Alem bersh i
(EDITOR'S NOTE: Vice-President for Student Affairs James A. Lewis will
announce his opinion of Student Government Council's membership motion
in a statement to the SGC meeting tonight. Lewis can either approve or
veto the motion. The membership controversy has a long history which the
following story details.)
By CARL J. COHEN
The struggle of students for a voice in regulating membership
practices in student organizations dates back to the establishment of
the Committee on Student Affairs in the early 1900's and the Student
Legislature which first- gave students a voice in University business.
The Committee on Student Affairs was composed of seven students,
six faculty members, the dean of men and the dean of women.
On May 3, 1949, this committee passed a motion stating that
"the Committee on Student Affairs refuses to recognize any organiza-
tion which prohibits membership in the organization because of race,
religion or color." That was the start of it all.
Two efforts were made to get the University to enforce this mo-
tion, and both were vetoed by presidents of the University.
On March 6, 1951, the Student Affairs Committee passed a reso-
lution setting October 15 of that year as the date by which all rec-
ognized student organizations must eliminate "discriminatory clauses"
as a condition of continued University recognition.
Ten days after this resolution was passed, Interfraternity Coun-
cil filed a formal appeal with University President Alexander Ruthven
Bias onCamp us:
that it be overruled. President Ruthven's decision was announced on
May 24, 1951: "... In our zeal to protect the constitutional privileges,
and immunities of certain citizens, we must be careful not to in-
fringe upon or impare equally sacred rights of others
"The resolution . . . would preemptoriiy withdraw recognition as
of October 15, 1956, from any organization still retaining discrimina-
* tory clauses even though the local chapter had in good faith attempt-
< ed to remove such clauses from its constitution . . . therefore the
action of the Student Affairs Committee in approving the foregoing
resolution is hereby rescinded."
The next official action by the Student Affairs Committee was
another resolution, on March 11, 1952. The situation surrounding the
resolution was different from the first in two significant respects:
first it was merely a recommendation to the president of the Univer-
sity, and second there was a new president of the University, Harlan
The substance of the recommendation was also mfiilder, its only
requirements for continued recognition of a student organization was,
that the group "present a motion on the floor of their respective na-
tional conventions asking for the removal of such clauses, support,
and vote positively for such a motion." Religious groups were exempt-
LEXANDER RUTHVEN ed, and provisions were made in case there was no national conven-
two presidents :.. tion within the period. Also, yearly progress reports were demanded.
A Recap itulatio
On May 20 of that year, President Hatcher issued a comment on
the recommendation, saying that although "the overwhelming major-
ity of us (the University) are in agreement on the principles of our
democratic society ... we believe that the processes of education and
personal and group convictions will bring us forward faster and on a
sounder basis, then the proposed methods of coercion."
In 1954 the Student Legislature became the Student Government
Council, and in 1956 the Sigma Kappa case came up.
On Sept. 3, 1956, SGC learned that the National Council of Sigma
Kappa Sorority had suspended two chapters, Cornell and Tufts, which
had each just admitted two Negro students.
Sigma Kappa Issue
On Dec. 5, SGC determined that Sigma Kappa Sorority had
failed (a) to continue to meet the conditions for initial recognition
listed in the "University Regulations Concerning Student Affairs, Con-
duct and Discipline," and (b) to act in good faith with the spirit of the
regulations for recognized organizations.
A stay-of-action was placed on the SGC resolution by the calling
of a meeting of the Board in Review, composed of the dean of men,
dean of women, thrpe faculty members and two students, who met a
week later along with representatives of Sigma Kappa. The decision
of the board was that there was no basis for changing the resolution,
See STUDENT, Page 5
.. . two vetoes
FREEDOM OF PRESS
See Editorial Page
A little warmer, cloudy
Seventy-Three Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXXIV, No. 51 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 30, 1963 SEVEN CENTS
Law School Studies
To Build New Libraries, Offices;
To Handle Enrollment, Joiner Says
By MARILYN KORAL
The Law School has recently taken three related steps to gauge
and prepare for likely enrollment increases in the near future, Dean
Allan Smith of the Law School said in an interview yesterday.
A report submitted to the Office of Academic Affairs late last
semester by Dean Smith predicts expanding need for lawyers in the
state, and charts an upswing in applicants for admission. The esti-
maztes ,were based on current ratios of lawyers to population figures
in the light of expected population rise.
Commenting onthe report, Dean Smith said, "The conclusions
seemed clear. Somewhere in the state there are going to have to be
more lawyers trained soon." Since
filing the report with the OAA last
spring, there have been "no deci-
sions reached by the central ad-
ministration on this problem," he
It was decided by the Law
School faculty that plans for en-
rollment increases "are contingent
upon expansion of facilities." Ex-
pansion is necessary now and will
be vital when larger freshman
classes are admitted in the future,
Dean Smith commented.
Thus a second step was taken
when a faculty committee, head-
ed by Associate Dean Charles
Joiner, was created this summer
to plan for expansion in the phy-
sical plant of the school. Library
space, student seminar rooms and
office space would be made avail-
able through new building.
In his annual report to Uni-
versity. President Harlan Hatcher
at the close of last semester, Dean
Smith wrote, "For two years, I
have called attention to the need
for planning added facilities . .
needs are now sufficiently press-
ing that planning should be com-
pleted during the year 1963-64, so
that they may be included in the
University's c a p i t a 1 expansion
The building program will prob-
ably not begin for about five years
because of its position on the
capital outlay priority list, Dean
There are two possible alterna-
tives to the location of the facili-
ties, he explained: space between
the present library and Monroe
St., or the vacant land across the
street from the Law Quadrangle
on South University St.
Although the faculty committee
has met a few times this summer,
major decision making on the
building program won't be made
by the faculty committee until
earlyr next semester. The delay in
planning is due to Dean Joiner's
participation on a state commit-
tee presently deciding ways to im-
plement the new constitution,
Dean Smith explained.
In a third step, Dean Smith re-
cently filed a report with Vice-
President for Academic Affairs
Roger Heyns requesting authori-
zation for a program to add 10
new professors to the Law School
faculty over a five-year period.
"I have not received written or
confirmed response on the entire
program," he commented. How-
ever, he was authorized to hire
two or three new law professors
Dean Smith estimated that "the
only reason" Vice-President Heyns
could not commit himself to the
five-year program was that legis-
lative appropriations are not ex-
tended this long, and there could
be no guarantee of funds for fac-
Cheapest Graduate School
"Legal education has for many
years been conducted as the
cheapest graduate education in the
country," he declared.
Approximately one-third of a
law student's education-includ-
ing all of the basic courses-takes
place in a classroom of 80-100
students. "This is far too big for
first rate instruction," Dean Smith
However, he made clear that
the problem was beyond power of
the OAA, and that this year's hir-
ing authorisation represents "some,
Governor Says FOUR-YEAR CLASSIFICATION:
Program Fits-- --
Groesbeck Views Possibilities
By KAREN WEINHOUSE
By The Associated Press for most of the student body, to which required preclassification.
LANSING - Governor George "We would like eventually to plan so far in advance, he ad- The following semester pre-
work out an advanced classifica- mitted. classification was opened to all
Romney said yesterday the re- tion system whereby a student A second immediate drawback undergraduate courses. Groesbeck
vamped tax reform program being would sign up for as many years to University-wide long range now hopes to extend the system
discussed in Republican legislative in advance about which he is able classification would be the great to graduate courses.
caucuses today is acceptable to o make an adequa ecision expense of clerical and computer It was hoped that eventually
Edward Groesbeck, director of the time, he said. the entire registration process
him. Office of Registration and Rec- The system of advanced classi- could be done by mail. The stu-
The governor told a news con- ords, said yesterday. fication which has been operating dent would fill out his desired
ference that although the pro- Although such a system would for the last two semesters has program and registration mater-
gram is in some aspects different benefit students in programs such proved to be advantageous to both ials and return both to the Office
from his own, it mee is our as pre-medical or pre-legal stu- students and the academic depart- of Registration and Records.
basic demands for acceptance. dies, it might prove impractical ments, according to Mr. Groes- Groesbeck now considers this im-
In fact, Romney said, some of beck. He expects it to continue practical.
the new parts of the program are T permanently.
improvements over his original ohnson V e Academic counselors are now
plan.' cdmccuslr r o i e
Romney's four criteria for an notified when a course is closed. G ven
acceptable tax reform program Dr Line Zone This eliminated the problem of
have been that it provide tax re- students having to see their coun-
lief and equity for business and selors a second time when they 30Fine
low-income groups, that it pro- Third Ward Councilman Paul H. found their approved courses fill-
vide for local governments to raise Johnson, chairman of the liquor ed at registration.
needed revenue and thas t give committee, told the City Council Advanced classification is a ben- The Interfraternity C o u n c i 1
relief from the property taxes. Monday night that his committee efit to the academic departments Executive Committee last night
Telie m th pey txed is studying proposals which would because it allows them to provide found Alpha Tau Omega guilty
The new plan has been worked "more closely define the eastern more sections for a popular course. of "conduct unbecoming of a
out in recent days by five Repub- boundary of the dry zone." In any case this system "does fraternity" in that there was ex-
hcan senators and five Republican The committee is also studying for the student what he would do cessive noise at an ATO party last
House members.Thetenlawak-a the possibility of the creation of for himself," Mr. Groesbeck said. Saturday night and fined the
ers formed a special leadershipa"dyi
committee after Romney's plan a "dry island" rather than an The classification department tries fraternity $300.
eastern boundary which would be to fit into the academic schedule $150 of the fine was suspended
bogged down in the Senate. a "psychological thing to let par- each student's individual elections over two years.
Whether a majority of the Re- ents think their children are away at the time he elects them. A sec- ATO was also found guilty of
publicans in the Senate would ac- from liquor." tion being full, the student will be having alcohol present in the
cdet er ne npro osalwcauses inJohnson said his commnittee placed in another section of that house even though it had been
currently has no specific recom- course. confiscated by chaperones from
the House and Senate. mendations as to the actual The advanced classification pro- uninvited guests.
Senate Majority Leader Stanley boundaries, but added that he ex- gram was put into effect in the The committee, in fining ATO
G. Thayer (R-Ann Arbor) said pects it will present three alter- spring of 1963. At that time the took only the excessive noise vio-
the special committee "reported I natives to the council in the near Office of Registration of Records lation into consideration. The al-
, See ROMNEY, Page 5 future. selected 100 undergraduate courses cohol violation was not consider-
Dorr Emphasizes Importance
Of Complete Community Support
By LAURENCE KIRSHBAUM
The University is currently considering the possibility of
expanding its Flint College into a four year institution.
Aimed at easing the growing University admissions pres-
sures, this proposed expansion would be begun next fall by ad-
mitting a 200-student freshman class to what is now the Uni-
versity's two-year senior college in Flint, Dean for Statewide
Education Harold M. Dorr said yesterday.
Flint's two classes-junior and senior-make up the cur-
rent enrollment of 600 students.
Studying the chances of effecting this expansion is an in-
quiry group composed of University officials, Flint College
administrators and prominento Y :' ue'' g -
Flint citizens which has ex-
pressed "considerable senti-
ment" for the expansion but
which realizes "the numerous
barriers blocking it," he said.
The strength of these barriers
will center particularly around the
attitude of Flint citizens. If the
expansion is to be effected, Dorr
explained, it will depend on their
efforts to aid the proposed expan-
sion, the attitude of the local
school board and the willingness
of the Flint Community Junior
College-currently affiliated with
the senior college-to work out a
suitable expansion arrangement
will also be important, Dorr said.
The Flint junior college shares
the same campus, facilities and
maintains loose academic ties with
the senior college. Currently, about
70 per cent ,of the students at the
senior college formerly attended
the junior college.
Dorr observed that the Univer-
sity has taken special notice of
the possible conflict which could
flare over students from the Flint
area. These students who might
have enrolled at the junior college
in the past might now enroll in
the Flint College freshman class,
Because of the importance of
local issues, an encouraging factor
in the expansion movement is that
"among its supporters are prom-
inent citizens of Flint."
He explained that their desire
to bring a four year degree-grant-
ing institution has supported the
University's own wish "to assume
its statewide responsibility for pro-
viding higher education facilities."
It was this joining of local and
University interests which brought
about the structuring of an in-
quiry committee composed of lo-
cal and University representatives,
he explained. It was formed last
The inquiry committee includes
nrr. Flint College Dean David M.
Mayhew Sees Necessity of Special Compensation
By ROBERT SHLIFER <
"I think there is a need for
special compensation to Negroes
-let me tell you why this is
justified," Leon Mayhew of the
sociology dept. said in a talk at!
Mary Markley Hall last night.
The demand for special com-
pensation has always existed, Mr.
Mayhew said. "During the 1940's3
most liberals thought they had
an answer-convince people to be
color-blind, to look at Negroes for
their ability." Fair employment
laws came about from this ap-
proach, the idea being to force
those doing the hiring to be
orni ind hP n,,tAndr
school recruitment were given, it
was soon evident that most of
their employees were friends and
relatives of previous employees,"
he said. "These are primary group
affiliations. Irish will tell other
Irish about job opportunities and
Negroes will tell other Negroes.
Only, if there are no Negroes in
the firm to start with, there are
never going to be any."
Discrimination in one sphere
will reproduce itself in another,
he maintained. Residential seg-
regation reproduces itself as de
facto school segregation which, in
most cases produces poorly train-
ed people which reproduces itself
on the labor markets, he explain-
Negroes know about open jobs so
no Negroes apply."
Getting back to his subject,
Mayhew talked about affirmative
action as opposed to special com-
pensation. Quotas, a form of com-
pensation, are hard to justify and
are illegal, he said. Affirmative
action that falls just short of
quotas is needed, he explained.
Mayhew, upon finding that one
company had recruited only at
the high schools that the person-
nel managers had attended, sug-
gested that recruitment at a Ne-
gro high school be done.'
Discrimination in Reverse
"A white man lost out on a job
ed in levying the fine, because
it was taken by the correct au-
thority, according to IF Execu-
tive Vice-President Richard Man-
Ann Arbor police reported the
excessive noise violation, while
Office of Student Affairs Invest-
igator Harold Swoverland discov-;
ered the alcohol in the possession
of chaperones after the close of
Accordin. to Mandel, e v e n
though the committee did not take
the alcohol violation into consid-
eration, it considered the excessive
noise charge a serious offense.
ATO has not decided whether it
will appeal the decision.
UNITED NATIONS AP) - The
United States gave limited approv-
DEAN OAROLD DORR
... cooperation needed
St udent Group
Special ToThe Daily
MADISON - Student employes
at the University of Wisconsin
have organized the first student
labor union in the nation.
Called the Wisconsin Student
Employes Association (WISEM),
the union includes part-time and
non-civil service employes, both
student and non-student at the
The union states its goals as
higher wages, a graduated wage
scale based upon skill, yearly in-
creases based on tenure, seniority
rights, protection from unw9rrant-
ed dismissal and aid in finding
An official of WISEM said that
there would be "no closed shop
Charles W. Allmand, University
nesnneloicemr. exnlainedri s-