dou-
ble its annuau output of doctor-
ates by 1969.
If present trends continue, the
nation's universities will produce
24,000 doctorates a year by 1969,
compared with 12,000 last year.
At the same time, the compre-
hensive study of the nation's most
highly educated manpower reveal-
ed that the proportion of doctor-
ates in the physical sciences has
remained steady over the last 40
years.
Contrary to Warning
This is in sharp contrast to
frequently voiced warnings that
the current stress on science
threatens to drive the humanities
out of the academic market place.
Columbia University was found
to be at present the leading in-
stitution in total number of doc-
torates produced. City College of
New York led all the nation's col-
leges as a "source" of undergrad-
uates who go on to receive doctor-
ates.
M. H. Trytten, director of the
Office of Scientific Personnel, in
stressing the importance of the
report, said that "the rate of de-
velopment of modern society is
seen to be related directly to the
output of men and women who
have achieved the highest levels of
education."
Development Rate
He said in an introduction to the
study that "the rate of innovation
in a society" is dependent on the
output of highly educated man-
power.
The study stressed, however,
that its optimistic projection for a
doubling of doctorates by 1969 de-
pended not only on a continuation
of the present trend of the num-
ber of persons entering advanced
studies but also on the expansion
of faculties and facilities of the
universities and on economic sta-
b:Mty.
Whereas the general increase of
PhD's-the academic level of
achievement that is often consid-
ered the cutting edge of a nation's
total strength and productivity-
is encouraging, the report's find-1
ings on the advanced educationJ
ow women appears dismal.
Women, for example, account
only for 5 per cent of the doctor-I
ates awarded in the natural sci-
ences at present, compared with 11t
per cent-or twice the present pro-
portion-in 1920. However, thet
trend of steady decline began to
be reversed in 1950.
Copyright, 1963, The New York Times1

View Research ManagfeabilityI

By LOUISE LIND
Two reports issued yesterday
questioned the manageability of
federal research and develop-
ment expenditures which last
year totalled 15-billion of the
taxpayers' dollars.
The first report came from
the House Science and Astro-
nautics Committee, headed by
Rep. Emilio 0. Daddario (D-
Conn). It questioned whether
the massive federal research
programscould continue to
grow, as it did in the last de-
cade, and whether the time had
come to articulate a national
policy for science and tech-
nology.
The second, an annual re-
port from Carnegie Institute
President Caryl P. Haskins
dealt with some of the same
problems as the subcommittee.
The report warned that too
much bigness and organization
can become a threat to scien-
tific creativity. ,
Needs Direction
The interim report from Dad-
dario's subcommittee-one of
five Congressional committees
investigating federal research
and development expenditures
-suggested it was time for
Congress to assume the respon-
sibility for giving "effective di-
rection" to the nation's scien-
tific efforts and the determin-
ing of priorities among re-
search projects.
Thomas Keena, administra-
tive assistant to Daddario,
termed the initial report a
"statement of purpose" and

RALPH A. SAWYER
... basic research

Among the questions asked
were :
1) Is the organization of
scientific research and develop-
ment within the federal gov-
ernment adequate to guarantee
full use of our resources?
2) Is the opinion and knowl-
edge of the scientific commun-
ity adequately considered in the
decision-making process of the
federal government, both in
scientific matters and in public
policy?
3) What level of basic re-
search should the country and
the federal government support
to assure the maintenance of
leadership in the world?
Commenting in this question
yesterday, University Vice-
President for Research Ralph
Sawyer said, "In my opinion,
we are a little short on basic
research."
Little Basic Research
He pointed out that currently
only three per cent of the na-
tion's gross national product is
spent on research and develop-
ment and that only one-tenth
of this is used for basic re-
search.
Other questions raised by the
subcommittee included: .
-What important areas of
science are being neglected?
-What areas of science suf-
fer from a manpower shortage?
Sawyer asknowledged that
there is a shortage of scientists
"in almost all areas" and that
the shortage would double in
the next 10 years.
See QUESTION, Page 2

noted that the subcommittee
will now go into a panel analy-
sis to decide what course its in-
vestigation will take in the
coming months.
lHe explained that the sub-
committee had defined the
scope of its problem within 20
points, any of which would
"furnish a fertile field for fu-
ture investigation."
Scientists Pose Questions
Keena said that the ques-
tions raised were those "posed
by scientists as a result of this
study" and that each entailed
a detailed analysis.

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RICHARD A. BUTLER
... reassures Germany

Britain Pledges
Respect For
German Rights
BONN (P)-British Foreign Sec-
retary Richard A. Butler reassured
West Germany yesterday that
Britain will not take any steps in
East-West affairs without con-
sulting this country and respect-
ing its interests, a British source
said.
The West German government
has feared for some time that
Britain might ignore Bonn in try-
ing to come to an understanding
with the Soviet Union.
Butler, on his first visit to Bonn,
met with Foreign Minister Ger-
hard Schroeder and West German
President Heinrich Luebke. He will
see Chancellor Ludwig Erhard to-
day.
End Distrust
A British source said. Butler went
to great lengths to reassure West
German leaders in an. effort to
end the lingering distrust between
the two NATO allies. Schroeder
reportedly expressed concern lest
any possible East-West non-ag-
gression treaty should jeopardize
the ultimate status of Berlin and
access routes to the city.
Butler, who supports such a
treaty, told Schroeder that this
would not be allowed to happen,
the British source declared.
Expresses Support
Schroeder reportedly expressed
support for further moves aimed
at easing East-West tensions, but
cautioned that the West German
government does not believe "Pre-
rmiar~~~~~~~ Ttr.hhvi nmnrnih

Faculty Participation
The faculty participation reso.
lution was drafted by the subcom-
mittee on University Freedom and
Responsibility and approved last
month by SACUA. It asks that
SACUA:
-"Be consulted before any Uni-
versity-wide committee operating
within the area of jurisdiction of
the Senate is created, whether
standing, special or advisory and
including committees for the se-
lection of executive officers;
-"Provide a panel of names for
appointment to such committees
whenever SACUA deems it desir-
able to do so, and
--"Designate a faculty member
of each committee to submit re-
ports of progress to SACUA at
frequent intervals."
The resolution states that the
intention of these provisions is to
enable University-wide committees
to "be representative of the fac-
ulty, enlist its cooperation and al-
low it to follow the.course of com-
mittee deliberation."
Appointments Squabble
The SRC-OSA controversy arose
when the OSA appointed directors
of housing and counseling without
consulting SRC, the SACUA group
concerned with student affairs.
Vice-President for Student Affairs
James A. Lewis "has recently ex-
pressed his regret that such con-
sultation was not sought," Prof.
Cutler, SRC's chairman, told the
Senate.
"In this context, Lewis has sug-
gested that a more effective means
be found, to maintain communica-
tion between administrators and
related faculty groups during the
summer session." Because of the
"relative inactivity" of faculty
groups during the summer, such
contact has been hard to main-
tain, Prof. Cutler noted.
Just Better Communication
In calling for greater faculty
participation, Prof. Kerr said he is
"not proposing that the University
be run by faculty committees, but
that there be better communica-
tion.
"Although the University is run
by its administrative officers, the
administration is at any time
ready to accept comment and sug-
gestion. It is our obligation to pro-

SHIFT:
Udall To Set
oil Policy
WASHINGTON (4P) - President
Lyndon B. Johnson told Secretary
of the Interior Stewart Udall yes-
terday that he wants the Interior
Department-not the White House
--to set national oil policy.
It seemed apparent that John-
son, coming from a major oil pro-
ducing state, wanted to free him-
self in advance of any suggestion
that his Texas ties were influenc-
ing national oil policy.
The secretary said that the in-
terior budget has been pretty well
fixed and can be described as a
"hold the line" budget.
In giving Udall's department
primary responsibility for draft-
Ing oil policy, Johnson broke with
the pattern followed by President
John F. Kennedy. Under Kennedy,
the White House was the center
of policy making in this area. 7
Udall said Johnson wanted to
return to the setup employed
when Harold Ickes was Secretary
of the Interior in the acministra-
tion of Franklin D. Roosevelt.
In other action Johnson spent1
90 minutes discussing defense
spending with Secretary of De-
fense Robert S. McNamara, Sec-1
retary of State Dean Rusk, and1
Gen. Maxwell D. Taylor, chairman1
of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
"This was a very extensive and
fullscale review of the whole mil-
itary expenditure program," White
House Press Secretary Pierre Sal-1
inger said. Salinger claimed noc
final decisions were reached. c

Kelley, Legislature Disagree
On Powers of Rights Board
By THOMAS COPI

A fight is apparently
Kelley and the Legislature

mission.
Kelley issued an opinion on the subject last July 22 saying
that the Civil Rights Commission, which will become effective with
the new state constitution on Jan. 1, should be a self-ruling body.
However, the Legislature appar-

ently wants to have final say on
the actions taken
While Kelley said that the com-
mission should have plenary pow-
ers in making and carrying out
decisions concerned with such
things as housing, education and
employment, the Legislature is at-
tempting to give itself final say
over decisions made by the com-
mission through what has been
called a "hidden measure" in the
bill giving legal authorization to
the commission.
The Legislature is attempting to
put the CRC under the State Ad-
ministrative Procedures Act. All
cammittees and commissions un-
der the SAPA have their actions
reviewed by the Legislature.
Gov. George Romney has en-
dorsed "fully" Kelley's opinion and
has already named members to
the commission. He agrees with
Kelley, who says that the seven-
man bi-partisan board is intended
to be a constitutional board, and
therefore not subject to Legisla-
tive review.
Kelley has announced that he
will make a statement today
Other action expected today is
a Republican caucus in the house
to discuss the proposed extension
of terms, of elected country offi-
cials until 1966.

Pope Plans Hol Land Trip
As States Note Preparations
VATICAN CITY (WP)-Arrangements sped ahead today for Pope
Paul's visit to the Holy Land Jan. 4-6.
The Pope met with two Roman Catholic prelates from the Holy
Land, presumably on the details of his visit.
Also in Amman, capital of Moslem Jordan, Premier Hussein Ben
Nasser set up a special committee to make arrangements for the
Pope's visit to the Jordanian parts of the Holy Land. Named to as-
sist the committee were five mem-
bers of Parliament-four Chris- LIKE A SHIERMMI
tians and one Moslem. The pre-
mier heads the committee.

brewing between Atty. Gen. Frank J.
on the issue of the Civil Rights Com-

Set Meeting
To Conclude
Final Issue
Note Johnson To Get
Legislation This Week
WASHINGTON M-Early pass-
age of two major education bills
seems assured after the settle-
ment yesterday of major disagree-
ments over a broad vocational ed-
ucation program.
Senate and House conferees an-
nounced that they compromised
on all but one of the issues that
have stymied action on the voca-
tional bill for weeks.
Agreement on this bill would
clear the way for action on a $1.2
billion college-aid measure which
has been held up in the Senate
pending settlement of the voca-
tional dispute.
The conferees called another'
meeting for today to settle one
remaining question, involving the
amount of vocational education
grants to the states. They said
this should present no serious dif-
ficulty.
Reach Johnson Soon
Rep. Adam Clayton Powell (D-
NY), chairman of the House con-
ference group, predicted both bills
may reach President Lyndon B.
Johnson by the end of this week.
As part of the vocational edu-
cation bill, the conferees agreed to
a two-year extension of the im-
pacted areas program and a one-
year extension of the 1958 Na-
tional Defense Education Act.
The conferees accepted a Sen-
ate increase in college student-
loan funds which would mean a
boost from $90 million to $125
million in the current year, and
to $135 million in the fiscal year
starting next July 1.
Can't Meet Requests
Many universities have reported
they are unable to meet loan re-
quests under present limitations.
The impacted areas program
provides between $250 million and
$300 million a year to help school
districts crowded because of fed-
eral installations.
Main Argument
One of the main arguments over
the vocational bill centered around
Senate authorization of $180 mil-
lion for 15 residential training
schools and $310 million for work-
study programs.
Sen. Jacob K. Javits (R-NY)
proposed that these two new ap-
proaches be combined into one
with a total allotment of $150
million over the next four years,
instead of the five originally
planned, and that the Commis-
sioner of Education be given
broad authority to experiment
with the new approaches.
Major Compromise
Another major compromise, ad-
vanced by Powell, concerned the
question of how the new voca-
tional grants to the states should
be allocated.
The Senate voted for a formula
giving more money to the poorer
states, while theHouse bill pro-
vided for distributing the funds
strictly on the basis of popula-
Supreme Court
Supports Right
Of Union Critic
WASHINGTON () - The Su-
preme Court yesterday let stand
a lower court decision that labor
unionmembers have wide latitude
to engage in criticism of union
officers.

The high tribunal refused to re-
view a ruling by the United States
Circuit Court in New York. This
held that the Labor-Management
Reporting and Disclosure Act bars
unions from disciplining members
found guilty of slandering or libel-
ing union officers.
In 1961, District Council 9 of
the AFL-CIO Painters and Paper-
hangers Union found Solomon
Salzhandler guilty of libeling an
official of Local 442 by accusa-
tions concerning union funds. He
was ordered removed from office
as financial secretary and sus-

'Ho use Passes
JAuthorization
For Aid Bill.
WASHINGTON (P)-The House
yesterday passed a $3.6-billion
foreign-aid authorization bill that
includes authority for the Presi-
dent to extend controversial most-
favored-nation status to Poland
and Yugoslavia.
The measure, a compromise of
the House and Senate versions,
was approved 195 to 164. It goes
now to the Senate for final action
scheduled today.
But this is just the first half of
the annual ritual by which Con-
gress provides the funds to aid
other countries. The authorization
bill sets the ceiling figure. Still to
come is the appropriation bill
which provides the money, and
this figure is expected to be much
lower.
Foreign Aid Chief David E. Bell
told the Senate Appropriations
Committee that there is "a solid
and clear-cut need" for the full
$3.6 billion, which was slashed
down by Congress from the ad-
ministration's request for $4.5
billion.
Opposition centered on the
most - favored - nation provision,
which allows the President to con-
tinue this treatment for Poland
and Yugoslavia if he finds it is
important to the national interest
and would promote independence
of the countries from Moscow.
Most - favored - nation status
means they are treated on the
same tariff terms as any other
nation the United States deals
with.
Rep. Edward J. Derwinski (R-
Ill), who is of Polish extraction,
said "if we extend this preferential
tariff treatment, we are perpetuat-
ing Communism."

N TANK:

Israel announced Sunday it had
set up a similar committee for the
Pope's tour of the Israeli section
of the Holy Land. Premier Levi
Eshkol heads the committee.
The Vatican maintained silence >}
on the proposal by Orthodox Pa-.
triarch Athenagoras of Istanbul
for a summit meeting of all ma- l
jor Christian faiths while Pope
Paul is in the Holy Land.
Vatican officials have indicated
it is under study but have declined
to comment on it. It is believed.
Pope Paul will be willing to meet
individual leaders informally and "

Gargoyle Arrives on Campus
By LEONARD PRATT
With all the subtle grace and beauty of a Sherman tank,
... :: ...... Gargoyle is due to hit the campus stands tomorrow.
The keynote of the new issue is "improvement." We've tried to
retain several of our more popular features from past issues and
combine them with new ideas we've come up with," Editor John
Dobbertin, '63, said last night. And what's more, he believes it.
.} The result of this is that the tens of thousands of Garg fans
on campus will find many of their favorite features with a new
twist in this issue.

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