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October 23, 1963 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1963-10-23

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Lw C43U11a


Continued warm
becoming fair and mild

See Editorial I'age

Seventy-Three Years of Editorial Freedom

VOL. LXXIV, No. 45,




f R

Muslim Demands Separation
"The only permanent solution to the Negro problem is the
Negroes' complete separation from the whites so that they can live
alone among their own people in peace," Malcolm X, minister for
Muslim Mosque No. 7 of New York City, said last night at the Union.l'
"How can America atone for her crimes against the Negroes?" he
A desegregated movie house or restaurant isn't the answer, and
equal employment opportunity is only a temporary solution. Coin-
plete separation is the only true answer, Malcolm X said. He added 1. .
that the United States should provide transportation for the Negroes.

Malcolm X
O lines Goal
"We are not Black Muslims, we
are Muslims.
"Islam is a religion of brother-
hood in which color is not rec-
ognized," Malcolm X said at a
discussion session at the Guild
House yesterday following his talk
at the Michigan Union.
"Elijah Muhammad is hoping
to establish a religious nation
under Islam," he said. "I must
emphasize that we don't want a
separate place for this nation in
the United States-we want to go
back home."
"We are most optimistic on
achieving Elijah Muhammad's
aims, whereas we think that the
Negro civil rights groups will never
succeed, because they are satis-
fied with tokenism," he said.
The Muslim program is in three
parts: "wake-up, clean up, and
stand up," he continued. The black
people must be educated to the
fact that complete integration is
wishful thinking. He must then
clean up his way of living, giving
up the drinking, crime and dope
addiction which are destroying the
moral fibre of the Negro commu-
nity, Malcolm X asserted.
Finally, he must restore his
identification with the Negro peo-
ple, and restore his racial pride,
he added.
"The Negro who has been ex-
posed to Elijah Muhammad thinks
of himself as a Negro-never as
an American," he said. "He real-
izes that the price of his inde-
pendence is the willingness to give
life-and "to take life."
Malcolm X said the worst crime
that the American slave traders
and the American people com-
mitted against the Negroes was
the dehumanizing of the Negro
~.............:""; m{*
... African values change
Bretton Notes
sfe yr
'Power Drive
Within Africa
"A drive for prestige, power an d
material wealth is a massive cor-
roding agent in the importan
rica t Pro. enry Bretton of
the political science department
asserted yesterday.iv
Citing this change i values,
Prof. Bretton explained that an
individual's claim on a share of
the tribal wealth has always had
a steady base, rooted in his ac-
quaintance with his neighbors and
their mutual agreement on the
bouns ofi rihande wrng.lus
Bu in st Afia's 'u ban areas
today, the individual has no such

ties. Cut adrift, with no restraints
on his value judgments, he often
tends to work to enrich himself at
the expense of others, Prof. Bret-
ton said.
Speaking at an informal lecture-
discussion sponsored by the Inter-
national Students' Association,
Prof. Bretton pointed out that the
African experience today is unique

to their nation, and everything
they need to get started. "This is
justice,"he commented.
He also said that they don't
want desert land, but fertile pro-
ductive land on which they can
produce. "The United States
should give us everything we need
for 20-25 years until we can pro-
duce for ourselves," he continued.
"This is just repayment for 400
years of slavery."
"The American Negroes are
getting angrier and more explo-
sive every day," he said. There are
two revolts going on in the coun-
try today-the. Negro revolt and
the Black revolt.
The Negro revolt is made up of
those Negroes who follow the civil
rights leaders, asking for equality.
The Black revolt is made up of
the followers of Elijah Muham-
med, leader of the Muslims in
America, who want separation, he
He was very critical of the so-
called "Negro revolt," saying, "who
ever heard of a 'friendly' or a
'non-violent' or a 'peaceful' revo-
lution2" as the Negro revolt is
often called.
Eye Studies
Ont Religion
On the recommendation of the
Board of Governors for Religious
Affairs, Vice-President for Aca-
demic Affairs Roger W. Heyns
has appointed a commission to
study and make recommendations
on studies in religion in the Uni-
versity, curriculum.
Prof. William J. Schlatter of the
business administration school will
chair the commission. In a letter
to the members chosen for the
commission, Heyns outlined the
tasks of the commission as:
'U' Responsibility
1) To consider the responsibility
of the University for offering
courses depicting the history, art
and philosophy of religious move-
ment; for courses portraying con-
temporary religious thought and
theology, and for courses consider-
ing the interaction of religious
values with current developments
in the areas of social, biological
and physical sciences; and for
courses including a treatment of
ethics in vocational practice;
2) To review the present cur-
ricular offerings in these areas;
3) To consider procedures by
which needed courses may be
sponsored and supported, particu-
larly when they may not fall
within the established programs
and budgets of the appropriate
4) To investigate non-University
sources of support for experimen-
tal programs;
Relation to Center
5) To consider the relation to
the University of the proposed
Center for Theological Studies in
Southeastern Michigan to be spon-
sored by the Greater Detroit Study
Commission on Theological Edu-
cation; and
6) To make recommendations
on these matters for action by the
University administration and
Heyns expressed a desire to see
the commission finish its work by
May, 1964.
Working with Prof. Schlatter on
the commission will be DeWitt C.
Baldwin, coordinator of religious
affairs, Kevin Beattie, Grad, the
Reverend John F. Bradley, Harvey
Braunstein, '65, the Reverend J.
Edgar Edwards, Herman Jacobs of
the Board of Religious Counselors,
Prof. William W. Jellema of the
education school, Prof. George E.
Mendenhall of the Near East stu-
dies department, David W. K.
Sumner, Grad, and Prof. Frederick

.. separate Negro state

Asks Rights
Special To The Daily
DEARBORN - "I attended the
University of Mississippi not for
the sake of integration, but be-
cause I wanted to assert my
rights as a citizen," James Mere-
dith said last night at the Dear-
born Campus.
Meredith said he has no fight
or struggle with anyone if he can
be a full citizen. He emphasized
the fact that citizenship is not
contingent on race, religion, or
education in any way.
Meredith noted that he would
not be forced into any kind of in-
tegration activity by any group
and that he attended the Uni-
versity of Mississippi on his own
Must Face It
He said that the Americans
must face up to the racial prob-
lem and realize that Governors
Ross Barnett and George Wallace
are "real people-not crazy peo-
ple." They are intelligent but they
grew up under white supremacy,
he added.
Meredith commented that the
root of the racial problem is this
white supremacy which has been
prevalent for many years. The
condition where one man was
superior to another is evident to-
day as it was when the civil war
was fought, Meredith added.
He said that the government
has a duty to the people to inte-
grate the schools, but "there has
never been a significant civil
rights bill passed in the United
States history."
Negro Opportunity
Meredith said that the Negro
must be given an opportunity to
advance himself, because even if
companies do have openings they
can not give them to Negroes who
are not qualified. "If Negroes are
not able to prepare they can not
make a decent living."
He cited as one of the greatest
advances in the racial problem the
integration of the armed forces in
the 1950's.
Shotguns Leave
Meredith said that the day he
left the University of Mississippi
the 10-15 shotguns guarding him
were withdrawn leaving Cleve Mc-
Dowell unprotected. "We failed
McDowell," Meredith said.
Meredith noted that he spoke
with Elijah Muhammed, leader of
the Black Muslims, a few weeks
ago and found him "to be a Negro
and not much else." Meredith said
he does not feel these "racial
groups" will have much control on
the mainstream of the country.
"There is no one way to solve
the racial issues," Meredith said,
"but I think the whole situation
is simple and people making it
complicated is the major prob-

T o Debate
Couneil Prepares
To View Motion
The Committee on Referral to-
day will submit its final recom-
mendations on the Student Gov-
ernment Council membership mo-
tion to Vice-President for Student
Affairs James A. Lewis.
SGC will then take up the rec-
ommendations at its meeting to-
night in order either to reaffirm
or alter its motion. After this "re-
affirmation" or "qualification" has
been made, Lewis will have one
week to pass or veto the motion.
The Committee on Referral yes-
terday completed its findings and
prepared to send them officially
to Lewis this morning.
Wouldn't Say
Referral Committee Chairman
Prof. Joseph Kallenbach of the
political science department would
not reveal what the exact findings
on the "Membership Selection in
Student Organizations" motion
He did, however, note that the
findings and recommendations are
"rather lengthy" and that "defi-
nite changes have been proposed."
Council is not expected to swal-
low the recommendations without
a bitter gulp-it at all. According
to SGC President Russell Epker,
'64BAd. "as of right now, I don't
anticipate any change in the tri-
bunal structure set up in the mo-
This structure, one of the past
most frequently criticized parts of
the motion by the Referral Com-
mittee, establishes a three man
judging tribunal to hear cases and
affix penalties where necessary.
The controversial part is its
composition whereby the third
member of the tribunal is not re-
stricted to being of student status.
Referral committee members
have argued in the past-and are
expected to argue in their recom-
mendations to Lewis-that this
third member could be a faculty
member constitutionally permitted
by this motion to be appointed to
a student committee.
This appointment, they have
charged, would be in strict viola-
tion to the Council plan - the
Council's constitution-which only
gives SGC the right to appoint
members to student committees.
Council will discuss the recom-
mendations and decide whether it
wants to change the motion.
He explained that any changes
would be "up to the discretion of
Council." He indicated that pri-
vate talks he and other Council
members will be holding with Lew-
is today may prove crucial in the
Council decision as to whether to
change any of the motion's pass-
City Council
Enlarges HRC
The Ann Arbor City Council
Monday night increased the size
of the Human Relations Commis-
sion from 10 to 12 members despite
an hour-long protest by the Ann
Arborbranch of the National As-
sociation for the Advancement of
Colored People.
About 35 persons participated in
the circular march to picket the
entrance of City Hall before the

meeting to express dissatisfaction
with the Commission and the
terms of the proposed increase.
Negro leaders had been calling
for an increase in the Commission'
to 15 with at least seven of the
members to be Negroes.



If I

Students Join Faculty. Units


Four subcommittees of the
University Senate Advisory
Committee on University Af-
fairs (SACUA) have announced
their intent to allow student
members to participate without
vote in their meetings.
These four subcommittees-
Bylaws, Student Relations, Re-
search Policy and Profession-
alism in Intercollegiate Ath-
letics-responded to a request
made last year by Student Gov-
ernment Council that SACUA
admit student members to ses-
sions of nine of its subcom-
Council at that time had
created a parallel nine-subcom-
mittee structure with SACUA
to facilitate the eventual seat-
ing of students if granted SAC-
UA permission.
One of Four
Of the four granting permis-
sion thus far, one subcommit-
tee-on Bylaws-was not orig-
inally petitioned by Council.
However, Council officers have
decided to adopt a flexible pro-
cedure in case other requested
subcommittees refuse to allow
the seating of students.
The remaining six SACUA
subcommittees on which stu-
dents requested to sit without
vote - Educational Policies,
Campus Planning and Develop-
ment, Public Relations, Univer-
sity Freedom and Responsibil-
ity, Year-Round Operations-
Improvement of Instruction-
have not met and thus have not
decided whether they will per-
mit the student representatives.



The idea of seating students
on faculty subcommittees was
first conceived last spring when
SGC was considering the possi-
bility of initiating student-fac-
ulty government on this cam-
Provides Contact
At that time, it was decided
that the seating of students on
faculty subcommittees, although
not an actual step toward stu-
dent-faculty government, would
provide contact between the
student and faculty bodies
which formerly had been miss-
ing in University government.
The Daily contacted chair-
men of some of the six unde-
clared SACUA subcommittees to
determine whether they will
seat student representatives.
Chairman of the Public Re-
lations subcommittee Prof.
Howard Peckham of the history
department said, "I can con-
ceive of a case where the sub-
committee may not want to seat
students, since the committee
does not operate in the sense
of a public-relations bureau for
the entire University. Rather,
it deals with spurring our own
faculty into projects to improve
the image of the University in
the state, not with what stu-
dents can or should do in pub-
lic relations.
No Request Yet
The Campus Planning and
Development subcommittee has
not yet received a request for
admission from the students,
subcommittee chairman Prof.
Merwin Waterman of the busi-
ness administration school said.
"They have given us no idea of

their objectives and exactly
what they want. Until they
have made up their minds, I
don't see much point in seat-
ing them," he said.
In addition to the nine re-
quested subcommittees and the
Bylaws subcommittee previous-
ly mentioned, SACUA has six
other subcommittees.
Two of these are the subcom-
mittee on Economic Status of
the Faculty and the subcom-
mittee on Tenure. The chair-
men of these subcommittees
yesterday explained their ra-
tionale behind the exclusion of
students on these bodies - al-
though Council never requested
to be seated on them.
No Students
Prof. Harvey Brazer of the
economics department a n d
chairman of the subcommittee
on Economic Status of the Fac-
ulty said, "The decision that
has been taken by SACUA, so
far as I am aware, is that stu-
dents will not participate on
this committee.
"My feeling is that this is not
a subcommittee for which it
would be appropriate to have
student participation; I don't
see what useful purpose would
be served," he said.
Prof. William Pierce of the
Law School and chairman of
the subcommittee on Tenure
said that since this subcommit-
tee is an appellate board for
discharged faculty members
and enjoys Regental standing,
students would not be admitted
at its meetings.
"The committee has not met
at all and hopefully will never
have to do so," he said.

Universities Open New Opportunities


t Get

Most Midwestern universities
have programs in operation to
solve problems of extending edu-
cation opportunities to Negroes,
Vice-President for Academic Af-
fairs Roger W. Heyns said yester-
In the last week he has at-
tended two conferences on these
problems, one in Washington
sponsored by the American Coun-
cil for Education (ACE), and the
other in Ann Arbor held at the
invitation of the University.
The ACE conference was at-
tended by representatives from
Northern universities, about 15
Negro colleges, educational foun-
dations and the federal govern-
Twofold Purpose
The purpose of this conference
was first to identify the problems
in extending educational oppor-
tunities to Negroes and then to
define the role of ACE in finding
solutions to these problems. The
conference decided that the pri-
mary function of ACE was to call
together conferences and to act
as a clearing house.
The conference held here Mon-
day included representatives from
the Big Ten universities, the Uni-
versity of Chicago, Wayne State
University and the Tuskegee In-
stitute. It was called at the sug-
gestion of Hobart Taylor, execu-

tive vice-chairman of President
John F. Kennedy's Committee on
Equal Employment Opportunity.
Taylor also attended the confer-
"Both 'conferences identified
many of the same problems,"
Heyns said.
The most basic problem is that
of dropouts-preventing the loss
of students who drop out of school
and who never go on to college,
graduate or professional schools.
"This problem involves working
with high school teachers, coun-
selors, principals, parents, em-
ployers and indeed the whole so-
ciety," Heyns said.

If these students are to go on
to get more education, then the,
problem arises of providing the
financial support they will need.
Another problem facing institu-
tions is providing the remedial
education they need at both the
high school and college levels.
Respected Positions
Finally, job opportunities in
positions of honor and respect
must be provided -now so that
Negro youth will see the possibili-
ties that exist.
"One of the real troubles is that
Negro youth has serious doubts
that there is any real advantage
in getting a college education,"
Heyns said.

May Block,
Reform Bill
But Majority Leader
Sees Little Chance
Of Bottleneck There
Key income, sales, intangible
and property tax proposals in Gov.
George Romney's fiscal reform
program were sent to the Senate
Appropriations Committee yester-
day where they face an uncertain
The move, forced by opponents
of: Romney's program, gives the
appropriations committee t h e
chance to rewrite the major ele-
ments of Romney's tax program or
kill them altogether.
The measures were part of 61
bills sent back to the Senate floor
Thursday after the Senate taxa-
tion committee discharged all tax
bills without comment.
Although the committee con-
tains Senate Majority leader Stan-
ley G. Thayer (R-Ann Arbor),
Romney's most influential Senate
supporter, it also contains four
conservative GOP senators who
have not committed themselves on
the program and two Democrats
vocally opposed to Romney's in-
come proposals.
Two Other Moderates
The 10-member committee also
contains two other GOP moderates
who can be counted as supporting
Romney's program and one un-
committed Democrat.
Six votes are needed to move
any measure to the floor.
The personal - corporate - finan-
cial institution income tax pack-
age, the repeal of the intangi-
bles tax and the sales tax on food
and prescription drugs and the 20
per cent rebate on local school
taxes are among the measures.
They were sent to the appro-
priations committee when Sena-
tors Philip A. Rahoi (R-Iron
Mountain) and Stanley F. Rozy-
cki (D-Detroit) pointed out Mon-
day that these measures include
redistribution of general fund rev-
enues which under normal Senate
rules must be approved by the
appropriations committee.
This move came when Romney's
program as part of 61 bills were
on the calendar for "general
orders" consideration.
Thayer Agreed
After a Senate GOP caucus yes-
terday, Thayer agreed to the move
and to send the rest of the bills-
especially those dealing with prop-
erty assessment-back to the taxa-
tion committee. He had held up
action when it was originally
sprung upon the Senate Monday
Thayer predicted that there will
be little chance that the bills
will be blocked in committee.
"There are still problems, to be
sure, but they are problems which
will occur on the Senate floor," he
He said that this arrangement
will allow both the taxation and
appropriations committee to con-
sider possible amendments thor-
In the House, Rep. Arthur Cart-
wright (D-Detroit) temporarily
shelved a move to force all tax
bills out of the House Taxation
Committee, as fellow Democrat
Sen. Charles Blondy (D-Detroit)
did last Tr day in heS nat.
No War
Cartwright explained that Sen-
ate maneuvering had caused him
to change his mind. "We don't
want to have a war on both sides
of the Legislature," he explained.
He said he will wait as long as
tax legislation moves smoothly.
Meanwhile, Romney's program
gained important but limited sup-
port from the Chrysler Corp. and

the state Chamber of Commerce.
Chrysler was the first of the three
major auto companies to abandon
a neutral position.
Auto company lobbyists have
been blamed for the defeat of for-
mer Gov. John B. Swainson's fiscal
reform efforts. Atty. Gen. Frank
Kelley blasted Ford and Chrysler.
lobbyists in a report last Septem-
ber as major causes of Swainson's
legislative demise.

Heyns Tells Exchange Plans
For U', Tuskegee Faculty
"We hope to start an exchange of faculty with the Tuskegee
Institute by next fall," Vice-President for Academic Affairs Roger
W. Heyns said yesterday.
This program will begin with an analysis by both institutions of
areas in which visiting faculty members would be most beneficial.
Plans for student exchange have not gone as far as those for
faculty exchange, he said.
"Both the University and Tuskegee are interested in student
exchange where it will help not only students but the educational
program of the two institutions. "
We are convinced that the pri-
mary value of student exchange is fines Dekes
educational and not social or po-
litical," Heynssaid. .F r V nl n . o
.10 srngunFror L ho LIEn


PTP To Feature Four Plays

Wyatt of the

psychology depart-I

NASA Reviews
Space Center
By The Associated Press

The Professional Theatre Program will present a "Play of the
Month" series, featuring touring theatrical companies performing for
one night in Hill Aud.
This year's series will feature four plays: "Brecht on Brecht,"
"The Hollow Crown, A Royal Entertainment," "A Man for All
Seasons" and "A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum."
"We are trying to complement the productions by the Association
of Producing Artists with the Play of the Month series. The APA
is leaning more to classical dramas this year; hence the Play of
the Month productions are more contemporary."
"Brecht on Brecht." appearing Nov. 25, will feature Lotte Lenya,

To Bring Choir
The two institutions will try to
bring the Tuskegee choir up to
this campus, perhaps sometime in
The University and Tuskegee
have already begun work on other
areas of their joint cooperative
effort. Tuskegee faculty members
were on campus Monday to estab-
lish contacts with University fac-
ulty to discuss research programs
and staff needs.
Joint Research
Both institutions are exploring
the possibility of a program of re-
search on race relations rather
than outlining specific projects at
this time. Heyns said.

'U, Regulations,
Interfraternity Council last
night found Delta Kappa Epsilon
fraternity guilty of violating Uni-
versity regulations which prohibit
the presence of alcoholic beverages
in a house and the presence of
women in non-communal areas.
The violations took place at a
registered party Oct. 12.'
IFC fined the chapter $300 and
placed it on social probation until
the end of the semester. The so-
cial probation and $150 of the
fine were suspended pending no
further violations.


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