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August 27, 1963 - Image 38

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1963-08-27

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

THE MIC IGEil I DAi'Y

..HE M . .i a. JEcaN sa _AL 1UD X AQS Z,16

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DIVERSIFICATION:
'U' Research Influences State Economic Growth

(Continued from Page 1)

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many students are without a text for two or three weeks.
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spends $900,000 annually in state
funds to encourage research and
the development of research=
oriented industries..
Match-Maker
IST's main role as an economic
stimulator is to serve as match-
maker between research facilities
and industry. One of its. major
divisions helps cmpanies with re-
search problems find facilities to
solve them
The University is making a
valiant effort to act as an inter-
face between the industrial and
economic community," Prof James
T. Wilson of the geology depart-
ment, IST acting-director; said.
1ST is also the largest single re-
search unit, handling $10 million
-approximately 30 per cent--of
the University's sponsored re-
search.
Divide Functions
T h e institute is ┬▒informally
broken down into two functions.
While one concerns the aiding
state industries in research, the
other area carries out thenearly
$9 million of sponsored research
a year..
The institute is divided into 14
research sections: acoustics and
seismics, analog computer, bio-
physics, computation, counter-

measures, engineering psychology,
glacial geology and polar research,
Great Lakes research, infrared.
navigation and ,guidance, opera-
tions research, radar, sensory sub-
systems and solid state physics.
As the main conductor of spon-
sored research IST is the main
conductor defense research at the
University. The major effort cost-
ing $ million- a year is Project
Michigan. This project is studying
and divising means for long-range
detection of military targets.
IST Work
Other areas of IST's defense
work include aerospace instru-
mentation, air defense, electronic
countermeasures and seismic de-
tections of nuclear explosions.
Must of the defense-oriented re-
search has civilian applications.
Such projects include aircraft
navigation, aids and air traffic
control, application of technical
surveillance or remote sensing de-
vices to the earth sciences, arms
control and disarmament meas-
ures and maser and laser research
and application.
Begun after World War II as
an alumni-sponsored project for
applying nuclear energy to peace-
ful purposes, the Memorial-Phoe-
nix Project has a nuclear reactor
which is used in varied nuclear

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experiments in the physics and
medical areas.
ORA Staff
The Office of Research Admin-
istration is the contract adminis-
tration staff of tie vice-president
for research. It administers spon-
sored research, providing program
and proposal development services
for researchers.
ORA also .deas with the federal
government in obtaining contracts
and maintains bookkeeping rec-
ords. It also handles personnel and
security services.for research fa-
cilities.
Lastly, it provides administra-
tive services, such as typing and
releasing reports for .researchers.
The day to day financial affairs
of research are handled by the
Sponsored Research Business 'Off-
ice of the vice-president in charge
of business and finance. This off-
ice also 'provides special services,
among them a travel office for re-
search personnel.
Researchers Role
The content of the research lies
with the researcher and the unit
he works for.
With constant increase in the
amount spent on research, Uni-
versity facilities hive also grown.
The complex has attracted several
federal facilities. The Commercial
Fisheries Bureau has for a long
time maintained research facilities
at the University. It is now joined
by a Public Health Service water
pollution research center. Both
are buildingsnew facilities on
North Campus.
After World War II, the federal
government sold Willow Run Air-
port to the University for $1. Most
defense research is conducted
there and IST is centered there.
Capital Funds
The federal government has also
provided capital outlay funds for
research buildings. Among those
under construction, at least par-
tially financed by the government
are the Buhl Human Genetics
Bldg. and the Research Bldg. on
North Campus
Besides the IST and government
sponsored projects, the University
has a number of other research
centers.
ISR, MHRI
Tle Institute for Social Re-
search and the Mental Health Re-
search Institute are located near.
the Medical center. The social re-+
search unit is divided into the
Survey Research Center and the1
Research Center for Group Dy-
namics.
The SRC is considered by many.

CYCLOTRON-University researchers study one of two University
cyclotrons used in determining the basic structure of the atom.
One of the most recent additions to University facilities is a $3
million Cyclotron building housing the two instruments.

experts to be the best organiza-
tion in thevcountry for its sample-
study surveys of political, social
and economic patterns. In par-
ticular itssurveys of voter atti-
tudes have 1been acclaimed for
their consistent accuracy.
Group behavioral patterns and
the interaction of individuals with-
in a grouprare the main centers
of study for the RCGD.
Mental Illness
Occupying its own building since
1960, the Mental Health Research
Institute studies the basic factors
of mental illness, mainly by test-
ing the actions and reactions of
human and animal brains.,
The Institute for Industrial
Health, the Institute of Public Ad-
ministration, the area centers
(studying linquistic and .cultural
aspects of countries in the Near,
Middle and Far East), the Center
for Study of Higher Education. the
Institute for Human Adjustment,
the Legislative Research Center
and the Statistical Research Lab-
oratory all disseminate. to public
officials relevant research findings
and, indirectly, strive to enhance
the University's image as a public
service institution.
Underneath the bustle and ser-
iousness of all 'the research that

goes on, lies the question of
whether forces professors to ne-
glect. the student. 'The faculty
member may be disturbed by 'this
problem along with the fact that
the a.cademic community some-
times rewards good research more
than it does good instruction.
Indirect Costs
Research also poses a problem
for the University in that of its
indirect costs. The University has
been having a problem in keeping
down these indirect (facilities)
costs which are often only partial-
ly or not at all included in re-
search grants. Often these costs
amount to as much as 30 per cent
of the direct (salary and equip-
ment) cost of the project.
Whether research will consume
an even greater proportion of the
academic effort of students and
faculty, no one knows. But there
is little doubt of its effect upon
the past 1t or 15 years at the
University, The complex of multi-
million dollar pjiects now stand
as physical evidence of the post-
war campus'revolution toward the
subject.
Today yesearch has indeed taken
its place along with academic in-
struction as a prime function of
the University.

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ELECTRONICS-A University researcher adjusts a dial in the,
complex collection of electronic instruments now used in physics
research. Instruments range from cyclotrons to computers.

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