THE MICHIGAN DAILY
South A fricans Rebuffed
In Two UN Proceedings
UNITED NATIONS OP)--The big Afro-Asian bloc rammed a reso-
lution through the United Nations special political committee late
yesterday demanding that-South Africa call off the trial of a group of
African nationalists charged with plotting armed revolt.
It sought their immediate freedom.
By a vote of 87 to 1 with 9 abstentions the committee approved
what amounted to a sharp rebuff of an earlier plea in the 111-nation
Assembly by Gerhard Jooste, South African foreign affairs secretary,
for a fresh United Nations look at his country's racial problems.
SECOND NOBEL AWARD:
Pauling Receives Peace Priz
Romney Alters Proposal
Fo. OdAge Deferrals
LANSING-Gov. George Rom-
ney's original old age property tax
deferral plan has ben criticized by
many senior citizens on thea
grounds that it was too harsh. ,
Consequently, the governor has
proposed a new plan.
In the new plan the state will
collect deferred amounts from.
some senior citizens plus five per'
cent interest, -to be taken from
their estates after they 'die.'
Some' of the amendments in-
clude changing the ten year resi-
dency limit to five years, extend-
See Related Story, Page 8
ing deferment to two - family
homes, eliminating the section
which prohibits the beneficiaries
from owning any real property and
no longer requiring that the bene-
ficiary be a eitizen of the United
It is a strong probability in the
proposed changes that the sur-
viving spouse of a senior citizen
who had been receiving tax de-
ferments will . automatically be-
come a beneficiary, regardless of
whether he or she meets the pre-
vious requirefnents, Romney's le-
gal aide, Richard C. Van Dusen,
The senior citizens, however, are
still upset about the proposal be-
cause they feel it wouldn't be fair
for the govrnment to cut into their
estate, thereby depriving their
children of full inheritance.
The governor feels, onthe oth-
er hand, that it would be very un-
fair to place the complete income
tax burden pn the regular taxpay-
Asks New Concepts
In Space Regulations
By The Associated Press
MOSCOW - Premier Nikita S.
Khrushchev yesterday sent mes-
sages to President John F. Ken-
nedy and Prime Minister Harold
Macmillan calling for a settle-
ment of six familiar international
issues that he said would clear a
way for general disarmament.
Moscow Radio reported Khrush-
chev's message marked the com-
ing to force of the East-West lim-
ited nuclear test ban treaty signed
(The historic treaty, banning
nuclear weapons testing except
beneath the surface of the earth,
officially went into effect at 1
Khrushchev described the trea-.
ty as a significant event in the life
of the world.
But Khrushchev said the treaty
"does not solve the main interna-
tional problem of our age, it does
not remove the danger of war."
"It is now necessary, and our
government has expressed itself in
favor of it, to develop the success
"Among them are the strength-
ening of security in Europe, the
conclusion of non-aggression pacts
between NATO and the Warsaw
Pact countries, the formation of
nuclear-free zones in various, parts
of the world, the prevention of a
further spread of nuclear weap-
ons, banning the putting into orbit
of space vehicles with nuclear
weapons on board, measures to
prevent surprise attacks and a
number of other steps."
WASHINGTON (P)--Soviet For-
eign Minister Andrei A. Gromyko
met with President John F. Ken-
nedy yesterday and reported after-
ward that "both' sides expressed,
willingness to broaden the field of
questions on which understanding
Gromyko, who spent about two
hours with Kennedy, added that
both sides "expressed willingness
and readiness to work" toward
widening the area of East-West
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South Africa boycotted the com-
The resolution will be presented
today to the Assembly, where it
has more than enough support to
assure its approval by the required
The move had been forecast by
Diallo Talli of Guinea, a spokes-
man for the new African nations,
who told the Assembly the plea
came from a "hangman regime."
The resolution asked condemna-
tion of South Africa for allegedly
failing to comply with previousI
UN resolutions calling for an endi
to imprisonment of persons oppos-'
ing South Africa's racial segrega-
Reports reaching the United Na-
tions said that the 11 African
nationalists were indicted in Pre-
toria. The resolution asked South'
Africa to abandon "the arbitrary
trial now in progress and give the
defendants their "unconditional
The political party organizations
in Michigan's 18 congressional dis-
tricts will remain intact until Au-
gust, State Attorney General
Frank Kelley ruled yesterday.
Kelley's opinion followed a
Wayne County Circuit Court re-
straining order preventing a se-
lect Republican committee from
choosing new State Central Com-
mittee members in the six Wayne
State Republican officials are
expected to seek legislation in the
Legislature's current special ses-
sion to clarify party structure
problems stemming from the new
congressional redistricting law
passed last June.
This law made no provision for
geographic changes in party orga-
nizations when it created 19 new
districts from the 18 old ones.
Kelley said that the full impact
of the redistricting law would not
come until the first election of
congressmen in the 19 new dis-
tricts in November, 1964.
Democrats, in an effort to hold
their district organizations togeth-
er, have scheduled informal con-
ventions in the new outstate dis-
Republican State Chairman Ar-
thur G. Elliott said Republican.
leaders would meet this week in
an effort to mesh informal new-
district organizations with old par-
WASHINGTON (A) - United
States officials busily paved the
way yesterday for American wheat
dealers to sell to Russia and So-
viet satellite nations.
That the Russians want the
United States wheat, which Presi-
dent John F. Kennedy announced
Wednesday they may buy, was
confirmed by Soviet Foreign Min-
ister Andrei A. Gromyko. Embark-
ing on a round of talks, the Soviet
official told newsmen:
"We're going to buy it. The
United States is going to sell."
Gromyko declined to comment
further on the arrangement.
The Russian people were told of
the deal quickly by their own gov-
ernment. Moscow Radio yesterday
morning broadcast President Ken-
nedy's decision and said he had
"emphasized the interest of the
United States in the sale."
With United States wheat deal-
ers apparently working quietly to
prepare for the transaction, there
came a demand from shipping un-
ions that President Kennedy nail
down specifically a policy that
United States ships carry most of
There still was considerable con-
fusion about exactly how much
wheat Russia and her East Euro-
pean satellites might seek to buy.
An estimate of four million tons
-about 130 million bushels-de-
sired by next April 30 was men-
tioned by Commerce Secretary
In the Senate, Sen. Allen J. El-
lender (D-La) said he 'under-
stands Russia will buy about $250
million in wheat and the other
countries $50 million to $60 mil-
By The Associated Press
OSLO-Dr. Linus Pauling, long
a foe of nuclear tests leading to
fallout, won the Nobel Peace Prize
The crusading Californian, a
center of controversy in his own
country, thus became a two-time
winner of Nobel awards.
The brilliant research scientist
from the California Institute of
Technology was awarded the No-
bel Prize for chemistry in 1954. He
is the second individual to win two
Nobel prizes, sharing that honor
with Mrs. Marie Curie of radium
The Norwegian Nobel committee
announced Pauling will be given
the prize for 1962. An award for
that year never was announced.
The 1963 Peace Prize will be divid-
ed between the International Red
Cross Committee and the League
of Red Cross Societies.
The reason for the award will
be announced Dec. 10 when Paul-
ing receives the 257,219 kroner
($49,465) prize in a ceremony in
But a friend, Dr. Otto Bastian-
sen, professor of chemistry at Os-
lo University, mentioned Pauling's
campaign against testing.
"Pauling's greatest effort was
that he calculated the harmful
effects of radioactive fallout," he
said. "Ie also got other scientists
interested, and has created an
opinion against nuclear tests
among scientists all over the
"He also collected signatures on
a petition from scientists on both
sides of the Iron Curtain and ask-
ed the United Nations to make the
big powers stop the tests."
The signature campaign got
Pauling into hot water with the
Senate internal security subcom-
mittee in 1960. At the risk of con-
tempt of Congress, he refused to
name scientists who helped him get
the signatures. The subcommittee
accused him of "a consistent pro-
The professor has denied under
oath that he is a Communist. As
far back as 1950 he declared:
"This problem of an atomic war
must not be confused by minor
problems, such as Communism ver-
... two awards
TONIGHT at 7 and 9
due to unforeseen circumstances
we have been forced to
withdraw "A Night at the Opera"
for showing tonight.
Instead there will be a program of
"NIGHT AND FOG"
Abrilliant study of the horrors of a
Nazi concentration camp contrasted with
the peaceful countryside 10 years later.
NOTE: The Comedy Shorts will be!
shown first for families with children.
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By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON - The Defense
Department issued a draft call
yesterday for 13,000 men in De-
cember. All will be assigned to the
Army. The December quota is 4000
below the November call.
* * *
WASHINGTON - The Senate
Banking Committee approved yes-
terday a House-passed resolution
to authorize an additional $50 mil-
lion in loans for the construction
of housing for elderly persons.
SANTO DOMINGO-The Do-
minican Republic provisional re-
gime hopes to restore constitu-
tional government within two
years, Dr. Ramon Tapia Espinal, a
member of the three-man civilian
junta, said yesterday. Tapia Espi-
nal did not specify a date for elec-
tions. The junta was set up by the
army after a military coup that
unseated President Juan Bosch
*i * *
WASHINGTON - The Senate
Finance Committee held its fifth
closed briefing session with con-
gressional staff experts on the $11-
billion tax-cut bill yesterday.
Public hearings begin Tuesday.
ALGIERS - President Ahmed
Ben Bella will fly to New York to
address the United Nations Oct.
18, government sources said yes-
terday. The information indicates
he hopes to settle the problem of
Berber dissidence in the Kabylie
mountains before that date.
HERSHEY, Pa. - Sen. Barry
Goldwater looked over the list of
potential Republican presidential
nominees last night, said former
Vice-President Richard M. Nixon
is on it and added that New York
Gov. Nelson Rockefeller has as
good a chance as anybody at the
San Francisco convention next
* *~ *
NEW YORK - Gov. Nelson A.
Rockefeller hit President John F.
Kennedy's handling of the Cuban
situation last night and said the
security of the Western Hemi-
sphere "has been seriously jeop-
NEW YORK-Stocks moved ir-
regularly higher in moderately ac-
tive trading on the American Stock
Exchange yesterday. The Dow
Jones industrial average for 30
industrials was up .73, 20 railroads
up .59, 15 utilities up .17 and the
65 stocks also up .41.
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