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November 16, 1963 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1963-11-16

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Senate Cuts Foreign Aid

Reiner Dies

Research Overlooks Colleges

BTakes Control
Of Iraqi Government;



Selassie Asks 'African'
Solution to Border War
ADDIS ABABA (IM)-Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie yesterday
lescribed the Algerian-Moroccan border dispute as a family quarre
hat must be settled within Africa without any meddling from out-
4de the continent.
Opening a special foreign ministers conference of the Organiza-
on of African Unity, called to consider the border issue, Selassie
yarned against foreign intervention. The dispute is a major test for

...no meddling, please

World Newsw
By The Associated Press
BUENOS AIRES - Argentina
resident Arturo Illia has accept-
i a final draft of decrees annul-
ig this country's multi-million
Dllar oil contracts with at least
) foreign companies, sources said
* * *
SAO PAULO-A general com-
4ittee of the Inter-American Eco-
Dmic and Social Council last
ight unanimously approved the
'eation of a seven-nation execu-
ve agency for the Alliance for
rogress. Bolivia abstained from
te vote.
* * *
RANGOON - Burma's military
wvernment says it has broken
'f talks with most of the rebel
trees, including the Communists,
ho have waged the country's 15-
ar civil war. The last meeting
ok place Thursday night and the
bel representatives headed back
their jungle headquarters.
BERLIN-United States military
>lice detained two Soviet army
hicles in West Berlin for brief
,riods yesterday in retaliation for
milar incidents in East Berlin
volving United States Army cars.
NEW YORK-The New York
ock Exchange took its sharpest
!cline in more than seven weeks
!sterday. Closing Dow - Jones
rerages showed 30 industrials
wn 7.04, 20 rails down 1.07, 15
dlities up .31 and 65 stocks down

*the 32-nation organization formed
in Addis Ababa in the same hall
six months ago.
"Any misunderstanding vhich
arises among the brotherly inem-
bers of this organization must es-
sentially be considered a family
affair in which no foreign hand
can be allowed to play any role
whatsoever," the emperor said.
No Names
Selassie mentioned no names in
warning against foreign interven-
tion. Morocco has accused the
United Arab Republic and Cuba
of sending arms and volunteers in-
to Algeria. Algeria has said the
Moroccans have used United States
The United States has pledged
a hands-off policy in the dispute
involving the ore-rich Tindouf
area. Morocco says the region was
part of its territory until France'
attached it to Algeria while gov-
erning both countries. -
Selassie said the aim of the
conference is to set up an arbitra-
tion committee which might set-
tle the dispute before the OAU
foreign ministers' regular meeting,
scheduled for Feb. 1 in Lagos, Ni-
The people of Moroco and Al-
geria have had "enough bloodshed
in the past in the cause of their
independence, and now we don't
see any reason why they must
fight each other," Selassie said.
Enough Is Enough
The people of Morocco and Al-
geria have had "enough bloodshed
in the past in the cause of their
independence, and now we don't
see any reason why they must
fight each other," Selassie said.
Neither side has shown any will-
ingness to back down from its
position, although they have
agreed to a cease-fire.
Morocco refuses to withdraw the
claim and Algeria refuses to dis-
cuss it.
To break the deadlock, the dele-
gates hope to devise,.some face-
saving formula. The Africans re-
gard the dispute as a major-and
perhaps decisive-test for the
fledgling movement toward Afri-
can unity. Also at stake is the per-
sonal prestige of the emperor, the
principal peacemaker in the dis-

Rival Groups
- S
In Struggle
Masses Demonstrate
For Exiled Extremist
BEIRUT (P)-Members of the
Ba'ath Socialist Party Interna-
tional Command, headed by a
Syrian, announced yesterday they
1 are assuming control of Iraq,
where a power struggle threatens
A statement issued in the Iraqi
capital of Baghdad said Michel
Aflak, the Syrian who founded the
Ba'athist party, and asmixed group
of Ba'athist generals from Iraq
and Syria had taken over the gov-
L These leaders stepped in after
a young group of moderate social-
ists drove Deputy Premier Ali
Saleh El Saadi, leader of the ex-
tremist left wing, into exile this
week at gunpoint.
The leaders promptly exiled
Saadi's main rivals, Foreign Min-
ister Taleb Shebib and Deputy In-
terior Minister Hazem Jawad. The
two arrived in Beirut Thursday
maintaining strict silence. They
engineered Saadi's expulsion which
threatened to plunge the country
into civil war Wednesday.
Because he wants to take land
from the rich and give to the land-
less, Saadi is popular with the
masses, and his expulsion led to
violent street demonstrations. He
is now in Madrid, confidently
waiting a call to return.
Aflak and the generals who now
control Iraq are all members of
the Ba'ath governing body, the
International Party Command.
The Command is made up of five
Iraqis, four Syrians, two Jordan-
ians and two Lebanese.
The generals who are helping
Aflak resolve the political triangle
are two Iraqis, Premier Hasan El
Bakr and Defense Minister Saleh
Mahdi Ammash, and two Syrians,
Premier Amin Hafez and the chief
of the Syrian army, Salah Jdid.
These are the top leaders of the'
twin revolutions that brought the!
Ba'ath party into power in both
Syria and Iraq earlier this year.
The main task of the ruling
group is to try to reconcile the
divergent viewpoints of the two
factions and maintain party unity.
A statement from the "Inter-
national Party Command" broad-
cast by Baghdad Radio blamed the
present difficulties on the lack of
experience by the party leadership
as well as on the-individual be-
havior of a number of leaders."

$3.7 Billion
'Bill Passed
After Debate
senators Vote 63-14.
To Append Restraints
By The Associated Press
passed a $3.7 billion foreign aid
bill yesterday after 15 days of de-
bate, slicing away at President
John F. Kennedy's $4.5 billion re-
quest and adding restraints he
protested would seriously tie his
The vote for the measure was
63-17, with 10 Democrats and 7
Republicans opposing it. Voting
"aye" were 43 Democrats and 20
Final action came quickly, after
behind-the-scenes dickering side-
tracked until later a bitter fight
over a move to bar therExport-
Import Bank from guaranteeing
repayment of loans for United
States grain sales to Iron Curtain
$827 Million Gone
The Senate slashed the spending
authority for the current fiscal
year by $500 million. This came
on top of a reduction of $327
million by the Foreign Relations
Committee-for a total of $827
The final figure is expected to be
even lower than the $3.7 billion
voted by the Senate, in a compro-
mise with the $3.5 billion previ-
ously approved by the House. Even
deeper cuts are certain to be
made in the appropriation bill
carrying the actual funds. The'
authorization measure simply sets
terms and ceilings.
Kennedy was not able to stem
the tide of sentiment for slashes,'
even with backing from Senate
Majority Leader Mike Mansfield
(D-Mont) and Minority Leader
Everett M. Dirksen (R-Ill).
Tearful Plea
The President used his news
conference Thursday for a last-
minute plea that the cuts being
made and the strings being tied
would prevent his carrying out his
foreign policy responsibilities.
He said the foreign aid pro-
gram was getting its worst attack
since it was launched in 1947.
And Sen. J. W. Fulbright (D-
Ark), floor manager of the meas-
ure, protested that "the bill has
been emasculated now to the point
of non-recognition of what it is."
In other budget news, Kenne-
dy's $4.56 billion public works
budget was sent to the House
floor yesterday after being trim-
med by more than $285.63 million
by the appropriations committee.
The bill approved by the com-
mittee totaled $4.28 billion for the
fiscal year ending next June 30.
Rejected by the committee was
Kennedy's last-minute request for
$45 million to help eastern Ken-
tucky and other distressed areas.

NEW YORK (WP)-Fritz Reiner,
74, world-renowned conductor and
former music director of the Chi-
cago Symphony Orchestra, died
here yesterday following an attack
of pneumonia.
UN Group
, asks Talks
United Nations General Assembly's
main political committee approv-
ed by acclamation yesterday a call
for new disarmament talks in Ge-
neva with the aim of reducing
risks of war.
Without taking a record vote,
the 111-nation committee accept-
ed a resolution setting out guide-
lines for the 18-nation disarma-
ment commission expected to con-
vene in Geneva early next year.
The committee thus maintained
at the United Nations the so-
called "Spirit of Moscow" that
has been undergoing pressure else-
where since the summertime sign-
ing of the nucleai' test ban treaty
in Moscow.
The resolution, sponsored by 47
nations, was introduced after a
United States-Soviet compromise
on the wording broke a week-long
deadlock in the committee. The
compromise was negotiated by an
eight-nation group from among
the sponsors.
In its main provisions, the res-
olution called on the Geneva ne-
gotiators to resume negotiations in
a spirit of good will.

Collegiate Press Service
CHICAGO - Federal research
programs have neglected great
state universities and good lib-
eral arts colleges, a governmental'
studies expert said Tuesday.
They have also overemphasized
scientific research to a point which
has resulted in the neglect of the
humanities, the undergraduate,
and the quality of scientific re-
search itself, he declared.
Addressing the 77th Annual
Convention of the Association of
State Universities and Land-Grant
Colleges, Harold Orlans of the
Brookings Institute discussed ef-
fects of federal programs on high-
er education.
1962 Study
Orlans, a senior staff member
of the Brookings Institute, is
the author of a 1962 study analyz-
ing the result of federal programs
at 36 colleges and universities.
A few state universities-Mich-
igan, Illinois, Wisconsin, Minneso-
ta-he said, have "not done bad-
ly" at the hands of federal re-
search programs. The University
of California, he added, operates'
"an educational and scientific en-
deavor so vast that it can more
readily be compared to that of a
nation like Great Britain than to
any other American institutions."
Yet state universities do not
participate in the program to the
extent to which they have con-
tributed to graduate education in
science. "The present rank order
of federal expenditures at our
twenty leading universities is not
significantly correlated with the
number of science doctorates they
award," according to Orlans.
Mass Production
"The danger of the situation is
that most students will receive
mass-produced, low-priced and
relatively low-quality science de-
grees at state operated education-
al plants, whereas high quality
education will be reserved for a
minority at a few favored insti-
Orlans described "good" liberal
arts colleges as those having -stu-
dents "whose quality is unexcelled
by a university." These colleges,
he declared, "can facilitate pre-
cisely the kind of individual re-
search, scholarship, and author-
ship needed as a corrective to the
collective research and writing
that our free enterprise society
strangely generates."

U a

call 6628871
for CesAMPO ui/4
Program In formation

The shortage of faculty at lib-
eral arts colleges is most acute in
the sciences, Orlans said, "and
federal policies have surely con-
tributed to the condition."
The government's support of
the academic scientist, Orlans
maintained, has resulted in a de-
preciation of non-scientific fields
and those who teach in them.
He pointed out that the scientist
is younger than the humanist "be-
cause the government has sped
him through graduate school,"
teaches less than the humanist
"because the government pays him
not to teach," and "is paid more
for teaching less."I
Orlans cited a recent Brookings
study of 3000 faculty in large and
small colleges and universities
which showed that no matter how
little time faculty at every rank
devoted to undergraduate teach-
ing, all wished to reduce it still
further. Yet all groups wished to
increase the time spent on grad-
uate teaching and research.
Facilities Cut
"This depreciation of under-
graduate teaching which has ac-
companied the government-primed
upsurge of graduate education and
research has produced a virtual
cleavage in the facilities of large
universities, one-fifth of whom
now, teach only undergraduates,
while another fifth teach only
graduate students," he said.
Over half of university scien-
tists know the names of few or no
seniors majoring in their depart-
ment, while a fifth do not even
know the names of advanced grad-
uate students, he continued.
Orlans' final charge agaiilst the

government was that "excessive
exipenditures are now diluting the
quality of research" and that me-
diocrity "is replacing merit as the
standard of support."
No Self-Restraint
He quoted Paul Weiss of the
Rockefeller Institute as saying,
"As research has grown in vol-
ume, it has also grown softer by
loss of self-restraint, lowered se-
lectivity, blurring of research tar-
Part of the lowered standards
in federal research programs, Or-
lans said, was because of "their
conscious use by administrators,
scientists, and Congress as a
politically convenient means to aid
higher education."
DAC To Ask
For Signatures
The Direct Action Committee
will begin petitioning to get the
Freedom Now party on the ballot
in Michigan, Charles Thomas, Jr.,
DAC chairman, announced yester-
The party plans on running can-
didates for public office in Ann
Arbor and throughout Washtenaw
County. The Freedom Now party
is an all-Negro party which draws
support from localized militant
and nationalist groups.
Such groups include FOAL and
UHURU in Detroit, Afro-Ameri-
can Institute in Cleveland, and
Harlem Anti-Colonial Committee
and the Nat Turner Brigade in
the Bay Area.

1 "^+r-+-+T-



'Cl IJRcH1

Christianity and American
Culture as seen through Psychology
Lecture by
6:45 p.m. Sunday, November 17
Baptist Campus Center, 502 E. Huron

Meeting in the Ann Arbor Y.M.-Y.W.C.A
at 5th and Williams
Rev. Jesse Northweather, Pastor
Phone 668-9894
9:45 a.m. Sunday School.
S11:00 a.m. Morning Worship.
6:30 p~m. Training Union.
7:30 p.m. Evening Worship.
Meeting in Room'528D
in basement of S.A.B.
Monday-7:00 to 8:00 p.m. Bible Study.
Thursday-5:10 to 5:40 p.m. Vesper Service.
306 North Division
Phone NO 2-4097
8:00 A.M. Holy Communion.
9:00 A.M. Holy Communion and Sermon
Breakfast at Canterbury House
11:00 A.M. Morning Prayer and Sermon.
7:00 P.M. Evening Prayer and commentary.
9:15 A.M. Holy Communion.
7:00 A.M. Holy Communion.
12:10 P.M. Holy Communion.
1833 Washtenaw Ave.
For Transportation Call 2-2756
9:30 A.M. Sunday School.
11:00 A.M. Sunday Morning Service.
A free reading room is maintained at 306 E.
Liberty. Reading room hours are 10.00
A.M. to 5:00 P.M. daily, except Sunday
and Monday evening 7:00 to 9:00 P.M.

(The Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod)
1511 Washtenaw Avenue
Alfred T. Scheips, Pastor
John Koenig, Vicar
Sunday at 9:45 and 11:-15 a.m. Services, Ser-
mon by the Vicar, "Christ in the Common."
Sunday at 9:45 and 11:15 a.m. Bible Classes.
Sunday at 6:00 p.m. Gamma Delta, Supper-
Program, with international students as
specially invited guests.
Wednesday at 10:00 p.m. Midweek Devotion,
with Communion.
Friday at 8:15 p.m. 4th Friday Forum (Grad-
(National Lutheran Councill
Hill Street at South Forest Avenue
Dr. Henry O. Yoder, Pastor.
9:30 a.m. Worship Service.
11:00 n.m. Worship Service & Communion.
7:00 p.m. Speaker: Mr. Lamar Miller, Local
leader of Congress on Racial Equality.
WEDNESDAY-7:30 p.m. eVspers.
FRIDAY-8:15 p.m. Discussion: "A Relevant
Theology for Our Day," Dr. Roy Enquist,
Division of College & University Work.
423 South Fourth Ave.
Rev. Ernest Kloudt, Pastor
Rev. A. C. Bizer, Associate Postor
9:30 and 10:45 a.m. Worship Service.
9:30 and 10:45 a.m. Church School.,
7:00 p.m. Student Guild.
9:30 a.m. German Worship Service in Chapel.
(First and third Sundays)
1917 Washtenaw Ave.
Rev. Erwin A. Goede, Minister
Church School & Services: 9:30 a.m. and
S11:00 a.m.
Sermon: "God, Caesar and Little Children."
U-M Student Group: Unitarians Confront a
Catholic Priest-7:30 p.m.


BA lot I

State and Huron Streets
Minister-Hoover Rupert
Campus Minister-Eugene Ransom
Associate Campus Minister-Jean Robe
Morning Worship at 9:00 and 11:15 a.m. "On
Being Indifferent to Miracles," Dr. Rupert,
10:15 a.m.-Student Seminar-Methodist So-
cial Creed, Family, Mr. Ransom.
7:00 p.m.-Worship and Program: Filmstrip
and small group discussion, "Who Am I?"
5:00 p.m.-Church Related Vocations Group
-speaker and supper. Please call for res-
8:30-11:00 p.m.-Open House, Miss Jean
Robe's apartment.
7:00 a.m.--Holy Communion, Chapel, fol-
lowed by breakfast.
5:10 p.m.-Holy Communion, Chapel.
6:00 p.m.-Wesley Grads, Supper and Pro-
gram. Please call for reservations.
7:15 p.m.-Young Married Group-Bowling
Party and Get-Together afterwards. Call for
502 and 512 E. Huron-663-9376
Rev. James H. Middleton-Senior Minister
Rev. Paul W. Light-Campus Minister
Mr. David Backus-Student Intern
9:45 a.m. Campus Class, "The Prophets and
S11:00 a.m. Morning Worship.
6:45 p.m. Christianity and Americon Culture
as Seen Through Psychology. Speaker, Wil-
bert McKeachie.
MONDAY, 12:00 to 1:00 p.m. Luncheon.
Corner State and William
Dr. Fred E. Luchs, Minister
SERVICES at 9:30 and 11:15 a.m. "Wh~at;
Prayer Can Do For You," Dr. Fred E. Luchs.
Dr. Preston Slosson.
CHURCH SCHOOL, 9:30 and 11:15 o.m., ages
crib-Junior High.
STUDENT GUILD, 802 Monroe, telephone 2-

Will We trade Kansas Wheat or Marching Feet)
Will we exchange legions of books or clusters of H-Bombs?
PRESIDENT JOHN F. KENNEDY (June 10th) said: "Let us re-
examine our attitude toward the Cold War . . . In the final
analysis our most common link is that we all inhabit this small
MR.. ANDREI A. GROMYKO (opening session, 18th meeting of
the UN): "What we are calling for is not divisions of soldiers
but legions of books .. .*
READ THE OFFICIAL SPEECHES, reports and public statements
of the Chaman of the Council of Ministers of the Union of Socialist
Soviet Republics, Mr. Nikita S. Khrushchev, which have appeared in
the Soviet press during the period 1956 to 1963, now pubihed in
fiwe lected collections!

t p as2.ttap) Oras sss !t copies insanyquantity
1. N. S. KHRUSHCHEV-To Avert War-.
Our Prime Task .............25e
2. N. S. KHRUSHCHEV-Socialism and
Communism ................25c
3. N. S. KHRUSHCHEV-The Revolution-
ary Working Class and the

.........,..... . ....r. ...r.,.. ... ....,.

You, like many of us, may be
reaching out in an effort to iden-
tify yourself properly, - to learn
who you are and where you are
going. We believe we have found
the answers to these questions in
the Christian Science textbook,
Science and Health with Key to
the Scriptures by Mary Baker
Eddy. You can find them, too.
We invite you to come to our
meetings and to hear how we
are working out our problems
through applying the truths of
Christian Science.

1 W lst Ii St Rm 2I2, Ne' Yok 10003
PIease send me the following collections;
O I-To Avert War-Our Prima Task
O 2-Socialism and Communism.....Copis.
o 3-The Revolutionary Working Class
4. h e. No p i s 9 .
O 4-TheNational Liberation Movement

1501 West Liberty Street
Ralph B. Piper, David Bracklein,
Fred Holtfreter, Pastors,
Adult Instruction Class and Adult Bible Class-
9:45 a.m.
Church School-9:35 a.m.
8:30 and 11:00 a.m.-Morning Worship.

W. Stadium at Edgewood






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