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October 31, 1963 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1963-10-31

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Seventy-Third Year
Truth Will Prevail"
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or te editors. This must be noted in al, reprints.

Program Spars Progress

Y, OCTOBER 31, 1963


Moralists' Actions Inhibit
Freedom of the Press

)NCE AGAIN the Apure at heart are at-
tempting to change the face and soul
f "Baghdad on the Hudson," New York.
The Rev. Billy Graham donned a pair
f dark glasses and visited the sin pit of
ew York, Forty-second Street. The
treet, housing third rate all-night movie
ouses, book stores with the latest in
rotic literature and magazine shops with
he gambit of glossy sex sheets is the fo-
al point of many attacks by puritan-
iinded persons like Graham. Comment-
ig after his return from the Street,
'rraham said he was "shocked."
Last Friday, a New York Jesuit, the Rev.
lorton A. Hill, began a fast in protest of
Ie city's inactivity in respect to the sale
f obscene materials to children. He was
Dined Monday by an Orthodox Jewish
abbi. Rabbi Julius Neumann not being
s stout-hearted as his Jesuit friend will
ejoin the fast next Thursday and Mon-
ay between the hours of morning and
of having to explain the death of a
aster, has pledged to exert "all available
ontrols" over the sale of supposedly lewd
It seems that men of the calibre of
raham and Father Hill are constantly
n the vigil against the morals of chil-
ren, supposedly fearing that these chil-
ren might turn out like their evil par-
Father Hill's campaign to save the city's
hildren from the clutches of the lewd
evil, sex, has' indeed come at a very poor
me. More sober-minded persons sitting
s judges on the New York courts have
ecently construed narrowly the law,
'hich prohibits the sale of "dirty" ma-,
erials to persons under 18, years of age.

MAYOR WAGNER has promised that in
the new crusade against the Beelze-
bubs of Forty-second Street, the civil
rights of these latter persons would be
upheld. But in order to satisfy this new
brash of muckrakers, civil rights will have
to be abrogated. Even if the police just
wander into a number of the stores on
the street for "friendly chats" undue and
illegal pressure- is being applied. There is
a wide gap between what the moralists
wished to be banned and what is legally
obscene. The only way to bridge the gap
is to restrict freedom of the press. And
freedom of the press only has meaning
when things with which we disagree are
allowed to be placed in print,
Although these religious leaders might
not know it, the morals of the city's popu-
lation are not formed in the book shops
and movie houses of Forty-second Street.
They are formed in the supposedly fine
and upstanding neighborhoods that are
outside this area.
Possibly with a little more of the "good
word" in these "decent" areas and a little
more practice by parents-whose chil-
dren will be morally injured by reading
the trash-some concrete gains may be
obtained. By erasing the need of children
and adults for that matter the problem
might quickly eradicate itself. Where
there are no buyers there are no sellers.
But, perhaps, that method would not be as
What to the moralists is pornography,
might be literature to others. What they
are in fact attempting to do is clear the
book shelves of what they deem unfit.
Fathe' Hill and Rabbi Neumann may go
around to every bookdealer in the city
and ask them to remove what they think
That is their right.
They may fast in protest.
That is also their right. But they have
no right to call on the mayor to urge
him to violate the law in order to impose
their moral code on others.
didn't make such a commotion over the
morals of the city and the lewdness of
certain books on sale, the morals which
are not that low and the books which af-
fect very few would receive little atten-
tion from young children and sick adults.
It was indeed the church leaders in the
city that made the movie 'Baby Doll"
such a financial success.
The only thing that these moralists can
accomplish through their efforts is to in-
crease the sales of the books that they are
trying to ban. -ANDREW ORLIN


THERE IS a very old and hack-
neyed adage that says "It is
better to light a single candle
than to curse the darkness." Per-
haps one of the reasons that this
adage does not hold much favor
in literary circles is that it usually
lends itself to a melodramatic
A more fitting context for that
adage is the Ann Arbor Tutorial
Project. The project's constitu-
tion states its general goals as:
"To decrease the number of
dropouts and increase the educa-
tional attainments of children
from culturally separated seg-
ments of the population-to help
these children realize their full
potential as members of our so-
* * *
THERE IS no melodrama at
the Tutorial Project. On the con-
trary, members of the project
have found that teaching and
spending time with children is a
diversion rather than a job, and
an enjoyable one at that.
Operating in conjunction with
the University Culture Club, which
includes teaching fellows as well
as students, the project recruits
tutors from the University com-
munity and matches them on a
one-to-one basis with children
from the Ann Arbor area. Tutors
are required to meet with their
charges for at least one one-hour
session each week.
The children are recommended
by teachers and principals in the
Ann Arbor school system. Some
are recruited directly by the can-
vassing committee of the Culture
Club. Once a child expresses in-
terest the parents are asked to
register him in the program.
not a pitifully small effort. C.
Richard Sleet, co-ordinator for
the project and former director
of Summer Programs and Teen-
Age Activities at the Ann Arbor
Community Center, says that the
project has at present 200 pairs
of tutor-tutees meeting once a
week. Plans include raising the
number to 500.
Courses of study include a large
number of fundamentals: reading,
spelling and elementary mathe-
matics. But advanced subjects are
also covered for those who are
Tutors hold weekly meetings
where teaching problems are dis-
cussed and speakers from the Uni-
versity explore the latest methods.
The project thereby takes advan-
tage of its proximity to educa,
tional research.
FOR EXAMPLE, at last Sun-
day's meeting Prof. Donald E.
Smith of the University's Reading
Improvement Service lectured to
the tutors on programmed ma-
terials for training discrimination,
a method of teaching reading
that enhances clear perception of
the letters on the page.
The project also has at its dis-
posal the services of a number of
professors and professional people.
Professors Martin Gold of the
psychology department and Wil-
liam C. Morse of the education
school are presently serving as
consultants. The purpose of con-
sultants is to provide professional
help in cases where special prob-
lems arise.
THERE IS ALSO a parents'
meeting every two weeks. These
meetings include discussions, mo-
vies and speakers. In this way the
project reaches a much larger
chunk of the child's environment
than the school system.
Also, special pilot projects pre-
sented by the entire staff are
available to all tutors and their

LET US ASSUME for a moment
that the next 37 years have
become history. It is now 2000
A.D. From this vantage point, let
us cast a glance at the develop-
ment of higher education in the
United States during the 20th
... On the matter of objectives,
our economy of abundance and
our better system of distributing
goods have made us less concerned
with the strictly professional or
vocational aims of education. We
have overcome the temptation,
prevalent during the 1950s and
'60s, to judge the value of a col-
leWe degree by the additional earn-
ing power it confers.
We now minimize the time spent
on acquiring practical skills to
produce the person "crammed full
of knowledge" or (as the old New
Yorker magazine expressed it in
cartoon more than half a century
ago) the speaker who knows "no-
thing but the facts."
WE NOW PLACE much more
emphasis on developing wisdom;
on leading our young people to
higher levels of maturity in deal-
ing with the ideas that have made
a difference in the progress of

students, balancing the need for
quiet study with a more recrea-
tional, "soft-sell" kind of learning.
These pilot projects again il-
lustrate careful planning and the
use of University facilities. Pilot
projects, including trips to the
computer center and the atomic
reactor on North Campus have
been scheduled. There is also a
plan to attend the Michigan Un-
ion World's Fair.
* * *
THE PROJECT operates on a
very strict one-to-one relationship
between tutor and pupil. In this
way the child receives rare and
precious individual attention; at-
tention that is for the most part.
impossible at home or in school.
All these programs are carried

out on almost no money. Class-
room facilities are furnished by
ten local churches. Visits to the
atomic reactor are free. All tutors
are volunteers.
Last year the Culture Club ran
a jazz concert to raise funds for
office supplies and teaching ma-
terials. The project also runs a
transportation pool, so that tutor
and child are not inconvenienced.
* * *
weekly meetings between tutors
and children are crucial. If one
weekly meeting is missed, the
tutor will not see his tutee for at
least two weeks, making for a
breakdown in communications.
Thus the problem of transporta-
tion of tutors and children to the

meetings becomes very important
-especially in winter. '
Another problem Sleet mention-
ed concerns the large amount of
paper work that accumulates. The
matching of a tutor and a child is
no haphazard thing. Information
is gathered about the child's back-
ground, personality, intelligence,
etc. and a suitable tutor is select-
ed. This process naturally results
in huge volumes of questionnaires
and other background material.
"Any non-teaching work is a
diversion from what we'd like to
be doing. The people that work in
the staff office could be doing im-
portant tutoring if we could hire
a full-time secretary," Sleet said.
In the face of these problems'
the project is making substantial

-Daily-James Keson
progress. Prof. William C. Morse
of the education school comment-
ed upon the project's progress in
the past:
"They took some kids who really
needed help and they gave them
help. Not only is the project im-
portant in serving the community,
but it is also of great value to the
tutors themselves. It provides
them with a wider understanding
of the racial problem a d a sense
of real accomplishment.
WITH practically no 'noney and
no public support, a cohesive
group of students, faculty mem-
bers and citizens have organized
a meaningful, functioning organ-
ization that shows results.

Reader Hits DA C Editorial

'HE AMERICAN Cancer Society, worried
over mounting evidence that cigarette-
noking leads to cancer and other ills,
now launching an advertising campaign
med at talking people out of smoking.
has hired top athletes (some with fin-
ers still stained from doitag cigarette tes-
monials) to discourage young people
om smoking by discussing the hazards
. the habit in national magazine ads.
It should be an interesting battle. Madi-
>n Avenue has done a fine job of con-
ncing us it's the mature, intelligent
ling to do to kill ourselves smoking cig-
ettes. Now let's see them talk us out,


A Sound Basis for battle

Tuesday by the House Judiciary Com-
mittee is a good bill, superior to that orig-
inally proposed by the Kennedy adminis-
tration and in some but not in every re-
spect superior to the one drafted in the
Judiciary subcommittee.
The measure, as it now stands is indeed
a compromise, but it is a compromise in
Exile's Return
WHOEVER would have guessed, after
viewing Richard Nixon's seventh crisis
less than a year ago, that he would be
right back in the middle of Republican
presidential politics today?
Yet there he is. The latest Lou Harris
poll shows him running better against
Kennedy than Goldwater would.
Would the ex-Vice-President actually
expose himself to another campaign? We
doubt it. He couldn't win in 1960-when the
odds were overwhelmingly on his side.
Against the incumbent Kennedy ma-
chine, he wouldn't have a chance.
Editorial Staf
Editorial Director City Editor
BARBARA LAZARUS ........ Personnel Director
PHILIP SUTIN . .. ........National Concerns Editor


the right direction, in the direction of a
stronger-not a weaker-bill than the
White House had apparently believed was
susceptible of committee approval, or
even desirable. The administration backed
away more quickly and further from the
subcommittee bill than was necessary;
and it is fortunate that there were men
in the Judiciary Committee who were
willing to insist on more than the admin-
istration wanted.
The bill goes beyond the administra-
tion's proposals in establishing a Fair Em-
ployment Practices Commission (but with
restricted powers), providing authority to
the attorney general to- intervene in suits
to enforce constitutional rights in certain
cases and in broadening the "public ac-
commodations" section without going to
the extremes of the subcommittee.
Its section on voting rights is seriously
deficient in being limited to federal elec-
tions, the subcommittee's proposal to cov-
er state elections as well having been
sacrificed in the furious bargaining to
reach a bill agreeable to the Republican
leadership as well as the Democratic.
subcommittee bills contain different
versions of a provision to withhold fed-
eral financial assistance for programs in
which racial discrimination is practiced.
This is a point on which we have the
gravest reservations for various reasons,
including the very practical one that cut-
ting off federal aid in any given state
would undoubtedly hurt most the very
people who already suffer most from ra-

To the Editor:
zen in place by a kind of
virginal hysteria on campus, the
Direct Action Committee is not
staffed by the Judges of Hell. If
it were, we would be dipping H.
Neil Berkson and several other
Daily sinners into barrels of burn-
ing pitch, right this minute.
We are content, instead, to ac-
cuse them of journalistic mal-
practice, conscious distortion of
truth, big fat lies, slander (and
a possible law suit against the
paper is in the works), illogic,
viciousness and accidental sur-
realism. We also find it necessary
to correct the published account
of DAC's picketing of the Ad-
ministration Bldg. on Monday,
and to comment on the editorial
devoted to it.
THE FACTS FIRST: 50 (rather
than 30) DAC, SNCC and un-
aligned demonstrators manned the
picket line. The protest began at
3 p.m. sharp (not 3:30) and ran
until 5 p.m. The marchers did
not move in a circle, but in a
straight line on either side of
the walk, each person describing
only a small are to reverse his
The sheepishness Berkson as-
cribes to us is intriguing. Maybe
this was a mistaken perception of
our dog-tiredness after walking
the beat for two hours; but we
think, rather, that he was tem-
porarily disturbed by our scream-
ing "Uhuru Quital" (Swahili for
"Jesus Saves"), and by our bait-
ing passersby, photographers and
Similarly, we never "demanded
'Jobs or Mobs'," as Berkson con-
tends. No one wants a mob. Nor
did we consider ourselves a smaller
version of a subsequent DAC
picket of the Ad Bldg.: no "min-
iature mob" we. The next time
we do hit State Street, which we
will if compensatory hiring is not
instituted in the Ad. Bldg., even
Berkson will be aware of the dif-
ference between a conventional
and an aggressively militant picket
He might have known it any-
how, if he'd read the month-old
Daily he alludes to a little more
carefully. In that issue, reporters
Berkowitz and Copi faithfully re-
cord Charles Thomas' statement
that men from Uhuru, the Nation
of Islam, DAC's reserve member-
ship and from all over Washtenaw
County will join the second line
of our two-stage operation, not
the first.
* * *
bulls were in attendance Monday,
but he didn't know that we in-
vited them, since the peaceful
picket we desired was threatened
by a conspiracy of oafs from the
football team. Only one player
showed his face, however; he
stood there, looking rather bear-
ish, and forlorn, until his mamma
called and he had to beat it. The
cops, too, were disappointed. They
had lined up two rat fink girls to
litter Thomas' feet with the cir-
culars he handed them, so that he
could be busted on a charge of

DESPITE Berkson's melodrama
and flattery, we must say also
that we are, not "ever ready to
vent (our) frustrations with fury,"
whatever that means. DAC picket-
ed the Ad. Bldg. in response to
unfair employment practices with-
in the University generally, and
the Ad. Bldg specifically.
In this connection, two points
must -be noted: 1) that policy and
practice must be consonant with
each other to a convincing, degree
beforeyDAC' will consider a just
employment situation to be in
existence; at present the Univer-
sity's policy on employment is as
much a joke as its regulation
against discrimination in student
housing: neither is enforced. 2)
that the Ad. Bldg., SAB and var-
ious departments and sections
throughout the University reveal
de facto (and individuallyex-
plicit) racial discrimination in em-
ployment. Statistics on the actual
number of Negro office workers in
the Ad. Bldg. had been inacces-
sible to DAC prior to the picket.
David Aroner, Chairman of the
University Human Relations
Board, claimed that the informa-
tion was being denied us by Vice-
President Pierpont; and yet, from
another source we heard that it
was Aroner himself who was so
hoarding the facts. DAC doesn't
play button-button who's got the
button, however-especially when
there's so little to choose from
between a white liberal and a
representative of the white power
structure-and so we chose to rely
on pure observation.
The rough estimate we reached
was that for every black secretary
or clerk (there being only a hand-
ful in the whole Ad. Bldg.), there
are a hundred whites. Cut that
number in half, if our methods
are suspect, and the disparity is
still intolerable.
Tokenism is neverism, no matter
how you slice it; and there is
nothing incompatible between hir-
ing based on geographical distri-
bution and hiring based on racial
practice in hiring, training and
advancing employees regardless of
race, creed or color, DAC will sub-
mit hard evidence of racial dis-
crimination in time to re-open
negotiations over employment in
the Ad. Bldg. (if such talks do
break down) well before our
scheduled second picket. Mean-
while, it should be made clear
that the 1000 Negroes claimed to
be University employes, evenif
they did constitute a decent pro-
portion of the working force, do
not invalidate DAC's position on
employment by virtue of their
numbers alone.
They reinforce it, rather, since
they demonstratethe menial na-
ture of jobs given those whose
skin is an unpopular color, and
the consequent reduction in value
of any quantitative offer by the
University. Here, Negroes work as
busboys, kitchen help, countermen,
janitors, chambermaids, ground
crew, hospital orderlies and nurses'
aides. Nothing!

into the doorways of taverns, who
must watch his wife serve ,white
people in their homes and turn
into irritable dust in her own?
An absolute condition produces
an absolute commitment, or an
absolute despair. DAC tries to
encourage the first, and yet three
white dudes on high pay main-
tain that a by-law and a few
samples .make all the difference
between slavery and freedom.
"PHOOEY," says DAC. And yet,
we would think we were failing
somewhat if people like these and
papers like The Daily approved
of us. But we would like our op-
ponents to measure up a bit, to
be a little more formidable, that
is, and not so ridiculous.
For instance, James Lewis is
correct when he says that Thomas
is not a student at the University,
but so what? It is true that DAC
is not a student organization, but
who said it was? And if Lewis
hasn't been contacted, as he
claims, why is he concerned about
us at all? Also, Lewis is right in
assumning that DAC doesn't speak
for the University students, but
that's merely to say we're not
Perhaps Lewis' long-windedness
wouldn't have been indulged so
much if separate writers had been
assigned to the news article and
the editorial. The opposite prac-
tice is a little hard on objectivity,
and is hilariously similar to the
way that the CIA operates. It's
especially dysfunctional when a
guy like Berkson combines both
jobs; and so, for the sake of The
Daily as well as for our own low
capacity for tedium, we will pay
special attention to him if we
have to picket again. And \that
second picket can be mean. Even
our women get out of hand there.
-Lewis Meyers, Grad
(EDITOR'S NOTE: The' editorial
policy of The Daily is that editor-
ials are written by any staff mem-
ber desiringtto do so. The editorials
are signed and represent the opin-
ion of the individual writer, not of
The Daily as a newspaper. Staff

members covering news events are
encouraged to comment about them
on the editorial page since they
have the best factual knowledge of
any given situation. There is no
separation of reportorial and edi-
torial functions on The Daily staff,
r -D.D.M.
While tempted to deal with sev-
eral aspects of this letter, it speaks
for itself far better than I could
ever interpret.
Consequently, let us Just look at
"the facts":
-Ann Arbor city detectives (the
"bulls" whom DAC invited for its
own protection) say the maximum
number of pickets was 33. For the
last half hour of the march there
were exactly 30-no more, no less.
-These same detectives said at
the scene that the march started
around 3:30 p.m.
--In the three-column picture of
the march that ran on page one of
Tuesday's Daily, one of the march-
ers is carrying the sign, "Jobs or
-It isn't surprising that informa-
tion on the number of Negro work-
ers in the Admin. Bldg. was in-
accessible to DAC since DAC never
made any effort to get the figures.
Now, the interesting thing about
Meyers' letter is that he never quite
answers the points I raised. If any-
thing, he retreats from them. "There
are no Negroes working in that
building," Charlie Thomas said at
the picket. Now Meyers says there
is only "tokensm"-a convenient
word these days.
Neither Thomas nor Meyers know
anything about the status of Ne-
groes in the building, or anywhere
else on campus, because neither has
made any attempt to find out. DAC
knows nothing of University policy
or practice because it has never
gone to those who set policy and es-
tablish practice. With all its prom-
ises of "hard evidence" DAC has
never presented one single case of
racial discrimination and never will.
The University has publicly said
that there are jobs open at this
very moment for anyone qualified,
and that includes qualified Ne-
groes, much to DAC's dismay.
There are a number of. Negro
secretaries working in the adminis-
tration; there are staff people, past
and present; there il no case for
(Letters to the Editor should be
typewritten, doublespaced and urn-
ite' to 300 words. Only signed let-
ters will be printed. The Daily re-
serves the right to edit or with.
hold any letter.)


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