THE MICHIGAN DAILY
Rig hts Groups Push Action
By ANDREW ORLIN
More than 100,000 marchers are
expected Wednesday to enter the
nation's capital to urge legislative
action by the federal government,
climaxing a summer of racial pro-
tests, demonstrations and general
unrest throughout the country.
Here in Ann Arbor, pickets have
demonstrated Monday nights in
front of city hall for a "strong
Fair Housing Ordinance." An or-
dinance, much milder than the
one hoped for, was passed on first
reading on July 29. For this pro-
posal to become law it will have
to 'be passed on second reading in
Detroit was also the scene of
demonstrations. In one, approxi-
mately 250,000 persons turned out
to hear speakers protest segrega-
tion in the South and urge for
more action in the North. It was
one of the largest of its kind to
date and was entirely peaceful.
But while demonstrations in
Ann Arbor and Detroit have been
of an orderly nature, this has not
been true in many other sections
of the country.
The cities of Charleston, Sa-
vanah, Cambridge, Farmville, Bal-
timore, New York and many others
have made headlines for civil dis-
Cambridge, Md., was put under
martial law on two separate oc-
cosions in as many months.
Charleston was hit by violent
protests and tempers only. eased
when a biracial committee was
formed to act on the protests.
In Farmville, Va., Negroes were
arrested after a kneel-in at a
Baptist Church. Farmville is situ-
ated in Prince Edward County,
where public schools have been"
closed ever since the federal courts
ordered them to integrate.
New York saw demonstrations,
pickets and civil protests calling
Ladies' & Men's
Hairstyling & Cutting
The Dascola Barbers
Near Michigan Theatre
CONFLICT-An integrationist demanding an end to segregation
and a member of the Ku Klux Klan represent two sides of a
struggle for an increased place for the Negro in American life.
To Seek Revisions
At Special Session
Eight fiscal reform plans will
be narrowed to one as Gov.
George Romney prepares to over-
haul the state's tax structure at
a special session of the Legisla-
ture in mid-September.
It won't be easy. With the auto-
mobile companies having , two
good years in a row, the sales
tax has poured in enough money
to slash the state's $85 million
deficit to $30 million. Optimistic
estimates predict that the'deficit
could be wiped out next year.
Further, the income tax, the
base of any akely fiscal reform
program, stil -has many powerful
enemies in'he Legslature Sen.
C ly d e Geerlings (R-Holland),
chairman of the key Senate tax-
ation committee and a long-time
foe of the state income tax, has
already declared he would vote
against one in committee. ieer-
lings favors expanded taxing pow-
er for local governments.
The increasing tax needs of
cities and school districts also
imperil fiscal reform plans. South-
eastern Michigan school districts,
reeling after a series of damaging
millage election defeats, are par-
ticularly looking for a cut of any
new state income tax.
A referendum petition calling
for the Legislature to limit De-
troit's city income tax to its 1esi-
dents also complicates fiscal re-
form consideration. The Vigilance
Tax Committee of suburban De-
troit mayors is angry at the levy-
ing of the city tax on non-resi-
dents who work in the city.
Romney's political machinery in
the Legislature is also not in per-
fect working order. GOP caucus
leader Sen. Stanley G. Thayer(R-
Ann Arbor) has quelled a minor
revolt of freshmen Republican
senators who asserted they were
not being sufficiently heard in
Five of the six are moderate
Republicans counted on in any in-
come tax showdown. Their votes
also , prop up Romney's Senate
In the House, neither Speaker
Allison Green (R-Kingston) nor
tax committee chairman Rep.
James Folks (R-Horton) a r e
known for their enthusiasm either
about fiscal reform or an income
Romney spent the summer con-
ferring first with state civic and
pressure group leaders then with
GOP legislators. He held a final
round of conferences with the
GOP legislative leaders and the
Senate and House taxation com-
mittees Aug. 7 and 8.
Tentative decisions were made
there, but nothing final is ex-
pected until Romney returns frcm
a European trip in late August,
Romney's eight alternative pro-
1) Repeal of the business ac-
. tivities tax and reduction of the
franchise tax by two mills and an
imposition of a six per cent busi-
ness income tax bringing a net
gain of $11.6 million to the state
2) A local option plan to allow
counties or cities t? initiate an in-
come tax of up to two per cent to
be used for schools and the run-
ning of local governments. By lim-
iting state support in these areas,
See ROMNEY, Page 8
A proposed fair housing ordi-
nance, designed to end housing
discrimination in Ann Arbor, has
been the main issue of a quiet.local
Two proposed drafts of the
measure have been presented to
city council. The first was merely
a set of suggested revisions pro-
posed by the council's fair housing
committee. The second was a final
revision of the March, 11 draft and
replaced that draft as the first
read version of the ordinance.
Federally-assisted housing was
dropped from ordinance coverage
as the fair housing committee
asserted that President John F.
Kennedy's order of last November
forbidding discrimination in fed-
eral housing funds covered this
Rooming units, real estate brok-
ers and salesmen and "person," as
defined in the city charter, were
added to the ordinance coverage.
So was discriminatory advertis-
The document now includes five
or more housing units owned by
the same person or firm, financial
institutions, as well as these new
However, some opponents of this
draft say that the ordinance would
only cover 20 to' 30 per cent of
housing in Ann Arbor and would
afford no real protection against
They charge that the ordinance
does notinclude the types of hous-
ing that should be covered.
Exemptions have also b e e n
changed in the revised draft. Only
tenants who live in the same build-
ing as the owner are exempted.
This provision limited to struc-
tures with six or less units.
The enforcement section of the
ordinance has been revised con-
siderably in each draft presented
to council. The ordinance is de-
signe dto conciliatory rather than
Complaints would be filed with
Human Relations Commission who
would attempt to enforce the ordi-
nance by negotiation. If this ap-
proach failed, the commission
would' turn the complaint over to
the city attorney for court action.
If the city attorney has a case, it
would be taken to municipal court
where the offender could face a
No Jail Term
In the suggested revisions to
the March 11 draft, the offender
would face also a jail term and
the city attorney could seek an
injunction preventing any action
that would nullify the case-such
as renting the disputed housing
unit-until it was closed.
The new first-read draft drops
provisions and limits injunctions
to second offenders. The enforce-
ment section would not become
effective until six months after
the ordinance takes effect.
This has brought charges from
supporterssof a stronger ordinance
that the ordinance protects the
prejudiced interests more than the
discriminated that it is designed
The ordinance would also be
subject to council review a year
after it goes into effect.
Every Monday night during the
summer, the Ann Arbor Area Fair
Housing Association-Congress on
Racial Equality has picketed city
City Council Debate
Fair Housing Bill
RESERVE NOW FOR TIHE 1963-64 SEASON!
r ~IN A
OF FOUR PLAYS
OCTOBER 7-DECEMBER 15
"One of the Nation's Great Companies-
Brilliant Broadway PlayersF'
DETROIT FREE PRESS
hall for a stronger ordinance and asked council to hold an ad
protesting delays in its passing vote on the question.
and secret council meetings on the Council is a 1 s o atteim
subject. whether to limit new apar
The Washtenaw County - Ann construction to the campus-t
Arbor Council of Churches, the town area or allow such bul
Washtenaw Conference on Reli- in all parts of the city. No
gion and Race, 31 local clergymen sion as yet has been made.
and the local Democrats have The new city hall was oper
spoken out for a strong ordinance, late May and by mid-summf
The Ann Arbor Board of Real- entire city government mov
tors has opposed the ordinance, the six-story structure.
citing a 10-point property owner's The new building houses a
"bill of rights," stressing the '.departments, except fire an
"right" to sell property to whom- ities. It also contains an+
ever the owner pleases, issued the gency civil -defense comman
national board of realtors in late in the basement. It can hou
June.dcity officials for two weeks
Fifteen-hundred residents have event of an atomic attack.
Members: 20l f
Members: 40% off
Now at P.T.P. office
Holds Fall Reservation.
Send for Brochure
With Schedules & Prices
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN
Gentlemen: Please send
Fall Festival information.
for more jobs for Negroes and
Puerto Ricans. Work at construc-
tion sites was disrupted as pickets
paraded in front of them.
The Gwenn Oaks Amusement.
Park outside of Baltimorenwas the
scene of another. violent racial
demonstration whichiwas settled
when the owners agreed to inte-
Meanwhile in Washington, Pres-
ident John F. Kennedy presented
an expanded civil rights program
to Congress. The bill with its con-
troversial public accommodations
provisions caused many Southern
governors to make comments be-
fore Congress to win them votes
at home and scorn elsewhere. A
Senate filibuster is expected when
these measures reach the floor.
The bill calls for the end of
racial discrimination in places of
public accommodation; addition of
$400 million to next years budget
in training and expanding em-
ployment for young people; au-
thorization of the attorney gen-
eral to institute court actions to
desegregate public schools; crea-
tion of a federal community re-
lations committee in local com-
munities to ease racial tension;
and enactment of a law which
makes it clear that the federal
government is not required to
furnish funds for any program
where discrimination occurs.
Governors Ross Barnett and
George Wallace of Mississippi and
Alabama respectively blamed the
entire racial conflict on the ad-
Gov. Wallace had already made
a -name for himself by "standing
in the schoolhouse door," much to
the dismay of University of Ala-
bama officials, to prevent the en-
trance of James Hood and Vivian
Malone, j two Negroes, onto the
campus. With the approach of the
national guard, Wallace and his
cohorts walked briskly to their
waiting cars and the two students
were admitted without incident.
Some legislators seek to enact
the accommodations section under
See picture page, Page 5.
provisions of the Fourteenth
Amendment, others wished to
place it under the Commerce
Clause of the Constitution, while
still others wished to employ both.
Introducing to Ann Arbor, the system
of the Old'Vic, the Comedie Francaise,
the Lincoln CenterRepertory Theatre,,
the Stratford Festivals, and the Tyrone
and Looking for New Men
MICHIGAN CHRISTIAN FELLOWSHIP
Chapter of Inter-Varsity
invites you to a
Saturday, August 31
FUN- FOOD - FELLOWSHIP
The Michigan Men's Glee
is looking for-
TENORS, BARITONES, BASSES
If you enjoy singing, attend the
MICHIGAN MEN'S GLEE CLUB