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October 05, 1963 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1963-10-05

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WHERE IS
SCIENCE nGOING?
See Editorial Page

G-

Sientr ujau
Seventy-Three Years of Editorial Freedom

&1113J

WARMING UP
High-75
Low--38
Fair and warmer
through tomorrow

VOL. LXXIV, No. 30 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 5, 1963 SEVEN CENTS

SIX PI

TAX HEARINGS:
Bursley Sees Fiscal Reform

*1

By STEVEN HALLER
One outcome of the public tax
hearings being held throughout the
state is that legislators are find-
ing "general acceptance of the
concept of fiscal reform," Rep.
Gilbert Bursley (R-Ann Arbor), a
member of the House Taxation
Committee, said yesterday.
Bursley noted that there had
been little argument on such mat-
ters as Gov. George Romney's pro-
posed state income tax package,
whereas there had been a great
deal of comment from such groups
as breweries, school superintend-
ents and senior citizens where spe-
cific points of the' fiscal program
were concerned.
Bursley explained that members
of both the House Taxation Com-
mittee, headed by Rep. James N.
,Folks (R-Horton) and the Senate
Taxation Committee, led by Sen.

4

Clyde, H. Geerlings (R-Holland),
have been "zig-zagging back and
forth across the state to provide
the most efficient coverage" of
what Geerlings has called "the
temper of the people" in the area
of fiscal reform.
Ceiling's the Limit
Such "expressions of attitudes"
as Geerlings has called for have
thus far been greatly in favor of
Romney's recent suggestion to add
a constitutionally set ceiling on
the income tax rate. This would
allow the Legislature to raise the
tax, if need be, only as high as
the limit. The public would then
be able to vote on any further tax
increase.
Romney has made it clear that
such a referendum would not be
allowed on the initial income tax
proposal, but only on increases
beyond the specified limit, which,

DEL TA COLLEGE:
Students Protest To O'Neil
For Vote Against College
By MARGE WITECKI
Students of Delta College Thursday made a 125-mile motorcade
trip to the home of State Board of Education member James O'Neil in
Livonia to protest his vote against establishing a privately chartered
senior college in the thumb area.
O'Neil explained his stand on' needed additions to higher educa-
tion in Midland, Saginaw and the Bay City area and announced
that he is meeting Tuesday night in Bay City with members of the
community to present his views. "There is a real need for both a four

would probably be set at abou
four-f ive per cent. Such an amend.
ment to the governor's plan woul
allow for future growth in th
state, Bursley said.
He added that coupled to succ
ceiling would probably be a stipu
lation that the corporation income
tax wouldnever be more than on
and one-half the personal tax rate
Non Sequitor
However, Bursley pointed ou
that raising the tax ceiling doe
not necessarily mean raising the
tax itself. In effect, it gives the
legislators a set of boundarie
within which to work, he explain-
ed.
Much of the tax controversy in
the Wayne County area has cen-
tered around Romney's proposal te
split Detroit's income tax between
that city and the surrounding sub-
urbs, thus costing Detroit $11-13
million. Bursley noted that there
have been numerous suggestions
aimed toward improving this sit-
uation without going against the
tax split.
He explained that Detroit would
be able to make up the deficit
without a great deal of trouble if
some new source of revenue could
be found for Wayne County, so
that county could pay off the $11-
12 million they now owe Detroit.
Third Option Needed
"Romney's auto registration fee
wouldn't help the county much in
this respect, as it will go into the
highway fund and won't release
any funds for the general govern-
ment. Besides this levy and the
real estate transfer tax, we must
find a third option.
"Personally, I recommend that
the counties be granted the option
to reinstate a small portion of the
sales tax that Romney's proposal
removes from groceries. If Wayne
County reinstates one per cent of
the tax, this will bring in about $8
million, which, coupled with the
other two county revenue sources,
will enable Wayne County to pay
off its debt to Detroit."
Although Geerlings has pro-
posed that there be an optional
one per cent county income tax
instead of a statewide tax, Bursley
noted that there has not been a
great deal of support for that idea
thus far and "I don't think there
will be much support for it in the
Legislature, either."
Good Idea
Bursley praised the governor's
plan to exempt persons over 65
from the property tax, with the bill
being paid to the state from the
estate following the senior 'citi-
zen's death. Although many elder-
ly people have come out against
the idea of passing the tax debt
on to their children, Bursley term-
ed this statement a "red herring."
He noted that most of the per-
sons who spoke out against the
plan at the committee hearings
were "members of the United Auto
Workers or some union of retired
employes"
"The heirs would not be treated
any differently under the gover-
nor's proposal than they are now.
The state's tax claim would not
hold against the general estate,
but only against the property. Fur-
thermore, certain provisions could
be worked out to handle widows
and hardship cases," he pointed
)ut.

Cites Loan Rise1
By JEAN TENANDER
The number of National Defense Education Act loans ap-
plied for at the University has increased markedly since the tui-
tion hike two years ago.
Walter B. Rea, assistant to the vice-president for student
affairs and director of financial aids, said that although in part
the increase in loan applications was a result of the tuition raise,
the general rise in the cost of living and the price of education
has also played a significant role in the loan increase.
The number of scholarships in the individual schools and
colleges have also been added to in an effort to compensate for
the increase in tuition, Rea said.
Combination
According to Rea, a trend toward more emphasis on "combi-
nation scholarships" has developed in recent years as a result
of the benefits made available by the NDEA loans.
Most of the NDEA loans are awarded to freshmen. Along
with the loan goes the promise of a job in the students area of
concentration. After their freshman year the students carrying t
an NDEA loan can apply to their individual schools for scholar-
ships. This does not prevent them from seeking a further NDEA
loan if necessary.1
Rea pointed out that giving the NDEA loans primarily to
freshmen rather than to upper classmen was an attempt to give'
students a chance to enter college and the opportunity to estab-
lish themselves in a position where they may be able to receive t
scholarships later on in their academic life.>
Not Long Term
Because the University does not have money to tie up in
long term loans, it has to rely on short term loans and grants, r
Rea noted. Many of the loans the University can offer are re-
stricted to certain fields of study. In some cases the restriction
on the money is so stringent that even if there is no student who
fills the loan's qualifications the money cannot be transferred
to another student.
ARAB LANDS
A igers Revolt Spreads
By The Associated Press1
ALGIERS-A revolt by Berbers of the Kabylie mountains against.
President Ahmed Ben Bella's government appeared to be spread-V
ing yesterday across predominantly Arab territory.t
Antigovernment guerrilla units were reported forming south and
southwest of Algiers, threatening security of the highways.
Army sources and -European travelers said guerrillas have setC
up road controls near Cherchell, 50 miles southwest of Algiers. Theyb
told of growing unrest in thet .

DETROIT
I NAACP Pickets Bank
By The Associated Press
More than a dozen Negroes participating in a sit-in at a down-
town Detroit bank yesterday were carried out of the building on
stretchers when they ignored police orders to leave.
More than 30 pickets marched in front of the main office of
First Federal Savings of Detroit but were not bothered by police.
The Detroit branch of the National Association for the Advance-
ment of Colored People called the demonstration to enforce its de-
mand that "First Federal discontinue its racial discriminatory prac-
tices against Negroes in employment and the negotiation of home
loans."
Meanwhile, police carried limp sit-in demonstrators from the
Jefferson Bank and Trust Co. of St. Louis, Mo., yesterday while'
members of the Congress off

Chicago School Hea(
Resigns Post in Protes
Against Integrationist

PROF. LEONARD ZAMISKA
... discusses church art

Oleneki Cites
}Church Art
"Things that could be used for
the greater glory of God cannot
be used in this way because they
have been commercialized, 'Prof.
Edward V. Olencki of the archi-
tecture college said last night in
a fireside chat at the Newman
Club.
Art should "inspire the wor-
shiper to identify and. use the
imagery as an intermediary to
God," Prof. Leonard W. Zamiska,
also of the architecture college,
noted.
Both professors were panelists
in a discussion entitled, "Church
Art-Good or Bad-Does ;t Mat-
ter?"
Not Reflect Spirit
The reason why many Catholic
churches in America fail to re-
flect the spirit of the times is be-
cause people do not want them to
reflect that spirit. .
Prof. Olencki said that people's
tastes have not been developed
and so "dime store art goes by
the name of religious art."
Church building in Europe, es-
pecially in Germany, has devel-
oped more along liturgical lines
because Europe is more progres-
sive, he commented.
Medieval
Prof. Zamiska contrasted the
medieval attitude toward archi-
tecture and art as a means of ed-
ucation with a more modern view.
"Church art is all too preoc-
cupied with visual aids," he coi-
mented. "It needs a lot of exam-
ining. What is it all for?"
Protestant View
Rt. Rev. Msgr. John F. Brad-
ley, Newman Club chaplain, call-
ed the chapel a "very good ex-
ample of Protestant view of the
Catholic relationship with the
Mother of God." Msgr. Bradleys
said the chapel was designed by-
Protestant architects from the1
School of Architecture
t<. - aars,,1 - tra sh a

Kyear institution plus a two-year
community college in the Tri-
County area, O'Neil said yesterday.
Two Goals
A community college fulfills two
objectives; according to O'Neil. It
must both provide academic pro-
grams beyond the high school lev-
el and technical-terminal appren-
tice training.
"A two-year senior college at
Delta will not provide technical-
vocational programs, one of the
greatest needs in our state educa-
tional system," O'Neil told the stu-
dents.
The plan he will present to
school officials, civic leaders and
Delta's president and board chair-
man Tuesday night asks for a com-
mittee to take positive action
which would establish a four-year
college within two or three years
in addition to the existing Delta
Community College,
Clarifies Position
President of the Delta student
council, George De Witt, stated
after the visit that "although Mr.
O'Neil hasn't changed his original
position, it has been greatly clari-
fied."
When asked if he would change
his vote in the event that the
state attorney general's office es-
tablishes the legality of the pri-
vate charter plan, O'Neil replied
to the students that he would be
obligated to do so.
However, if it is decided that the,
Board can consider implications of
the plan on the entire college sys-
tem, O'Neil will again vote no to
the private charter plan.
Supporters Raise Funds
Supporters of the private senior
college have raised $250,000, have
pledges for another $250,000
O'Neil also expressed concern to
the students that as of yet they
do not have even an accredited
junior college in the Thumb area.
When Delta opened its doors and
Bay City Junior College closed in
1961, accreditation by the North
Central Association was not trans-
ferred.
New School
Oscar Anderson, chairman of
Delta's Board of Trustees, said
yesterday that the NCA consid-
ered Delta a new institution which
caused a two year waiting period
although much of Bay City's fac-
ulty and administration became
part of the new school.
Now that the two years are over,
Anderson said that an investigat-
ing team can be requested to visit
the campus.
Anderson also commented that
a successful "co-op" program in
the vocational fields is operating
at Delta right now.
CIA. Recalls
Riclhardsoni
WASHINGTON (A) - John H.
Richardson, chief of the CIA oper-
ation in South Viet Nam, is being
recalled to Washington, it was re-
ported last night.
The stated purpose of bringing
tha C~rn,- Tntalliapna Ac - r

mountain areas near Medea, Te-
niet-El-Haad and Orleansville.
According to some reports, 2000
armed guerrillas have assembled
near Teniet-El-Haad, about 150
miles southwest of the capital.
Antigovernment sentiments
have been evident before in the
area. The Berber dissidence in the
Kabylie mountains, east of Al-
giers, evidently helped to spark
unrest there.
The nerve center of the grow-
ing antigovernment a c t i v i t y
southwest of the capital was re-
ported near Duperre and Tizi-
Franco, south of the Cherchell
mountains. Duperre is 62 miles
from Algiers.
The antigovernment front of
socialist forces has threatened to
spread the Berber revolt to all of
Algeria. The command of the dis-
sident forces set up in the Kaby-
lie mountain town of Michelet has
established contact with opposi-
tion emissaries from other parts
of the nation.
Meanwhile, reports from Kaby-
lie spoke ofcno progress in Ben
Bella's peace overtures to the.
rebels.
Rebel Military Leader Col. Mo-
hand Ou El Hadj, told newsmen
that "our stand is unchanged-
Ben Bella must beoverthrown."

Racial Equality marched outside.
They were protesting alleged job
discrimination.
At Americus, Ga., a Superior
Court judge yesterday denied a
defense attorney's motion for re-
lease of three 'Student Non-Vio-
lent Coordinating C o m m i t t e e
workers facing charges which
carry the death penalty.
Judge T. 0. Marshall turned
down a writ of habeus corpus
filed by Albany attorney C. B.
King on behalf of SNCC field
workers Don Harris, Ralph Allen
and John Perdew. They are held
without bond on state charges of
'attempting to incite insurrec-
tion," a capital offense which car-
ries a possible death penalty.
In other action the Mormon
Church, which teaches t h a t
Negroes are cursed by God, was
threatened yesterday w i t h a
peaceful Negro demonstration at
its historic headquarters in Salt
Lake City.
Negro leaders told officials of
the Church of Jesus' Christ of
Latter-Day Saints la"st night the
picketing was likely unless they
meet certain demands.
They asked the church. to sup-
port President John F. Kennedy's
civil rights program, support civil
rights legislation in Utah and en-
dorse "the principle of equality
of opportunity for all Americans."
Jackie Robinson; the Negro who
broke the color barrier in major
league baseball, agreed in New
York City yesterday to s ek more
white employes for the lunch
counter chain whose personnel he
directs.

I
I
I
I
C
C

AHMED BEN BELLA
... facing revolt

FROM BLUES TO DIXIE:
Hirt.'s Sweet Sextet S

Official of Ford Foundation
Ch arges Professors 'Lazy.
A top Ford Foundation official has charged that professors are
hostile to changes in education, particularly those which diminish
their role, the Detroit News reported yesterday.
Alvin C. Eurich, vice-president for the Fund for the Advancement
of Education, supported by the Ford Foundation, termed the college
professor "hidebound, lazy, inefficient, egocentric and dedicated to his
" own comfort" in a speech before
the American Council of Educa-
tion..
Eurich noted that the Ford
O ff Foundation has spent over $60
o und s million on improvements in edu-
cation, but that even successful
experimental programs are often
abandoned once the Ford money
runs out.
No Support
Citing television teaching as an
example, Eurich complained that
the very-successful "Continental
Classroom"-a nationwide televi-
sion teaching experiment-was al-
lowed "to wither and die when
foundation support was removed."
Calling on professors "to cast
:- aside traditional notions of teach-
ing that are unsupported by fact,".
Eurich urged that teachers aban-
don their hostile feelings toward
change and work toward the im-1
provement of new , educational
techniques.a
Eurich interpreted the resistance
to change as an outgrowth of "the
notoriously conservative traditions
of the academic world and the
comfort of following the same old
ineffective teaching methods." j
Value Research More
By using old methods, the pro-
fessor saves himself time for re-1
search and writing "which are val-
ued more highly in promotions and
salary."
In addition, Eurich noted that1
nce to two bubbling hours last faculties are not interested in be-1
ing more efficient. "They have
tet rangd1 thronvh his nnn-- .4.,-.4

View Opinion
About Rights
By RAYMOND HOLTON
Pros and cons were voiced yes-
terday by state legislators and a
University professor on the pro-
posed Civil Rights Commission in
light of State Attorney General
Frank J. Kelley's ruling Thursday
vesting all enforcing power of
civil rights with the state.
Prof. William J. Pierce of the
Law School explained that the
commission, as proposed under the
new constitution, "has the power
to investigate alleged discrimina-
tion in areas of civil rights pro-
hibited by law or the constitution.
"A question remains about
which areas are under the juris-
diction of the commission," Prof.
Pierce said.
Ruling Area
He was referring to Kelley's
previous ruling . which claimed
that the commission had power
to rule over such cisvil rights areas
as employment, housing and edu-
cation. Doubt has been expressed
by certain state leaders as to the
accuracy of Kelley's decision.
However, Rep. Lloyd Gibbs (R-
Portland) complained that the
"whole matter of civil rights has
been taken completely out of the
Legislature's hands and placed in
a body which serves the gover-
nor's pleasure."
The eight-man bipartisan com-
mission has already been appoint-
ed by Gov. George Romney.
Authority
"The commission," he charged,
"can tell Michigan citizens what
to do with 'there property. The
only way wecan make decisions
on civil rights more effective is
to make it subject to the will of
the people and amend the- pro-
posal which created the powers
of the commission."
Both Gibbs and Prof. Pierce
agreed that the Legislature does
have power of the purse over the
commission. "The Legislature ap-
propriates operating funds to the;
commission and, therefore has,
signficant power ,over the com-
mission's effectiveness."
He compared the .commission1
to a police department because
both need enough personnel,
which costs money, to carry out
their enforcement policy.f
Effective Way
Meanwhile, Sen. Garry E. Brown
(R-Schoolcraft) said the commis-
sion as drawn up in the consti-
tution has capacity to handle civil
rights problems effectively.
"The benefit of the civil rights
commission is not in its ability to
handle the club of enforcement,r
but rather in its conciliatory ca-<
pacity.
Staebler Says
M~ay Seek Post'x
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON-Congressman-
at-Large Neil Staebler (D-Ann
Arbor) has given indication that
he may run for governor next
year,
Staebler said that he will enterc
the race if former Gov. John B.a
Swainson does not declare him-a
self a candidate by Jan. 1.P
Swainson noted last week thatt
he would have announced his in-
tentions by that date.1
Staebler explained that "if a0

After Notice
From Court
Refuses To Carry Out
School Transfer Plan
To End Discrimination
By The Associated Press
CHICAGO - Benjamin C. wu-
lis resigned yesterday his post as
superintendent of Chicago's schood
system under pressure brought by
demands of racial integrationists.
The big, gray-haired administra-
tor said a court decision ordering
him to implement a "discrimina-
tory and preferential" program of
school transfers left him only
two other alternatives.
"I would, were I to continue, be
either in contempt of court each
day I refused to comply with the
order or I would sacrifice the in-
tegrity of the office of superin-
tendent of schools," he said.
Highest Paid
Willis, probably the highest paid
school administrator in the Unit-
ed States, disclosed that his let-
ter of resignation, asking to be
relieved of duties by Dec. 31, pref-
erably by Oct. 31, was written to
Clair M. Roddewig, school board
president, a week ago.
The letter protested against add-
ing two overcrowded high schools
-South Shore and Hyde Park-to
a list of nine .which Willis' staff
had designated as open to receive
gifted students asking transfers
from other high schools.
Willis said he agreed the follow-
ig day to withhold his resignation
pending reconsideration of the' list
by the regular board session Oct.9.
Back Superintendent
The letter cited a conclusion of
an administration study made 30
years ago that the school board
should not attempt execution of
policies, but back the superintend-
ent as the board's chief executive
officer in carrying them out.
Willis has been the target of
racial integrationists who have de-
manded his removal in demonstra-
tions this summer.
'Home Notes
Less T ension
WASHINGTON (P) - Britain's
foreign secretary, Lord Home, said
after a meeting with President
John F. Kennedy yesterday that
the, atmosphere in East-West ne-
gotiations is better now than at
any time in the past three or four
years.
Home said one would "be opti-
mistic to say we are on the verge
of a detente" with the Soviets, if
that is defined as a settlement of
all outstanding issues.
But he told newsmen "we have
begun on that process" and anoth-
er East-West agreement-to bar
nuclear weapons in space-should
be "worked out quite quickly."
Agree in Principle
Agreement in principle on such
a ban was announce'd Thursday
in New York. It may seem modest
in scope, Home said, but it does
represent "a tendency in the right
direction."
Home, who spent more than an
hour with Kennedy, said "the Rus-
sians want agreement," at least in
some areas.
Kennedy received from Home a
report of the British official's "im-
pressions of what has gone on in
New York" in three-way talks in-
volving Home, Secretary of State
Dean Rusk and Soviet Foreign
Minister Andrei Gromyko.

Discuss
Home, in response to questions,
said Britain will begin to join in'
discussions about the possible cre-
ation of a multi-nation, nuclear-
armed missile force within the
North Atlantic Treaty Organiza-
tion.
He said it is too early to say
how such a force might emerge,
or whether Britain would partici-

1

TRIUMPHANT TRUMPETER-Al Hirt treated his Hill Aud. audien
night of music from modern dixie to classic blues. He and his sex

I.

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