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October 25, 1963 - Image 1

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GOP DILEMMA:
NO LEADER FOR '64
See Editorial Page

Y

Litr
Seventy-Three Years of Editorial Freedom

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VOL.. LXXIV, No. 47

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 25.1963

SEVEN CENTS

FIGT'r P

- - - - - - -- - -

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--Associated Press
TIME RUNNING SHORT-Sen. Everett M. Dirksen (left) said
yesterday that he doubted whether Congress could pass either a
tax cut or a civil rights bill in the current session. Rep. Charles
Halleck (right) shared the senator's views at a joint press con-
ference. .
GOP Chiefs Doubt
IiRhts Tax Passage
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON-Sen. Everett M. Dirksen (R-Ill) said yesterday
there is real doubt Congress can pass either a tax cut or a civil
rights bill at this session since time is running short.
Dirksen, Republican leader of the Senate, voiced this view at a
joint news conference with Rep. Charles A. Halleck (R-Ind), who
osaid he would seriously doubt

C omitee
To. Reshape
Tax Scheme
By PHILIP SUTIN
National Concerns Editor
Special To The Daily
LANSING - Behind-the-scene
negotiations that will shape the
final form of Gov. George Rom-
ney's fiscal reform program began
yesterday as participants main-
tained a tight-lipped silence.
Romney met with a special
nine-man committee of GOP leg-
islative leaders yesterday after-
noon and will continue to hold
sessions with them through the
weekend although the Legislature
recessed at noon until Monday
night.
Deals with Generalities
Senate Majority Leader Stanley
G. Thayer (R-Ann Arbor), a
member of the group, reported
that the meeting dealt in gen-
eralities as members strove to find
agreement.
He added that he doubted that
the group would deal with specific
items before next week.
The nine-member committee in-
cludes all shades of opinion among
the GOP leadership. Thayer and
Sen. William G. Milliken of Tra-
verse City, Senate GOP floor lead-
er, are enthusiastic supporters of
Romney's program, introducing it
i nthe Senate. Senators Clyde H.
Geerlings (R-Holland, Senate tax-
ation committee chairman, and
John P. Smeekins (R-Coldwater)
president pro-tem, are strong op-
ponents of the measure as is House
Speaker Allison. Green (R-King-
' ston) .
Other Opinions
The three other House commit-
tee members, Representatives Wil-
fred G. Bassett (R-Jackson),
speaker pro-tem, Robert Waldron
(R-Grosse Pointe), floor leader
and James N. Folks (R-Horton),
House taxation committee chair-
man, are not considered Romney
program supporters. Sen. Frank D.
Beadle (R-St. Clair), Senate ap-
propriations committee chairman,
is uncommitted.
Meanwhile, the regular Legis-
lative machinery continues. Bea-
dle's committee will review Mon-
day the income tax and other key
Romney measures refered to it
line-by-line with Romney legal
aide Richard Van Dusen.
Any decision made by the spe-
cial committee must be approved
by the GOP caucuses of both
houses so that enough Republican
votes can be mustered to pass it
through the various legislative
committees and the floor of both
houses.
Committee 'Sellout?'
A splintered GOP does not have
enough votes to pass Romney's
program, lacking the necessary 181

Mhere is time to pass a civil rights
measure in both houses.
Dirksen and Halleck, the Re-
public leader of the House, talked
with reporters after a meeting of
the Senate - House Republican
Leadership Conference.
And in the fight to kill a tough
civil rights bill in- favor of a more
moderate one, the battle settled)
down yesterday to a contest of
wills between the administration
and a rebellious group of con-
gressmen.
Presidential Action
s -President-John- F. -Kennedy has
e taken a hand in trying to resolve
- the fight in favor of the less
sweeping measure, which the ad-
ministration feels is the only one
that can get through Congress.
l Kennedy met Wednesday night
with' the top -Republican and
Democratic leaders of the House
and the House Judiciary Commit-
tee but the best he could get was
a third postponement of a crucial
committee vote pn the strong bill.
The test has now been set for
Tuesday.
y Calls in Democrats
The President followed up this
i yesterday morning by calling to
the White House a group of the
committee Democrats holding out
for the strong bill.
No one involved in either meet-
ing would comment publicly but it
is known the discussions are cen-
tering on- the prospect of getting
firm bipartisan support for a com-
promise bill.
This has been the goal of the
administration since it made its
original recommendations 1 a s t
June, but no common ground has
yet been found between the back-
ers of strong civil rights legisla-
tion and those who think even
the administration package goes
too far.
Political Jealousies
Also operating against compro-
mise are political jealousies, with
Republicans balking at coming to
the administration's rescue and
some Democrats declining to back
off from stiff provisions popular
with Negro 'groups.
Leaders of the militant band of
holdouts expressed confidence -
even after the White House meet-
ing - that they would maintain
their control and vote to bring out
the strong bill Tuesday, if the
committee meets.

President
'App roves
Measure
WASHINGTON (A) - "With
great pleasure," President John F.
Kennedy signed yesterday legisla-
tion authorizing the federal gov-
ernment to spend $329 million
helping states and communities
tackle mental health and'retarda-
tion problems.
Kennedy expressed hope that
the measure would arouse commu-
nities to face up to the problems.
The President signed the bill in
the White House cabinet room be-
fore a large audience, including
several Congress members.
A Top Item
The measure was one of the top
items on Kennedy's legislative pro-
gram.
His family has long been inter-
ested in problems of mental re-
tardation and has contributed gen-
erously to combat them.
One of the President's sisters
has been for many years in an in-
stitution for the mentally retarded.
Kennedy told the gathering that
an estimated 15 million to 20 mil-
lion people in this country live in
families where there is a mentally
retarded person. This condition, he
added, affects more children and
more people than blindness, cere-
bral palsy and rheumatic heart
disease combined.
Study Indication
"Studies have indicated," he
said, "that much of the suffering
is preventable-that we can pre-
vent what cannot afterward be
cured .. .
"Infants born prematurely are
10 times more likely to be mentally
retarded. Mothers who have not
received adequate prenatalcare
are two to three times more likely
to give birth to premature babies."
The bill sets spending ceilings.
Separate legislation by Congress
will be needed to provide money
for the new program.
The bill is a compromise be-
tween $850 million approved by
the Senate and $238 million voted
by the House.
A Senate - House conference
committee brought agreement
from Senate sponsors of the bill
to eliminate their most expensive
item-$427 million fogr staffing
community health centers.
The bill authorizes funds to help
build new community health can-
ters, to conduct research into the
causes of mental retardation and
to care for the mentally retarded.
The $329 million is broken down
into grants for various phases,
with the federal share running
from 45 per cent to 75 per cent of
the cost. Some parts of the pro-
gram are programmed for three
years, others for four years.
Enrollment
Record Set
CINCINNATI-Enrollments have
set records this fall in the nation's
accredited colleges and universi-
ties,
This was announced today by
Garland G. Parker, Registrar of
the University of Cincinnati, in a
preliminary report he compiles
annually for School and Society,
an educational journal.
Dr. Parker, whose final report
will be made in December, said en-
rollments of full-time students at
1,045 accredited schools had in-
creased to approximately 2.5 mil-
lion, compared with 2,367,451 last
year.
Total enrollments, including
part-time students, may reach 4.4
million, compared with 4,206,672
last year, Parker said.

Early reports suggest that the
increase in freshmen will exceed
the rise of three-tenths of one
per cent recorded last year. Of 41
large public universities currently
reporting, 26 show increases. Nine
report no change and six report
small decreases.

Bartlett Sees Role Cha
By LAURENCE KIRSHBAUM not go into operation until The body corporate status- 7
Not simply a "big brother*" November, 1964, after its eight already enjoyed by the Regents th
who vaguely oversees higher members have been chosen in and the governing bodies of na
education, but a helping hand the general election. In the in- Wayne State and Michigan Ba
' thatwillndig right into the ed-, terim until then, Gov. George State Universities-gives these tio
ucational planning of Mich- Romney has appointed the governing boards the right to th
igan" is what the role of the Citizen's Committee on Higher sue, be sued and to hold prop- vis
new ;tate board of education Education to create immediate erty, Bartlett said. lat
should be-if one expert's hopes and long-range proposals for The status also - implies a F
materialize. Michigan higher education. The great deal more autonomy from mu
He is State Superintendent old state board; under Bartlett, he board than currently ex- wi
of Public InstructionLys the new November. ists where seven institutions bo
constitution's state board - Composed of its eight elect- are vested together as a single an
competently staffed and ex- ed members and an appointed "body corporate" under the mnh
pertly guided by an overall chairman, the new board's re- present state board. an
outlook of Michigan's higher sponsibility will be as the con- The seven institutions -
education needs - which will stitution states to "serve as the Eastern Michigan University, Le
"sit right down with the plan- general planning and coordin- Michigan College of Science, ce
ners from each university." ating body . . . for higher edu- and Technology, Central Mich- the
To Coordinate Policies cation." igan University, N o r t h e r n bo
However, as Bartlett cau- 'Body Corporate' Michigan University, Western nin
tioned in an interview yester- The board is not. going to Michigan University, F e r r i s
day, "the board's position will have the power or right "to College and Grand Valley State the
not be to dictate policies of the dictate the internal policies of College - will all individually bu
various university governing the higher institutions," Bart- be set up with their own gov- me
boards - but to coordinate lett observed. The copstitution erning boards, guided by their boa
them.' will explicitly establish each own presidents and vested the wh
Although the new constitu- governing body as a "body cor- sovereign rights of "general wa
tion takes effect Jan. 1, the porate"-the direct legal sup- supervision" and control of ex- du
. new state education board will ervisor of that institution. penditures. alr
--

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VIt, w

T o Expand
Education
in England
LONDON-A huge expansion of
Britain's higher education system
was proposed yesterday to give
more students access to a univer-
sity education and help the nation
"meet the competitive pressures
of the modern. world."
An 11-man, government-ap-
pointed committee recommended
that by 1980 the number of Brit-
ish universities should be increas-
ed from 32 to 60 and that the uni-
versities should then be able to
accommodate 560,000 full - time
students. There are 216,000 full-
time students now.
The object is to maintain pres-
ent standards but to take advant-
age of the "immense reservoir 'of
unused talent" that remains un-
developed ,because there is not
enough room in the colleges and
universities.
Percentages
Eight of 100 young Britons now
have access to full-time higher.
education. Under . the proposed.
recommendations, 17 per cent
would attend college. The report
acknowledged that many other
nations offered more opportunity
in higher education than Britain.
The cost of the proposed
changes would be the equivalent
of nearly $4 billion. There would
be an eventual extra yearly cost
to maintain the system of $1.4
million.
Must Start Now
The committee, headed by Lord
Robbins, an economics professor
at London University and chair-
man of the Financial Times, looks
ahead to 1980, but warns that
work must be started immediately
if a severe educational crisis is to
be averted.
The present emergency arises
from the arrival at ages 17 and
18 of the large number of children
born here after World War II.
"In our judgment this is an
emergency of the same impor-
tance as the emergency produced
by demobilization after the last
war, and demanding the same
type of extraordinary measures to
meet it," the report says.
The study was presented yes-
terday to the prime minister.
The government is expected to
do a good deal immediately to
implement the proposals. Viscount
Hailsham, minister for science and
one of the unsuccessful candidates
for the prime minister's office, is
expected to head the government
efforts.
See BRITISH, Page 5

(Board

Accepts

Prop osa

'OnUnion-LeagueMerge

nge for
These seven, plus the "big
ree" will be coordinated fi-
incially by the state board,
artlett explained. This func-
n will be maintained through
e board's role as financial ad-
sor to Romney and the Legis-
ture.
Each of the 10 institutions
ust file their budget requests
th the state board first.
om these requests the state
ard will develop an overall
d specific budgetary recom-
endation for the governor
d Legislature.-\
Although the governor and
gislature do not have to ac-
pt these recommendations,
eir influence will enable the
ard "to dig into" the plan-
ng, Bartlett maintained.
He cited as an example where
e University might make a
dgetary request to imple-
ent a new program. "The
ard would have to evaluate
Nether this University project
as necessary or whether it
plicated an adecuate project
eady in operation at another

Board
school"--such as a new educa-
tional facility, a cyclotron or a
new medical school, he said.
Pretty Potent Force
If the board concluded that
the project was unnecessary, it
would recommend to the gov-
ernor and Legislature that this
project be slashed. In this rec-
ommendation, "t h e b o a r d
might be a pretty potent force
in preventing the University
from going ahead with plan-
ning the program."
Although not dictating to
these universities, the board
staffers could "work with and
help the general planners at
each university," bringing an
invaluable overview of the over-
all needs of state education,
Bartlett said.
While the staff members are
rendering service to each school
individually, Bartlett n o t e d
they would be coordinating
their efforts through the board
to work out overall issues of
financing, duplication of ser-
vices and community college
See BARTLETT, Page 5

AWAITS REACTION:
SGC Defines Question
Of Tribunal's Function
By MARY LOU BUTCHER
Under the Membership Selection Regulations approved by Student
Government Council Wednesday night, SGC must levy all penalties
prescribed by ' its Membership Tribunal, retiring President Thomas
Brown, '66L, said yesterday.
The regulations must be approved by Vice-President for Student
Affairs James A. Lewis within one week in order for Council to
implement them. The version of

Arab Union
Anticipated
BEIRUT (/P)-The usually well
informed Beirut newspaper Al Na-
har said yesterday that the ruling
Ba'ath Socialist party will an-
nounce union of Syria and Iraq as
the Arab Democratic Popular Re-
public CADPR) by the weekend.
Al Nahar in a report from Da-
mascus, the Syrian capital, told
of several resolutions approved by
the National Congress of the Ba'-
ath Party.
The congress had met behind
closed doors for the last 18 days in
Damascus and was attended by
party representatives from all
Arab countries. It ended its ses-
sions Wednesday. A party state-
ment said the congress resolutions
will be made public by Saturday.
Al Nahar said the capital of the
new state will be Baghdad, Iraq,
and that Syrian leader Gen. Amin
Hafez is the most likely candidate
to head the new republic.
The paper added that a two-
month transition period will fol-
low the declaration of the new
state and a plebiscite will be con-
ducted in both countries.
Syria and Iraq announced three
weeks ago a merger of their arm-
ed forces as a first step toward a
comprehensive union between
them.
Syria formerly was federated
with Egypt in the U.A.R.

the membership selection plan
now before Vice-President Lewis
differs from the original plan in
that it omits any mention of ap-
peal procedures, a portion of the
membership regulations to which
the SGC Committee on Referral
had strong objections.
Brown noted that Council was
-willing to delete the sections deal-
ing with the process of appeals to
the, vice-president for student af-
fairs in order to'- "remove any
question of legal technicalities."
Language Ambiguity
In its report, the referral com-
mittee also levelled criticism at
"an ambiguity of language" in
the regulations which state: "The
Membership Tribunal . . . shall
have power to impose on behalf of
Student Government Council ap-
propriate sanctions on student
government organizations.."
The referral committee further
objected to the statement that "All
sanctions must be immediately im-
posed by SGC and cannot be al-
tered by Council."
The report noted that the lan-
guage used did not "indicate that
the SGC assumes the responsibil-
ity to review and accept, reject or
modify the penalties recommended
by the Membership Tribunal."
Only Judicial Function
Brown noted that since the
tribunal in fact has only a judi-
cial function it can only prescribe
sancti os and has no power to
impose? them.
The stipulation that sanctions
"cannot be altered by the Coun-
cil" was inserted in the member-
ship regulations to insure that
once SGC has accepted a decision
of the tribunal, it will not seek to
change the prescribed penalty,
Brown said.
Conceivably Council may reverse
any decision of the tribunal with
a simple majority vote. To prevent
Council from interfering with the
judicial function of the tribunal,
the above stipulation was purpose-
ly written in the membership se-
lection plan.
Tribunal Composition
Another of the committee's cri-
ticisms which Council rejected
,pertained to the composition of
the membership tribunal, which
could include a non-student mem-
ber.
Refuting the committee's con-

CLIFFORD TAYLOR
... bans discrimination

FPA Passes
Revisions
By J. GARDNER ROBERTSON
The Fraternity Presidents As-
sembly passed a revised constitu-
tion and bylaws last night, effec-
tive immediately, which included
an article forbidding discrimina-
tion in the selection of fraternity
members on the basis of "race,
color, creed, religion, national ori-
gin or ancestry."
Alleged violations of the article
will be investigated by a mem-
bership committee which will pre-
sent an indictment to the Execu-
tive Committee of the IFC. The
Executive Committee has the pow-
er to impose sanctions on offend-
ing fraternities up to and includ-
ing revocation of all membership
privileges in IFC.
IFC President Clifford Taylor,
'64, said that the measure was in
accordance with his administra-
tion's goal, which are to. see "that
matters concerning fraternities are
handled by fraternities."
Committee Composition
The membership committee will
be composed of three undergradu-
ate fraternity members to be se-
lected by the IFC Executive Com-
mittee with the approval of the
FPA. The members, who may be
removed at any time for releasing
unauthorized information or not
fulfilling their duties, will serve
overlapping terms.
Details as to how investigations
of alleged discrimination will be
initiated will be worked out by the
new committee. However, it is ex-
pected that alleged violations will
be referred to the IFC committee
by the SGC Committee on Mem-
bership.
Enumerates Duties
Another section of the new con-
stitution enumerated the duties
and powers of the Executive Com-
mittee. They are:

Points Out
Differences
In Reports'
-l
Unit Also Appoints
Committee To Review
Various Possibilities
By JOHN BRYANT
The Michigan Union Board of
Directors received a report from
the Union's officers "clarifying"
the relationship of the Unior
League Study Committee Report
to the Regents' report.
The board also appointed a
committee to study "the aspects
and possibilities involving the
Union-League merger and the
University Center" in light of the
differences between the Regents'
report and the study committee
report.'
Union President Raymond Rus-
nak, '64, noted that this commit-
tee was not the implementation
committee described in the study
committee report.
Officers' Report
The officers' report, accepted
after a long discussion of the Re-
gents' views by board member
Regent Eugene Power, is essen-
tially an attempt to clear up the
possible misunderstandings that
may have arisen about the study
committee report, according to
Rusnak.
"It is intended as a clarifica-
tion, not as a criticism."
Regent Power, in discussing the
Regents' action, emphasized that
their action represented only an
initial reaction to the merger pro-
posal and said the way was still
open for its implementation.
Opposed .
- He also said that the Regents
were opposed to a student dom-
inated governing board for the
faculty and conference center,
He felt though that some me-
thod of student participation in
a University Center could be de-
veloped.. "Perhaps there could be
a student board, which could ad-
vise the administration on stu-
dent opinions."
No Plans
"As yet, the Regents have no
specific -plans for a University
Center. When the implementation
committee comes up with concrete
plans for a center, then discussion
can ensue."
Power also asserted that the
first step toward merger ought to
be the merger of the student ac-
tivities function.
Board Member Prof. Richard
Balzhiser of the engineering school
noted however that the board set
up by the Study Committee re-
port was not dominated by stu-
dents, having four students, four
faculty members, four alumni and

GAIN, INTERACTION:
Pritchett Views Law in Political Science

c

By NELSON LANDE
Prof. C. Herman Pritchett, of
the University of Chicago, deliver-
ed a speech on the place of public
law in the study of political
science, and their consequential
interaction.
Prof. Pritchett began by de-
scribing political science's make-
up. The three fundamental con-
stituents, he asserted, are public
law, moral philosophy and history.

"have the ability to see facts in
a new kind of relationship with a
new kind of meaning."
Prof. Pritchett continued by dis-
cussing the various legal fields in
which political scientists have
done work. Many of these fields
overlap. Public lawyers benefit'
from a thorough understanding
of "hierarchical relationships"
showing them how courts are re-
lated to one another.

sons behind judicial actions. They
have assembled various notes and
reports written by judges in an
endeavor to discover "what kind
of motivation and what kind of
reason was operating in the minds
of chief justices?"
No Necessary Finality
Unlike most public lawyers, po-
litical scientists believe in no ne-
cessary finality of Supreme Court

Vii: -

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