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October 04, 1963 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1963-10-04

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See Editorial Page

S1ir t1

Da3 itl

Warming trend
through Saturday

Seventy-Three Years of Editorial Freedom


Brown In di
r~ r
Sees Possible Rift
Over Tribunal GroUP
Committee Might Want More Time
To Make Formal Study of Plan
Student Government Council President Thomas Brown, '66L, last
night raised the possibility that faculty members of the Committee on
Referral may have objections to parts of the SGC membership motion
passed Wednesday night.
According to the Council constitution, if the referral committee
wishes more time to study or file formal objection to the motion,
tit must request a stay of 14 days

cates Faculty

May Object to















Fair f

on Anti-Bias



... no implication
Cites Jails
The jails in Americus, Ga., are
"more like a prison of war than
anywhere else in the United
States," Fred Fechheimer, Grad,
said last night in summing up
his stay in Americus jails.
Fechheimer, in speaking before
the Student Nonviolent Co-ordin-
ating Committee and Voice Polit-
ical Party, described the five
days he spent in jail there last
summer on a charge of disturbing
the peace and how people arrest-
ed had suffered police brutality.
Fechheimer, who was alone in
his cell, described it as adequate.
But .fhe cell that was next to him,
which was theasame size as his,
held 40-50 Negroes, he said.
'Like Dogs'
"The Negroes were treated like
dogs there," Fechheimer said of
The Negro cell had a pipe of
running water that was the show-
er and one toilet that worked only
part of the time.
While in jail, he was allowed to
make two phone calls and at no
time could 'he get out on bail.
For two Aays the nature of his
crime was not even told to him.
The bail finally set was $200.
"There was a very noticeable
void in press coverage in both the
radio and newspapers. The only
thing I noticed was an article on
Chicago racial unrest and a few
inches on the Americus issue say-
ing a few people had been arrest-
ed," he said.
Arrest 200
During his five-day stay in jail
200 people were arrested, the
youngest being about nine years
old. Fechheimer said he saw
much violence by the Georgia
police. "The police had no re-
spect," Fechheimer concluded.
"The FBI can find no brutal-
ity in Americus because they are
working with the local authori-
ties," Fechheimer noted.
The spirit of the Negroes both-
ered the police, he said. The fact
that SNCC workers swept their
cells was unexplainable to the
whites there.
Strong Resentment I
Fechheimer found a strong re-
sentment toward the whites by the
Negroes in Georgia. They tended
not to trust even white SNCC
workers who had been with them
for almost a year.
About the only thing good that,
he saw has been done in Ameri-
cus that the SNCC has advocated
has been the integration of jail
Fechheimer explained that Don
Harris, Ralph Allen and John
prdue .who were arrested in'

by Tuesday.
Referral committee chairman
Prof. Joseph Rallenbach of the po-
litical science department noted
that his committee had discussed
the motion yesterday but "would
not take any official action at this
Advisory Capacity
The referral'- committee serves
only in an advisor, capacity to the
sole person vested veto authority
over the motion, Vice-President for
Student;Affairs James A. Lewis.
Brown said that an official ob-
jection may be raised because of
the committee's concern "that
Council would appoint someone be-
sides a student to the membership
The motion specifies that the
tribunal-which will hear and af-
fix penalties for alleged discrimi-
nation cases-must consist of at.
least two student members. It does
not specify who the chairman shall
Question Right
Faculty members on the refer-
ral committee have in the recent
past questioned Council's right
under its constitution to appoint
non-student members to Council
committees, Brown explained.
The Council constitution states
that one of Council's function is
to serve as an appointing body
"for the selection of members of
student committees."
Prof. Kallenb ch noted that
"there was some' question in our
minds in regard to one point
mentioned in the document." He
did not specify which point it was.
No Implication
Prof. Richard L. Cutler of the
psychology department and chair-
man of the faculty Student Re-
lations Committee said that it was
his understanding "that the reso-
lution which passed did not neces-
sarily imply the appointment of a
faculty member."
He went on to say that the mo-
tion "clearly did not imply the
appointment of a faculty member
as representative of the faculty."
As to the question of Council's
legality in appointing a faculty
member to its tribunal, Brown
said that precedent has set the
constitution's interpretation to
mean that students must do the
appointing but do not necessarily
have to be appointed.
He explained that Lewis had
participated in past discussions
of the Council's legality in this
matter and had not seemed op-
posed to a possible Council ap-
pointment of a faculty member to
its tribunal. Lewis had not vetoed
the motion as of publication time
last night-some nine hours be-
fore his deadline of 24 hours.
The referral committee's appeal
would extend Lewis' deadline to
veto 14 days.

Ministers Agree on Space Policy

big three foreign ministers wound
up their New York talks last night
announcing a policy agreement to
ban nuclear weapons from outer
Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei
Gromyko, United States Secretary
of State Dean Rusk and British
Foreign Secretary Lord Home
made the announcement after a
two-hour talk at headquarters of
the British United Nations delega-
Gromkyo said he hoped that a
conclusive agreement can be
Keppel Sees
An "emerging partnersilip" be-
tween the federal government
and America's colleges was noted
yesterday by Francis Keppel,
United States commissioner of
Because "we have not achieved
the degree of public concern pec-
essary to the task facing higher
education today and in the years
ahead," the colleges and govern-
ment mustwork together.
"The federal government will
help us to serve the national in-
terest by assisting in those im-
portant educational endeavors for
which local, state or private sup-
port is either lacking or is in-
Keppel did not talk about fed-
eral control but did call for a
"national sense of common pur-
He issues aywarning that ex-
treme diversity would weaken
higher education but the trend
now is the reverse of this.
There is a growing. number of
state co-ordinating bodies for
higher education, Michigan being
one of these.
In addition Keppel predicted
that "Congress will give the
American people a major program
in education" this year.
Part of this program is the new
medical facilities bill which pro-
vides $175 million for construc-
tion and loans to medical and
dental students.
Another bill which would pro-
vide up to $400 million worth of
college buildings , annually has
passed in different forms both the
House and the Senate.
Although Keppel favors passage
of the House bill he said that
either would make a "good" bill.

reached quickly and that he would
confer with President, John F.
Kennedy in Washington next
Continue Discussions
Gromyko added that discussions
on other disarmament matters will
be continued. He declined to say
where or-when.
British spokesman Michael Ha-
dow, in a statement on behalf of
the three delegation, said:
"The three foreign ministers
continued their discussion of the
questions which they have been
pursuing. They concentrated on
the possibilities of further move-
ment in the field of disarmament.
"Their discussions were not con-
clusive, but it was agreed that dis-
cussion on the matters should be
continued through the various
channels available.
'Near Future'
"With regard to the question of
nuclear weapons in orbit, it is clear
from the statements of Gromyko
and Kennedy in the General As-
sembly that there is agreement on
policy which it is hoped can be giv-
en appropriate form in the near
United States sources said it has
not yet been decided exactly what
form the declaration against or-
biting nuclear weapons would take.
At this point, they said, it looks
as if there would be a formalized
statement to which other nations
could subscribe when they gain
the technical ability to launch ob-
jects into orbit around the earth.
No Ratification
In such a form the declaration
presumably would not have to be
submitted to the United States
Senate for ratification as was the
limited nuclear test ban treaty.
The United States sources saw
no problem in policing a declara-
tion against orbiting atomic bombs
comparable to that required for
many other types of disarmament
They said the military sees no
military value in having a nuclear
weapon soaring about in space.
Therefore the purpose of an orbit-
ing mass destruction weapon
would be primarily psychological-
to threaten other nations-and to
do this the nation violating the
pledge would have to publicly an-
nounce it, it was explained.
No Place Set
There was no definite agreement
among the three foreign secretar-
ies on where and when the further
disarmament discussions should be
undertaken, altnough it was gen-
erally agreed that they would be

continued at places such as the
UN, the 18-nation Geneva Dis-
armament Conference and through
diplomatic channels.
These subjects were discussed in
this order last night, according to
United States sources: orbiting of
atomic weapons, a non-aggression
pact, reduction of military budg-
ets, observation posts, nuclear free
zones, prevention of the spread of
atomic weapons and nuclear weap-
ons disarmament.
Also both sides referred briefly
to their familiar positions on the
Berlin dispute.

The United States also warner
that adoption of Soviet amend
ments to a proposed UN declara
tion on racial discrimination migh
bring a negative vote on the en
tire declaration.
Mrs. Jane Warner Dick, Unite
States delegate in the social com
mittee, said use of such words a
"neo-fascist" suggested by the So
viet Union brought propaganda in
to the picture. She said also tha
the United States could not ac
cept an amendment declaring tha
each case of racial discriminatioi
is a threat to peace.

,DISCUSSION--Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko (left) of the
Soviet Union and Secretary, of State Dean Rusk continued discus-
sion yesterday of the proposed ban of nuclear weapons in outer
space. Talks will probably continue at a later date.
Rejects Use of Army
As Reform Instrument
WASHINGTON ()-Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara
told senators yesterday there is no plan "to utilize military personnel
as a method of social reform" to desegregate communities near mili-
tary b'ases.
But McNamara said if the efficiency of troops is affected by segre-
gation, "I think we should work with the community involved." He
said commanders have a responsibility to maintain combat readiness
and effectiveness. The defense chief made the comments at a Senate
'hearing in response to questions
by Sen. Strom Thurmond (D-SC)
who protested that military com-
manders had been directed by the
Pentagon to force segregation.
a'rk Changing Sentiment
Thurmond told McNamara: "You
want to be careful on this. In-
stead of increasing combat effec-
tiveness you are going to decrease
McNamara was before the Sen-
ate Armed Services Committee to,
{ press for restoration of multi-mil-
lion dol],ar cuts in a broad military
housing 'program. But the secre-
tary, just back from a special in-
vestigation of the Viet I am tur-
moil, was quizzed over a wide field
of defense subjects.
Criticizs Questionnaire

Civil Rights Power
Reserved for State
d Decision Replies to Detroit Questio
On Real Estate Sales Procedures
d State Attorney General Frank J. Kelley nullified An
- Arbor's fair'housing ordinance yesterday by ruling that citi
LS do not have any legal power under Michigan's new CoI
- stitution to pass ordinances relating to "the regulation an
t protection oT civil rights."
- All policing power in the area of civil rights is reserve
t for the state by the new constitution," Kelley said.
The ruling was made in response to a request from Re
Michael J. O'Brien (D-Detroit). One Detroit group wants a

"open occupancy" ordinance
which would prohibit discrim-
ination in real estate transactions
or rentals.
Seeks 'Rights'
An opposing group seeks "prop-
erty owner's rights" legislation
which would ban interference
with a "homeowner's right to dis-
pose of his property in any way
he sees fit."
The Michigan Civil Rights Com-
mission, created under the new
constitution, will probably be
granted power by the Legislature
to make rulings on civil rights
and conduct investigations which
will have the effect of law, Kelley,,
a Democrat, said.
Although members of the com-
mission have already been ap-
pointed by Gov. George Romney,
the new constitution cannot legal-
ly do anything until Jan. 1, the
date that Ann Arbor's fair hous-
ing ordinance was scheduled to
take effect.
Still Have Power
Kelley noted that cities still
have the power to establish human
relations commissions such as the
one Ann, Arbor has had.
' Ordinances such as those
creating a human relations com-
mission which has as its primary
purposes education, counseling
and mediation are still within the
authority of a city since they do
not seek to create or enforce civil
rights," Kelley noted.
"Any attempt' by a city to en-
force an anti-discrimination law
in housing will strengthen dis-
crimination in the white suburbs,"
Mayor Cecil O. Creal said. "Ever
since the new constitution was
proposed, I've felt that civil rights
enforcement should be handled at
the state level."
'Forward Step'
Fourth Ward Republican Coun-
cilman Wendell Hulcher said the
ordinance was a "strong forward
step and completely in support of
the governor's contention that
the new constitution is very strong
on civil rights." -
In contrast to Hulcher's view,
Prof. James K. Pollock of the po-
litical science department found
Kelley's ruling "a bit amusing.
"My understanding as a dele-
gate to the constitutional con-
vention was that the article in
the new constitution creating a
Civil Rights Commission does not
pre-empt cities from acting in
this field. Our whole purpose was
to strengthen local government,"
he said.
Prof. Albert H. Wheeler of the
Medical School, a member of the
Ann Arbor chapter of the Nation-
al Association for the Advance-
ment of Colored People, said, "In
view of the NAACP position that
the local ordinance is unjust and
inadeuate, and that the council
was insensitive to the basic prob-
lems, we do not consider the pros-
pect of the state Civil Rights
Commission pre - empting civil,
rights areas as a local setback."
As a result of Kelley's action,
the Ann Arbor Fair Housing Asso-
ciation-Congress of Racial Equal-
it : +nr 1th i ]nat hnn+f., o+f +h

Group Hears
Romney Plai
special To The Daily
YPSILANTI-Ypsilanti citizei
last night questioned Gov. Geori
Romney on his proposed fiscal r
form program.
About mid-way through his sta
tour to explain his tax prograz
the governor answered questio
which dealt with his proposals
reduce state property taxes 1
20 per cent, levy a statewide tN~
per cent personal income tax ai
defer property taxes on seni
Gov. Romney told the crowd
over 500 that his plan to redu
property taxes by 20 per cent a
fered tax relief, but that "disti
bution of the $93 million to loc
units was a different question."
This was his reply to those w]
complained that certain "wealt
ier" counties would receive ma
state aid than other counties.
Earlier yesterday, Gov. Romn
appointed former Wayne Coun
School Superintendent Char]
Brake to study the school a
problem which was also raised"
House Speaker Allison Green (l
"While I do not take the po
tion that my program cannot
improved, let's not confuse t:
school aid program with proper
tax relief or tax reform."
Green charged that Romne
tax relief is "unfair" and su
gested that the $93 million
distributed on a per-pupil basi;
Romney replied that if tl
were the case, some school d'
tricts would not get back the fi
20 per cent reduction while oth(
would receive more than the
per cent.
At last night's meeting, t
governor also said his personal i
come tax proposal would be wit
held from payroll checks, becaL
"any other way would incres
the cost of administrative pr
cesses and enforcement."
Another income tdx questi
dealt with Romney's refusal
approve of a possible referendt
on the matter. "I know nothing
the principles of representati
government where citizens E
asked to vote on issues which pE
tain to legislative responsibilit
He added that since the peol
elected him and approved t
constitution, there is no need i
a referendum on the matt
"When I campaigned I told t
people that my fiscal reform pl
would have to include a persor
income tax."
Romney also justified his def(
ral proposal of $6 million in pi
perty taxes on senior citizens. '
the object is to relieve sen'
citizens and not their childrt
then the proposal succeeds,"
s aid.


Students Stump, at HydeI

Five of the 12 candidates for
Student Government Council yes-
terday spoke on campaign issues
at Hyde Park, a political forum
held on the Diag and sponsored
twice annually by the Michigan
Barry Kramer, '65E, said, "I
don't think The Daily should be
represented on SGC, since The
Daily is not representative of any-
Countering Kramer's remarks
was Robert Shenkin, '65, who not-
ed that ex-officio representatives
like The Daily editor and the
presidents of the Michigan. Union
and Michigan League should be
maintained on Council.
- -+-1-a - - --. I-

Thurmond, a major general in
the Army Reserve, brought up in-
tegration in criticizing a question-
naire sent by Asst. Secretary of
Defense Norman S. Paul to all
military commanders. It directs
them to conduct an extensive "in-
ventory" of their civilian sur-
roundings for any traces of dis-
_~miA- in- fni:-f +h ir +r -nn

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